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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Calcium Binding To Calmodulin Mutants Monitored By Domain-Specific Intrinsic Phenylalanine And Tyrosine Fluorescence, W. S. Vanscyoc, B. R. Sorensen, E. Rusinova, William Laws, J. B. A. Ross, M. A. Shea Nov 2002

Calcium Binding To Calmodulin Mutants Monitored By Domain-Specific Intrinsic Phenylalanine And Tyrosine Fluorescence, W. S. Vanscyoc, B. R. Sorensen, E. Rusinova, William Laws, J. B. A. Ross, M. A. Shea

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Cooperative calcium binding to the two homologous domains of calmodulin (CaM) induces conformational changes that regulate its association with and activation of numerous cellular target proteins. Calcium binding to the pair of high-affinity sites (III and IV in the C-domain) can be monitored by observing calcium-dependent changes in intrinsic tyrosine fluorescence intensity (lambda(ex)/lambda(em) of 277/320 nm). However, calcium binding to the low-affinity sites (I and II in the N-domain) is more difficult to measure with optical spectroscopy because that domain of CaM does not contain tryptophan or tyrosine. We recently demonstrated that calcium-dependent changes in intrinsic ...


Guanine And 7,8-Dihydro-8-Oxo-Guanine-Specific Oxidation In Dna By Chromium(V), Kent D. Sugden, Brooke Martin Oct 2002

Guanine And 7,8-Dihydro-8-Oxo-Guanine-Specific Oxidation In Dna By Chromium(V), Kent D. Sugden, Brooke Martin

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The hexavalent oxidation state of chromium [Cr(VI)] is a well-established human carcinogen, although the mechanism of cancer induction is currently unknown. Intracellular reduction of Cr(VI) forms Cr(V), which is thought to play a fundamental role in the mechanism of DNA damage by this carcinogen. Two separate pathways of DNA damage, an oxidative pathway and a metal-binding pathway, have been proposed to account for the lesions observed in cell systems. We have used a model Cr(V) complex, N,N´-ethylenebis(salicylidene-animato)oxochromium(V) [Cr(V)-Salen], to investigate the oxidative pathway of DNA damage and to elucidate ...


Monte Carlo Simulation On The Indirect Exchange Interactions Of Co-Doped Zno Film, Abraham F. Jalbout, Hanning Chen, Scott L. Whittenburg Sep 2002

Monte Carlo Simulation On The Indirect Exchange Interactions Of Co-Doped Zno Film, Abraham F. Jalbout, Hanning Chen, Scott L. Whittenburg

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Monte Carlo simulations using a three-dimensional lattice model studied the Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida (RKKY) indirect exchange interaction of doped magnetic Co ions in ZnOfilms. The results of the calculations show that the RKKY interaction in Co-doped ZnO is long ranged and its magnitude is proportional to (inverse of the distance from a central ion). The sign oscillates with a frequency that depends on the concentration of the carrier. The long-distance sum of the RKKY indirect exchange energies is positive indicating that these materials are ferromagnetic, in direct correlation with previously reported results.


Magnetization Reversal Of Elliptical Co/Cu/Co Pseudo-Spin Valve Dots, Ngocnga Dao, Scott L. Whittenburg, Y. Hao, Leszek M. Malkinski, Jian Qing Wang, C. A. Ross May 2002

Magnetization Reversal Of Elliptical Co/Cu/Co Pseudo-Spin Valve Dots, Ngocnga Dao, Scott L. Whittenburg, Y. Hao, Leszek M. Malkinski, Jian Qing Wang, C. A. Ross

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We present our recent simulated results on Cr (5 nm)/ Cu (5 nm)/ Co (5 nm)/ Cu (3 nm)/ Co (2 nm) pseudo-spin valve dots. The simulated results agree qualitatively with the experimental results. Three different sizes of elliptical dots, and were simulated. Our simulations show that in these types of dots magnetization reversal occurs by the formation of domain walls: for and for No domain wall was observed in the reversal of the dots. For such dots, the simulated loops show a small two-step reversal pattern with the thin upper layer partially reversing followed by complete reversal of both ...


The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (Safari 2000): Overview Of The Dry Season Field Campaign, R. J. Swap, H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, J. Haywood, M. C. Helmlinger, C. Hely, Peter V. Hobbs, B. N. Holben, J. Ji, M. D. King, T. Landmann, W. Maenhaut, L. Otter, B. Pak, S. J. Piketh, S. Platnick, J. Privette, D. Roy, A. M. Thompson, Darold E. Ward, Robert J. Yokelson Apr 2002

The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (Safari 2000): Overview Of The Dry Season Field Campaign, R. J. Swap, H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, J. Haywood, M. C. Helmlinger, C. Hely, Peter V. Hobbs, B. N. Holben, J. Ji, M. D. King, T. Landmann, W. Maenhaut, L. Otter, B. Pak, S. J. Piketh, S. Platnick, J. Privette, D. Roy, A. M. Thompson, Darold E. Ward, Robert J. Yokelson

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) is an international science project investigating the earth-atmosphere-human system in southern Africa. The programme was conducted over a two-year period from March 1999 to March 2001. The dry season field campaign (August-September 2000) was the most intensive activity and involved over 200 scientists from eighteen countries. The main objectives were to characterize and quantify biogenic, pyrogenic and anthropogenic aerosol and trace gas emissions and their transport and transformations in the atmosphere, and to validate NASA's Earth Observing System's satellite Terra within a scientific context. Five aircraft - two South African Weather ...