Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Ethanol Directly Modulates Gating Of A Dihydropyridine-Sensitive Ca2+ Channel In Neurohypophysial Terminals, Xiaoming Wang, Gang Wang, Jose R. Lemos, Steven N. Treistman Sep 1994

Ethanol Directly Modulates Gating Of A Dihydropyridine-Sensitive Ca2+ Channel In Neurohypophysial Terminals, Xiaoming Wang, Gang Wang, Jose R. Lemos, Steven N. Treistman

Open Access Articles

Ingestion of ethanol results in a decreased level of plasma vasopressin, which appears to be caused by inhibition of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release from the neurohypophysis. Activation of membrane voltage-gated Ca2+ channels plays an important role in triggering this neurohormone release. In this article, single-channel recordings are used to demonstrate that ethanol, at concentrations constituting legal intoxication, inhibits dihydropyridine-sensitive "L-type" Ca2+ channels in isolated nerve terminals of the rat neurohypophysis. Ethanol reduced the channel open probability in a concentration-dependent manner. To allow finer resolution of channel openings and to better characterize the mechanisms of ethanol action, Bay K 8644 was ...


Molecular Determinants Of Glut1: Structure And Function: A Dissertation, Ralph J. Zottola Jun 1994

Molecular Determinants Of Glut1: Structure And Function: A Dissertation, Ralph J. Zottola

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Hebert and Carruthers (1992) showed that the human erythrocyte glucose transporter is an allosteric complex of four GLUT1 proteins whose structure and substrate binding properties are stabilized by reductant-sensitive noncovalent subunit interactions. The GLUT1 tetramer dissociates into dimers upon exposure to reductant but subunits are not associated via disulfide bridges. Each subunit of SDS-denatured tetrameric GLUT1 exposes only two thiols while reduced denatured GLUT1 exposes all six sulfhydryl groups. They hypothesized that glucose transporter oligomeric structure and cooperative catalytic function resulted from noncovalent subunit interactions promoted or stabilized by intramolecular disulfide bridges. These interactions give rise to an antiparallel arrangement ...


Analysis Of Inhibitors Of Bacteriophage T4 Dna Polymerase, Naseema N. Khan, Linda J. Reha-Krantz, George E. Wright Jan 1994

Analysis Of Inhibitors Of Bacteriophage T4 Dna Polymerase, Naseema N. Khan, Linda J. Reha-Krantz, George E. Wright

Open Access Articles

Bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase was inhibited by butylphenyl nucleotides, aphidicolin and pyrophosphate analogs, but with lower sensitivities than other members of the B family DNA polymerases. The nucleotides N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)dGTP (BuPdGTP) and 2-(p-n-butylanilino)dATP (BuAdATP) inhibited T4 DNA polymerase with competitive Ki values of 0.82 and 0.54 microM with respect to dGTP and dATP, respectively. The same compounds were more potent inhibitors in truncated assays lacking the competitor dNTP, displaying apparent Ki values of 0.001 and 0.0016 microM, respectively. BuPdGTP was a substrate for T4 DNA polymerase, and the resulting 3'-BuPdG-primer:template was ...