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1996

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Articles 1 - 30 of 88

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Rna-Binding Site Of Bacteriophage Qβ Coat Protein, Francis Lim, Marc Spingola, David S. Peabody Dec 1996

The Rna-Binding Site Of Bacteriophage Qβ Coat Protein, Francis Lim, Marc Spingola, David S. Peabody

Marc Spingola

The coat proteins of the RNA bacteriophages Qβ and MS2 are specific RNA binding proteins. Although they possess common tertiary structures, they bind different RNA stem loops and thus provide useful models of specific protein-RNA recognition. Although the RNA-binding site of MS2 coat protein has been extensively characterized previously, little is known about Qβ. Here we describe the isolation of mutants that define the RNA-binding site of Qβ coat protein, showing that, as with MS2, it resides on the surface of a large β-sheet. Mutations are also described that convert Qβ coat protein to the RNA binding specificity of MS2 ...


Numa Assembles Into An Extensive Filamentous Structure When Expressed In The Cell Cytoplasm, Alejandro Saredi, Louisa Howard, Duane A. Compton Nov 1996

Numa Assembles Into An Extensive Filamentous Structure When Expressed In The Cell Cytoplasm, Alejandro Saredi, Louisa Howard, Duane A. Compton

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

NuMA is a 236 kDa protein that participates in the organization of the mitotic spindle despite its strict localization in the nucleus during interphase. To test how cells progress through mitosis when NuMA is localized in the cytoplasm instead of the nucleus, we have deleted the nuclear localization sequence of NuMA using site-directed mutagenesis and transiently expressed this mutant protein (NuMA-DeltaNLS) in BHK-21 cells. During interphase, NuMA-DeltaNLS accumulates in the cytoplasm as a large mass approximately the same size as the cell nucleus. When cells enter mitosis, NuMA-DeltaNLS associates normally with the mitotic spindle without causing any apparent deleterious effects ...


Protein-Protein And Protein-Dna Interactions At The Bacteriophage T4 Dna Replication Fork. Characterization Of A Fluorescently Labeled Dna Polymerase Sliding Clamp, Daniel J. Sexton, Theodore E. Carver, Anthony J. Berdis, Stephen J. Benkovic Nov 1996

Protein-Protein And Protein-Dna Interactions At The Bacteriophage T4 Dna Replication Fork. Characterization Of A Fluorescently Labeled Dna Polymerase Sliding Clamp, Daniel J. Sexton, Theodore E. Carver, Anthony J. Berdis, Stephen J. Benkovic

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The T4 DNA polymerase holoenzyme is composed of the polymerase enzyme complexed to the sliding clamp (the 45 protein), which is loaded onto DNA by an ATP-dependent clamp loader (the 44/62 complex). This paper describes a new method to directly investigate the mechanism of holoenzyme assembly using a fluorescently labeled cysteine mutant of the 45 protein. This protein possessed unaltered function yet produced substantial changes in probe fluorescence intensity upon interacting with other components of the holoenzyme. These fluorescence changes provide insight into the role of ATP hydrolysis in holoenzyme assembly. Using either ATP or the non-hydrolyzable ATP analog ...


Expression Of A Dominant Negative Wnt Blocks Induction Of Myod In Xenopus Embryos, Stephan Hoppler, Jeffrey D. Brown, Randall T. Moon Nov 1996

Expression Of A Dominant Negative Wnt Blocks Induction Of Myod In Xenopus Embryos, Stephan Hoppler, Jeffrey D. Brown, Randall T. Moon

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

During gastrulation of Xenopus embryos the prospective mesoderm is induced initially with domains of dorsal and ventral fate, then further patterned to generate somitic mesoderm by signals from the gastrula organizer. Although Xwnt-8 is expressed in future ventrolateral mesoderm and induces prospective epidermis to differentiate in vitro as ventral mesoderm, no loss-of-function studies have demonstrated a requirement for Wnt signaling for the normal expression of mesodermal genes in the gastrula. We report development of a dominant-negative Wnt (dnXwnt-8) that inhibits embryonic responses to Wnt signaling in a cell-nonautonomous fashion. By expressing dnXwnt-8 in Xenopus embryos, we uncover a ...


Mechanisms Of Cytokine-Mediated Localized Immunoprotection., Nora Sarvetnick Nov 1996

Mechanisms Of Cytokine-Mediated Localized Immunoprotection., Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

No abstract provided.


The Carboxyl Terminus Of The Bacteriophage T4 Dna Polymerase Is Required For Holoenzyme Complex Formation, Anthony J. Berdis, Patrice Soumillion, Stephen J. Benkovic Nov 1996

The Carboxyl Terminus Of The Bacteriophage T4 Dna Polymerase Is Required For Holoenzyme Complex Formation, Anthony J. Berdis, Patrice Soumillion, Stephen J. Benkovic

Chemistry Faculty Publications

To further elucidate the mechanism and dynamics of bacteriophage T4 holoenzyme formation, a mutant polymerase in which the last six carboxyl-terminal amino acids are deleted, was constructed, overexpressed, and purified to homogeneity. The mutant polymerase, designated ΔC6 exo−, is identical to wild-type exo− polymerase with respect to kcat, kpol, and dissociation constants for nucleotide and DNA substrate. However, unlike wild-type exo− polymerase, the ΔC6 exo− polymerase is unable to interact with the 45 protein to form the stable holoenzyme. A synthetic polypeptide corresponding to the carboxyl terminus of the wild-type exo− polymerase was tested as an in vitro inhibitor of ...


Circadian Clock-Controlled Genes Isolated From Neurospora Crassa Are Late Night- To Early Morning-Specific, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Mari L. Shinohara, Jennifer J. Loros, Jay C. Dunlap Nov 1996

Circadian Clock-Controlled Genes Isolated From Neurospora Crassa Are Late Night- To Early Morning-Specific, Deborah Bell-Pedersen, Mari L. Shinohara, Jennifer J. Loros, Jay C. Dunlap

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

An endogenous circadian biological clock controls the temporal aspects of life in most organisms, including rhythmic control of genes involved in clock output pathways. In the fungus Neurospora crassa, one pathway known to be under control of the clock is asexual spore (conidia) development. To understand more fully the processes that are regulated by the N. crassa circadian clock, systematic screens were carried out for genes that oscillate at the transcriptional level. Time-of-day-specific cDNA libraries were generated and used in differential screens to identify six new clock-controlled genes (ccgs). Transcripts specific for each of the ccgs preferentially accumulate ...


Quantitative Depth Profiling Of Layered Samples Using Phase-Modulation Ft-Ir Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland Oct 1996

Quantitative Depth Profiling Of Layered Samples Using Phase-Modulation Ft-Ir Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland

Ames Laboratory Publications

In phase-modulation FT-IR spectroscopy, all wavelengths in a spectrum are modulated at the same frequency and in phase. This factor makes the use of photoacoustic phase data for depth profiling samples much easier in phase modulation than in rapid scan. A method to quantitatively measure layer thickness by using the phase of a substrate spectrum peak is demonstrated with a series of samples consisting of thin polymer films on substrates. Additions to the basic method are demonstrated that extend its application to cases where the substrate peak is overlapped by a spectrum peak of the surface film. A linear relationship ...


Cloning Of Human Acetyl-Coa Carboxylase-Beta And Its Unique Features., Joohun Ha, Jung-Kee Lee, Kyung-Sup Kim, Lee A. Witters, Ki-Han Kim Oct 1996

Cloning Of Human Acetyl-Coa Carboxylase-Beta And Its Unique Features., Joohun Ha, Jung-Kee Lee, Kyung-Sup Kim, Lee A. Witters, Ki-Han Kim

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, which has a molecular mass of 265 kDa (ACC-alpha), catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids. In this study we report the complete amino acid sequence and unique features of an isoform of ACC with a molecular mass of 275 kDa (ACC-beta), which is primarily expressed in heart and skeletal muscles. In these tissues, ACC-beta may be involved in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation, rather than fatty acid biosynthesis. ACC-beta contains an amino acid sequence at the N terminus which is about 200 amino acids long and may be uniquely related to the ...


Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Studies Of Large-Scale Laboratory Biomass Fires, Robert J. Yokelson, David W. T. Griffith, Darold E. Ward Sep 1996

Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Studies Of Large-Scale Laboratory Biomass Fires, Robert J. Yokelson, David W. T. Griffith, Darold E. Ward

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A series of nine large-scale, open fires was conducted in the Intermountain Fire Sciences Laboratory (IFSL) controlled-environment combustion facility. The fuels were pure pine needles or sagebrush or mixed fuels simulating forest-floor, ground fires; crown fires; broadcast burns; and slash pile burns. Mid-infrared spectra of the smoke were recorded throughout each fire by open path Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy at 0.12 cm−1 resolution over a 3 m cross-stack pathlength and analyzed to provide pseudocontinuous, simultaneous concentrations of up to 16 compounds. Simultaneous measurements were made of fuel mass loss, stack gas temperature, and total mass flow up ...


High-Power Broadly Tunable Picosecond Ir Laser System For Use In Nonlinear Spectroscopic Applications, D. E. Gragson, B. M. Mccarty, G. L. Richmond, D. S. Alavi Sep 1996

High-Power Broadly Tunable Picosecond Ir Laser System For Use In Nonlinear Spectroscopic Applications, D. E. Gragson, B. M. Mccarty, G. L. Richmond, D. S. Alavi

Chemistry and Biochemistry

We developed a high-power tunable picosecond IR laser system suitable for nonlinear spectroscopic investigations. We employ a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier that produces 1.9-ps, 17-cm−1, 800-nm pulses at 1 kHz as a pump source. White-light generation in ethylene glycol and optical parametric amplification in potassium titanyl phosphate are used to produce the IR pulses. The tuning range extends from 2.4 to 3.8 μm in the idler and 1.0 to 1.2 μm in the signal. A total efficiency (signal plus idler) as high as 20% was achieved. The spatial, spectral, and temporal characteristics of the ...


Pancreatic Expression Of Interleukin-4 Abrogates Insulitis And Autoimmune Diabetes In Nonobese Diabetic (Nod) Mice., Regula Mueller, Troy Krahl, Nora Sarvetnick Sep 1996

Pancreatic Expression Of Interleukin-4 Abrogates Insulitis And Autoimmune Diabetes In Nonobese Diabetic (Nod) Mice., Regula Mueller, Troy Krahl, Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

Diabetes in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is a T cell-dependent autoimmune disease. The destructive activities of autoreactive T cells have been shown to be tightly regulated by effector molecules. In particular, T helper (Th) 1 cytokines have been linked to diabetes pathogenesis, whereas Th2 cytokines and the cells that release them have been postulated to be protective from disease. To test this hypothesis, we generated transgenic NOD mice that express interleukin (IL) 4 in their pancreatic beta cells under the control of the human insulin promoter. We found that transgenic NOD-IL-4 mice, both females and males, were completely protected from ...


Local And Distant Sequences Are Required For Efficient Readthrough Of The Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Pav Coat Protein Gene Stop Codon, Chris M. Brown, S. P. Dinesh-Kumar, W. Allen Miller Sep 1996

Local And Distant Sequences Are Required For Efficient Readthrough Of The Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Pav Coat Protein Gene Stop Codon, Chris M. Brown, S. P. Dinesh-Kumar, W. Allen Miller

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Many viruses use stop codon readthrough as a strategy to produce extended coat or replicase proteins. The stop codon of the barley yellow dwarf virus (PAV serotype) coat protein gene is read through at a low rate. This produces an extended polypeptide which becomes part of the virion. We have analyzed the cis-acting sequences in the barley yellow dwarf virus PAV genome required for this programmed readthrough in vitro in wheat germ extracts and reticulocyte lysates and in vivo in oat protoplasts. Two regions 3' to the stop codon were required. Deletion of sections containing the first 5 of the ...


Distribution Of Poly(Adp-Ribose) Glycohydrolase In Different Functional Domains Of The Cell Nucleus, Gustavo Pacheco-Rodriguez B.S., M.S. Aug 1996

Distribution Of Poly(Adp-Ribose) Glycohydrolase In Different Functional Domains Of The Cell Nucleus, Gustavo Pacheco-Rodriguez B.S., M.S.

Theses and Dissertations

Pacheco-Rodriguez, Gustavo, Distribution of Poly(ADP-ribose) Glycohydrolase in Different Functional Domains of the Cell Nucleus. Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Sciences), August, 1996, 147 pp, 3 tables, 44 illustrations, bibliography, 138 titles. In this study, the distributor poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) in different subdomains of the cell nucleus and the role of non-covalent interactions of poly(ADP-ribose) with nuclear proteins have been characterized. An assay that allows the simultaneous determination of specific non-covalent interactions of poly (ADP-ribose) with nuclear proteins as well as PARG activity by high resolution polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was developed. This method was made possible by the enzymatic ...


Interleukin-10 Inhibits Tumor Metastasis Through An Nk-Cell Dependent Mechanism, Li-Mou Zheng, David M. Ojcius, F. Garaud, C. Roth, E. Maxwell, Z. Li, H. Rong, J. Chen, X. Y. Wang, J. J. Catino, I. King Aug 1996

Interleukin-10 Inhibits Tumor Metastasis Through An Nk-Cell Dependent Mechanism, Li-Mou Zheng, David M. Ojcius, F. Garaud, C. Roth, E. Maxwell, Z. Li, H. Rong, J. Chen, X. Y. Wang, J. J. Catino, I. King

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a recently described pleiotropic cytokine secreted mainly by type 2 helper T cells. Previous studies have shown that IL-10 suppresses cytokine expression by natural killer (NK) and type 1 T cells, thus down-regulating cell-mediated immunity and stimulating humoral responses. We here report that injected IL-10 protein is an efficient inhibitor of tumor metastasis in experimental (B16-F10) and spontaneous (M27 and Lox human melanoma) metastasis models in vivo at doses that do not have toxic effects on normal or cancer cells. Histological characterization after IL-10 treatment confirmed the absence of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells and macrophages at ...


Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein And Lysophosphatidylcholine Stimulate Cell Cycle Entry In Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells - Evidence For Release Of Fibroblast Growth Factor-2., Yuh-Cherng Chai, Philip Howe, Paul Dicorletto, Guy Chisolm Jul 1996

Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein And Lysophosphatidylcholine Stimulate Cell Cycle Entry In Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells - Evidence For Release Of Fibroblast Growth Factor-2., Yuh-Cherng Chai, Philip Howe, Paul Dicorletto, Guy Chisolm

Yuh-Cherng Chai

We have previously shown that oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) but not native LDL stimulated DNA synthesis in cultured smooth muscle cells (SMC) and that α-tocopherol (vitamin E) inhibited this proliferative response (Lafont, A., Chai, Y. C., Cornhill, J. F., Whitlow, P. L., Howe, P. H., and Chisolm, G. M. (1995) J. Clin. Invest. 95, 1018-1025). The moiety of oxidized LDL that stimulates DNA synthesis and the cellular mechanism for this potentially mitogenic effect are not known. We now report that lipid fractions containing lysophospholipids from oxidized LDL or phospholipase A2-treated native LDL stimulated SMC DNA synthesis as did palmitoyl ...


Functional Mapping Of The Translation-Dependent Instability Element Of Yeast Matalpha1 Mrna, Aidan N. Hennigan, Allan Jacobson Jul 1996

Functional Mapping Of The Translation-Dependent Instability Element Of Yeast Matalpha1 Mrna, Aidan N. Hennigan, Allan Jacobson

Open Access Articles

The determinants of mRNA stability include specific cis-acting destabilizing sequences located within mRNA coding and noncoding regions. We have developed an approach for mapping coding-region instability sequences in unstable yeast mRNAs that exploits the link between mRNA translation and turnover and the dependence of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay on the activity of the UPF1 gene product. This approach, which involves the systematic insertion of in-frame translational termination codons into the coding sequence of a gene of interest in a upf1delta strain, differs significantly from conventional methods for mapping cis-acting elements in that it causes minimal perturbations to overall mRNA structure. Using ...


A Truncated Form Of The Pho80 Cyclin Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Induces Expression Of A Small Cytosolic Factor Which Inhibits Vacuole Inheritance., Teresa Nicolson, Barbara Conradt, William Wickner Jul 1996

A Truncated Form Of The Pho80 Cyclin Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Induces Expression Of A Small Cytosolic Factor Which Inhibits Vacuole Inheritance., Teresa Nicolson, Barbara Conradt, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Vacuoles project streams of vesicles and membranous tubules into the yeast bud where they fuse, founding the daughter cell organelle, vac5-1, which encodes a truncated form of the Pho80 cyclin, inhibits normal vacuole inheritance. An in vitro inheritance assay which measures the fusion of vacuoles serves as a model for several steps of this process. We find that cytosol isolated from the vac5-1 mutant is unable to promote the fusion of wild-type vacuoles in the in vitro assay. Wild-type vacuoles are irreversibly inactivated in a time- and temperature-dependent manner if preincubated with vac5-1 cytosol and ATP, suggesting the presence of ...


Il-10 Is Necessary And Sufficient For Autoimmune Diabetes In Conjunction With Nod Mhc Homozygosity., Myung-Shik Lee, Regula Mueller, Linda S. Wicker, Laurence B. Peterson, Nora Sarvetnick Jun 1996

Il-10 Is Necessary And Sufficient For Autoimmune Diabetes In Conjunction With Nod Mhc Homozygosity., Myung-Shik Lee, Regula Mueller, Linda S. Wicker, Laurence B. Peterson, Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

Contrary to expectations based on in vitro experiments, we previously found that pancreatic IL-10 did not inhibit autoimmune diabetes but accelerated it in an MHC-dependent manner. Therefore, the ability of IL-10 to overcome the absence of all non-MHC diabetes susceptibility (Idd) alleles was studied in transgenic mice expressing pancreatic IL-10 backcrossed to B10.H2g7 congenic mice, which have no Idd alleles other than NOD MHC (H2g7). IL-10 transgenic backcross 1 (BC1) mice with H2g7/g7 haplotype developed clear-cut insulitis and diabetes, but neither transgenic mice with the H2g/b haplotype nor nontransgenic BC1 mice did so. Further implicating IL-10 in ...


Selenocysteine, Identified As The Penultimate C-Terminal Residue In Human T-Cell Thioredoxin Reductase, Corresponds To Tga In The Human Placental Gene, Vadim Gladyshev, Kuan-Teh Jeang, Thressa C. Stadtman Jun 1996

Selenocysteine, Identified As The Penultimate C-Terminal Residue In Human T-Cell Thioredoxin Reductase, Corresponds To Tga In The Human Placental Gene, Vadim Gladyshev, Kuan-Teh Jeang, Thressa C. Stadtman

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

The possible relationship of selenium to immunological function which has been suggested for decades was investigated in studies on selenuim metabolism in human T cells. One of the major 75Se-labeled selenoproteins detected was purified to homogeneity and shown to be a homodimer of 55-kDa subunits. Each subunit contained about 1 FAD and at least 0.74 Se. This protein proved to be thioredoxin reductase (TR) on the basis of its catalytic activities, cross-reactivity with anti-rat liver TR antibodies, and sequence identities of several tryptic peptides with the published deduced sequence of human placental TR. Physicochemical characteristics of T-cell TR ...


Structure Of A Bovine Thrombin-Hirudin51-65 Complex Determined By A Combination Of Molecular Replacement And Graphics. Incorporation Of Known Structural Information In Molecular Replacement, Jacqueline Vitali, Philip D. Martin, Michael G. Malkowski, Cris M. Olsen, Paul H. Johnson, Brian F.P. Edwards May 1996

Structure Of A Bovine Thrombin-Hirudin51-65 Complex Determined By A Combination Of Molecular Replacement And Graphics. Incorporation Of Known Structural Information In Molecular Replacement, Jacqueline Vitali, Philip D. Martin, Michael G. Malkowski, Cris M. Olsen, Paul H. Johnson, Brian F.P. Edwards

Physics Faculty Publications

Crystals of the bovine thrombin-hirudins51-65 complex have space group P6122 with cell constants a = 116.4, and c = 200.6 Å and two thrombin molecules in the asymmetric unit. Only one thrombin molecule could be located by generalized molecular replacement; the second was fit visually as a rigid body to an improved electron-density difference map. The structure was refined to R = 0.192 with two B values per residue (main chain and side chain) at 3.2 Å. The polar interactions of the peptides with the exosite of thrombin show differences consistent with the known flexibility ...


Ultrasound Three- Dimensional Velocity Measurements By Feature Tracking, Gregory R. Bashford, Olaf T. Von Ramm May 1996

Ultrasound Three- Dimensional Velocity Measurements By Feature Tracking, Gregory R. Bashford, Olaf T. Von Ramm

Biomedical Imaging and Biosignal Analysis Laboratory

This article describes a new angle-independent method suitable for three-dimensional (3-D) blood flow velocity measurement that tracks features of the ultrasonic speckle produced by a pulse echo system. In this method, a feature is identified and followed over time to detect motion. Other blood flow velocity measurement methods typically estimate velocity using one- (1-D) or two-dimensional (2-D) spatial and time information. Speckle decorrelation due to motion in the elevation dimension may hinder this estimate of the true 3-D blood flow velocity vector. Feature tracking is a 3-D method with the ability to measure the true blood velocity vector rather than ...


A Novel Iron-Regulated Metal Transporter From Plants Identified By Functional Expression In Yeast., David Eide, Margaret Broderius, Jeanette Fett, Mary Lou Guerinot May 1996

A Novel Iron-Regulated Metal Transporter From Plants Identified By Functional Expression In Yeast., David Eide, Margaret Broderius, Jeanette Fett, Mary Lou Guerinot

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Iron is an essential nutrient for virtually all organisms. The IRT1 (iron-regulated transporter) gene of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, encoding a probable Fe(II) transporter, was cloned by functional expression in a yeast strain defective for iron uptake. Yeast expressing IRT1 possess a novel Fe(II) uptake activity that is strongly inhibited by Cd. IRT1 is predicted to be an integral membrane protein with a metal-binding domain. Data base comparisons and Southern blot analysis indicated that IRT1 is a member of a gene family in Arabidopsis. Related sequences were also found in the genomes of rice, yeast, nematodes, and humans ...


Phylogenic Studies Of The United States Bluetongue Viruses And Characterization Of The Viral Vp4 Protein, I-Jen Huang May 1996

Phylogenic Studies Of The United States Bluetongue Viruses And Characterization Of The Viral Vp4 Protein, I-Jen Huang

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bluetongue virus (BTV) is transmitted by arthropod vectors and causes bluetongue disease with serious economic loss in many regions of the world. The replication mechanism of bluetongue virus is still not clear. To have a better understanding regarding the viral replication, the function of each individual protein has to be identified. This study used molecular biology techniques to investigate the function of the inner core protein VP4.

The M1 genes of United States bluetongue virus serotypes-2, -10, -11, -13, and -17 were cloned and sequenced. The length of each of the five M1 genes is 1981 nucleotides. The coding region ...


Critical Pressures In Multicomponent Lipid Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell Apr 1996

Critical Pressures In Multicomponent Lipid Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Epifluorescence microscopy has been used previously to study coexisting liquid phases in lipid monolayers of dihydrocholesterol and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine at the air/water interface. This binary mixture has a critical point at room temperature (22°C), a monolayer pressure of approx. 10 mN/m, and a composition in the vicinity of 20-30 mol% dihydrocholesterol. It is reported here that this critical pressure can be lowered, raised, or maintained constant by systematically replacing molecules of this phosphatidylcholine with molecules of a phosphatidylethanolamine, or an unsaturated phosphatidylcholine, or mixtures of the two, while maintaining the dihydrocholesterol concentration at 20 mol%. Thus, even complex ...


Report Of Significant Findings--Las Vegas Bay/Boulder Basin Investigations, James F. Labounty, Michael Horn, Bureau Of Reclamation Apr 1996

Report Of Significant Findings--Las Vegas Bay/Boulder Basin Investigations, James F. Labounty, Michael Horn, Bureau Of Reclamation

Publications (WR)

Field sampling was carried out between 0830 and 1500 beginning at the confluence of Las Vegas Wash and the Inner Las Vegas Bay. Ten (10) locations were sampled, each in a similar manner. Locations of sampling stations are in line from the Wash-Bay confluence to a point midway between Saddle and Black Islands. In addition, sampling was done at a location midway between Sentinel Island and the base of Fortification Hill, and at the buoy line in front of Hoover Dam. Sampling stations are labeled from LV01, at Wash-Bay confluence, to LV17 at Hoover Dam. A significant data collection point ...


Characterization Of Crystalline Formate Dehydrogenase H From Escherichia Coli, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Jeffrey C. Boyington, Sergei V. Khangulov, David Grahame, Thressa C. Stadtman, Peter D. Sun Apr 1996

Characterization Of Crystalline Formate Dehydrogenase H From Escherichia Coli, Vadim N. Gladyshev, Jeffrey C. Boyington, Sergei V. Khangulov, David Grahame, Thressa C. Stadtman, Peter D. Sun

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

The selenocysteine-containing formate dehydrogenase H (FDH) is an 80-kDa component of the Escherichia coli formate-hydrogen lyase complex. The molybdenumcoordinated selenocysteine is essential for catalytic activity of the native enzyme. FDH in dilute solutions (30 μg/ml) was rapidly inactivated at basic pH or in the presence of formate under anaerobic conditions, but at higher enzyme concentrations ( 3 mg/ml) the enzyme was relatively stable. The formate-reduced enzyme was extremely sensitive to air inactivation under all conditions examined. Active formate-reduced FDH was crystallized under anaerobic conditions in the presence of ammonium sulfate and PEG 400. The crystals diffract to 2.6 ...


A Comparative Study Of The Binding Of Two Lectins In The Early Development Of The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia Mulleri, Jay Taylor Apr 1996

A Comparative Study Of The Binding Of Two Lectins In The Early Development Of The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia Mulleri, Jay Taylor

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

Carbohydrates have been implicated in cell adhesion and in developmental processes. Lectin histochemistry using ConcanavalinA and Lotus lectin was used to localize lectin-accessible mannosyl and fucosyl residues in a maturing sponge developing from histoblasts generated during germination of a gemmule. With the exception of cystencytes found in the sponges stained with Lotus lectin, a similar staining pattern was seen with the two lectins, but there was a rather significant difference in the intensity of staining. This difference in staining intensity was thought to be a result of either more mannosyl residues available to the lectin or that the concentration of ...


The Assessment Of Osteoinductivity Of Human Allograft Demineralized Bone Matrix By In Vivo And In Vitro Assay Models, Min Zhang Apr 1996

The Assessment Of Osteoinductivity Of Human Allograft Demineralized Bone Matrix By In Vivo And In Vitro Assay Models, Min Zhang

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

The osteoinductive potential (osteoinductivity) is a very important aspect of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) as a biomaterial. This study is directed at establishing qualitative and quantitative assays of the osteoinductivity of human DBM. Further aspects of this study include an assessment of the effects of the production process, matrix characterization, and donor related factors on osteoinductivity of the DBM.

Athymic mice were chosen as the animal model for use in the in vivo bioassay. Implantation of DBM in muscle pouches provided for much higher osteoinductivity (remineralization to 10% calcium) than subcutaneous site implantation (remineralization to 1.6% calcium). Histological observations ...


Interactions Involving The Human Rna Polymerase Ii Transcription/Nucleotide Excision Repair Complex Tfiih, The Nucleotide Excision Repair Protein Xpg, And Cockayne Syndrome Group B (Csb) Protein, Narayan Iyer, Michael S. Reagan, Kou-Juey Wu, Bertram Canagarajah, Errol C. Friedberg Feb 1996

Interactions Involving The Human Rna Polymerase Ii Transcription/Nucleotide Excision Repair Complex Tfiih, The Nucleotide Excision Repair Protein Xpg, And Cockayne Syndrome Group B (Csb) Protein, Narayan Iyer, Michael S. Reagan, Kou-Juey Wu, Bertram Canagarajah, Errol C. Friedberg

Biology Faculty Publications

The human basal transcription factor TFIIH plays a central role in two distinct processes. TFIIH is an obligatory component of the RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) transcription initiation complex. Additionally, it is believed to be the core structure around which some if not all the components of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) machinery assemble to constitute a nucleotide excision repairosome. At least two of the subunits of TFIIH (XPB and XPD proteins) are implicated in the disease xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). We have exploited the availability of the cloned XPB, XPD, p62, p44, and p34 genes (all of which encode polypeptide ...