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1995

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Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Molecular Characterization Of Mitofilin, A Novel, Mitochondrial, Coiled Coil Protein, And The Relationship Between Organism Complexity And Coiled Coil Protein-Mediated Structure: A Dissertation, Paul R. Odgren Nov 1995

Molecular Characterization Of Mitofilin, A Novel, Mitochondrial, Coiled Coil Protein, And The Relationship Between Organism Complexity And Coiled Coil Protein-Mediated Structure: A Dissertation, Paul R. Odgren

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

In the course of experiments designed to identify and characterize structural proteins of the nuclear matrix, one antibody was generated which recognized an extraction-resistant cytoplasmic protein. This antibody was used as the starting point in the cloning and molecular characterization of a novel protein of the inter-membrane space of the mitochondrion which has been named mitofilin. Mitofilin is expressed in all human cell types, and murine homologues also exist. Mitofilin associates only with mitochondria and not with other membrane-bounded organelles such as Golgi or endoplasmic reticulum. This observation has been confirmed both by biochemical fractionation and multi-label fluorescence microscopy. Recombinant ...


Anaerobic Protoporphyrin Biosynthesis Does Not Require Incorporation Of Methyl Groups From Methionine, David Bollivar Oct 1995

Anaerobic Protoporphyrin Biosynthesis Does Not Require Incorporation Of Methyl Groups From Methionine, David Bollivar

Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Tunable Picosecond Infrared Laser System Based On Parametric Amplification In Ktp With A Ti:Sapphire Amplifier, D. E. Gragson, D. S. Alavi, G. L. Richmond Oct 1995

Tunable Picosecond Infrared Laser System Based On Parametric Amplification In Ktp With A Ti:Sapphire Amplifier, D. E. Gragson, D. S. Alavi, G. L. Richmond

Chemistry and Biochemistry

A picosecond laser system that will generate high-power tunable IR pulses with bandwidths suitable for spectroscopic applications is discussed. The system is based on white-light continuum generation in ethylene glycol and optical parametric amplification in potassium titanyl phosphate. The nonlinear-optical processes are driven by a regeneratively amplified Ti:sapphire laser that produces 1.7-ps pulses at a repetition rate of 1 kHz. Energies as high as 40 and 12 µJ have been achieved over the signal (1.02–1.16-µm) and idler (2.6–3.7-µm) tuning ranges, respectively. The IR beam temporal and spatial characteristics are also presented.


Development Of An In Vitro Assay To Predict Patient Response To Radiotheraphy, Mary Sheridan Oct 1995

Development Of An In Vitro Assay To Predict Patient Response To Radiotheraphy, Mary Sheridan

Doctoral

At the present time, the treatment plan for a patient with cancer is usually based on parameters such as tumour site, histological type, and tumour stage and performance status. However, it is well know that the radiosensitivity of human cancers varies widely from one patient to another (Fertil et al., 1981), and that even within these broad categories some tumours will show greater response to radiotherapy than others. If those patients unlikely to be cured by radiotherapy could be identified prior to commencement of treatment, alternative or more aggressive therapies might be selected which may give a better chance of ...


Biochemical And Molecular Characterization Of The Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (Psma), John Karl Troyer Oct 1995

Biochemical And Molecular Characterization Of The Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (Psma), John Karl Troyer

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer death in males in the United States. Additionally, the number of deaths attributed to prostate cancer is increasing at a rate of approximately 8% a year. Development of new diagnostic and therapy strategies are needed in order to improve the life expectancy of patients with this disease. One tool which may allow for improvements in prostate cancer diagnosis and therapy is the monoclonal antibody (MAb) 7E11-C5.3 which was first described in 1987. Since then, the antigen recognized by MAb 7E11-C5.3 has been named the ...


The Essential Ost2 Gene Encodes The 16-Kd Subunit Of The Yeast Oligosaccharyltransferase, A Highly Conserved Protein Expressed In Diverse Eukaryotic Organisms, Susana Silberstein, Pallia G. Collins, Daniel J. Kelleher, Reid Gilmore Oct 1995

The Essential Ost2 Gene Encodes The 16-Kd Subunit Of The Yeast Oligosaccharyltransferase, A Highly Conserved Protein Expressed In Diverse Eukaryotic Organisms, Susana Silberstein, Pallia G. Collins, Daniel J. Kelleher, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

Oligosaccharyltransferase catalyzes the transfer of a preassembled high mannose oligosaccharide from a dolichol-oligosaccharide donor to consensus glycosylation acceptor sites in newly synthesized proteins in the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae oligosaccharyltransferase is an oligomeric complex composed of six non-identical subunits (alpha-zeta). The alpha, beta, gamma, and delta subunits of the oligosaccharyltransferase are encoded by the OST1, WBP1, OST3, and SWP1 genes, respectively. Here we describe the functional characterization of the OST2 gene that encodes the epsilon-subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase. Genomic disruption of the OST2 locus was lethal in haploid yeast showing that expression of the Ost2 ...


Anaerobic Protoporphyrin Biosynthesis Does Not Require Incorporation Of Methyl Groups From Methionine, David Bollivar, Thomas Elliott, Samuel I. Beale Sep 1995

Anaerobic Protoporphyrin Biosynthesis Does Not Require Incorporation Of Methyl Groups From Methionine, David Bollivar, Thomas Elliott, Samuel I. Beale

David Bollivar

It was recently reported (H. Akutsu, J.-S. Park, and S. Sano, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115:12185–12186, 1993) that in the strict anaerobe methyl groups from exogenous L-methionine are incorporated specifically into the 1 and 3 positions (Fischer numbering system) on the heme groups of cytochrome c3. It was suggested that under anaerobic conditions, protoporphyrin IX biosynthesis proceeds via a novel pathway that does not involve coproporphyrinogen III as a precursor but instead may use precorrin-2 (1,3-dimethyluroporphyrinogen III), a siroheme and vitamin B12 precursor which is known to be derived from uroporphyrinogen III via methyl transfer from ...


Three-Phase Intersection Points In Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell Sep 1995

Three-Phase Intersection Points In Monolayers, John P. Hagen, Harden M. Mcconnell

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Some phospholipid/dihydrocholesterol Langmuir monolayers form coexisting liquid phases. Gas domains form at the interface between the phospholipid-rich and dihydrocholesterol-rich liquid phases when these monolayers undergo expansion to low surface pressure. Analysis of the domain shapes thus formed yields the relative line tensions of the gas/phospholipid, gas/dihydrocholesterol, and phospholipid/dihydrocholesterol phase interfaces.


Pattern Of Disease After Murine Hepatitis Virus Strain 3 Infection Correlates With Macrophage Activation And Not Viral Replication, M. Pope, O. Rotstein, E. Cole, S. Sinclair, Rebecca D. Parr, B. Cruz, R. Fingerote, S. Chung, R. Gorczynski, L. Fung, J. Leibowitz, Y. S. Rao, G. Levy Sep 1995

Pattern Of Disease After Murine Hepatitis Virus Strain 3 Infection Correlates With Macrophage Activation And Not Viral Replication, M. Pope, O. Rotstein, E. Cole, S. Sinclair, Rebecca D. Parr, B. Cruz, R. Fingerote, S. Chung, R. Gorczynski, L. Fung, J. Leibowitz, Y. S. Rao, G. Levy

Faculty Publications

Murine hepatitis virus strain (MHV-3) produces a strain-dependent pattern of disease which has been used as a model for fulminant viral hepatitis. This study was undertaken to examine whether there was a correlation between macrophage activation and susceptibility or resistance to MHV-3 infection. Peritoneal macrophages were isolated from resistant A/J and susceptible BALB/cJ mice and, following stimulation with MHV-3 or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), analyzed for transcription of mRNA and production of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), mouse fibrinogen-like protein (musfiblp), tissue factor (TF), leukotriene B4, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Macrophages from BALB ...


Basic Medical Research As A Means Of Solving National Health Problems, M P. Iqbal, M A. Waqar Sep 1995

Basic Medical Research As A Means Of Solving National Health Problems, M P. Iqbal, M A. Waqar

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Nutrient Limitation In A Southwestern Desert Reservoir: Eutrophication Of Las Vegas Bay, Lake Mead, Nevada, Davine M. Lieberman Sep 1995

Nutrient Limitation In A Southwestern Desert Reservoir: Eutrophication Of Las Vegas Bay, Lake Mead, Nevada, Davine M. Lieberman

Publications (WR)

Algal bioassay tests were conducted with Selenastrum capricornutum and natural algae on inner Las Vegas Bay, Lake Mead, Nevada, from December 1992 through September 1993, to identify any nutrient limitation in an area of the reservoir that has experienced problems associated with severe nutrient enrichment. Three areas were sampled based on a gradient of water quality conditions that existed in Las Vegas Bay (LVB). Disodium ethylenedinitrilotetraacetate (EDTA) significantly stimulated algal growth compared to non-EDTA treatment. Algal bioassays indicated that phosphorus (P) was the primary limiting nutrient at all stations for most of the test dates. Chl a response with EDTA ...


The Cytoplasmic Tail Domain Of The Vacuolar Protein Sorting Receptor Vps10p And A Subset Of Vps Gene Products Regulate Receptor Stability, Function, And Localization, Joan Lin-Cereghino, Eric G. Marcusson, Scott D. Emr Sep 1995

The Cytoplasmic Tail Domain Of The Vacuolar Protein Sorting Receptor Vps10p And A Subset Of Vps Gene Products Regulate Receptor Stability, Function, And Localization, Joan Lin-Cereghino, Eric G. Marcusson, Scott D. Emr

College of the Pacific Faculty Articles

VPS10 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a type I transmembrane receptor protein required for the sorting of the soluble vacuolar hydrolase carboxypeptidase Y (CPY). To characterize the essential structural features and intercompartmental transport itinerary of the CPY receptor, we have constructed mutant forms of Vps10p that alter the carboxyterminal cytoplasmic tail of the protein. In addition, we have analyzed the effect these mutations as well as mutations in several VPS genes have on the function, stability, and localization of Vps10p. Although wild-type Vps10p is very stable over a 3-h chase period, overproduction of Vps10p results in PEP4-dependent degradation of the receptor ...


Ph And Calcium Dependence Of Hemolysis Due To Rickettsia Prowazekii: Comparison With Phospholipase Activity, David M. Ojcius, M. Thibon, C. Mounier, Alice Dautry-Varsat Aug 1995

Ph And Calcium Dependence Of Hemolysis Due To Rickettsia Prowazekii: Comparison With Phospholipase Activity, David M. Ojcius, M. Thibon, C. Mounier, Alice Dautry-Varsat

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

Rickettsia prowazekii invades nucleated cells through phagocytosis and subsequently proliferates in the cytoplasm of the host cell. Hemolysis and a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity at neutral pHs have previously been reported; even though the phagosomal environment is most likely acidic. We here show that R. prowazekii and R. typhi also lyse erythrocytes at mildly acidic pHs, compatible with an early phagosomal compartment. For R. prowazekii, hemolysis at an acidic pH but not a neutral pH is enhanced by Ca2+, raising the possibility that more than one membranolytic factor may be produced by the rickettsiae. The rickettsiae alone display PLA2 activity ...


Light-Dependent And Tissue-Specific Expression Of The H-Protein Of The Glycine Decarboxylase Complex, R. Srinivasan, David J. Oliver Aug 1995

Light-Dependent And Tissue-Specific Expression Of The H-Protein Of The Glycine Decarboxylase Complex, R. Srinivasan, David J. Oliver

David J. Oliver

Glycine decarboxylase is a mitochondrial enzyme complex, which is the site of photorespiratory CO2 and NH3 release. Although the proteins that constitute the complex are located within the mitochondria, because of their intimate association with photosynthesis their expression is controlled by light. Comparisons of the kinetics of mRNA accumulation between the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and the H-protein of glycine decarboxylase during the greening of etiolated Arabidopsis thaliana suggest that their expression is controlled in parallel. A genomic clone for the H-protein (gdcH) was isolated from Arabidopsis and sequenced. The upstream region from -856 to +62 was ...


Functional Characterization Of Ost3p. Loss Of The 34-Kd Subunit Of The Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Oligosaccharyltransferase Results In Biased Underglycosylation Of Acceptor Substrates, Denise Karaoglu, Daniel J. Kelleher, Reid Gilmore Aug 1995

Functional Characterization Of Ost3p. Loss Of The 34-Kd Subunit Of The Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Oligosaccharyltransferase Results In Biased Underglycosylation Of Acceptor Substrates, Denise Karaoglu, Daniel J. Kelleher, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

Within the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, oligosaccharyltransferase catalyzes the en bloc transfer of a high mannose oligosaccharide moiety from the lipid-linked oligosaccharide donor to asparagine acceptor sites in nascent polypeptides. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae oligosaccharyltransferase was purified as a heteroligomeric complex consisting of six subunits (alpha-zeta) having apparent molecular masses of 64 kD (Ost1p), 45 kD (Wbp1p), 34 kD, 30 kD (Swp1p), 16 kD, and 9 kD. Here we report a structural and functional characterization of Ost3p which corresponds to the 34-kD gamma-subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase. Unlike Ost1p, Wbp1p, and Swp1p, expression of Ost3p is not essential for viability ...


Environments Of The Four Tryptophans In The Extracellular Domain Of Human Tissue Factor: Comparison Of Results From Absorption And Fluorescence Difference Spectra Of Tryptophan Replacement Mutants With The Crystal Structure Of The Wild-Type Protein, C. A. Hasselbacher, E. Rusinova, R. Rusinova, R. A. Kohanski, W. Lam, A. Guha, J. Du, T. C. Lin, I. Polikarpov, C. W. G. Boys, Y. Nemerson, W. H. Konigsberg, J. B. A. Ross Jul 1995

Environments Of The Four Tryptophans In The Extracellular Domain Of Human Tissue Factor: Comparison Of Results From Absorption And Fluorescence Difference Spectra Of Tryptophan Replacement Mutants With The Crystal Structure Of The Wild-Type Protein, C. A. Hasselbacher, E. Rusinova, R. Rusinova, R. A. Kohanski, W. Lam, A. Guha, J. Du, T. C. Lin, I. Polikarpov, C. W. G. Boys, Y. Nemerson, W. H. Konigsberg, J. B. A. Ross

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The local environments of the four tryptophan residues of the extracellular domain of human tissue factor (sTF) were assessed from difference absorption and fluorescence spectra. The difference spectra were derived by subtracting spectra from single Trp-to-Phe or Trp-to-Tyr replacement mutants from the corresponding spectrum of the wild-type protein. Each of the mutants was capable of enhancing the proteolytic activity of factor Vila showing that the mutations did not introduce major structural changes, although the mutants were more susceptible to denaturation by guanidinium chloride. The difference spectra indicate that the Trp residues are buried to different extents within the protein matrix ...


Trophic Transfer Of Fatty Acids, Sterols, And A Triterpenoid Alcohol Between Bacteria, A Ciliate, And The Copepod Acartia Tonsa, Melissa C. Ederington, George B. Mcmanus, H. Rodger Harvey Jul 1995

Trophic Transfer Of Fatty Acids, Sterols, And A Triterpenoid Alcohol Between Bacteria, A Ciliate, And The Copepod Acartia Tonsa, Melissa C. Ederington, George B. Mcmanus, H. Rodger Harvey

OEAS Faculty Publications

The incorporation of lipids into the copepod Acartia tonsa and its eggs was measured when it was fed either a bacterivorous ciliate (Pleuronema sp.) or a diatom (Thalassiosira weissflogii). Egg production was 10-fold higher on the diatom diet, whereas hatch success of eggs was the same for algal and ciliate diets. Adult copepods fed diatoms contained more total fatty acid and sterols than copepods fed the ciliate diet, and individual lipids reflected the dietary source. Eggs from diatom-fed copepods had fewer fatty acids but more sterols than eggs from copepods on a ciliate diet. Ciliate-fed copepods and their eggs contained ...


Analysis Of Underground Storage Tank Waste Simulants By Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Stanley J. Bajic, Siquan Luo, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland Jul 1995

Analysis Of Underground Storage Tank Waste Simulants By Fourier Transform Infrared Photoacoustic Spectroscopy, Stanley J. Bajic, Siquan Luo, Roger W. Jones, John F. Mcclelland

Ames Laboratory Publications

Underground storage tank waste sludge from nuclear fuel processes is difficult to analyze because of the extreme heterogeneity, chemical reactivity, and radioactivity of the waste. Conventional methods of analysis typically require extensive sample handling procedures either to thin the sample or to separate components prior to analysis. These procedures are time consuming, require radiation containment cells, and increase the risk of radiation exposure to lab personnel as a result of the extensive handling. In this paper a method utilizing Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy to analyze hazardous underground storage tank waste with a minimal amount of sample and sample handling ...


Investigation Of The Substrate Recognition Characteristics And Kinetics Of Mammalian Mitochondrial Dna Topoisomerase I, Zeki Topcu Jul 1995

Investigation Of The Substrate Recognition Characteristics And Kinetics Of Mammalian Mitochondrial Dna Topoisomerase I, Zeki Topcu

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Topoisomerases are DNA-modifying enzymes found in prokaryotes, eukaryotes, viruses and organelles such as chloroplast and mitochondria. Information about these enzymes in eukaryotic systems is mostly limited to nuclear enzymes, although our laboratory has been characterizing the biochemical and biophysical properties of the mammalian mitochondrial topoisomerases. We have determined the polarity of the attachment of mitochondrial topoisomerase I to its substrate DNA. To study the substrate preference and kinetic parameters of mitochondrial topoisomerase I, selected regions of mammalian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were inserted into pGEM plasmid vectors following a series of modification and optimization experiments of currently available methods for PCR-cloning ...


Identification And Characterization Of Mitochondrial Dna Variants In Alzheimer's Disease, Natasha Singh Hamblet Jul 1995

Identification And Characterization Of Mitochondrial Dna Variants In Alzheimer's Disease, Natasha Singh Hamblet

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder that affects a significant portion of the human population regardless of ethnicity or gender. A mitochondrial hypothesis of AD has been proposed based on a number of studies which establish altered oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and ATP synthesis in AD tissue. ATP demand is most prevalent in the brain; damage to OXPHOS could severely impair brain metabolism, thereby leading to a decline in cognitive function. Four out of five complexes in the OXPHOS pathway are partly encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA); thus, this may be a crucial site of lesions that alter ...


In Vitro Expression Of Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Chih-Wei Chen Jul 1995

In Vitro Expression Of Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3, Chih-Wei Chen

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Human zona pellucida protein 3 (hZP3) is the putative receptor on the zona pellucida of the mature oocyte that recognizes and binds sperm, and therefore plays a critical role in fertilization.

A full length cDNA of hZP3 (1278 bp) was amplified from the human ovary mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The hZP3 cDNA was subcloned into PSK and pREP4 expression vectors. The cDNA of hZP3 was further characterized by restriction mapping, PCR, auto-sequencing and Southern blot analysis by using an internal oligonucleotide probe, and found to be identical to the one reported by J. Dean. Using autosequencing, 289 ...


Calsensin: A Novel Calcium-Binding Protein Expressed In A Subset Of Peripheral Leech Neurons Fasciculating In A Single Axon Tract, Kristen K. Briggs, Andrea J. Silvers, Kristen M. Johansen, Jorgen Johansen Jun 1995

Calsensin: A Novel Calcium-Binding Protein Expressed In A Subset Of Peripheral Leech Neurons Fasciculating In A Single Axon Tract, Kristen K. Briggs, Andrea J. Silvers, Kristen M. Johansen, Jorgen Johansen

Zoology and Genetics Publications

The mAb lan3-6 recognizes a cytosolic antigen which is selectively expressed in the growth cones and axons of a small subset of peripheral sensory neurons fasciculating in a single tract common to all hirudinid leeches. We have used this antibody to clone a novel EF-hand calcium-binding protein, calsensin, by screening an expression vector library. A full-length clone of 1.1 kb identified by the antibody was isolated and sequenced. In situ hybridizations with calsensin probes and antibody staining using new polyclonal antisera generated against calsensin sequence demonstrate that calsensin indeed corresponds to the lan3-6 antigen. Calsensin consists of 83 residues ...


Moraxella (Branhamella) Catarrhalis: A Molecular Epidemiology Study, Lyndell R. Gill May 1995

Moraxella (Branhamella) Catarrhalis: A Molecular Epidemiology Study, Lyndell R. Gill

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis is the third-most-frequently isolated microorganism associated with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in patients during their stay at the Mountain Home VA Medical Center (MHVAMC). In order to develop a practical, epidemiologically-meaningful typing method for M. (B.) catarrhalis, we tested two methods based on analysis of chromosomal DNA for typeability, reproducibility, and ability to differentiate between unrelated strains (discriminatory power, D). M. (B.) catarrhalis isolants from MHVAMC from 7/1/87-6/30/88 were grown overnight in broth and embedded in agarose. DNA was isolated by standard methods. The DNA was subjected to: (1) restriction endonuclease digestion ...


Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure And Redox Potential Studies Of Heme-Substituted Horseradish Peroxidase And Myoglobin, Bing He May 1995

Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure And Redox Potential Studies Of Heme-Substituted Horseradish Peroxidase And Myoglobin, Bing He

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Heme-substituted horseradish peroxidases and myoglobins were reconstituted from the apoenzyme using mesoheme and diacetyldeuteroheme. X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to determine the dimensions of the active sites of these heme-substituted proteins, and were compared with those of the proto-hemeproteins. The change in the active-site structure corresponded with the electron withdrawing and donating effects of the different side chains. The oxidation-reduction potentials of Fe4+/Fe3+ couples of the heme-substituted proteins were measured at pH 7 with K2IrC16. The oxidation-reduction potential sequence for compound I/compound II was diacetyldeutero-> proto-> meso-in horseradish peroxidase. The oxidation-reduction potential sequence for compound II /ferric was ...


Characterization Of An Axial Ligand Substitution In Sperm Whale Myoglobin, Michael J. Chen May 1995

Characterization Of An Axial Ligand Substitution In Sperm Whale Myoglobin, Michael J. Chen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Of central importance to the study of heme proteins are the effects imposed by axial ligand(s) on the heme structure and, therefore, on the overall activity of the protein. In this study, we confirm and extend the spectroscopic characterization of a mutated sperm whale myoglobin in which the proximal Histidine is replaced with a Tyrosine residue (MbH93Y). The MbH93Y, as well as wild-type sperm whale myoglobin and horse erythrocyte catalase (HEC), was purified and characterized by optical absorption and x-ray absorption (XAS) spectroscopies. Optical absorption spectra of HEC and the metmyoglobin, cyanometmyoglobin, reduced, oxy, and carbon-monoxy forms of both ...


Heterozygosity Mapping Of Partially Congenic Lines: Mapping Of A Semidominant Neurological Mutation, Wheels ( Whl), On Mouse Chromosome 4, Patrick M. Nolan, Patricia J. Sollars, Barbara A. Bohne, Warren J. Ewens, Gary E. Pickard, Maja Bucan May 1995

Heterozygosity Mapping Of Partially Congenic Lines: Mapping Of A Semidominant Neurological Mutation, Wheels ( Whl), On Mouse Chromosome 4, Patrick M. Nolan, Patricia J. Sollars, Barbara A. Bohne, Warren J. Ewens, Gary E. Pickard, Maja Bucan

Papers in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

We identified a semidominant, chemically induced, mouse use mutation with a complex array of abnormal behaviors including bidirectional circling and hyperactivity, abnormal circadian rhythmicity and abnormal responses to light. In this report, we genetically and phenotypically characterized the circling/ waltzing component of the abnormal behavior. We mapped the locus controlling this trait by heterozygosity mapping of partially congenic lines carrying the mutagenized chromosome outcrossed to different inbred strains for three generations. Analysis of 68 PCR-based markers in 13 affected individuals indicated that the mutant locus, named Wheels (Whl), resides in the subcentromeric portion of mouse chromosome 4. The statistical evaluation ...


An "Extended -10" Promoter Alone Directs The Transcription Of The Dpnii Operon Of Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Alexander G. Sabelnikov, Bill Greenberg, Sanford Lacks Apr 1995

An "Extended -10" Promoter Alone Directs The Transcription Of The Dpnii Operon Of Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Alexander G. Sabelnikov, Bill Greenberg, Sanford Lacks

Alexander G Sabelnikov

No abstract provided.


Concanavalin A-Binding Glycoconjugates In The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia Mulleri, Marek Janout Apr 1995

Concanavalin A-Binding Glycoconjugates In The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia Mulleri, Marek Janout

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

This preliminary study investigated the distribution and role of cell surface carbohydrates which were suspected to affect proximal cell interactions such as recognition and adhesion. Recognition and adhesion play roles in the development of many organisms but are easily followed in freshwater sponges. The distribution of glycoconjugates in a freshwater sponge Ephydatia mulleri was investigated with the Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) reaction and lectin histochemistry. PAS revealed the distribution of general carbohydrate in the sponge. Lectin histochemistry used Concanavalin A (ConA), a mannosebinding lectin, coupled through avidin and biotin to horseradish peroxidase enzyme (HRP) to reveal the location of mannose-containing glycoconjugates ...


Identification And Characterization Of Genes Associated With V-Jun Induced Cell Transformation, Martin Toralballa Hadman Apr 1995

Identification And Characterization Of Genes Associated With V-Jun Induced Cell Transformation, Martin Toralballa Hadman

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

The v-jun oncogene was initially identified as the causative agent for fibrosarcomas in chickens. Studies show that overexpression of v-Jun proteins transforms chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) in vitro, and forms tumors in chickens in vivo. The mechanisms for this are not clearly defined. Conceivably, overexpression of an unregulated transcription factor would cause cell transfonnation by illicit regulation of its target genes. In support of this, we show that in vivo v-Jun complexes exhibit differential binding to in vitro generated AP-1 and 'AP-1 like' target sequences, suggesting that the pattern of target gene expression is altered during cell transformation. With this ...


A Kinetic Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Muscle Contraction With A Series Of Nucleotides, Wei Jiang Apr 1995

A Kinetic Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Muscle Contraction With A Series Of Nucleotides, Wei Jiang

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Muscle contraction is thought to be accomplished by sliding of myosin filaments along actin filaments. Although actomyosin naturally uses ATP as an energy source, it can also use other nucleoside triphosphates (NTP) as substrates. In this work, the dependence of rate and equilibrium constants of the various steps in the muscle contraction mechanism upon nucleotide structure was investigated to unravel the dependence of the mechanical properties of the muscle upon changes in different biochemical steps of the mechanism.

The experiments measuring the dissociation of actomyosin by NTP (or mant-NTP) shows that both the rate constant of actomyosin-S1 dissociation and second ...