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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Computational Protein Design: Engineering Molecular Diversity, Nonnatural Enzymes, Nonbiological Cofactor Complexes, And Membrane Proteins, Jeffery G. Saven Jun 2011

Computational Protein Design: Engineering Molecular Diversity, Nonnatural Enzymes, Nonbiological Cofactor Complexes, And Membrane Proteins, Jeffery G. Saven

Departmental Papers (Chemistry)

Computational and theoretical methods are advancing protein design as a means to create and investigate proteins. Such efforts further our capacity to control, design and understand biomolecular structure, sequence and function. Herein, the focus is on some recent applications that involve using theoretical and computational methods to guide the design of protein sequence ensembles, new enzymes, proteins with novel cofactors, and membrane proteins.


Tension Directly Stabilizes Reconstituted Kinetochore-Microtubule Attachments, Bungo Akiyoshi, Krishna K. Sarangapani, Andrew F. Powers, Christian R. Nelson, Steve Reichow, Hugo Arellano-Santoyo, Tamir Gonen, Jeffrey A. Ranish, Charles L. Asbury, Sue Biggins Jun 2011

Tension Directly Stabilizes Reconstituted Kinetochore-Microtubule Attachments, Bungo Akiyoshi, Krishna K. Sarangapani, Andrew F. Powers, Christian R. Nelson, Steve Reichow, Hugo Arellano-Santoyo, Tamir Gonen, Jeffrey A. Ranish, Charles L. Asbury, Sue Biggins

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Kinetochores are macromolecular machines that couple chromosomes to dynamic microtubule tips during cell division, thereby generating force to segregate the chromosomes. Accurate segregation depends on selective stabilization of correct ‘bi-oriented’ kinetochore-microtubule attachments, which come under tension due to opposing forces exerted by microtubules. Tension is thought to stabilize these bi-oriented attachments indirectly, by suppressing the destabilizing activity of a kinase, Aurora B. However, a complete mechanistic understanding of the role of tension requires reconstitution of kinetochore-microtubule attachments for biochemical and biophysical analyses in vitro. Here we show that native kinetochore particles retaining the majority of kinetochore proteins can be purified ...