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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 158

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Self-Aligned Mechanical Attachment Of Carbon Nanotubes To Silicon Dioxide Structures By Selective Silicon Dioxide Chemical-Vapor Deposition, Jed D. Whittaker, Ghaleb A. Husseini, Matthew A. Linford, Robert C. Davis, Markus Brink Dec 2003

Self-Aligned Mechanical Attachment Of Carbon Nanotubes To Silicon Dioxide Structures By Selective Silicon Dioxide Chemical-Vapor Deposition, Jed D. Whittaker, Ghaleb A. Husseini, Matthew A. Linford, Robert C. Davis, Markus Brink

Faculty Publications

A self-aligned thin-film deposition technique was developed to mechanically attach carbon nanotubes to surfaces for the fabrication of structurally robust nanotube-based nanomechanical devices. Single-walled carbon nanotubes were grown by thermal chemical-vapor deposition (CVD) across 150-nm-wide SiO2 trenches. The nanotubes were mechanically attached to the trench tops by selective silicon tetraacetate-based SiO2 CVD. No film was deposited on the nanotubes where they were suspended across the trenches.


Seasonal Variation And Ecosystem Dependence Of Emission Factors For Selected Trace Gases And Pm2.5 For Southern African Savanna Fires, S. Korontzi, Darold E. Ward, Ronald A. Susott, Robert J. Yokelson, C. O. Justice, Peter V. Hobbs, E.A. H. Smithwick, Wei Min Hao Dec 2003

Seasonal Variation And Ecosystem Dependence Of Emission Factors For Selected Trace Gases And Pm2.5 For Southern African Savanna Fires, S. Korontzi, Darold E. Ward, Ronald A. Susott, Robert J. Yokelson, C. O. Justice, Peter V. Hobbs, E.A. H. Smithwick, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] In this paper we present the first early dry season (early June-early August) emission factor measurements for carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), and particulates with a diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) for southern African grassland and woodland fires. Seasonal emission factors for grassland fires correlate linearly with the proportion of green grass, used as a surrogate for the fuel moisture content, and are higher for products of incomplete combustion in the early part of the dry season compared with later in the dry season. Models of emission ...


Lambda Red-Mediated Recombinogenic Engineering Of Enterohemorrhagic And Enteropathogenic E. Coli, Kenan C. Murphy, Kenneth Geno Campellone Dec 2003

Lambda Red-Mediated Recombinogenic Engineering Of Enterohemorrhagic And Enteropathogenic E. Coli, Kenan C. Murphy, Kenneth Geno Campellone

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The lambda Red recombineering technology has been used extensively in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium for easy PCR-mediated generation of deletion mutants, but less so in pathogenic species of E. coli such as EHEC and EPEC. Our early experiments with the use of lambda Red in EHEC and EPEC have led to sporadic results, leading to the present study to identify factors that might improve the efficiency of Red recombineering in these pathogenic strains of E. coli. RESULTS: In this report, we have identified conditions that optimize the use of lambda Red for recombineering in EHEC and EPEC. Using ...


Essential Roles Of The Meis Family Proteins During Segmentation Of The Zebrafish Hindbrain : A Dissertation, Seong-Kyu Choe Dec 2003

Essential Roles Of The Meis Family Proteins During Segmentation Of The Zebrafish Hindbrain : A Dissertation, Seong-Kyu Choe

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Hindbrain patterning requires many factors involved in early segmentation and later segment identity of the specific domains of the hindbrain. Hox proteins and their cofactors are of great importance during segmentation of the hindbrain, because segmentation and/or segment identity are lost when any of them are lost. Previously, we have reported that Meis proteins synergize with Pbx, another Hox cofactor, and Hox proteins expressed in the hindbrain. To further investigate Meis function during hindbrain development, we utilized a Meis dominant-negative molecule, ΔCPbx4, and expressed it in zebrafish embryos. We find that ΔCPbx4 affects gene expression and neuronal differentiation especially ...


Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 1. Emissions From Indonesian, African, And Other Fuels, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wei Min Hao, B. H. Saharjo, Darold E. Ward Dec 2003

Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 1. Emissions From Indonesian, African, And Other Fuels, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wei Min Hao, B. H. Saharjo, Darold E. Ward

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Trace gas and particle emissions were measured from 47 laboratory fires burning 16 regionally to globally significant fuel types. Instrumentation included the following: open-path Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry; filter sampling with subsequent analysis of particles with diameter <2.5 μm for organic and elemental carbon and other elements; and canister sampling with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography (GC)/flame ionization detector, GC/electron capture detector, and GC/mass spectrometry. The emissions of 26 compounds are reported by fuel type. The results include the first detailed measurements of the emissions from Indonesian fuels. Carbon dioxide, CO, CH4, NH3, HCN, methanol, and acetic acid were the seven most abundant emissions (in order) from burning Indonesian peat. Acetol (hydroxyacetone) was a major, previously unobserved emission from burning rice straw (21–34 g/kg). The emission factors for our simulated African fires are consistent with field data for African fires for compounds measured in both ...


Explore Variable Potential Ion Guide For Mass Spectrometry, Curtiss D. Hanson Dec 2003

Explore Variable Potential Ion Guide For Mass Spectrometry, Curtiss D. Hanson

Patents (University of Northern Iowa)

A variable potential ion guide for placement within the reflectron of a time-of-flight mass spectrometer includes an elongate resistive electrode placed axially within the reflectron. The electrode may be a non-conductive monofilament coated with a resistive polymer coating, with one end of the electrode coupled to a high potential source, the electrode carrying a potential gradient along its length.


Tolerance Of The Fetus By The Maternal Immune System: Role Of Inflammatory Mediators At The Feto-Maternal Interface, Colette Kanellopoulos-Langevin, Stephane M. Caucheteux, Philippe Verbeke, David M. Ojcius Dec 2003

Tolerance Of The Fetus By The Maternal Immune System: Role Of Inflammatory Mediators At The Feto-Maternal Interface, Colette Kanellopoulos-Langevin, Stephane M. Caucheteux, Philippe Verbeke, David M. Ojcius

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

The adaptive immune system of placental mammals has evolved to tolerate the fetus. Rejection of the fetus by adaptive immune responses is therefore a rare event, with abortion being caused more frequently by inflammation in the placenta. This review will cover recent aspects of immune privilege and the innate immune system at the feto-maternal interface, citing examples of the role played by microbial infections in fetal demise.


Elucidation Of The Players And Events Regulating The First Meiotic Division In Mouse Spermatocytes, Amy Lynn Inselman Dec 2003

Elucidation Of The Players And Events Regulating The First Meiotic Division In Mouse Spermatocytes, Amy Lynn Inselman

Doctoral Dissertations

Meiosis is the process that ensures the continued propagation of new organisms and is a source of genetic variability within a population. During meiotic prophase many dynamic rearrangements occur in the nucleus of the cell. These rearrangements include homologous chromosome pairing, recombination, synaptonemal complex breakdown, chromosome condensation and spindle assembly. The regulatory mechanisms behind these complex processes at the G2/MI transition have not been completely elucidated, preventing our complete understanding of the processes. The purpose of this work is to provide new insight to the events and players involved in the regulation of the G2/MI transition in mouse ...


Tetrahymena Telomerase Is Active As A Monomer, Tracy M. Bryan, Karen J. Goodrich, Thomas R. Cech Dec 2003

Tetrahymena Telomerase Is Active As A Monomer, Tracy M. Bryan, Karen J. Goodrich, Thomas R. Cech

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Contributions (1986-2018)

Telomerase is an enzyme that utilizes an internal RNA molecule as a template for the extension of chromosomal DNA ends. The catalytic core of telomerase consists of the RNA subunit and a protein reverse transcriptase subunit, known as telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT). It has previously been shown that both yeast and human telomerase can form dimers or multimers in which one RNA in the complex can influence the activity of another. To test the proposal that dimerization might be essential for telomerase activity, we sought to determine whether Tetrahymena thermophila telomerase is active as a dimer or a monomer. Recombinant ...


The Drosophila Selenoprotein Bthd Is Required For Survival And Has A Role In Salivary Gland Development, So Yeon Kwon, Paul Badenhorst, F. Javier Martin-Romero, Bradley A. Carlson, Bruce M. Paterson, Vadim Gladyshev, Byeong Jae Lee, Dolph L. Hatfield Dec 2003

The Drosophila Selenoprotein Bthd Is Required For Survival And Has A Role In Salivary Gland Development, So Yeon Kwon, Paul Badenhorst, F. Javier Martin-Romero, Bradley A. Carlson, Bruce M. Paterson, Vadim Gladyshev, Byeong Jae Lee, Dolph L. Hatfield

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

Selenium is implicated in many diseases, including cancer, but its function at the molecular level is poorly understood. BthD is one of three selenoproteins recently identified in Drosophila. To elucidate the function of BthD and the role of selenoproteins in cellular metabolism and health, we analyzed the developmental expression profile of this protein and used inducible RNA interference (RNAi) to ablate function. We find that BthD is dynamically expressed during Drosophila development. bthD mRNA and protein are abundant in the ovaries of female flies and are deposited into the developing oocyte. Maternally contributed protein and RNA persist during early embryonic ...


Structural And Kinetic Characterization Of Myoglobins From Eurythermal And Stenothermal Fish Species, Peter William Madden Dec 2003

Structural And Kinetic Characterization Of Myoglobins From Eurythermal And Stenothermal Fish Species, Peter William Madden

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Teleost myoglobin (Mb) proteins from four fish species inhabiting different temperature environments were used to investigate the relationship between protein function and thermal stability. Mb was isolated from yellowfin tuna (homeothermal warm), mackerel (eurythermal warm), and the Antarctic teleost Notothenia coriiceps (stenothermal cold). Zebrafish (stenothermal tropical) myoglobin was expressed from cloned cDNA. N. coriiceps Mb cDNA has also been cloned, expressed at 20°C , and isolated from E. coli, but was not used in any of the functional and kinetic studies. These proteins differed in oxygen affinity, as measured by O2 dissociation rates and P50 values, and thermal ...


Inhibition Of Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase By A New Class Of Allosteric Effectors, Jun-Young Choe, Scott W. Nelson, Kristen L. Arienti, Frank U. Axe, Tassie L. Collins, Todd K. Jones, Rachel D.A. Kimmich, Michael J. Newman, Karl Norvell, William C. Ripka, Suzanne J. Romano, Kevin M. Short, Deborah H. Slee, Herbert J. Fromm, Richard B. Honzatko Dec 2003

Inhibition Of Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphatase By A New Class Of Allosteric Effectors, Jun-Young Choe, Scott W. Nelson, Kristen L. Arienti, Frank U. Axe, Tassie L. Collins, Todd K. Jones, Rachel D.A. Kimmich, Michael J. Newman, Karl Norvell, William C. Ripka, Suzanne J. Romano, Kevin M. Short, Deborah H. Slee, Herbert J. Fromm, Richard B. Honzatko

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

A highly constrained pseudo-tetrapeptide (OC252-324) further defines a new allosteric binding site located near the center of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. In a crystal structure, pairs of inhibitory molecules bind to opposite faces of the enzyme tetramer. Each ligand molecule is in contact with three of four subunits of the tetramer, hydrogen bonding with the side chain of Asp187 and the backbone carbonyl of residue 71, and electrostatically interacting with the backbone carbonyl of residue 51. The ligated complex adopts a quaternary structure between the canonical R- and T-states of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, and yet a dynamic loop essential for catalysis ...


Involvement Of Transit Peptide Aromatic Residues In Precursor Interaction(S) With The Chloroplast Import Apparatus, Huixia Zhang Dec 2003

Involvement Of Transit Peptide Aromatic Residues In Precursor Interaction(S) With The Chloroplast Import Apparatus, Huixia Zhang

Masters Theses

The import of nuclear-encoded preproteins into chloroplast is mediated by the transit peptide located in the N-terminus of the preproteins. A semi-conserved FGLK motif is identified in most of the transit peptides bioinformatically, despite the lack of homology in the primary sequence. To investigate the role of phenylalanines in the FGLK motifs of SStp in the interaction with outer envelope import apparatus, mutations were made on the two motifs found in prSSU from tobacco: F26TGLK and F35PVSRK. These mutations include F→W, F→S, and F→A in both of the motifs. The WT precursor (prSSU), 6 single prSSU mutants ...


K+- Induced Dilation Of Cremasteric Arterioles Involves Na+/K+Atpase And Inward Rectifier K+ Channels, Wendy Burns Dec 2003

K+- Induced Dilation Of Cremasteric Arterioles Involves Na+/K+Atpase And Inward Rectifier K+ Channels, Wendy Burns

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible mechanisms involved in cremasteric arteriolar dilation as a result of increased concentrations of ([K+]o) extracellular potassium. Many other studies suggested that Na+/K+ ATPase or KIR channels are responsible for potassium-induced vasodilation in other systems (2, 12, 22, 40, 46, 52, 16, 17, 25, 33, 34, 85, 99, 151). However, these studies show only partial inhibition of dilation as a result of independent blockageof each mechanism. The hypothesis of this study was that both mechanisms contribute to potassium-induced dilation seen in cremasteric arterioles.

First or second order arterioles ...


Role Of Ionic Interactions In The Catalytic Mechanism Of R67 Dihydrofolate Reductase, Stephanie Nicole Hicks Dec 2003

Role Of Ionic Interactions In The Catalytic Mechanism Of R67 Dihydrofolate Reductase, Stephanie Nicole Hicks

Masters Theses

The goal of this research is to investigate the role of K32 and K33 in the catalytic mechanism of R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). K32 is located in the active site pore and is the only charged residue in the active site while K33 is located on the surface of R67 DHFR. Both of the ligands for R67 DHFR, NADPH and dihydrofolate (DHF), have negative charges capable of forming ionic interactions with symmetry related K32 residues. NMR, DELPHI, and docking studies predict that K32 is involved in ionic interactions with the 2’phosphate of NADPH. Docking studies also predict that K32 ...


Study On The Wistar Rat Liver And Its Walker Tumor Chromatins By Fluorescence Lifetime And Calorimetric Measurements, Jianfei Zhao Nov 2003

Study On The Wistar Rat Liver And Its Walker Tumor Chromatins By Fluorescence Lifetime And Calorimetric Measurements, Jianfei Zhao

Jianfei Zhao

The structures of rat liver chrotin and its walker tumoral chromatin have been studied by fluorescence
lifetime , precision calorimetric determinat ions and energy transfer measurement .The results show
that the component with ethidium bromide inserting DNA in tumoral chromatin(TC)increases by 4.86 %
than that in normal chromatin(NC).The formation enthalpy of the complex from ethidium bromide and
DNA in TC is -15.38 kJ/mol and -13.25 kJ/mol for NC .The energy transfer efficiency between dansyl
chloride and acridine orange in labeled TC is lower than that in labeled NC .The mean donor-accepto r distance ...


Nucleotide And Phospholipid-Dependent Control Of Ppxd And C-Domain Association For Seca Atpase, Don Oliver Nov 2003

Nucleotide And Phospholipid-Dependent Control Of Ppxd And C-Domain Association For Seca Atpase, Don Oliver

Division III Faculty Publications

The SecA ATPase motor is a central component of the eubacterial protein translocation machinery. It is comprised of N- and C-domain substructures, where the N-domain is comprised of two nucleotide-binding domains that flank a preprotein-binding domain (PPXD), while the C-domain binds phospholipids as well as SecB chaperone. Our recent crystal structure of Bacillus subtilis SecA protomer [Hunt, J. F., Weinkauf, S., Henry, L., Fak, J. J., McNicholas, P., Oliver, D. B., and Deisenhofer, J. (2002) Science 297, 2018-2026] along with experimental support for the correct dimer structure [Ding, H., Hunt, J. F., Mukerji, I., and Oliver, D. (2003) Biochemistry 42 ...


Disulfide Bond Formation Involves A Quinhydrone-Type Charge–Transfer Complex, James Regeimbal, Stefan Gleiter, Bernard L. Trumpower, Chang-Ang Yu Nov 2003

Disulfide Bond Formation Involves A Quinhydrone-Type Charge–Transfer Complex, James Regeimbal, Stefan Gleiter, Bernard L. Trumpower, Chang-Ang Yu

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The chemistry of disulfide exchange in biological systems is well studied. However, the detailed mechanism of how oxidizing equivalents are derived to form disulfide bonds in proteins is not clear. In prokaryotic organisms, it is known that DsbB delivers oxidizing equivalents through DsbA to secreted proteins. DsbB becomes reoxidized by reducing quinones that are part of the membrane-bound electron-transfer chains. It is this quinone reductase activity that links disulfide bond formation to the electron transport system. We show here that purified DsbB contains the spectral signal of a quinhydrone, a charge-transfer complex consisting of a hydroquinone and a quinone in ...


The Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1alpha/Cxcr4 Ligand-Receptor Axis Is Critical For Progenitor Survival And Migration In The Pancreas., Ayse G. Kayali, Kurt Van Gunst, Iain L. Campbell, Aleksandr Stotland, Marcie Kritzik, Guoxun Liu, Malin Flodström-Tullberg, You-Qing Zhang, Nora Sarvetnick Nov 2003

The Stromal Cell-Derived Factor-1alpha/Cxcr4 Ligand-Receptor Axis Is Critical For Progenitor Survival And Migration In The Pancreas., Ayse G. Kayali, Kurt Van Gunst, Iain L. Campbell, Aleksandr Stotland, Marcie Kritzik, Guoxun Liu, Malin Flodström-Tullberg, You-Qing Zhang, Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

The SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 ligand/chemokine receptor pair is required for appropriate patterning during ontogeny and stimulates the growth and differentiation of critical cell types. Here, we demonstrate SDF-1alpha and CXCR4 expression in fetal pancreas. We have found that SDF-1alpha and its receptor CXCR4 are expressed in islets, also CXCR4 is expressed in and around the proliferating duct epithelium of the regenerating pancreas of the interferon (IFN) gamma-nonobese diabetic mouse. We show that SDF-1alpha stimulates the phosphorylation of Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinase, and Src in pancreatic duct cells. Furthermore, migration assays indicate a stimulatory effect of SDF-1alpha on ductal cell migration ...


A Template-Proximal Rna Paired Element Contributes To S. Cerevisiae Telomerase Activity, Anita G. Seto, Kfir Umansky, Yehuda Tzfati, Arthur J. Zaug, Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Thomas R. Cech Nov 2003

A Template-Proximal Rna Paired Element Contributes To S. Cerevisiae Telomerase Activity, Anita G. Seto, Kfir Umansky, Yehuda Tzfati, Arthur J. Zaug, Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Thomas R. Cech

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Contributions (1986-2018)

The ribonucleoprotein complex telomerase is critical for replenishing chromosome-end sequence during eukaryotic DNA replication. The template for the addition of telomeric repeats is provided by the RNA component of telomerase. However, in budding yeast, little is known about the structure and function of most of the remainder of the telomerase RNA. Here, we report the identification of a paired element located immediately 5′ of the template region in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomerase RNA. Mutations disrupting or replacing the helical element showed that this structure, but not its exact nucleotide sequence, is important for telomerase function in vivo and in vitro ...


Blood Lead Levels During Pregnancy And Pregnancy Outcome In Karachi Women, A Rahman, A Hakeem Nov 2003

Blood Lead Levels During Pregnancy And Pregnancy Outcome In Karachi Women, A Rahman, A Hakeem

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

objective: To evaluate association of blood lead levels with pregnancy outcome in the obstetrics and gynaecology unit.
Methods: Blood lead levels were measured in 73 pregnant women at the time of delivery and assessed its association with pregnancyoutcome.
Results: Mean maternal lead level was 9.91+/-4.44 mg/dL (range 2.28-36.35 mg/dL). Mothers of boys had significantly higher (p=0.013, one-tailed t test) blood lead levels (11.05+/-5.19) when compared to mothers of girls (8.74+/-3.18 mg/dL.
Conclusion: Maternal lead levels at the time of delivery showed no association with ...


Ligand Specificity Modulated By Prolyl Imide Bond Cis/Trans Isomerization In The Itk Sh2 Domain:  A Quantitative Nmr Study, Patrick J. Breheny, Alain Laederach, D. Bruce Fulton, Amy H. Andreotti Nov 2003

Ligand Specificity Modulated By Prolyl Imide Bond Cis/Trans Isomerization In The Itk Sh2 Domain:  A Quantitative Nmr Study, Patrick J. Breheny, Alain Laederach, D. Bruce Fulton, Amy H. Andreotti

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

The Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of interleukin-2 tyrosine kinase (Itk) binds two separate ligands:  a phosphotyrosine-containing peptide and the Itk Src homology 3 (SH3) domain. Binding specificity for these ligands is regulated via cis/trans isomerization of the Asn 286−Pro 287 imide bond in the Itk SH2 domain. In this study, we develop a novel method of analyzing chemical shift perturbation and cross-peak volumes to measure the affinities of both ligands for each SH2 conformer. We find that the cis imide bond containing SH2 conformer exhibits a 3.5-fold higher affinity for the Itk SH3 domain compared with ...


Live And Let Die: Regulatory Mechanisms In Fas-Mediated Apoptosis, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter Nov 2003

Live And Let Die: Regulatory Mechanisms In Fas-Mediated Apoptosis, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter

Articles

Activation of Fas receptor by Fas ligand causes caspase 8 activation and apoptosis in cells and is an important mechanism by which normal tissue homeostasis and function are maintained. Activation of caspase 8 is preceded by the formation of a death-inducing signalling complex (DISC), and a number of redundant mechanisms regulate DISC formation in vivo. Fas receptor is widely expressed in tissues, and dysfunction of the regulatory mechanisms in Fas receptor signalling has been reported in several diseases including autoimmune disease and cancer. This review aims to identify and discuss the various mechanisms employed by cells to alter their sensitivity ...


Defects In Death-Inducing Signalling Complex Formation Prevent Jnk Activation And Fas-Mediated Apoptosis In Du 145 Prostate Carcinoma Cells, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter Nov 2003

Defects In Death-Inducing Signalling Complex Formation Prevent Jnk Activation And Fas-Mediated Apoptosis In Du 145 Prostate Carcinoma Cells, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter

Articles

Androgen-independent prostate carcinomas are resistant to chemotherapy and cell lines derived from androgen-independent prostate carcinomas such as DU 145 cells are highly resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis. The incubation of DU 145 cells with anti-Fas IgM agonistic antibody of Fas receptor fails to activate JNK, a stress kinase involved in regulating apoptosis. We have previously shown that JNK activation is sufficient and necessary to promote Fas-mediated apoptosis in DU 145 cells. We investigate the mechanisms by which JNK activation and apoptosis are abrogated. HSP27 is overexpressed in DU 145 cells and has previously been reported to sequester DAXX and prevent JNK ...


Evaluation Of Adsorption Effects On Measurements Of Ammonia, Acetic Acid, And Methanol, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Isaac T. Bertschi, Wei M. Hao Oct 2003

Evaluation Of Adsorption Effects On Measurements Of Ammonia, Acetic Acid, And Methanol, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Isaac T. Bertschi, Wei M. Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] We examined how adsorption and desorption of gases from inlets and a cell could affect the accuracy of closed-cell FTIR measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), methanol (CH3OH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), and ammonia (NH3). When standards were delivered to the cell through a stainless steel inlet, temporarily reduced transmission was observed for CH3OH and NH3. However, a halocarbon wax coated inlet (normally used on the system) had excellent transmission (comparable to room temperature Teflon) for both CH3 ...


Magnetic Storage Device Using Induced Magnetic Reversal Of A Cobalt Element Array, Hanning Chen, Scott L. Whittenburg Oct 2003

Magnetic Storage Device Using Induced Magnetic Reversal Of A Cobalt Element Array, Hanning Chen, Scott L. Whittenburg

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The effects of the applied field, cell size, and cutting area on the ‘‘seed’’ induced magnetic reversal of a cobalt element array have been studied by a stochastic dynamic micromagnetics code using the Laudau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation. Three magnetic reversal mechanisms under different magnitudes of the applied field have been investigated by examining the energy profiles. To minimize the effect of the thermal fluctuations on the switching time, an applied field with magnitude around 0.7 or 0.8 T and an element array with cutting area less than 10 nm X 10 nm are required. By using the smaller ...


A Role For Yip1p In Copii Vesicle Biogenesis, Matthew Heidtman, Catherine Z. Chen, Ruth N. Collins, Charles Barlowe Oct 2003

A Role For Yip1p In Copii Vesicle Biogenesis, Matthew Heidtman, Catherine Z. Chen, Ruth N. Collins, Charles Barlowe

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Yeast Ypt1p-interacting protein (Yip1p) belongs to a conserved family of transmembrane proteins that interact with Rab GTPases. We encountered Yip1p as a constituent of ER-derived transport vesicles, leading us to hypothesize a direct role for this protein in transport through the early secretory pathway. Using a cell-free assay that recapitulates protein transport from the ER to the Golgi complex, we find that affinity-purified antibodies directed against the hydrophilic amino terminus of Yip1p potently inhibit transport. Surprisingly, inhibition is specific to the COPII-dependent budding stage. In support of this in vitro observation, strains bearing the temperature-sensitive yip1-4 allele accumulate ER membranes ...


Quality Control And Peak Finding For Proteomics Data Collected From Nipple Aspirate Fluid Using Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption And Ionization., Jeffrey S. Morris, Kevin R. Coombes, Herbert A. Fritsche, Charlotte Clarke, Jeng-Neng Chen, Keith A. Baggerly, Lian-Chun Xiao, Mien-Chie Hung, Henry M. Kuerer Oct 2003

Quality Control And Peak Finding For Proteomics Data Collected From Nipple Aspirate Fluid Using Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption And Ionization., Jeffrey S. Morris, Kevin R. Coombes, Herbert A. Fritsche, Charlotte Clarke, Jeng-Neng Chen, Keith A. Baggerly, Lian-Chun Xiao, Mien-Chie Hung, Henry M. Kuerer

Jeffrey S. Morris

Background: Recently, researchers have been using mass spectroscopy to study cancer. For use of proteomics spectra in a clinical setting, stringent quality-control procedures will be needed.

Methods: We pooled samples of nipple aspirate fluid from healthy breasts and breasts with cancer to prepare a control sample. Aliquots of the control sample were used on two spots on each of three IMAC ProteinChip® arrays (Ciphergen Biosystems, Inc.) on 4 successive days to generate 24 SELDI spectra. In 36 subsequent experiments, the control sample was applied to two spots of each ProteinChip array, and the resulting spectra were analyzed to determine how ...


Modeling Of The Inverse Heat -Conduction Problem With Application To Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition And Bioheat Transfer, Peng Zhen Oct 2003

Modeling Of The Inverse Heat -Conduction Problem With Application To Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition And Bioheat Transfer, Peng Zhen

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation consists of two parts. Part one deals with three-dimensional laser induced chemical vapor deposition (3D-LCVD), whereas part two deals with a Pennes model of a 3D skin structure. LCVD is an important technique in manufacturing complex micro-structures with high aspect ratio. In part one, a numerical model was developed for simulating kinetically-limited growth of an axisymmetric cylindrical rod by pre-specifying the surface temperature distribution required for growing the rod and then by obtaining optimized laser power that gives rise to the pre-specified temperature distribution. The temperature distribution at the surface of the rod was assumed to be at ...


Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani Oct 2003

Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Growth factor, cytokine and chemokine-induced activation of PI3K enzymes constitutes the start of a complex signalling cascade, which ultimately mediates cellular activities such as proliferation, differentiation, chemotaxis, survival, trafficking, and glucose homeostasis. The PI3K enzyme family is divided into 3 classes; class I (subdivided into IA and IB), class II (PI3K-C2α, PI3K-C2β and PI3K-C2γ) and class III PI3K. Expression of these enzymes in human tissue has not been clearly defined.

Methods: In this study, we analysed the immunohistochemical topographical expression profile of class IA (anti-p85 adaptor) and class II PI3K (PI3K-C2α and PI3K-C2β) enzymes in 104 formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded ...