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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Opioid-Induced Ocular Hypotension: Actions At Pre- And Postjunctional Sites, Duanran Wang Dec 1994

Opioid-Induced Ocular Hypotension: Actions At Pre- And Postjunctional Sites, Duanran Wang

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examined the ocular actions of an opioid agonist. Experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of DPDPE ([D-pen2, D-pen5] enkephalin), a delta opioid agonist on: 1) intraocular pressure (IOP) in rabbits; 2) cAMP accumulation in rabbit iris ciliary bodies (ICBs); 3) 3H-norepinephrine (NE) overflow from electrically stimulated sympathetic nerves in ICBs. DPDPE Lowerd IOP in normal rabbits but not in sympathectomized (SX) eyes. Naloxone did not inhibit the effect of DPDPE on IOP in normal rabbits. DPDPE inhibited 3H-NE overflow and suppressed cAMP accumulation in ICBs. The presence of naltrindole, a delta receptor antagonist, did not prevent the ...


Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data ...


Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data ...


Factors Influencing The Oxidation Of Lipoproteins And Plasma Lipids, Yanshan Ma Dec 1994

Factors Influencing The Oxidation Of Lipoproteins And Plasma Lipids, Yanshan Ma

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The hypothesis that antioxidant vitamins (ascorbate and tocopherols) along with urate protect blood plasma lipids from oxidation was tested. Dietary fat is also an important factor influencing plasma lipid peroxidation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of plasma antioxidants and dietary fat on low density lipoprotein (LDL) and plasma lipid oxidation. In the first part of this study, we compared the ability of urate and ascorbate to protect human LDL from in vitro oxidation. LDL oxidation was initiated by 15 mM of a water soluble azo-initiator in the presence or absence of ascorbate or urate. The ...


Semiclassical Quantization Of A Nonintegrable System: Pushing The Fourier Method Into The Chaotic Regime, Karl Sohlberg, Randall B. Shirts Nov 1994

Semiclassical Quantization Of A Nonintegrable System: Pushing The Fourier Method Into The Chaotic Regime, Karl Sohlberg, Randall B. Shirts

Faculty Publications

Semiclassical Einstein–Brillouin–Keller (EBK) quantization of the nonintegrable Hénon–Heiles Hamiltonian succeeds using the Fourier transform method of Martens and Ezra. Two innovations are required for this success: (1) the use of tunneling corrected quantizing actions obtained from an approximate, one-dimensional Hamiltonian and (2) exploitation of intermediate-time approximate quasiperiodicity or "vague tori'' wherein the Fourier transform of chaotic motion over 10–100 vibrational periods allows the determination of frequencies and amplitudes which approximate motion during the time interval. Approximate tori, actions, and EBK energy levels are then straightforward. We use an interpolation method to smooth over small resonance zones ...


Molecular Genetic Analysis Of Terminal Steps In Bacteriochlorophyll A Biosynthesis: Characterization Of A Rhodobacter Capsulatus Strain That Synthesizes Geranylgeranoil-Esterified Bacteriochlorophyll A, David Bollivar, Shaojie Wang, James P. Allen, Carl E. Bauer Oct 1994

Molecular Genetic Analysis Of Terminal Steps In Bacteriochlorophyll A Biosynthesis: Characterization Of A Rhodobacter Capsulatus Strain That Synthesizes Geranylgeranoil-Esterified Bacteriochlorophyll A, David Bollivar, Shaojie Wang, James P. Allen, Carl E. Bauer

David Bollivar

Site-directed mutational analysis of the Rhodobacter capsulatus photosynthesis gene cluster was undertaken in order to identify and characterize genetic loci involved in bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis. A mutant in orf304 was shown to accumulate the tetrapyrrole intermediate "bacteriochlorophyllide a" which is a tetrapyrrole that has a bacteriochlorophyll a ring structure without the presence of an esterifying alcohol. A mutant in orf391 is shown to synthesize acteriochlorophyll a that is esterified with geranylgeraniol rather than the normal phytol. This latter result provides the first genetic confirmation that esterification of bacteriochlorophyllide a initially involves the addition of a geranylgeraniol group followed by sequential ...


Effect Of Charged Residue Substitutions On The Membrane-Interactive Properties Of Signal Sequences Of The Escherichia Coli Lamb Protein., Jeffrey Jones, Lila Gierasch Oct 1994

Effect Of Charged Residue Substitutions On The Membrane-Interactive Properties Of Signal Sequences Of The Escherichia Coli Lamb Protein., Jeffrey Jones, Lila Gierasch

Lila Gierasch

Although the central role of the signal sequence in protein export is well established, the molecular details underlying signal sequence in vivo function remain unclear. As part of our continuing effort to relate signal sequence phenotypes to specific biophysical properties, we have carried out an extensive characterization of the secondary structure and lipid interactions for a family of peptides corresponding to the wild-type E. coli LamB signal sequence, and mutants that harbor charged residue point mutations in the hydrophobic core region. We used membrane-resident fluorescence quenching according to the parallax method to determine the relative depth of insertion of tryptophan-labeled ...


The Pha-4 Gene Is Required To Generate The Pharyngeal Primordium Of Caenorhabditis-Elegans, Susan E. Mango, Eric J. Lambie, Judith Kimble Oct 1994

The Pha-4 Gene Is Required To Generate The Pharyngeal Primordium Of Caenorhabditis-Elegans, Susan E. Mango, Eric J. Lambie, Judith Kimble

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

In the 4-cell Caenorhabditis elegans embryo, two blastomeres are destined to generate pharyngeal cells, each by a distinct developmental strategy: one pathway is inductive, while the other is autonomous. Here, we identify the pha-4 locus. In animals lacking pha-4 activity, an early step in pharyngeal organogenesis is blocked: no pharyngeal primordium is formed and differentiated pharyngeal cells are absent. Most other tissues are generated normally in pha-4 mutants, including cells related to pharyngeal cells by cell lineage and position. Thus, pha-4 activity is required to form the pharyngeal primordium. We propose that pha-4 marks a convergence of the inductive and ...


Lag-2 May Encode A Signaling Ligand For The Glp-1 And Lin-12 Receptors Of C-Elegans, Samuel T. Henderson, Dali Gao, Eric J. Lambie, Judith Kimble Oct 1994

Lag-2 May Encode A Signaling Ligand For The Glp-1 And Lin-12 Receptors Of C-Elegans, Samuel T. Henderson, Dali Gao, Eric J. Lambie, Judith Kimble

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The C. elegans lag-2 gene is required for several cell-cell interactions that rely on the receptors GLP-1 and LIN-12. In this paper, we report that lag-2 encodes a putative membrane protein with sequence similarity to Drosophila Delta, a proposed ligand for the Notch receptor. Furthermore, we show that the lag-2 promoter drives expression of a reporter protein in the signaling distal tip cell (DTC) of the DTC/germline interaction. By in situ hybridization, we have found that endogenous lag-2 mRNA is present in the DTC but not the germ line. One fusion protein, called LAG-2::beta-gal(intra), rescues a lag-2 ...


In Situ Regulation Of Cytosolic Phospolipase A₂, Beverly A. Rzigalinski Oct 1994

In Situ Regulation Of Cytosolic Phospolipase A₂, Beverly A. Rzigalinski

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

The 85 kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is an agonist-responsive effector for intracellular signal transduction through the arachidonate cascade. In vitro studies have demonstrated that this enzyme is regulated by sub-micromolar calcium and is specific for arachidonate as the sn-2 fatty acyl group of phospholipid substrates. However, very little data is available regarding in situ mechanisms which govern the activity of cPLA2. The primarily objective of these studies was to develop an in situ system for the study of cPLA2, and investigate mobilization of arachidonate during signal transduction events.

Dimethylsulfoxide differentiation of the human lymphoma cell ...


Effect Of Charged Residue Substitutions On The Thermodynamics Of Signal Peptide-Lipid Interactions For The Escherichia Coli Lamb Signal Sequence., Jeffrey D. Jones, Lila Gierasch Sep 1994

Effect Of Charged Residue Substitutions On The Thermodynamics Of Signal Peptide-Lipid Interactions For The Escherichia Coli Lamb Signal Sequence., Jeffrey D. Jones, Lila Gierasch

Lila Gierasch

We have used tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy to characterize the binding affinities of an Escherichia coli LamB signal peptide family for lipid vesicles. These peptides harbor charged residue substitutions in the hydrophobic core region. Titrations of peptides with vesicles composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-3-phosphoglycerol (65:35 mol%), in conjunction with evaluation of peptide dissociation rates from these vesicles, were used to determine binding parameters quantitatively. We find that under low ionic strength conditions, point mutations introducing negatively charged aspartate residues substantially reduce peptide affinity relative to the wild-type peptide. However, the difference between wild-type and mutant peptide affinities was much lower ...


Use Of An Oriented Transmembrane Protein To Probe The Assembly Of A Supported Phospholipid Bilayer, Paul Brian Contino, Carol A. Hasselbacher, J. B. Alexander Ross, Yale Nemerson Sep 1994

Use Of An Oriented Transmembrane Protein To Probe The Assembly Of A Supported Phospholipid Bilayer, Paul Brian Contino, Carol A. Hasselbacher, J. B. Alexander Ross, Yale Nemerson

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Planar-supported phopholipid bilayers formed by te adsorpton of vesicles are increasingly used in the investigation of lipK-ependent reactis. We have studied the way in which these bilayers are forned with phopholipid vesicles coaining the btranembrane protein Tssue Factor (TF). TF complexed with te senne protease, factor Vlla, is the primary initiator of bklod coagulation by way of activation of the zymogen factor X. TF has been shown to orient randomly on the inner and outer leaflets of vesicles. We used proteolytic digestion to produce vesicles in which the exracellular domain of TF is located on the inner leaflet These vesicles ...


Sensitivity Of Second Harmonic Generation To Space Charge Effects At Si(111)/Electrolyte And Si(111)/Sio2/Electrolyte Interfaces, P. R. Fischer, J. L. Daschbach, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond Sep 1994

Sensitivity Of Second Harmonic Generation To Space Charge Effects At Si(111)/Electrolyte And Si(111)/Sio2/Electrolyte Interfaces, P. R. Fischer, J. L. Daschbach, D. E. Gragson, G. L. Richmond

Chemistry and Biochemistry

The potential dependence in the surface second harmonic response from hydrogen terminated n‐Si(111) and oxidized n‐Si(111) surfaces has been examined in aqueous NH4F and H2SO4 solutions. The relative phase of the nonlinear response as measured by rotational anisotropy experiments is found to be highly sensitive to the presence of the oxide and the field applied across the Si(111)/oxide/electrolyte interface. These observations are attributed to field effects within the space–charge region of the semiconductor which vary with the presence and thickness of the insulating oxide layer on the ...


Crystallization Of Hemoglobins Ii And Iii Of The Symbiont-Harboring Clam Lucina Pectinata, M. A. Doyle, Jacqueline Vitali, J. B. Wittenberg, S. N. Vinogradov, D. A. Walz, B. F.P. Edwards, P. D. Martin Sep 1994

Crystallization Of Hemoglobins Ii And Iii Of The Symbiont-Harboring Clam Lucina Pectinata, M. A. Doyle, Jacqueline Vitali, J. B. Wittenberg, S. N. Vinogradov, D. A. Walz, B. F.P. Edwards, P. D. Martin

Physics Faculty Publications

Diffraction data to 2.7 A resolution were measured on crystals of the homotetramers of components II and III of the cytoplacmic hemoglobin of the symbiont-harboring clam Lucina pectinata. Even though the crystallization conditions are different and the sequence homology of the two hemoglobins is only 63%, the crystals are isomorphous to each other and to the heterotetramer Hb II/III, implying that the residues primarily involved in the intermolecular interactions and responsible for crystal cohesion may be invariant.


Heterologous Expression Of The Bchm Gene Product From Rhodobacter Capsulatus And Demonstration That It Encodes S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine: Mg-Protoporhyrin Ix Methyltransferase, David Bollivar Sep 1994

Heterologous Expression Of The Bchm Gene Product From Rhodobacter Capsulatus And Demonstration That It Encodes S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine: Mg-Protoporhyrin Ix Methyltransferase, David Bollivar

Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Structure And Dynamics Of The Cs2 Molecular Ion, Karl Sohlberg, Chan Yibai Sep 1994

The Structure And Dynamics Of The Cs2 Molecular Ion, Karl Sohlberg, Chan Yibai

Faculty Publications

Several common elementary methods of computing molecular properties, prerequisite to molecular dynamics studies, are tested for their validity for CS+2. Judged sufficiently accurate, these methods are then used to aid in investigating the collisionally activated dissociation of CS+2 upon impact with xenon. Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) unimolecular decay rate calculations are presented and compared to experimental studies employing collisional activation. RRKM theory is shown to reproduce the experimental results for collision energies near threshold. When corrected for vibrational anharmonicity, the RRKM calculation shows agreement with the experimental results over a slightly wider range of energies. A discussion ...


Ethanol Directly Modulates Gating Of A Dihydropyridine-Sensitive Ca2+ Channel In Neurohypophysial Terminals, Xiaoming Wang, Gang Wang, Jose R. Lemos, Steven N. Treistman Sep 1994

Ethanol Directly Modulates Gating Of A Dihydropyridine-Sensitive Ca2+ Channel In Neurohypophysial Terminals, Xiaoming Wang, Gang Wang, Jose R. Lemos, Steven N. Treistman

Open Access Articles

Ingestion of ethanol results in a decreased level of plasma vasopressin, which appears to be caused by inhibition of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release from the neurohypophysis. Activation of membrane voltage-gated Ca2+ channels plays an important role in triggering this neurohormone release. In this article, single-channel recordings are used to demonstrate that ethanol, at concentrations constituting legal intoxication, inhibits dihydropyridine-sensitive "L-type" Ca2+ channels in isolated nerve terminals of the rat neurohypophysis. Ethanol reduced the channel open probability in a concentration-dependent manner. To allow finer resolution of channel openings and to better characterize the mechanisms of ethanol action, Bay K 8644 was ...


Heterologous Expression Of The Bchm Gene Product From Rhodobacter Capsulatus And Demonstration That It Encodes S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine: Mg-Protoporhyrin Ix Methyltransferase, David Bollivar, Ze-Yu Jiang, Carl E. Bauer, Samuel I. Beale Aug 1994

Heterologous Expression Of The Bchm Gene Product From Rhodobacter Capsulatus And Demonstration That It Encodes S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine: Mg-Protoporhyrin Ix Methyltransferase, David Bollivar, Ze-Yu Jiang, Carl E. Bauer, Samuel I. Beale

David Bollivar

The bacteriochlorophyll biosynthesis gene, bchM, from Rlodobacter capsulatus was previously believed to code for a polypeptide involved in formation of the cyclopentone ring of protochlorophyllide from Mg-protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester. In this study, R. capsulatus bchM was expressed in Escherichia coli and the gene product was subsequently demonstrated by enzymatic analysis to catalyze methylation of Mg-protoporphyrin IX to form Mg-protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester. Activity required the substrates Mg-protoporphyrin IX and S-adenosyl-L-methionine. 14C-labeled product was formed in incubations containing 14C-methyl-labeled S-adenosyl-L-methionine. On the basis of these and previous results, we also conclude that the bchH gene, which was previously reported to ...


Dissection Of An Antibody-Catalyzed Reaction, Jon D. Stewart, Joseph F. Krebs, Gary Siuzdak, Anthony J. Berdis, David B. Smithrud, Stephen J. Benkovic Aug 1994

Dissection Of An Antibody-Catalyzed Reaction, Jon D. Stewart, Joseph F. Krebs, Gary Siuzdak, Anthony J. Berdis, David B. Smithrud, Stephen J. Benkovic

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Antibody 43C9 accelerates the hydrolysis of a p-nitroanilide by a factor of 2.5 x 10(5) over the background rate in addition to catalyzing the hydrolysis of a series of aromatic esters. Since this represents one of the largest rate accelerations achieved with an antibody, we have undertaken a series of studies aimed at uncovering the catalytic mechanism of 43C9. The immunogen, a phosphonamidate, was designed to mimic the geometric and electronic characteristics of the tetrahedral intermediate that forms upon nucleophilic attack by hydroxide on the amide substrate. Further studies, however, revealed that the catalytic mechanism is more complex ...


Circadian Clock Locus Frequency: Protein Encoded By A Single Open Reading Frame Defines Period Length And Temperature Compensation., Benjamin D. Aronson, Keith A. Johnson, Jay C. Dunlap Aug 1994

Circadian Clock Locus Frequency: Protein Encoded By A Single Open Reading Frame Defines Period Length And Temperature Compensation., Benjamin D. Aronson, Keith A. Johnson, Jay C. Dunlap

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The frequency (frq) locus encodes a key component, a state variable, in a cellular oscillator generating circadian rhythmicity. Two transcripts have been mapped to this region, and data presented here are consistent with the existence of a third transcript. Analysis of cDNA clones and clock mutants from this region focuses attention on one transcript encoding a protein. FRQ, which is a central clock component: (i) mutations in all of the semidominant frq alleles are the result of single amino acid substitutions and map to the open reading frame (ORF) encoding FRQ; (ii) deletion of this ORF, or a frameshift mutation ...


Structure-Substrate Binding Relationships Of Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase, Steve Chien-Wen Huang Jul 1994

Structure-Substrate Binding Relationships Of Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase, Steve Chien-Wen Huang

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, type 1 (HIV-1), is the causative agent of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT), a heterodimer p66/p51, has been the major target for treatment of AIDS. The significance of the p51 subunit and the RNase H domain of p66 in terms of their influence on the RNA-dependent DNA synthesis was investigated. Clones of the wildtype HIV-1 RT subunits, p66 and p51, and a recombinant C-terminal deletion mutant, p64, [Barr, P. J. (1987) Bio/Technoloav 5, 486-489] were employed to study the structure-substrate binding relationships of HIV-1 RT. The activity assays of RNA-dependent DNA ...


Determination Of Pancreatic And Salivary Amylase By Enzyme Immunoassay And Their Prevalence In Hyperamylasemic Patients, Sabdra Borgens Ward Jul 1994

Determination Of Pancreatic And Salivary Amylase By Enzyme Immunoassay And Their Prevalence In Hyperamylasemic Patients, Sabdra Borgens Ward

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Currently, amylase determinations are nonspecific for the organ source and are based entirely on the enzymatic properties of amylase to produce a measurable product or byproduct. The determination of pancreatic amylase is important in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Most commercially available tests for amylase employ the measurement of the change in NADH absorbance at 280 nm or of the p-nitrophenol released from a maltotetrose substrate. These are nonspecific measurements of pancreatic amylase and often necessitate other tests to be run such as a serum lipase.

The two predominant isoenzymes of amylase are pancreatic (p-amylase) and salivary (s-amylase); the most ...


Reorganization Of Lipid Domain Structure In Membranes By A Transmembrane Peptide: An Esr Spin Label Study On The Effect Of The Escherichia Coli Outer Membrane Protein A Signal Peptide On The Fluid Lipid Domain Connectivity In Binary Mixtures Of Dimyristoyl Phosphatidylcholine And Distearoyl Phosphatidylcholine., M. Sankaram, D. Marsh, Lila Gierasch, T. Thompson Jun 1994

Reorganization Of Lipid Domain Structure In Membranes By A Transmembrane Peptide: An Esr Spin Label Study On The Effect Of The Escherichia Coli Outer Membrane Protein A Signal Peptide On The Fluid Lipid Domain Connectivity In Binary Mixtures Of Dimyristoyl Phosphatidylcholine And Distearoyl Phosphatidylcholine., M. Sankaram, D. Marsh, Lila Gierasch, T. Thompson

Lila Gierasch

The effect of a transmembrane peptide on the domain structure of a two-component, two-phase lipid bilayer composed of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and distearoyl phosphatidylcholine (DSPC) was examined by spin label electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The peptide, pOmpA, is the hydrophobic, 25-residue signal sequence of the outer membrane protein A from Escherichia coli. Nitroxide derivatives of the phospholipid DSPC, 16-DSPCSL, and of the pOmpA signal peptide, pOmpA-IASL, were used as probes. The first-derivative lineshapes of the ESR spectra were analyzed using a normalized intensity ratio, R, that gives information on the average sizes of the disconnected fluid domains and their ...


Molecular Determinants Of Glut1: Structure And Function: A Dissertation, Ralph J. Zottola Jun 1994

Molecular Determinants Of Glut1: Structure And Function: A Dissertation, Ralph J. Zottola

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Hebert and Carruthers (1992) showed that the human erythrocyte glucose transporter is an allosteric complex of four GLUT1 proteins whose structure and substrate binding properties are stabilized by reductant-sensitive noncovalent subunit interactions. The GLUT1 tetramer dissociates into dimers upon exposure to reductant but subunits are not associated via disulfide bridges. Each subunit of SDS-denatured tetrameric GLUT1 exposes only two thiols while reduced denatured GLUT1 exposes all six sulfhydryl groups. They hypothesized that glucose transporter oligomeric structure and cooperative catalytic function resulted from noncovalent subunit interactions promoted or stabilized by intramolecular disulfide bridges. These interactions give rise to an antiparallel arrangement ...


Coordination Of Selenium To Molybdenum In Formate Dehydrogenase H From Escherichia Coli, Vadim Gladyshev, Sergei V. Khangulov, Milton J. Axley, Thressa A. Stadtman May 1994

Coordination Of Selenium To Molybdenum In Formate Dehydrogenase H From Escherichia Coli, Vadim Gladyshev, Sergei V. Khangulov, Milton J. Axley, Thressa A. Stadtman

Vadim Gladyshev Publications

Formate dehydrogenase H from Escherichia col contains multiple redox centers, which include a molybdopterin cofactor, an iron-sulfur center, and a selenocysteine residue (SeCys-140 in the polypeptide chain) that is essential for catalytic activity. Here we show that addition of formate to the native enzyme induces a signal typical of Mo(V) species. This signal is detected by electron pm etc resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Substitution of 77Se for natural isotope abundance Se leads to transformation of this signal, indicating a direct coordination of Se with Mo. Mutant enzyme with cysteine substituted at position 140 for the selenocysteine residue has decreased catalytic ...


The Phosphate Transporter From Pea Mitochondria (Isolation And Characterization In Proteolipid Vesicles), Cecilia A. Mcintosh, David J. Oliver May 1994

The Phosphate Transporter From Pea Mitochondria (Isolation And Characterization In Proteolipid Vesicles), Cecilia A. Mcintosh, David J. Oliver

David J. Oliver

The phosphate transporter from mitochondria will exchange matrix phosphate for cytosolic phosphate and facilitate either phosphate/proton symport or phosphate/hydroxyl ion antiport. The phosphate transported into the matrix by this carrier is either used for ATP synthesis or exchanges back out to the cytosol on the dicarboxylate transporter, permitting entry of malate and succinate into the matrix. The phosphate transporter was solubilized from etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L. cv Alaska) mitochondrial membranes with Triton X-114, purified approximately 500-fold by hydroxylapatite chromatography, and reconstituted into azolectin vesicles that were preloaded with 0.1 or 10 mM phosphate. Phosphate transport was ...


Characterization Of The Vasoactivity Of Tachykinins In Isolated Rat Kidney: Functional Studies And In Vitro Receptor Autoradiography, Yuejin Chen May 1994

Characterization Of The Vasoactivity Of Tachykinins In Isolated Rat Kidney: Functional Studies And In Vitro Receptor Autoradiography, Yuejin Chen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although tachykinins have potent vascular actions, their effect on renal resistance blood vessels is currently unknown. The vasoactive properties of tachykinins and related analogs were assessed in isolated perfused rat kidney. At a basal perfusion pressure (PP) of 75 $\pm$ 6 mm Hg (n = 5), bolus injections of substance P (SP) had no significant vasoactive effect. Following a sustained increase in baseline PP (134 $\pm$ 10 mm Hg) produced by phenylephrine (1 $\mu$M), SP evoked a dose-dependent increase in PP. The largest dose of SP increased PP by 60 $\pm$ 5 mm Hg. The vasoconstrictor response to SP was ...


Production Of Interleukin 10 By Islet Cells Accelerates Immune-Mediated Destruction Of Beta Cells In Nonobese Diabetic Mice., Lise Wogensen, Myung-Shik Lee, Nora Sarvetnick Apr 1994

Production Of Interleukin 10 By Islet Cells Accelerates Immune-Mediated Destruction Of Beta Cells In Nonobese Diabetic Mice., Lise Wogensen, Myung-Shik Lee, Nora Sarvetnick

Journal Articles: Regenerative Medicine

The T helper type 2 (Th2) cell product interleukin 10 (IL-10) inhibits the proliferation and function of Th1 lymphocytes and macrophages (M phi). The nonobese diabetic mouse strain (NOD/Shi) develops a M phi and T cell-dependent autoimmune diabetes that closely resembles human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The objective of the present study was to explore the consequences of localized production of IL-10 on diabetes development in NOD/Shi mice. Surprisingly, local production of IL-10 accelerated the onset and increased the prevalence of diabetes, since diabetes developed at 5-10 wk of age in 92% of IL-10 positive I-A beta g7 ...


Development Of An Assay To Determine The Amount Of Binding Between Dna And The Carcinogen (+)-Anti-Benzo (A) Pyrene Diol Eopxide, Cher Wright Apr 1994

Development Of An Assay To Determine The Amount Of Binding Between Dna And The Carcinogen (+)-Anti-Benzo (A) Pyrene Diol Eopxide, Cher Wright

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

A method for determining the number of carcinogenic molecules bound (adducted) to a DNA sequence was studied. Samples of purified plasmid DNA were exposed to increasing concentrations of the carcinogenic chemical benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE). Treated plasmids then served as the template in a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Desired test regions of the plasmid were selectively amplified. Samples from the PCR were then electrophoresed to study the number of successful copies produced by the PCR and the size and density of the bands. DNA replication levels decreased proportionately as BPDE exposure concentrations increased. The results suggest that the ...


Rt-Pcr Analysis Of Prn-P Mrna Expression In Normal And Scrapie-Infected B6.1(Prn-Pb) . B6(Prn-Pa). B6xb6.1(Prn-Pa^B) , Tgl5 (Prn-P2a/3b) And Prn-Pablated Mice, Bradley Graham Apr 1994

Rt-Pcr Analysis Of Prn-P Mrna Expression In Normal And Scrapie-Infected B6.1(Prn-Pb) . B6(Prn-Pa). B6xb6.1(Prn-Pa^B) , Tgl5 (Prn-P2a/3b) And Prn-Pablated Mice, Bradley Graham

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

Brains and spleens were extracted from B6.I, B6, FI, Tgl5, and ablated strains of mice, both normal and scrapieinfected. Each strain exhibits a different incubation time due to slight differences found in the allele coding for Prnp mRNA. Total RNA was isolated from these organs. Absorbance readings at 260 nm and 280 nm were used to calculate the concentration of total RNA for each tissue. The reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) was then used to identify different Prn-p alleles and to determine if a quantitative difference in Prn-p mRNA expression exists in the aforementioned mouse strains. Successful distinction ...