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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 76

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Biochemistry Of Hemolysin Toxin Activation By Fatty Acylation: Characterization Of An Internal Protein Acyltransferase, Michael S. Trent Dec 1998

Biochemistry Of Hemolysin Toxin Activation By Fatty Acylation: Characterization Of An Internal Protein Acyltransferase, Michael S. Trent

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hemolysin toxin produced and secreted by pathogenic Escherichia coli is one of a family of cytolytic, structurally homologous protein toxins known as RTX (repeats in toxin) toxins. RTX toxins are products of a gene cluster, CABD . The A gene product, nontoxic hemolysin (proHlyA) is made toxic by post-translational fatty acylation of two internal lysine residues. HlyC, C gene product, is essential for acylation, and acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) is the acyl donor. HlyB and HlyD are involved in secretion of the toxin. HlyC was thought to serve as an internal protein acyltransferase and remained uncharacterized until now. ProHlyA and HlyC ...


Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate Stimulates Lysophosphatidic Acid Secretion From Ovarian And Cervical Cancer Cells But Not From Breast Or Leukemia Cells, Zhongzhou Shen, Jerome Belinson, Richard E. Morton, Yan Xu Dec 1998

Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate Stimulates Lysophosphatidic Acid Secretion From Ovarian And Cervical Cancer Cells But Not From Breast Or Leukemia Cells, Zhongzhou Shen, Jerome Belinson, Richard E. Morton, Yan Xu

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is present in ascites from patients with ovarian cancer. It stimulates calcium release and growth of ovarian cancer cells bothin vitroandin vivo.Recently, we found that LPA levels were significantly elevated in plasma from patients with ovarian cancer and other gynecological cancers. In contrast, LPA levels were not elevated in patients with breast cancer and leukemias. In view of this, we investigated whether gynecological cancer cells could produce LPA. LPA was extracted from the supernatant of cells culturedin vitroand purified by thin layer chromatography. After hydrolysis and transmethylation, the fatty acid derivatives were analyzed by gas chromatography ...


Selenocysteine-Containing Proteins In Mammals, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Dolph L. Hatfield Nov 1998

Selenocysteine-Containing Proteins In Mammals, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Dolph L. Hatfield

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

Since the recent discovery of selenocysteine as the 21st amino acid in protein, the field of selenium biology has rapidly expanded. Twelve mammalian selenoproteins have been characterized to date and each contains selenocysteine that is incorporated in response to specific UGA code words. These selenoproteins have different cellular functions, but in those selenoproteins for which the function is known, selenocysteine is located at the active center. The presence of selenocysteine at critical sites in naturally occurring selenoproteins provides an explanation for the important role of selenium in human health and development. This review describes known mammalian selenoproteins and discusses recent ...


A Role For The Dnaj Homologue Scj1p In Protein Folding In The Yeast Endoplasmic Reticulum, Susana Silberstein, Gabriel Schlenstedt, Pam A. Silver, Reid Gilmore Nov 1998

A Role For The Dnaj Homologue Scj1p In Protein Folding In The Yeast Endoplasmic Reticulum, Susana Silberstein, Gabriel Schlenstedt, Pam A. Silver, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

Members of the eukaryotic heat shock protein 70 family (Hsp70s) are regulated by protein cofactors that contain domains homologous to bacterial DnaJ. Of the three DnaJ homologues in the yeast rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER; Scj1p, Sec63p, and Jem1p), Scj1p is most closely related to DnaJ, hence it is a probable cofactor for Kar2p, the major Hsp70 in the yeast RER. However, the physiological role of Scj1p has remained obscure due to the lack of an obvious defect in Kar2p-mediated pathways in scj1 null mutants. Here, we show that the Deltascj1 mutant is hypersensitive to tunicamycin or mutations that reduce N-linked ...


Dynamics Of Biomolecules: Assignment Of Local Motions By Fluorescence Anisotropy Decay, Carl N. Bialik, Barnabas Wolf, Edward L. Rachofsky, J. B. A. Ross, William Laws Nov 1998

Dynamics Of Biomolecules: Assignment Of Local Motions By Fluorescence Anisotropy Decay, Carl N. Bialik, Barnabas Wolf, Edward L. Rachofsky, J. B. A. Ross, William Laws

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Many biological systems have multiple fluorophores that experience multiple depolarizing motions, requiring multiple lifetimes and correlation times to define the fluorescence intensity and anisotropy decays, respectively. To simplify analyses, an assumption often made is that all fluorophores experience all depolarizing motions. However, this assumption usually is invalid, because each lifetime is not necessarily associated with each correlation time. To help establish the correct associations and recover accurate kinetic parameters, a general kinetic scheme that can examine all possible associations is presented. Using synthetic data sets, the ability of the scheme to discriminate among all nine association models possible for two ...


Accumulation Of Methotrexate In Human Tissues Following High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy, M P. Iqbal Nov 1998

Accumulation Of Methotrexate In Human Tissues Following High-Dose Methotrexate Therapy, M P. Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Methotrexate concentration was analyzed in a number of tissues of a patient of osteogenic sarcoma who had been on high-dose methotrexate therapy for nearly 6 months. Gall bladder and kidney contained the highest concentration of the drug, followed by testis, small intestine, skeletal muscle, bone marrow, lung, spleen, heart and liver. Although, compared to kidney the liver contained relatively small amount of the drug, yet nearly 1/5th of the total drug in liver was in bound form. This bound form of methotrexate is most likely associated with multiple forms of dihydrofolate reductase. The total concentration of methotrexate in kidney ...


Monte Carlo Simulation Of An Ion-Dipole Mixture As A Model Of An Electrical Double Layer, Douglas Henderson, Dezso Boda, Kwong-Yu Chan Nov 1998

Monte Carlo Simulation Of An Ion-Dipole Mixture As A Model Of An Electrical Double Layer, Douglas Henderson, Dezso Boda, Kwong-Yu Chan

All Faculty Publications

Canonical Monte Carlo simulations were performed for a nonprimitive model of an electrical double layer. The ions and the solvent molecules are modeled as charged and dipolar hard spheres, respectively, while the electrode as a hard, impenetrable wall carrying uniform surface charge. We found that the ion-dipole model gives a reasonable description of the double layer for partially charged ions with small to moderate dipole moments, or equivalently for an "effective" dielectric constant. Density, polarization and mean electrostatic potential profiles are reported. Strong layering structure, and at higher charges, charge inversion in the second layer were found. With appropriate choices ...


Growth Factors In The Nucleolus, Thoru Pederson Oct 1998

Growth Factors In The Nucleolus, Thoru Pederson

Open Access Articles

No abstract provided.


Domain Structure Of The Staphylococcus Aureus Collagen Adhesin, R. L. Rich, B. Demeler, Kyle Donald Ashby, C. C.S. Deivanayagam, Jacob W. Petrich, J. M. Patti, S. V.L. Narayana, M. Hook Oct 1998

Domain Structure Of The Staphylococcus Aureus Collagen Adhesin, R. L. Rich, B. Demeler, Kyle Donald Ashby, C. C.S. Deivanayagam, Jacob W. Petrich, J. M. Patti, S. V.L. Narayana, M. Hook

Chemistry Publications

Sequence analysis of surface proteins from Gram-positive bacteria indicates a composite organization consisting of unique and repeated segments. Thus, these proteins may contain discrete domains that could fold independently. In this paper, we have used a panel of biophysical methods, including gel permeation chromatography, analytical ultracentrifugation, circular dichroism, and fluorescence spectroscopy, to analyze the structural organization of the Staphylococcus aureus collagen adhesin, CNA. Our results indicate that the structure, function, and folding of the ligand-binding domain (A) are not affected by the presence or absence of the other major domain (B). In addition, little or no interaction is observed between ...


Interagency Lake Mead And Las Vegas Wash Monitoring Program: Standard Operating Procedures Manual, Bureau Of Reclamation, City Of Henderson Water Reclamation Facility, City Of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facility, Clark County Sanitation District, Nevada, Southern Nevada Water Authority Oct 1998

Interagency Lake Mead And Las Vegas Wash Monitoring Program: Standard Operating Procedures Manual, Bureau Of Reclamation, City Of Henderson Water Reclamation Facility, City Of Las Vegas Water Pollution Control Facility, Clark County Sanitation District, Nevada, Southern Nevada Water Authority

Publications (WR)

A number of agencies sample Lake Mead and the Las Vegas Wash on a routine basis at several locations. In order to share and properly interpret the data, the Bureau of Reclamation, Southern Nevada Water Authority and the three Wastewater Treatment Facilities (City of Las Vegas, Clark County Sanitation District and City of Henderson) formed a committee to examine sampling and analytical protocols and to share information with the goal of maximizing the data quality. The group first met in April 1997.

It was agreed that an effort should be made to discuss and compare specific sampling and analytical techniques ...


Urinary N-Acetyl-Beta-D-Glucosaminidase In Rheumatoid Arthritis, M P. Iqbal, A A. Ali, M A. Waqar, N Mehboobali Sep 1998

Urinary N-Acetyl-Beta-D-Glucosaminidase In Rheumatoid Arthritis, M P. Iqbal, A A. Ali, M A. Waqar, N Mehboobali

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Excretion of urinary N-acetyl beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and its isoenzyme patterns were studied in two groups of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in normal control subjects. Urine samples were collected from 30 seropositive RA patients, 19 seronegative RA patients, and 15 normal healthy subjects. All the patients and normal subjects were assessed to have normal liver and kidney functions. A small portion of the urine sample was dialyzed against 0.01 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.0 and NAG activity was monitored. Mean +/- SD values of urinary NAG in seropositive RA patients, in seronegative RA patients and in normal healthy ...


Transmembrane Protein Insertion Orientation In Yeast Depends On The Charge Difference Across Transmembrane Segments, Their Total Hydrophobicity, And Its Distribution, Carol A. Harley, Jonathan A. Holt, Rhiannon Turner, Donald J. Tipper Sep 1998

Transmembrane Protein Insertion Orientation In Yeast Depends On The Charge Difference Across Transmembrane Segments, Their Total Hydrophobicity, And Its Distribution, Carol A. Harley, Jonathan A. Holt, Rhiannon Turner, Donald J. Tipper

Microbiology and Physiological Systems Publications and Presentations

The determinants of transmembrane protein insertion orientation at the endoplasmic reticulum have been investigated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using variants of a Type III (naturally exofacial N terminus (Nexo)) transmembrane fusion protein derived from the N terminus of Ste2p, the alpha-factor receptor. Small positive and negative charges adjacent to the transmembrane segment had equal and opposite effects on orientation, and this effect was independent of N- or C-terminal location, consistent with a purely electrostatic interaction with response mechanisms. A 3:1 bias toward Nexo insertion, observed in the absence of a charge difference, was shown to reflect the Nexo bias conferred ...


Simultaneous Formation Of Functional Leading And Lagging Strand Holoenzyme Complexes On A Small, Defined Dna Substrate, Anthony J. Berdis, Stephen J. Benkovic Sep 1998

Simultaneous Formation Of Functional Leading And Lagging Strand Holoenzyme Complexes On A Small, Defined Dna Substrate, Anthony J. Berdis, Stephen J. Benkovic

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The biochemical characterization of leading and lagging strand DNA synthesis by bacteriophage T4 replication proteins has been addressed utilizing a small, defined primer/template. The ATP hydrolysis activity of 44/62, the clamp loading complex responsible for holoenzyme assembly, was monitored during assembly of both the leading and lagging strand holoenzyme complex. The ATPase activity of 44/62 diminishes once a functional holoenzyme is assembled on both the leading and lagging strand. The assembly of the lagging strand holoenzyme is facilitated by several factors including biotinylated streptavidin blocks at the end of the fork strands, preassembly of the leading strand ...


In Vitro Assessment Of The Toxicity Of Cocaine And Its Metabolites In The Human Umbilical Artery, Tessa L. Long Aug 1998

In Vitro Assessment Of The Toxicity Of Cocaine And Its Metabolites In The Human Umbilical Artery, Tessa L. Long

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An in vitro model was used to assess the effect of cocaine and its metabolites on the umbilical artery. Objectives were to pharmacologically confirm the presence of adrenergic innervation using tyramine, evaluate the ability of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, norcocaine and cocaethylene to potentiate vasoconstriction by serotonin and norepinephrine, examine the ability of ketanserin to block the enhanced vasoconstriction produced by cocaine, and determine displacement of 3 H-ketanserin by serotonin, norepinephrine, tyramine and mianserin. The vasoconstrictive effect of tyramine (100 μM) was enhanced in the presence of cocaine by 257%. Vasoconstrictive effects of serotonin and norepinephrine were significantly enhanced by cocaine by ...


Study Of The Baie Gene In Bile Acid 7Α-Dehydroxylating Bacteria, Yasemin Kaya Aug 1998

Study Of The Baie Gene In Bile Acid 7Α-Dehydroxylating Bacteria, Yasemin Kaya

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Intestinal bile acid 7α-dehydroxylating bacteria have recently been implicated in cholesterol allstone disease. Eubacterium sp. V.P.I. 12708, a bile acid 7α-dehydroxylating bacterium, contains multiple bile acid inducible (bai) genes which encode the enzymes responsible for bile acid 7a-dehydroxylation. The baiE gene encodes a bile acid dehydratase activity in Eubacterium sp.V.P.I. 12708. Using the polymerase chain reaction assay we determined the presence or absence of baiE-like genes in five clostridial bile-acid 7α-dehydroxylating strains: Clostridium sp. TO-931, Clostridium sp. HD-17, Clostridium sp. TN-271, Clostridium bifermentans 1-55, and Clostridium sordellii ATCC 9714. Results from all the strains tested ...


The Ldl Receptor Clustering Motif Interacts With The Clathrin Terminal Domain In A Reverse Turn Conformation., Richard Kibbey, Josep Rizo, Lila Gierasch, Richard Anderson Jul 1998

The Ldl Receptor Clustering Motif Interacts With The Clathrin Terminal Domain In A Reverse Turn Conformation., Richard Kibbey, Josep Rizo, Lila Gierasch, Richard Anderson

Lila Gierasch

Previously the hexapeptide motif FXNPXY807 in the cytoplasmic tail of the LDL receptor was shown to be essential for clustering in clathrin-coated pits. We used nuclear magnetic resonance line-broadening and transferred nuclear Overhauser effect measurements to identify the molecule in the clathrin lattice that interacts with this hexapeptide, and determined the structure of the bound motif. The wild-type peptide bound in a single conformation with a reverse turn at residues NPVY. Tyr807Ser, a peptide that harbors a mutation that disrupts receptor clustering, displayed markedly reduced interactions. Clustering motif peptides interacted with clathrin cages assembled in the presence or absence of ...


Detection Of Codon Usage Patterns For Backtranslation Using A Neural Network, Gilbert F. White Jul 1998

Detection Of Codon Usage Patterns For Backtranslation Using A Neural Network, Gilbert F. White

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

A neural network (NN) was trained on amino and nucleic acid sequences to test the NN’s ability to predict the correct codon given only an amino acid sequence. Different network configurations were used with varying numbers of input neurons that represented amino acids and a constant representation for the nucleic acid. A multi-layer backpropagation network of one hidden layer with 5 to 9 neurons was used. In the best-trained network, 93% of the overall bases, 85% of the degenerate bases, and 100% of the fixed bases were correctly predicted. The training set was composed of up to 60 human ...


Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Lif): Murine Preimplantation Embryo Development, Implantation Rates, And Skeletal Development, Michael Hayes Mitchell Jul 1998

Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Lif): Murine Preimplantation Embryo Development, Implantation Rates, And Skeletal Development, Michael Hayes Mitchell

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine which demonstrates perplexing physiological effects. It has been demonstrated that LIF is essential for implantation in mice. Little is known relating to the manner by which LIF effects pre-implantation and post-implantation development. The objectives of this project were to determine the effects LIF on pre-implantation development, to determine the effects that it may have on implantation rates, successful pregnancy rates, and resorption rates, and to determine the effects that LIF has on the skeletal development of mice. For the embryo transfer experiments, embryos were exposed to test compounds in the transfer medium ...


Expression, Isolation And Purification Of Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Ting-Fung Chi Jul 1998

Expression, Isolation And Purification Of Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Ting-Fung Chi

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Mammalian fertilization involves interactions of sperm surface receptors with the ligands of the zona pellucida, an extracellular matrix surrounding the ovulated oocytes. In humans, the zona pellucida is composed of three major glycoproteins. One of them, ZP3, participates in the primary sperm binding and in the subsequent triggering of the spermatozoa's acrosome reaction. Studies on the role of this specific protein in the human fertilization process are hampered by the limited amount of available biologically functional proteins.

By use of a pcDNA 3.1(+) expression vector, a transfecting-vector was constructed containing a 1.3 kb histidine tagged hZP3 cDNA ...


Characterization Of The Biological Functions Of Human Recombinant Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Yu Wen Juan Jul 1998

Characterization Of The Biological Functions Of Human Recombinant Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Yu Wen Juan

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Recombinant human zona pellucida protein 3 (rhZP3), expressed. isolated and purified from PA-1 cells, is characterized for its biological activity and the role in the signal transduction pathway. Characterization of the biological activity of rhZP3 was detected by hemizona assay and immunofluorescence staining of acrosome reaction The results indicated that rhZP3 exhibited an inhibition in the binding assay (HZI 43.6 +/-3.3; n = 9; 30 ng/mL rhZP3) and induction of acrosome reaction (198.6% +/- 77.2% increase from baseline; n = 29; 30 ng/mL rhZP3). It was further confirmed by the transmission electron microscopy that there was no ...


The Snare Machinery Is Involved In Apical Plasma Membrane Trafficking In Mdck Cells, Seng Hui Low, Steven J. Chapin, Christian Wimmer, Sidney W. Whiteheart, László G. Kömüves, Keith E. Mostov, Thomas Weimbs Jun 1998

The Snare Machinery Is Involved In Apical Plasma Membrane Trafficking In Mdck Cells, Seng Hui Low, Steven J. Chapin, Christian Wimmer, Sidney W. Whiteheart, László G. Kömüves, Keith E. Mostov, Thomas Weimbs

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have investigated the controversial involvement of components of the SNARE (soluble N-ethyl maleimide–sensitive factor [NSF] attachment protein [SNAP] receptor) machinery in membrane traffic to the apical plasma membrane of polarized epithelial (MDCK) cells. Overexpression of syntaxin 3, but not of syntaxins 2 or 4, caused an inhibition of TGN to apical transport and apical recycling, and leads to an accumulation of small vesicles underneath the apical plasma membrane. All other tested transport steps were unaffected by syntaxin 3 overexpression. Botulinum neurotoxin E, which cleaves SNAP-23, and antibodies against α-SNAP inhibit both TGN to apical and basolateral transport ...


Solute-Solvent Pair Distribution Functions In Highly Asymmetric Additive Hard Sphere Mixtures, Douglas Henderson, Kwong-Yu Chan Jun 1998

Solute-Solvent Pair Distribution Functions In Highly Asymmetric Additive Hard Sphere Mixtures, Douglas Henderson, Kwong-Yu Chan

All Faculty Publications

Contact values for the solute-solvent pair distribution function in an additive hard sphere mixture, as computed from the Henderson-Chan (HC) formulas, are compared with the recent Monte Carlo (MC) data and formula of Matyushov and Ladanyi (ML) [J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5815 (1997)]. The agreement is found to be excellent. The negative finding of ML is due to a misprint in one of the HC publications. We find the HC formula to be superior to the ML formula when compared to our MC data [Mol. Phys. 91, 1137 (1997)] for the case where the ratio of diameters is large and ...


Involvement Of Heme In The Degradation Of Iron-Regulatory Protein 2, Lisa Goessling, David Mascotti, Robert Thach May 1998

Involvement Of Heme In The Degradation Of Iron-Regulatory Protein 2, Lisa Goessling, David Mascotti, Robert Thach

David P. Mascotti

ron-regulatory proteins (IRPs) recognize and bind to specific RNA structures called iron-responsive elements. Mediation of these binding interactions by iron and iron-containing compounds regulates several post-transcriptional events relevant to iron metabolism. There are two known IRPs, IRP1 and IRP2, both of which can respond to iron fluxes in the cell. There is ample evidence that IRP1 is converted by iron to cytoplasmic aconitase in vivo. It has also been shown that, under certain conditions, a significant fraction of IRP1 is degraded in cells exposed to iron or heme. Studies have shown that the degradation of IRP1 that is induced by ...


Role Of Map Kinases In The Induction Of Heme Oxygenase-1 By Arsenite: Studies In Chicken Hepatoma Cells: A Dissertation, Kimberly Kirstin Elbirt May 1998

Role Of Map Kinases In The Induction Of Heme Oxygenase-1 By Arsenite: Studies In Chicken Hepatoma Cells: A Dissertation, Kimberly Kirstin Elbirt

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The chicken hepatoma cell line, LMH, was evaluated with respect to its usefulness for studies of the regulation of heme metabolism. Levels of δ-aminolevulinate synthase mRNA arid accumulation of porphyrins were used to evaluate the heme biosynthetic pathway. Regulation of heme oxygenase-1 by known inducers was used as a measure of heme degradation. The induction of heme oxygenase-1 by sodium arsenite was characterized. AP-1 transcription factor elements and MAP kinase signal transduction pathways that modulate expression of endogenous heme oxygenase-1 and transfected heme oxygenase-1 reporter gene constructs in response to arsenite were delineated.

In initial studies, the drug glutethimide was ...


The Influence Of A Human Repetitive Dna On Genome Stability, Eugenia L. Posey May 1998

The Influence Of A Human Repetitive Dna On Genome Stability, Eugenia L. Posey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A uniquely human interspersed repetitive DNA sequence family, the L2Hs, are highly polymorphic in human genomes. Several features of interspersed repeated DNA may contribute to the instability observed. Certain motifs (direct repeats, palindromes, and inverted repeats) comprising L2Hs elements may adopt unusual secondary structures such as cruciforms or hairpins. These motifs have been associated with features of genome instability in recombination, insertions and deletions. The L2Hs elements also are AT-rich (76%) compared to the bulk of human DNA (52%). That their dynamic nature (i.e. polymorphisms) may arise from recombination, insertions and deletions has led to the hypothesis that the ...


The Polarized Sorting Of Membrane Proteins Expressed In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons Using Viral Vectors, Mark Jareb, Gary Banker May 1998

The Polarized Sorting Of Membrane Proteins Expressed In Cultured Hippocampal Neurons Using Viral Vectors, Mark Jareb, Gary Banker

Biology Faculty Publications

One model of neuronal polarity (Dotti and Simons, 1990) proposes that neurons and polarized epithelia use similar mechanisms to sort membrane proteins. To explore this hypothesis, we used viral vectors to express proteins in cultured neurons and assessed their distribution using quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy. Basolateral epithelial proteins were polarized to dendrites; more significantly, mutations of sequences required for their basolateral targeting in epithelia also disrupted dendritic targeting. Unexpectedly, apical proteins were not polarized to axons but were expressed at roughly equal amounts in dendrites and axons. These data provide strong evidence that targeting of basolateral and dendritic proteins depends on ...


Transcriptional Regulation Of A Human H4 Histone Gene Is Mediated By Multiple Elements Interacting With Similar Transcription Factors: A Dissertation, Thomas J. Last May 1998

Transcriptional Regulation Of A Human H4 Histone Gene Is Mediated By Multiple Elements Interacting With Similar Transcription Factors: A Dissertation, Thomas J. Last

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Synthesis of histone proteins occurs largely during the S phase of the cell cycle and coincides with DNA replication to provide adequate amounts of histones necessary to properly package newly replicated DNA. Controlling transcription from cell cycle dependent and proliferation specific genes, including histone H4, is an important level of regulation in the overall governance of the cell growth process. Coordination of histone gene transcription results from the cumulative effects of cell signaling pathways, dynamic chromatin structure and multiple transcription factor interactions. The research of this dissertation focused on the characterization and identification of transcription factors interacting on the human ...


A New Human Selenium-Containing Protein, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Kuan Teh Jeang, John C. Wootton, Dolph L. Hatfield Apr 1998

A New Human Selenium-Containing Protein, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Kuan Teh Jeang, John C. Wootton, Dolph L. Hatfield

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

Selenium which occurs in proteins as the amino acid, selenocysteine, is essential for numerous biological processes and for human health. A prominent 75Se-labeled protein detected in human T-cells migrated as a 15-kDa band by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This protein subunit was purified and subjected to tryptic digestion and peptide sequence analyses. Sequences of tryptic peptides derived from the protein corresponded to a human placental gene sequence containing an open reading frame of 162 residues and a readthrough in-frame TGA codon. Three different peptide sequences of the 15-kDa protein corresponded to a nucleotide sequence located downstream of this codon, suggesting ...


The Establishment Of Standard Methods And Experimental Procedures For The Prototypical Icp/Tof-Ms Using An Icp-Aes, Joseph Riley Apr 1998

The Establishment Of Standard Methods And Experimental Procedures For The Prototypical Icp/Tof-Ms Using An Icp-Aes, Joseph Riley

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The ICP-AES was used to develop a standard test method for the preparation of samples for analysis purposes, a method that could also be transposed onto the new prototypical ICP/TOF-MS. Whereas both of these instruments are analytical spectroscopic instruments and use the ICP's plasma as an energy source, the ICP/TOF-MS also has a mass spectrometer attached to it. This addition gives the instrument better reliability, accuracy, and precision in analysis as well as faster analysis time. Since the ICP-AES is a precursor of the ICP/TOF-MS, it can be used to develop a standard development method. The ...


Molecular Staging Of Colorectal Cancer: K-Ras Mutation Analysis Of Lymph Nodes Upstages Dukes’ B2 Patients, Jennifer S. Thebo Apr 1998

Molecular Staging Of Colorectal Cancer: K-Ras Mutation Analysis Of Lymph Nodes Upstages Dukes’ B2 Patients, Jennifer S. Thebo

Dissertations

The successful treatment of colorectal cancer depends upon the ability of staging systems to identify patients who are at risk for recurrence. The currently used systems fail in a significant number of patients. Multiple attempts have been made to improve upon these systems in order to provide better treatment for at-risk patients.

A variety of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes have been implicated in colorectal cancer. Mutations in one of these, K-ras, occur in 40-60% of colorectal carcinomas. However, the relationship between specific mutations and clinical outcome is unclear.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not ...