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Biochemistry

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Articles 1 - 30 of 404

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly; In Vivo Analysis Of The Methanogenic Suf System, Evan Dunkle Aug 2019

Iron-Sulfur Cluster Assembly; In Vivo Analysis Of The Methanogenic Suf System, Evan Dunkle

LSU Master's Theses

Iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters are among the most ancient and prevalent of all biological cofactors. Their assembly into associated proteins is a tightly regulated process with many organisms employing multiple cluster assembly pathways. Much is known about Fe-S cluster assembly in aerobic organisms such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) but little is known in regards to cluster assembly in more ancient organisms such as methanogens. Methanogens are members of the domain of Archaea and are defined by their ability to generate methane as a byproduct of their main energy generating pathway. Methanogens also have significantly higher Fe-S cluster content compared to ...


Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill Jul 2019

Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill

Open Educational Resources

A wonderful blend of physiology, nutrition, biochemistry, genetics, biology, evolution, chemistry--what we all need to know as informed citizens. A basic knowledge of the life sciences and how our bodies work--to promote our own good health, especially as we're bombarded with misleading advertisements, soundbites, and the like. DNA fingerprinting, calorie requirements, dietary advice, genetic engineering (including gene editing with CRISPR cas9)--all in an easy-to understand book.


Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer Jul 2019

Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), causative agent of chronic viral hepatitis, infects 71 million people worldwide and is divided into seven genotypes and multiple subtypes with sequence identities between 68 to 82%. While older generation direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) had varying effectiveness against different genotypes, the newest NS3/4A protease inhibitors including glecaprevir (GLE) have pan-genotypic activity. The structural basis for pan-genotypic inhibition and effects of polymorphisms on inhibitor potency were not well known due to lack of crystal structures of GLE-bound NS3/4A or genotypes other than 1. In this study, we determined the crystal structures of NS3/4A from genotypes ...


Serum Deprivation Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improves Exosome Activity And Alters Lipid And Protein Composition, Reka A. Haraszti, Rachael Miller, Michelle L. Dubuke, Andrew H. Coles, Marie C. Didiot, Dimas Echeverria, Matteo Stoppato, Yves Y. Sere, John D. Leszyk, Julia F. Alterman, Bruno M. D. C. Godinho, Matthew R. Hassler, Rachel Wollacott, Yan Wang, Scott A. Shaffer, Neil Aronin, Anastasia Khvorova May 2019

Serum Deprivation Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improves Exosome Activity And Alters Lipid And Protein Composition, Reka A. Haraszti, Rachael Miller, Michelle L. Dubuke, Andrew H. Coles, Marie C. Didiot, Dimas Echeverria, Matteo Stoppato, Yves Y. Sere, John D. Leszyk, Julia F. Alterman, Bruno M. D. C. Godinho, Matthew R. Hassler, Rachel Wollacott, Yan Wang, Scott A. Shaffer, Neil Aronin, Anastasia Khvorova

Open Access Articles

Exosomes can serve as delivery vehicles for advanced therapeutics. The components necessary and sufficient to support exosomal delivery have not been established. Here we connect biochemical composition and activity of exosomes to optimize exosome-mediated delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). This information is used to create effective artificial exosomes. We show that serum-deprived mesenchymal stem cells produce exosomes up to 22-fold more effective at delivering siRNAs to neurons than exosomes derived from control cells. Proteinase treatment of exosomes stops siRNA transfer, indicating that surface proteins on exosomes are involved in trafficking. Proteomic and lipidomic analyses show that exosomes derived in ...


Principles For Enhancing Virus Capsid Capacity And Stability From A Thermophilic Virus Capsid Structure, Nicholas P. Stone, Gabriel Demo, Emily Agnello, Brian A. Kelch Jan 2019

Principles For Enhancing Virus Capsid Capacity And Stability From A Thermophilic Virus Capsid Structure, Nicholas P. Stone, Gabriel Demo, Emily Agnello, Brian A. Kelch

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The capsids of double-stranded DNA viruses protect the viral genome from the harsh extracellular environment, while maintaining stability against the high internal pressure of packaged DNA. To elucidate how capsids maintain stability in an extreme environment, we used cryoelectron microscopy to determine the capsid structure of the thermostable phage P74-26. We find the P74-26 capsid exhibits an overall architecture that is very similar to those of other tailed bacteriophages, allowing us to directly compare structures to derive the structural basis for enhanced stability. Our structure reveals lasso-like interactions that appear to function like catch bonds. This architecture allows the capsid ...


Evaluating Methods Of Obtaining Male Pheromone From Hymenochirus Sp. Using Analytical Chemistry, Vincent Wing-Kun Leung Jan 2019

Evaluating Methods Of Obtaining Male Pheromone From Hymenochirus Sp. Using Analytical Chemistry, Vincent Wing-Kun Leung

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Male Hymenochirus sp. frogs are known to release pheromone that attracts females of the same species. Four methods for collecting secretions containing pheromone in Hymenochirus sp. were tested: norepinephrine injection, gonadotropin-releasing hormone injection, homogenization of gland tissue, and electrostimulation of the skin over the breeding gland area. The samples collected were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and mass spectrometry. The HPLC chromatograph for the male norepinephrine sample contained a peak at 6.4 min that was not in the female norepinephrine sample HPLC chromatograph. The male norepinephrine sample mass spectrum had a peak of m/z 292.0 not ...


Application And Comparison Of Active Learning Implementation Methods In Biochemistry Education, Dylan Thibaut Jan 2019

Application And Comparison Of Active Learning Implementation Methods In Biochemistry Education, Dylan Thibaut

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Biochemistry has continued to be one of the most complex and important subjects in science education. The purpose of this research is to investigate active learning implementation methods in a Biochemistry I context to determine the most effective means of preparing current science undergraduates. Two Biochemistry I classes over two semesters were analyzed in this study, with class A using a variable active learning schedule and class B using a consistent active learning schedule. Four aspects were analyzed to determine active learning validity: perception of different active learning properties, standardized final exam grades, class grade, and teaching implementation. The consistent ...


Synergistic Assembly Of Human Pre-Spliceosomes Across Introns And Exons, Joerg E. Braun, Larry J. Friedman, Jeff Gelles, Melissa J. Moore Jun 2018

Synergistic Assembly Of Human Pre-Spliceosomes Across Introns And Exons, Joerg E. Braun, Larry J. Friedman, Jeff Gelles, Melissa J. Moore

RNA Therapeutics Institute Publications

Most human genes contain multiple introns, necessitating mechanisms to effectively define exons and ensure their proper connection by spliceosomes. Human spliceosome assembly involves both cross-intron and cross-exon interactions, but how these work together is unclear. We examined in human nuclear extracts dynamic interactions of single pre-mRNA molecules with individual fluorescently tagged spliceosomal subcomplexes to investigate how cross-intron and cross-exon processes jointly promote pre-spliceosome assembly. U1 subcomplex bound to the 5' splice site of an intron acts jointly with U1 bound to the 5' splice site of the next intron to dramatically increase the rate and efficiency by which U2 subcomplex ...


Structure And Mechanism Of Mycobacterial Topoisomerase I, Nan Cao May 2018

Structure And Mechanism Of Mycobacterial Topoisomerase I, Nan Cao

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The enzyme DNA topoisomerase I is an essential enzyme that plays an important role in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cellular processes such as DNA replication, transcription, recombination and repair. Mycobacterium tuberculosistopoisomerase I (MtTOP1) is a validated drug target for antituberculosis treatment. Mycobacterial topoisomerase I regulates the topological constraints in chromosomes and helps in maintaining the growth of mycobacteria. The N- terminal domain (NTD) of mycobacterial topoisomerase I contains conserved catalytic domains that along with the active site Tyrosine are involved in cleaving and rejoining a single strand of DNA. Magnesium is required in DNA cleavage activity of type IA topoisomerases ...


A New In Vitro Assay Measuring Direct Interaction Of Nonsense Suppressors With The Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis Machinery, Martin Y. Ng, Haibo Zhang, Amy Weil, Vijay Singh, Ryan M. Jamiolkowski, Alireza Baradaran-Heravi, Michel Roberge, Allan Jacobson, Ellen Welch, Yale Goldman, Barry S. Cooperman May 2018

A New In Vitro Assay Measuring Direct Interaction Of Nonsense Suppressors With The Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis Machinery, Martin Y. Ng, Haibo Zhang, Amy Weil, Vijay Singh, Ryan M. Jamiolkowski, Alireza Baradaran-Heravi, Michel Roberge, Allan Jacobson, Ellen Welch, Yale Goldman, Barry S. Cooperman

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Nonsense suppressors (NonSups) treat premature termination codon (PTC) disorders by inducing the selection of near cognate tRNAs at the PTC position, allowing readthrough of the PTC and production of full-length protein. Studies of NonSup-induced readthrough of eukaryotic PTCs have been carried out using animals, cells or crude cell extracts. In these studies, NonSups can promote readthrough directly, by binding to components of the protein synthesis machinery, or indirectly, by inhibiting nonsense-mediated mRNA decay or by other mechanisms. Here we utilize a highly-purified in vitro system (Zhang et al., 2016. eLife 5: e13429) to measure exclusively direct NonSup-induced readthrough. Of 17 ...


Regulation Of The Pi3-Kinase/Pten Signaling Pathway By Tgf-Β In Prostate Cancer Cells, Mawiyah Kimbrough-Allah May 2018

Regulation Of The Pi3-Kinase/Pten Signaling Pathway By Tgf-Β In Prostate Cancer Cells, Mawiyah Kimbrough-Allah

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Transforming growth factor -β (TGF-β) plays an important role in the progression of prostate cancer. It acts as a tumor suppressor in normal epithelial cells but as a tumor promoter in advanced prostate cancer cells. The PI3-kinase pathway has been shown to play integral roles in many cellular processes including cell proliferation, survival, and cell migration in many cell types. PI3-kinase pathway mediates TGF-β effects on prostate cancer cell migration and invasion. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a tumor suppressor gene, inhibits PI3-kinase pathway and is frequently mutated in prostate cancers. In this present study, we investigated possible roles of ...


Donated Chemical Probes For Open Science, Susanne Muller, Paul R. Thompson, Anke Mueller-Fahrnow Apr 2018

Donated Chemical Probes For Open Science, Susanne Muller, Paul R. Thompson, Anke Mueller-Fahrnow

Open Access Articles

Potent, selective and broadly characterized small molecule modulators of protein function (chemical probes) are powerful research reagents. The pharmaceutical industry has generated many high-quality chemical probes and several of these have been made available to academia. However, probe-associated data and control compounds, such as inactive structurally related molecules and their associated data, are generally not accessible. The lack of data and guidance makes it difficult for researchers to decide which chemical tools to choose. Several pharmaceutical companies (AbbVie, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Janssen, MSD, Pfizer, and Takeda) have therefore entered into a pre-competitive collaboration to make available a large number of ...


A Multisession, Undergraduate Molecular Biology Lab Experiment Using Green Fluorescent Protein Including Subcloning And Color Changing Mutagenesis, Nathan S. Winter Apr 2018

A Multisession, Undergraduate Molecular Biology Lab Experiment Using Green Fluorescent Protein Including Subcloning And Color Changing Mutagenesis, Nathan S. Winter

Chemistry Faculty Publications

This paper describes a series of experiments involving handling and manipulating the DNA coding for Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) including the subcloning of this gene, and mutating the DNA so that Cyan Fluorescent Protein (CFP) or Blue Fluorescent protein (BFP) are expressed. The primers needed for the PCR based subcloning of GFP are presented, as are those needed to mutate the GFP to either CFP or BFP.


Site-Directed Mutagenesis Of Malate Dehydrogenase: A Class Project, Bruce J. Heyen, Chesley Rowlett, Jon Zatorski, Ryan Burch, Emily Veach, Andy Gemmaka Apr 2018

Site-Directed Mutagenesis Of Malate Dehydrogenase: A Class Project, Bruce J. Heyen, Chesley Rowlett, Jon Zatorski, Ryan Burch, Emily Veach, Andy Gemmaka

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) is an important enzyme in an organism’s metabolic pathways. MDH is found in almost all living cells and catalyzes the conversion of malate to oxaloacetate which also involves nicotinamide dehydrogenase (NAD) as a coenzyme. A method to study how an enzyme operates is to alter one of its amino acids and compare the activity of the enzyme before and after the mutation. As a class project in Advanced Biochemistry during the spring semester of 2018, we are working as a team to propose and carry out a point-based mutation on MDH.


Proteasome Storage Granules Protect Proteasomes From Autophagic Degradation Upon Carbon Starvation, Richard S. Marshall, Richard D. Vierstra Apr 2018

Proteasome Storage Granules Protect Proteasomes From Autophagic Degradation Upon Carbon Starvation, Richard S. Marshall, Richard D. Vierstra

Biology Faculty Publications & Presentations

26S proteasome abundance is tightly regulated at multiple levels, including the elimination of excess or inactive particles by autophagy. In yeast, this proteaphagy occurs upon nitrogen starvation but not carbon starvation, which instead stimulates the rapid sequestration of proteasomes into cytoplasmic puncta termed proteasome storage granules (PSGs). Here, we show that PSGs help protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation. Both the core protease and regulatory particle sub-complexes are sequestered separately into PSGs via pathways dependent on the accessory proteins Blm10 and Spg5, respectively. Modulating PSG formation, either by perturbing cellular energy status or pH, or by genetically eliminating factors required for ...


Synthesis Of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles For Use In Studying The Role Of Lipids In The Cellular Membrane, Colby Kristina Schweibenz Apr 2018

Synthesis Of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles For Use In Studying The Role Of Lipids In The Cellular Membrane, Colby Kristina Schweibenz

Chemistry: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

The cell membrane is one of the most essential components of the cell, and its components have a role in its overall function. My project was to synthesize artificial liposomes using phospholipids and cholesterol that would be able to mimic cell membrane function. These entities could help scientists to understand more about the role of lipids in the cell membrane and elucidate their function, as components of the cell membrane can be altered in different diseases such as cancer.


Heavily And Fully Modified Rnas Guide Efficient Spycas9-Mediated Genome Editing, Aamir Mir, Julia F. Alterman, Matthew R. Hassler, Alexandre J. Debacker, Edward Hudgens, Dimas Echeverria, Michael H. Brodsky, Anastasia Khvorova, Jonathan K. Watts, Erik J. Sontheimer Mar 2018

Heavily And Fully Modified Rnas Guide Efficient Spycas9-Mediated Genome Editing, Aamir Mir, Julia F. Alterman, Matthew R. Hassler, Alexandre J. Debacker, Edward Hudgens, Dimas Echeverria, Michael H. Brodsky, Anastasia Khvorova, Jonathan K. Watts, Erik J. Sontheimer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

RNA-based drugs depend on chemical modifications to increase potency and nuclease stability, and to decrease immunogenicity in vivo. Chemical modification will likely improve the guide RNAs involved in CRISPR-Cas9-based therapeutics as well. Cas9 orthologs are RNA-guided microbial effectors that cleave DNA. No studies have yet explored chemical modification at all positions of the crRNA guide and tracrRNA cofactor. Here, we have identified several heavily-modified versions of crRNA and tracrRNA that are more potent than their unmodified counterparts. In addition, we describe fully chemically modified crRNAs and tracrRNAs (containing no 2'-OH groups) that are functional in human cells. These designs ...


Characterization Of Metabolic Networks In Differentiated Cd4+ T Cells, Bailee Lichter Mar 2018

Characterization Of Metabolic Networks In Differentiated Cd4+ T Cells, Bailee Lichter

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

CD4+ T cells play a critical role in the immune system and protecting the body from infection. Cell differentiation of T-cells leads to the specialization of the immune system and has been determined to have plasticity. Differentiation of the CD4+ T cells depends on cytokines present in the environment, concentration of antigens, types of antigen – presenting cells (APCs), and costimulatory molecules (Luckheeram, 2012). Commonly known differentiated T-cells include the T-helper 1 (Th1) and the T-helper 2 (Th2) cells. Upon CD4+ T cell activation, the cells undergo metabolic changes that allow for cell growth and division. By characterizing the metabolic network ...


Il-17 Drives Copper Uptake And Activation Of Growth Pathways In Colorectal Cancer Cells In A Steap4-Dependent Manner, Evan Martin Jan 2018

Il-17 Drives Copper Uptake And Activation Of Growth Pathways In Colorectal Cancer Cells In A Steap4-Dependent Manner, Evan Martin

ETD Archive

Colorectal cancer is a disease characterized by abnormal, invasive cell growth beginning in the colon or rectum. The third most common type of cancer worldwide, approximately one million new cases of the disease are diagnosed across the globe annually, resulting in an estimated 700,000+ deaths. One major risk factor associated with development of colorectal cancer is the presence of chronic inflammation in the large intestine, also known as colitis. Inflammation is a complex immune response against harmful stimuli, characterized by symptoms including heat, redness, swelling and pain. One important molecular mediator of this process is interleukin 17 (IL-17), a ...


Dissecting The Molecular Basis Of The Scaffold Protein Jade In Hbo1 Histone Acetyltransferase (Hat) Activity, Joseph Han Jan 2018

Dissecting The Molecular Basis Of The Scaffold Protein Jade In Hbo1 Histone Acetyltransferase (Hat) Activity, Joseph Han

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

HBO1 is a member of the human MYST family of acetyltransferases that is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to human. HBO1 functions in the context of a multi-protein histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex containing JADE1/2/3, HBO1, ING4/5 and Eaf6 to regulate DNA replication, transcription, and other important cellular processes. HBO1 is shown to be responsible for the majority of H4 acetylation throughout the human genome. HBO1 functions in many important biological processes such as interaction with the origin recognition complex (ORC) and loading of the minichromosome maintenance protein complex (MCM), highlighting its importance in DNA replication. In addition, HBO1 ...


The Role Of Dynamics Within Bama, The Central Component Of The Bam Complex, Pamela Arden Doerner Barbour Jan 2018

The Role Of Dynamics Within Bama, The Central Component Of The Bam Complex, Pamela Arden Doerner Barbour

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

BamA is an essential component of the β-­‐barrel assembly machine that folds and inserts outer membrane proteins (OMPs) into the outer membrane of Gram-­‐negative bacteria. BamA is an OMP itself comprised of two domains, a soluble periplasmic N-­‐terminal domain consisting of five polypeptide transport associated (POTRA) repeats and a C-­‐terminal 16-­‐stranded β-­‐barrel domain. The mechanism of BamA is poorly understood but structural data suggests BamA is a dynamic protein with respect to the POTRA domains and barrel. The POTRA domains, numbered 1-5 from the N- to C- termini, can be divided into two sub-domains ...


Il-17 Drives Copper Uptake And Activation Of Growth Pathways In Colorectal Cancer Cells In A Steap4-Dependent Manner, Evan Martin Jan 2018

Il-17 Drives Copper Uptake And Activation Of Growth Pathways In Colorectal Cancer Cells In A Steap4-Dependent Manner, Evan Martin

ETD Archive

Colorectal cancer is a disease characterized by abnormal, invasive cell growth beginning in the colon or rectum. The third most common type of cancer worldwide, approximately one million new cases of the disease are diagnosed across the globe annually, resulting in an estimated 700,000+ deaths. One major risk factor associated with development of colorectal cancer is the presence of chronic inflammation in the large intestine, also known as colitis. Inflammation is a complex immune response against harmful stimuli, characterized by symptoms including heat, redness, swelling and pain. One important molecular mediator of this process is interleukin 17 (IL-17), a ...


Purification Of Hepatocytes And Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells From Mouse Liver Perfusion, Fatima Cabral, Colton M. Miller, Katrina M. Kudrna, Blake E. Hass, Jocelyn G. Daubendiek, Brianna M. Kellar, Edward N. Harris Jan 2018

Purification Of Hepatocytes And Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells From Mouse Liver Perfusion, Fatima Cabral, Colton M. Miller, Katrina M. Kudrna, Blake E. Hass, Jocelyn G. Daubendiek, Brianna M. Kellar, Edward N. Harris

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

This protocol demonstrates a method for obtaining high yield and viability for mouse hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) suitable for culturing or for obtaining cell lysates. In this protocol, the portal vein is used as the site for catheterization, rather than the vena cava, as this limits contamination of other possible cell types in the final liver preparation. No special instrumentation is required throughout the procedure. A water bath is used as a source of heat to maintain the temperature of all the buffers and solutions. A standard peristaltic pump is used to drive the fluid, and a refrigerated ...


Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli Dec 2017

Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The translation of mRNA into functional proteins is essential for all life. In eukaryotes, aberrant RNAs containing sequence features that stall or severely slow down ribosomes are subject to translation-dependent quality control. Targets include mRNAs encoding a strong secondary structure (No-Go Decay; NGD) or stretches of positively-charged amino acids (Peptide-dependent Translation Arrest/Ribosome Quality Control; PDTA/RQC), mRNAs lacking an in-frame stop codon (Non-Stop Decay; NSD), or defective 18S rRNAs (18S Nonfunctional rRNA Decay; 18S NRD). Previous work from our lab showed that the S. cerevisiae NGD factors DOM34 and HBS1, and PDTA/RQC factor ASC1, all participate in the ...


Traf3 Negatively Regulates Platelet Activation And Thrombosis, Rui Zhang, Guoying Zhang, Binggang Xiang, Xiaofeng Chen, Lijang Tang, Shaojun Shi, Yani Liu, Xun Ai, Ping Xie, Zhenyu Li Dec 2017

Traf3 Negatively Regulates Platelet Activation And Thrombosis, Rui Zhang, Guoying Zhang, Binggang Xiang, Xiaofeng Chen, Lijang Tang, Shaojun Shi, Yani Liu, Xun Ai, Ping Xie, Zhenyu Li

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

CD40 ligand (CD40L), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily, binds to CD40, leading to many effects depending on target cell type. Platelets express CD40L and are a major source of soluble CD40L. CD40L has been shown to potentiate platelet activation and thrombus formation, involving both CD40-dependent and -independent mechanisms. A family of proteins called TNF receptor associated factors (TRAFs) plays key roles in mediating CD40L-CD40 signaling. Platelets express several TRAFs. It has been shown that TRAF2 plays a role in CD40L-mediated platelet activation. Here we show that platelet also express TRAF3, which plays a negative role in ...


A Hyperthermophilic Phage Decoration Protein Suggests Common Evolutionary Origin With Herpesvirus Triplex Proteins And An Anti-Crispr Protein, Nicholas P. Stone, Brendan J. Hilbert, Daniel Hidalgo, Kevin T. Halloran, Brian A. Kelch Nov 2017

A Hyperthermophilic Phage Decoration Protein Suggests Common Evolutionary Origin With Herpesvirus Triplex Proteins And An Anti-Crispr Protein, Nicholas P. Stone, Brendan J. Hilbert, Daniel Hidalgo, Kevin T. Halloran, Brian A. Kelch

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Virus capsid proteins reproducibly self-assemble into regularly-shaped, stable shells that protect the viral genome from external environmental assaults, while maintaining the high internal pressure of the tightly packaged viral genome. To elucidate how capsids maintain stability under harsh conditions, we investigated the capsid components of a hyperthermophilic virus, phage P74-26. We determined the structure of a capsid protein gp87 and show that it has the same fold as trimeric decoration proteins that enhance the structural stability of capsids in many other phage, despite lacking significant sequence homology. We also find that gp87 is significantly more stable than its mesophilic homologs ...


Structure Of Rna Polymerase Bound To Ribosomal 30s Subunit, Gabriel Demo, Aviram Rasouly, Nikita Vasilyev, Vladimir Svetlov, Anna B. Loveland, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, Nikolaus Grigorieff, Evgeny Nudler, Andrei A. Korostelev Oct 2017

Structure Of Rna Polymerase Bound To Ribosomal 30s Subunit, Gabriel Demo, Aviram Rasouly, Nikita Vasilyev, Vladimir Svetlov, Anna B. Loveland, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, Nikolaus Grigorieff, Evgeny Nudler, Andrei A. Korostelev

Open Access Articles

In bacteria, mRNA transcription and translation are coupled to coordinate optimal gene expression and maintain genome stability. Coupling is thought to involve direct interactions between RNA polymerase (RNAP) and the translational machinery. We present cryo-EM structures of E. coli RNAP core bound to the small ribosomal 30S subunit. The complex is stable under cell-like ionic conditions, consistent with functional interaction between RNAP and the 30S subunit. The RNA exit tunnel of RNAP aligns with the Shine-Dalgarno-binding site of the 30S subunit. Ribosomal protein S1 forms a wall of the tunnel between RNAP and the 30S subunit, consistent with its role ...


Biochemistry Lecture Notes, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker Jul 2017

Biochemistry Lecture Notes, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker

Chemistry Ancillary Materials

The following set of lecture notes are ancillary materials for Oregon State University's Biochemistry: Free for All.

This ancillary set was created under a Round Five ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. They are also available in an open-course format through LibGuides:

http://libguides.gcsu.edu/millsbiochem3510


Biochemistry, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker Jul 2017

Biochemistry, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker

Chemistry Grants Collections

This Grants Collection for Biochemistry was created under a Round Five ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Affordable Learning Georgia Grants Collections are intended to provide faculty with the frameworks to quickly implement or revise the same materials as a Textbook Transformation Grants team, along with the aims and lessons learned from project teams during the implementation process.

Documents are in .pdf format, with a separate .docx (Word) version available for download. Each collection contains the following materials:

  • Linked Syllabus
  • Initial Proposal
  • Final Report


Essential Multimeric Enzymes In Kinetoplastid Parasites: A Host Of Potentially Druggable Protein-Protein Interactions, Leah M. Wachsmuth, Meredith G. Johnson, Jason Gavenonis Jun 2017

Essential Multimeric Enzymes In Kinetoplastid Parasites: A Host Of Potentially Druggable Protein-Protein Interactions, Leah M. Wachsmuth, Meredith G. Johnson, Jason Gavenonis

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Parasitic diseases caused by kinetoplastid parasites of the genera Trypanosoma and Leishmania are an urgent public health crisis in the developing world. These closely related species possess a number of multimeric enzymes in highly conserved pathways involved in vital functions, such as redox homeostasis and nucleotide synthesis. Computational alanine scanning of these protein-protein interfaces has revealed a host of potentially ligandable sites on several established and emerging anti-parasitic drug targets. Analysis of interfaces with multiple clustered hotspots has suggested several potentially inhibitable protein-protein interactions that may have been overlooked by previous large-scale analyses focusing solely on secondary structure. These protein-protein ...