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1994

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data ...


Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data ...


Semiclassical Quantization Of A Nonintegrable System: Pushing The Fourier Method Into The Chaotic Regime, Karl Sohlberg, Randall B. Shirts Nov 1994

Semiclassical Quantization Of A Nonintegrable System: Pushing The Fourier Method Into The Chaotic Regime, Karl Sohlberg, Randall B. Shirts

Faculty Publications

Semiclassical Einstein–Brillouin–Keller (EBK) quantization of the nonintegrable Hénon–Heiles Hamiltonian succeeds using the Fourier transform method of Martens and Ezra. Two innovations are required for this success: (1) the use of tunneling corrected quantizing actions obtained from an approximate, one-dimensional Hamiltonian and (2) exploitation of intermediate-time approximate quasiperiodicity or "vague tori'' wherein the Fourier transform of chaotic motion over 10–100 vibrational periods allows the determination of frequencies and amplitudes which approximate motion during the time interval. Approximate tori, actions, and EBK energy levels are then straightforward. We use an interpolation method to smooth over small resonance zones ...


Use Of An Oriented Transmembrane Protein To Probe The Assembly Of A Supported Phospholipid Bilayer, Paul Brian Contino, Carol A. Hasselbacher, J. B. Alexander Ross, Yale Nemerson Sep 1994

Use Of An Oriented Transmembrane Protein To Probe The Assembly Of A Supported Phospholipid Bilayer, Paul Brian Contino, Carol A. Hasselbacher, J. B. Alexander Ross, Yale Nemerson

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Planar-supported phopholipid bilayers formed by te adsorpton of vesicles are increasingly used in the investigation of lipK-ependent reactis. We have studied the way in which these bilayers are forned with phopholipid vesicles coaining the btranembrane protein Tssue Factor (TF). TF complexed with te senne protease, factor Vlla, is the primary initiator of bklod coagulation by way of activation of the zymogen factor X. TF has been shown to orient randomly on the inner and outer leaflets of vesicles. We used proteolytic digestion to produce vesicles in which the exracellular domain of TF is located on the inner leaflet These vesicles ...


Sensitivity Of Second Harmonic Generation To Space Charge Effects At Si(111)/Electrolyte And Si(111)/Sio2/Electrolyte Interfaces, P. R. Fischer, J. L. Daschbach, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond Sep 1994

Sensitivity Of Second Harmonic Generation To Space Charge Effects At Si(111)/Electrolyte And Si(111)/Sio2/Electrolyte Interfaces, P. R. Fischer, J. L. Daschbach, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond

Chemistry and Biochemistry

The potential dependence in the surface second harmonic response from hydrogen terminated n‐Si(111) and oxidized n‐Si(111) surfaces has been examined in aqueous NH4F and H2SO4 solutions. The relative phase of the nonlinear response as measured by rotational anisotropy experiments is found to be highly sensitive to the presence of the oxide and the field applied across the Si(111)/oxide/electrolyte interface. These observations are attributed to field effects within the space–charge region of the semiconductor which vary with the presence and thickness of the insulating oxide layer on the ...


The Structure And Dynamics Of The Cs2 Molecular Ion, Karl Sohlberg, Chan Yibai Sep 1994

The Structure And Dynamics Of The Cs2 Molecular Ion, Karl Sohlberg, Chan Yibai

Faculty Publications

Several common elementary methods of computing molecular properties, prerequisite to molecular dynamics studies, are tested for their validity for CS+2. Judged sufficiently accurate, these methods are then used to aid in investigating the collisionally activated dissociation of CS+2 upon impact with xenon. Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) unimolecular decay rate calculations are presented and compared to experimental studies employing collisional activation. RRKM theory is shown to reproduce the experimental results for collision energies near threshold. When corrected for vibrational anharmonicity, the RRKM calculation shows agreement with the experimental results over a slightly wider range of energies. A discussion ...


Dissection Of An Antibody-Catalyzed Reaction, Jon D. Stewart, Joseph F. Krebs, Gary Siuzdak, Anthony J. Berdis, David B. Smithrud, Stephen J. Benkovic Aug 1994

Dissection Of An Antibody-Catalyzed Reaction, Jon D. Stewart, Joseph F. Krebs, Gary Siuzdak, Anthony J. Berdis, David B. Smithrud, Stephen J. Benkovic

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Antibody 43C9 accelerates the hydrolysis of a p-nitroanilide by a factor of 2.5 x 10(5) over the background rate in addition to catalyzing the hydrolysis of a series of aromatic esters. Since this represents one of the largest rate accelerations achieved with an antibody, we have undertaken a series of studies aimed at uncovering the catalytic mechanism of 43C9. The immunogen, a phosphonamidate, was designed to mimic the geometric and electronic characteristics of the tetrahedral intermediate that forms upon nucleophilic attack by hydroxide on the amide substrate. Further studies, however, revealed that the catalytic mechanism is more complex ...


Determination Of Pancreatic And Salivary Amylase By Enzyme Immunoassay And Their Prevalence In Hyperamylasemic Patients, Sabdra Borgens Ward Jul 1994

Determination Of Pancreatic And Salivary Amylase By Enzyme Immunoassay And Their Prevalence In Hyperamylasemic Patients, Sabdra Borgens Ward

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Currently, amylase determinations are nonspecific for the organ source and are based entirely on the enzymatic properties of amylase to produce a measurable product or byproduct. The determination of pancreatic amylase is important in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Most commercially available tests for amylase employ the measurement of the change in NADH absorbance at 280 nm or of the p-nitrophenol released from a maltotetrose substrate. These are nonspecific measurements of pancreatic amylase and often necessitate other tests to be run such as a serum lipase.

The two predominant isoenzymes of amylase are pancreatic (p-amylase) and salivary (s-amylase); the most ...


Study Of Existing Information Concerning Water Quality Within Lake Mead, Vicki Scharnhorst, Southern Nevada Water Authority Feb 1994

Study Of Existing Information Concerning Water Quality Within Lake Mead, Vicki Scharnhorst, Southern Nevada Water Authority

Publications (WR)

The purpose of Task 010A15M of the Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) Treatment and Transmission Facility (TTF) contract is to conduct a study of existing information concerning water quality within Lake Mead and identify additional water quality studies that are needed to supplement existing data.

The objective of this task is not to discuss treatability of the raw water source; this is addressed by Task 010A18M, "Define Water Treatment Requirements." In addition, a narrative on the effect of pending Safe Drinking Water Act amendments and a determination of treated water quality goals is included in Task 010A16M, "Review Safe Drinking ...


Use Of Pyocin To Select A Haemophilus Ducreyi Variant Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, A A. Campagnari, R Karalus, M A. Apicella, William Melaugh, A J. Lesse, B W. Gibson Jan 1994

Use Of Pyocin To Select A Haemophilus Ducreyi Variant Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, A A. Campagnari, R Karalus, M A. Apicella, William Melaugh, A J. Lesse, B W. Gibson

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Haemophilus ducreyi, a cause of genital ulcer disease in developing countries, appears to facilitate the heterosexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus in Africa. Despite an increase in studies of this gram-negative human pathogen, little is known about the pathogenesis of chancroid. Our studies have shown that the lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of H. ducreyi may play an important role in ulcer formation. Monoclonal antibody and mass spectrometric analyses identified a terminal trisaccharide present on H. ducreyi LOS that is immunochemically similar to human paragloboside. This epitope is present on the LOS of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and it may be the site of ...


The Processing Pathway Of Prelamin A, Michael Sinensky, K. Fantle, M. Trujillo, T. Mclain, A. Kupfer, M. Dalton Jan 1994

The Processing Pathway Of Prelamin A, Michael Sinensky, K. Fantle, M. Trujillo, T. Mclain, A. Kupfer, M. Dalton

Michael Sinensky

The conversion of mammalian prelamin A to mature lamin A proceeds through the removal of 18 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus. The initial step in this processing is the isoprenylation of a CAAX box cysteine. This proteolytic event is distinctive for prelamin A among the known prenylated mammalian proteins. Since the carboxyl terminus of prelamin A is removed during maturation, it is not obvious that this protein would undergo the two reactions subsequent to prenylation observed in other CAAX box proteins-the endoproteolytic removal of the carboxyl-terminal 3 amino acids and the subsequent methylation of the now carboxyl-terminal cysteine. To ...


Expression Of Prelamin A Confers Sensitivity Of Dna Biosynthesis To Lovastatin On F9 Teratocarcinoma Cells, Michael Sinensky, T. Mclain, K. Fantle Jan 1994

Expression Of Prelamin A Confers Sensitivity Of Dna Biosynthesis To Lovastatin On F9 Teratocarcinoma Cells, Michael Sinensky, T. Mclain, K. Fantle

Michael Sinensky

No abstract provided.


Effective, Reliable, Inexpensive Cryofixation Device, Lawrence A. Mink, Roger A. Buchanan Jan 1994

Effective, Reliable, Inexpensive Cryofixation Device, Lawrence A. Mink, Roger A. Buchanan

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Thermal Decomposition Studies Of Selected Transition Metal Polysulfide Complexes. Ii. Effect Of Atmosphere On Decomposition, Benjamin Rougeau, Mark Draganjac Jan 1994

Thermal Decomposition Studies Of Selected Transition Metal Polysulfide Complexes. Ii. Effect Of Atmosphere On Decomposition, Benjamin Rougeau, Mark Draganjac

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Initial studies involved the thermal decomposition profile of five polysulfide complexes in air up to 550 °C. Since our first report to the Academy in 1990, we have obtained the capability to run samples up to 1500°C under various gases. Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)of a series of transition metal polysulfide complexes are presented. Compounds analyzed included Cp2TiS5 ,MoS9 2",MoOS8 2", Zn(S x ) 2", Cd(S x ) 2-, Fe2S122 - and NiS82.


Monolayer Studies Of Novel Synthetic Compounds And Biological Systems , Jingyuan Wang Jan 1994

Monolayer Studies Of Novel Synthetic Compounds And Biological Systems , Jingyuan Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A general review on preparation and methods of characterization of monolayers was given in Chapter 1. Different projects were undertaken in the research of this dissertation. Neutron and X-ray reflection studies of fullerene C[subscript]60 and its derivative monolayers were performed in Chapter 1. Neutron and X-ray reflection measurements and surface pressure isotherms of spread films of C[subscript]60-dodecylamine adduct C[subscript]60-(NH[subscript]2(CH[subscript]2)[subscript]11CH[subscript]3][subscript]x and C[subscript]60-propylamine adduct C[subscript]60-(NH[subscript]2C[subscript]3H[subscript]7][subscript]x indicate that these C[subscript]60 ...


The Processing Pathway Of Prelamin A, Michael Sinensky, K. Fantle, M. Trujillo, T. Mclain, A. Kupfer, M. Dalton Jan 1994

The Processing Pathway Of Prelamin A, Michael Sinensky, K. Fantle, M. Trujillo, T. Mclain, A. Kupfer, M. Dalton

Faculty Publications

The conversion of mammalian prelamin A to mature lamin A proceeds through the removal of 18 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus. The initial step in this processing is the isoprenylation of a CAAX box cysteine. This proteolytic event is distinctive for prelamin A among the known prenylated mammalian proteins. Since the carboxyl terminus of prelamin A is removed during maturation, it is not obvious that this protein would undergo the two reactions subsequent to prenylation observed in other CAAX box proteins-the endoproteolytic removal of the carboxyl-terminal 3 amino acids and the subsequent methylation of the now carboxyl-terminal cysteine. To ...


Expression Of Prelamin A Confers Sensitivity Of Dna Biosynthesis To Lovastatin On F9 Teratocarcinoma Cells, Michael Sinensky, T. Mclain, K. Fantle Jan 1994

Expression Of Prelamin A Confers Sensitivity Of Dna Biosynthesis To Lovastatin On F9 Teratocarcinoma Cells, Michael Sinensky, T. Mclain, K. Fantle

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Cooperative Binding By A Self-Assembled Receptor: Metal In A Structural And Functional Role , Jin-Ho Lee Jan 1994

Cooperative Binding By A Self-Assembled Receptor: Metal In A Structural And Functional Role , Jin-Ho Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Metal complexes of the amino acid, 4,4[superscript]'-phosphinylidine bis phenylalanine (PBP*, 1), self-assemble to produce a macrocyclic receptor (Co[subscript]2PBP[subscript]2, 2) with a hydrophobic cavity capable of binding aromatic compounds from water. Here we demonstrate that the metal can play a structural and a functional role: the receptor binds substrates bearing both aromatic and polar functional groups ditopically, using the hydrophobic pocket as well as the metal itself. The doubly anionic Co[superscript]2+ macrocyclic complex binds neutral aromatic guests more tightly than it does most anionic guests, as would be expected. However, carboxylates tethered ...


Mitochondrial Dna Variation In Natural And Cultured Populations Of The Bay Scallop, Argopecten Irradians (Lamarck) And The Calico Scallop, Argopecten Gibbus (Dall), Sandra Grace Blake Jan 1994

Mitochondrial Dna Variation In Natural And Cultured Populations Of The Bay Scallop, Argopecten Irradians (Lamarck) And The Calico Scallop, Argopecten Gibbus (Dall), Sandra Grace Blake

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Photophysics Of A Novel Optical Probe-7-Azatryptophan And Its Application In The Study Of Protein-Protein Interactions , Yu Chen Jan 1994

Photophysics Of A Novel Optical Probe-7-Azatryptophan And Its Application In The Study Of Protein-Protein Interactions , Yu Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence study of the biological optical probe, 7-azatryptophan, its chromophoric moiety 7-azaindole are performed in order to explain the observation that the fluorescence spectrum of 7-azaindole (7-azatryptophan) apparently consists of one band in water ([lambda][subscript]sp\max em = 386nm) whereas in alcohols the spectrum is bimodal (eg. for methanol, [lambda][subscript]sp\max em = 374, 505nm). Careful measurements of the fluorescence decay as a function of emission wavelength indicate a small amplitude of an ~70 ps decaying component at the bluer wavelength and a rising component of the same duration at the redder wavelengths. The small ...


Sensitive Detection And Study Of Catalytic Species For Bimolecular Reactions , James William Lane Jan 1994

Sensitive Detection And Study Of Catalytic Species For Bimolecular Reactions , James William Lane

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In our lab, we have developed a sensitive and convenient assay for the detection of catalysts for bimolecular reactions. We have shown that catalysis of peptide synthesis by as little as 2.5 fmol (2.5 x 10[superscript]-15 mol) of a damaged enzyme can be detected using our assay. An interesting feature of our procedure is that it requires no complex apparatus, and may be carried out in parallel on many samples. We have used the assay to detect the presence of an enzyme catalyst, however the basic assay design is very versatile and may also be used ...


Biogeochemical Control Of Phosphorus Cycling And Primary Production In Lake Michigan, R. S. Walsh, Gregory A. Cutter, W. M. Dunstan, J. Radford-Knoery, J. T. Elder Jan 1994

Biogeochemical Control Of Phosphorus Cycling And Primary Production In Lake Michigan, R. S. Walsh, Gregory A. Cutter, W. M. Dunstan, J. Radford-Knoery, J. T. Elder

OEAS Faculty Publications

A 3-yr study in Lake Michigan has shown a 27 mmol P m-2 increase in the mass of total P (TP) in the water during spring when the lake is mixed from surface to sediment. This value is an order of magnitude greater than the annual P input from external sources. TP changed in concert with increases in chlorophyll a and organic N and decreases in nitrate and soluble Si. The concentration of soluble reactive PO4-3 (SRP) remained relatively constant throughout the study. We hypothesize that the SRP concentration is maintained by a chemical equilibrium with calcium-phosphate ...


Global Phylogeography Of Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus Albacares, And Mackerels Of The Genus Scomber, Daniel R. Scoles Jan 1994

Global Phylogeography Of Yellowfin Tuna, Thunnus Albacares, And Mackerels Of The Genus Scomber, Daniel R. Scoles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Intraspecific genetic relationships within yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, and three mackerels of the genus Scomber were studied by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The comparison of these scombrids, with different larval distributions, adult distributions, and vagilities, served to investigate the hypothesis that population structure in marine fishes results from geographic and physical oceanographic processes that limit dispersal of early life history stages. Samples of 20 yellowfin tuna were examined from each of five Pacific locations and one Atlantic location. MtDNA analysis with 12 informative restriction endonucleases demonstrated considerable genetic variation, as evidenced by overall nucleon ...


Protein S-Thiolation And Dethiolation, James Thomas, Yuh-Cherng Chai, Che-Hun Jung Dec 1993

Protein S-Thiolation And Dethiolation, James Thomas, Yuh-Cherng Chai, Che-Hun Jung

Yuh-Cherng Chai

No abstract provided.