Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Functional Interactions Between Heterologously Expressed Starch-Branching Enzymes Of Maize And The Glycogen Synthases Of Brewer’S Yeast, Beom-Seok Seo, Seungtaek Kim, Marvin Paul Scott, George W. Singletary, Kit-Sum Wong, Martha G. James, Alan M. Myers Apr 2002

Functional Interactions Between Heterologously Expressed Starch-Branching Enzymes Of Maize And The Glycogen Synthases Of Brewer’S Yeast, Beom-Seok Seo, Seungtaek Kim, Marvin Paul Scott, George W. Singletary, Kit-Sum Wong, Martha G. James, Alan M. Myers

Agronomy Publications

Starch-branching enzymes (SBEs) catalyze the formation of α(1→6) glycoside bonds in glucan polymers, thus, affecting the structure of amylopectin and starch granules. Two distinct classes of SBE are generally conserved in higher plants, although the specific role(s) of each isoform in determination of starch structure is not clearly understood. This study used a heterologous in vivo system to isolate the function of each of the three known SBE isoforms of maize (Zea mays) away from the other plant enzymes involved in starch biosynthesis. The ascomycete Brewer's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) was employed as the host species. All ...


Weedy Adaptation In Setaria Spp. V. Effects Of Gaseous Environment On Giant Foxtail (Setaria Faberii) (Poaceae) Seed Germination, Jack H. Dekker, Mark S. Hargrove Mar 2002

Weedy Adaptation In Setaria Spp. V. Effects Of Gaseous Environment On Giant Foxtail (Setaria Faberii) (Poaceae) Seed Germination, Jack H. Dekker, Mark S. Hargrove

Agronomy Publications

The effects that naturally occurring gases (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide) may cause in dormant giant foxtail (Setaria faberii) seed germination under favorable temperature and moisture conditions were investigated. The germination responses to gas mixtures supported the hypothesis that S. faberii germination behavior is regulated by the amount of oxygen taken into hydrated seed over time. Setaria faberii seed germination was markedly affected by O2 concentration (in N2) above and below that of air (20% O2): the largest increase in germination (from 37 to 60%) occurred between 20–25% O2; between 0–10% O2, germination increased ...


Enzyme Activities In Soils As Affected By Management Practices , Mine Ekenler Jan 2002

Enzyme Activities In Soils As Affected By Management Practices , Mine Ekenler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Studies were undertaken to investigate the long-term effects of lime application and tillage systems (no-till, ridge-till, and chisel plow) on soil microbial biomass C (Cmic) and N (Nmic) and the activities of glycosidases (alpha- and beta-glucosidases, alpha- and beta-galactosidases and beta-glucosaminidase); phosphatases (acid and alkaline phosphatases and phosphodiesterase); amidohydrolases (L-asparaginase, L-glutaminase, amidase, urease, and L-aspartase); and arylamidase at their optimal pH values. With the exception of acid phosphatase, which was significantly but negatively correlated, all other enzyme activities were significantly and positively correlated with soil pH values at four sites in Iowa. Delta activity/Delta pH values showed that among ...


Backcross Introgression And Two-Stage Testing For Conversion Of Improved Tropical Germplasm To Temperate Environments , Freeman Callaway Whitehead Jan 2002

Backcross Introgression And Two-Stage Testing For Conversion Of Improved Tropical Germplasm To Temperate Environments , Freeman Callaway Whitehead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The use of exotic maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm, particularly of tropical and subtropical adaptation, has been suggested to increase genetic variability and grain yield of maize breeding material in temperate environments. Lack of adaptation to temperate areas and photoperiod sensitivity may mask desirable traits and reduce breeding progress. The objectives of this study included two-stage evaluation and selection of segregating families in the central U.S. Corn Belt derived from the backcross introgression of previously improved tropical CIMMYT germplasm into adapted, elite U.S. Corn Belt germplasm. The U.S. Corn Belt heterotic patterns of Stiff Stalk and non-Stiff ...


Molecular Marker Analysis Of Seed Size In Soybean , Joseph Andrew Hoeck Jan 2002

Molecular Marker Analysis Of Seed Size In Soybean , Joseph Andrew Hoeck

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seed size is an important attribute of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] for some food uses. The objectives of this study were to identify markers associated with quantitative trait loci for seed size (SSQTL), determine the influence of the environment on expression of the marker-SSQTL associations, and compare the efficiency of phenotypic selection and marker-assisted selection for the trait. Three small-seeded lines were crossed to a line or cultivar with normal seed size to form three two-parent populations. The parents of the populations were screened with 178 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to identify polymorphism. Population 1 (Pop 1) had ...