Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2011

Series

University of Montana

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Nucleotide Exchange Factor Ric-8a Is A Chaperone For The Conformationally Dynamic Nucleotide-Free State Of G Alpha I1, Celestine J. Thomas, Klara Briknarova, Jonathan K. Hilmer, Navid Movahed, Brian Bothner, John P. Sumida, Gregory G. Tall, Stephen R. Sprang Aug 2011

The Nucleotide Exchange Factor Ric-8a Is A Chaperone For The Conformationally Dynamic Nucleotide-Free State Of G Alpha I1, Celestine J. Thomas, Klara Briknarova, Jonathan K. Hilmer, Navid Movahed, Brian Bothner, John P. Sumida, Gregory G. Tall, Stephen R. Sprang

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunits are activated upon exchange of GDP for GTP at the nucleotide binding site of G alpha, catalyzed by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). In addition to transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which act on G protein heterotrimers, members of the family cytosolic proteins typified by mammalian Ric-8A are GEFs for Gi/q/12/13-class G alpha subunits. Ric-8A binds to G alpha.GDP, resulting in the release of GDP. The Ric-8A complex with nucleotide-free G alpha i1 is stable, but dissociates upon binding of GTP to G alpha i1. To gain insight into the mechanism ...


Quantifying The Flux Of Caco3 And Organic Carbon From The Surface Ocean Using In Situ Measurements Of O-2, N-2, Pco(2), And Ph, Steven Emerson, Christopher Sabine, Meghan F. Cronin, Richard Feely, Sarah E. Cullison Gray, Michael Degrandpre Jul 2011

Quantifying The Flux Of Caco3 And Organic Carbon From The Surface Ocean Using In Situ Measurements Of O-2, N-2, Pco(2), And Ph, Steven Emerson, Christopher Sabine, Meghan F. Cronin, Richard Feely, Sarah E. Cullison Gray, Michael Degrandpre

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Ocean acidification from anthropogenic CO2 has focused our attention on the importance of understanding the rates and mechanisms of CaCO3 formation so that changes can be monitored and feedbacks predicted. We present a method for determining the rate of CaCO3 production using in situ measureme nts of fCO(2) and pH in surface waters of the eastern subarctic Pacific Ocean. These quantities were determined on a surface mooring every 3 h for a period of about 9 months in 2007 at Ocean Station Papa (50 degrees N, 145 degrees W). We use the data in a simple surface ocean, mass ...


Emission Factors For Open And Domestic Biomass Burning For Use In Atmospheric Models, S. K. Akagi, Robert J. Yokelson, C. Wiedinmyer, M. Alvarado, J. S. Reid, T. Karl, J. D. Crounse, P. O. Wennberg Jan 2011

Emission Factors For Open And Domestic Biomass Burning For Use In Atmospheric Models, S. K. Akagi, Robert J. Yokelson, C. Wiedinmyer, M. Alvarado, J. S. Reid, T. Karl, J. D. Crounse, P. O. Wennberg

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Biomass burning (BB) is the second largest source of trace gases and the largest source of primary fine carbonaceous particles in the global troposphere. Many recent BB studies have provided new emission factor (EF) measurements. This is especially true for non-methane organic compounds (NMOC), which influence secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and ozone formation. New EF should improve regional to global BB emissions estimates and therefore, the input for atmospheric models. In this work we present an up-to-date, comprehensive tabulation of EF for known pyrogenic species based on measurements made in smoke that has cooled to ambient temperature, but not yet ...


Airborne And Ground-Based Measurements Of The Trace Gases And Particles Emitted By Prescribed Fires In The United States, I. R. Burling, Robert J. Yokelson, S. K. Akagi, S. P. Urbanski, C. E. Wold, David W. T. Griffith, T. J. Johnson, J. Reardon, D. R. Weise Jan 2011

Airborne And Ground-Based Measurements Of The Trace Gases And Particles Emitted By Prescribed Fires In The United States, I. R. Burling, Robert J. Yokelson, S. K. Akagi, S. P. Urbanski, C. E. Wold, David W. T. Griffith, T. J. Johnson, J. Reardon, D. R. Weise

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have measured emission factors for 19 trace gas species and particulate matter (PM2.5) from 14 prescribed fires in chaparral and oak savanna in the southwestern US, as well as conifer forest understory in the southeastern US and Sierra Nevada mountains of California. These are likely the most extensive emission factor field measurements for temperate biomass burning to date and the only published emission factors for temperate oak savanna fuels. This study helps to close the gap in emissions data available for temperate zone fires relative to tropical biomass burning. We present the first field measurements of the biomass ...


Boreal Forest Fire Emissions In Fresh Canadian Smoke Plumes: C-1-C-10 Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs), Co2, Co, No2, No, Hcn And Ch3cn, Isobel J. Simpson, S. K. Akagi, B. Barletta, N. J. Blake, Y. Choi, G. S. Diskin, A. Fried, H. E. Fuelberg, S. Meinardi, F. S. Rowland, S. A. Vay, A. J. Weinheimer, P. O. Wennberg, P. Wiebring, A. Wisthaler, M. Yang, Robert J. Yokelson, Donald R. Blake Jan 2011

Boreal Forest Fire Emissions In Fresh Canadian Smoke Plumes: C-1-C-10 Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs), Co2, Co, No2, No, Hcn And Ch3cn, Isobel J. Simpson, S. K. Akagi, B. Barletta, N. J. Blake, Y. Choi, G. S. Diskin, A. Fried, H. E. Fuelberg, S. Meinardi, F. S. Rowland, S. A. Vay, A. J. Weinheimer, P. O. Wennberg, P. Wiebring, A. Wisthaler, M. Yang, Robert J. Yokelson, Donald R. Blake

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Boreal regions comprise about 17% of the global land area, and they both affect and are influenced by climate change. To better understand boreal forest fire emissions and plume evolution, 947 whole air samples were collected aboard the NASA DC-8 research aircraft in summer 2008 as part of the ARCTAS-B field mission, and analyzed for 79 non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) using gas chromatography. Together with simultaneous measurements of CO2, CO, CH4, CH2O, NO2, NO, HCN and CH3CN, these measurements represent the most comprehensive assessment of trace gas emissions from boreal forest fires to date. Based on 105 air samples ...


Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Open Biomass Burning In Mexico, Robert J. Yokelson, I. R. Burling, S. P. Urbanski, E. Atlas, K. Adachi, P. R. Buseck, C. Wiedinmyer, S. K. Akagi, D. W. Toohey, C. E. Wold Jan 2011

Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Open Biomass Burning In Mexico, Robert J. Yokelson, I. R. Burling, S. P. Urbanski, E. Atlas, K. Adachi, P. R. Buseck, C. Wiedinmyer, S. K. Akagi, D. W. Toohey, C. E. Wold

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We report airborne measurements of emission factors (EF) for trace gases and PM(2.5) made in southern Mexico in March of 2006 on 6 crop residue fires, 3 tropical dry forest fires, 8 savanna fires, 1 garbage fire, and 7 mountain pine-oak forest fires. The savanna fire EF were measured early in the local dry season and when compared to EF measured late in the African dry season they were at least 1.7 times larger for NO(x), NH(3), H(2), and most non-methane organic compounds. Our measurements suggest that urban deposition and high windspeed may also ...


The Fire Inventory From Ncar (Finn): A High Resolution Global Model To Estimate The Emissions From Open Burning, C. Wiedinmyer, S. K. Akagi, Robert J. Yokelson, L. K. Emmons, J. A. Al-Saadi, J. J. Orlando, A. J. Soja Jan 2011

The Fire Inventory From Ncar (Finn): A High Resolution Global Model To Estimate The Emissions From Open Burning, C. Wiedinmyer, S. K. Akagi, Robert J. Yokelson, L. K. Emmons, J. A. Al-Saadi, J. J. Orlando, A. J. Soja

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The Fire INventory from NCAR version 1.0 (FINNv1) provides daily, 1 km resolution, global estimates of the trace gas and particle emissions from open burning of biomass, which includes wildfire, agricultural fires, and prescribed burning and does not include biofuel use and trash burning. Emission factors used in the calculations have been updated with recent data, particularly for the non-methane organic compounds (NMOC). The resulting global annual NMOC emission estimates are as much as a factor of 5 greater than some prior estimates. Chemical speciation profiles, necessary to allocate the total NMOC emission estimates to lumped species for use ...