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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Extracellular Matrix In Development And Disease, Julia Thom Oxford, Jonathon C. Reeck, Makenna J. Hardy Jan 2019

Extracellular Matrix In Development And Disease, Julia Thom Oxford, Jonathon C. Reeck, Makenna J. Hardy

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

The evolution of multicellular metazoan organisms was marked by the inclusion of an extracellular matrix (ECM), a multicomponent, proteinaceous network between cells that contributes to the spatial arrangement of cells and the resulting tissue organization. The development of an ECM that provides support in larger organisms may have represented an advantage in the face of selection pressure for the evolution of the ECM.


The Effects Of High Concentrations Of Ionic Liquid On Gb1 Protein Structure And Dynamics Probed By High-Resolution Magic-Angle-Spinning Nmr Spectroscopy, Lisa Warner, Erica Gjersing, Shelby E. Follett, K. Wade Elliott, Sergei V. Dzyuba, Krisztina Varga Dec 2016

The Effects Of High Concentrations Of Ionic Liquid On Gb1 Protein Structure And Dynamics Probed By High-Resolution Magic-Angle-Spinning Nmr Spectroscopy, Lisa Warner, Erica Gjersing, Shelby E. Follett, K. Wade Elliott, Sergei V. Dzyuba, Krisztina Varga

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Ionic liquids have great potential in biological applications and biocatalysis, as some ionic liquids can stabilize proteins and enhance enzyme activity, while others have the opposite effect. However, on the molecular level, probing ionic liquid interactions with proteins, especially in solutions containing high concentrations of ionic liquids, has been challenging. In the present work the 13C, 15N-enriched GB1 model protein was used to demonstrate applicability of high-resolution magic-angle-spinning (HR-MAS) NMR spectroscopy to investigate ionic liquid–protein interactions. Effect of an ionic liquid (1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium bromide, [C4-mim]Br) on GB1was studied over a wide range of the ...


Structural Basis For The Recognition Of Spliceosomal Smn/B/B' Proteins By The Rbm5 Ocre Domain In Splicing Regulation, André Mourão, Sophie Bonnal, Komal Soni, Lisa Warner, Rémy Bordonné, Juan Valcárcel, Michael Sattler Nov 2016

Structural Basis For The Recognition Of Spliceosomal Smn/B/B' Proteins By The Rbm5 Ocre Domain In Splicing Regulation, André Mourão, Sophie Bonnal, Komal Soni, Lisa Warner, Rémy Bordonné, Juan Valcárcel, Michael Sattler

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

The multi-domain splicing factor RBM5 regulates the balance between antagonistic isoforms of the apoptosis-control genes FAS/CD95, Caspase-2 and AID. An OCRE (OCtamer REpeat of aromatic residues) domain found in RBM5 is important for alternative splicing regulation and mediates interactions with components of the U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP. We show that the RBM5 OCRE domain adopts a unique β–sheet fold. NMR and biochemical experiments demonstrate that the OCRE domain directly binds to the proline-rich C-terminal tail of the essential snRNP core proteins SmN/B/B’. The NMR structure of an OCRE-SmN peptide complex reveals a specific recognition of poly-proline ...


Co2-Fixing One-Carbon Metabolism In A Cellulose-Degrading Bacterium Clostridium Thermocellum, Wei Xiong, Paul P. Lin, Lisa Warner, James C. Liao, Pin-Ching Maness, Katherine J. Chou Nov 2016

Co2-Fixing One-Carbon Metabolism In A Cellulose-Degrading Bacterium Clostridium Thermocellum, Wei Xiong, Paul P. Lin, Lisa Warner, James C. Liao, Pin-Ching Maness, Katherine J. Chou

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Clostridium thermocellum can ferment cellulosic biomass to formate and other end products, including CO2. This organism lacks formate dehydrogenase (Fdh), which catalyzes the reduction of CO2 to formate. However, feeding the bacterium 13C-bicarbonate and cellobiose followed by NMR analysis showed the production of 13C-formate in C. thermocellum culture, indicating the presence of an uncharacterized pathway capable of converting CO2 to formate. Combining genomic and experimental data, we demonstrated that the conversion of CO2 to formate serves as a CO2 entry point into the reductive one-carbon (C1) metabolism, and internalizes CO2 via two ...


Palmitoyl Acyltransferase Dhhc21 Mediates Endothelial Dysfunction In Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome, Richard S. Beard Jr. Sep 2016

Palmitoyl Acyltransferase Dhhc21 Mediates Endothelial Dysfunction In Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome, Richard S. Beard Jr.

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of systemic inflammatory response underlying multiple organ failure. Here we report a novel function of DHHC-containing palmitoyl acyltransferases (PATs) in mediating endothelial inflammation. Pharmacological inhibition of PATs attenuates barrier leakage and leucocyte adhesion induced by endothelial junction hyperpermeability and ICAM-1 expression during inflammation. Among 11 DHHCs detected in vascular endothelium, DHHC21 is required for barrier response. Mice with DHHC21 function deficiency (Zdhhc21dep/dep) exhibit marked resistance to injury, characterized by reduced plasma leakage, decreased leucocyte adhesion and ameliorated lung pathology, culminating in improved survival. Endothelial cells from Zdhhc21dep/dep display blunted barrier dysfunction ...


Serum Proteins Enhance Dispersion Stability And Influence The Cytotoxicity And Dosimetry Of Zno Nanoparticles In Suspension And Adherent Cancer Cell Models, Catherine B. Anders, Jordan J. Chess, Denise G. Wingett, Alex Punnoose Nov 2015

Serum Proteins Enhance Dispersion Stability And Influence The Cytotoxicity And Dosimetry Of Zno Nanoparticles In Suspension And Adherent Cancer Cell Models, Catherine B. Anders, Jordan J. Chess, Denise G. Wingett, Alex Punnoose

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Agglomeration and sedimentation of nanoparticles (NPs) within biological solutions is a major limitation in their use in many downstream applications. It has been proposed that serum proteins associate with the NP surface to form a protein corona that limits agglomeration and sedimentation. Here, we investigate the effect of fetal bovine serum (FBS) proteins on the dispersion stability, dosimetry, and NP-induced cytotoxicity of cationic zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) synthesized via forced hydrolysis with a core size of 10 nm. Two different in vitro cell culture models, suspension and adherent, were evaluated by comparing a phosphate buffered saline (PBS) nZnO dispersion (nZnO ...


Wintering Bald Eagle Count Trends In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2010, Wade L. Eakle, Laura Bond, Mark R. Fuller, Richard A. Fischer, Karen Steenhof Sep 2015

Wintering Bald Eagle Count Trends In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2010, Wade L. Eakle, Laura Bond, Mark R. Fuller, Richard A. Fischer, Karen Steenhof

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

We analyzed counts from the annual Midwinter Bald Eagle Survey to examine state, regional, and national trends in counts of wintering Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) within the conterminous 48 United States from 1986 to 2010. Using hierarchical mixed model methods, we report trends in counts from 11 729 surveys along 844 routes in 44 states. Nationwide Bald Eagle counts increased 0.6% per yr over the 25-yr period, compared to an estimate of 1.9% per yr from 1986 to 2000. Trend estimates for Bald Eagles were significant (P ≤ 0.05) and positive in the northeastern and northwestern U.S ...


The Effect Of Osm On Mc3t3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells In Simulated Microgravity With Radiation, Jake Goyden, Ken Tawara, Danielle Hedeen, Jeffrey S. Willey, Julia Thom Oxford, Cheryl L. Jorcyk Jun 2015

The Effect Of Osm On Mc3t3-E1 Osteoblastic Cells In Simulated Microgravity With Radiation, Jake Goyden, Ken Tawara, Danielle Hedeen, Jeffrey S. Willey, Julia Thom Oxford, Cheryl L. Jorcyk

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Bone deterioration is a challenge in long-term spaceflight with significant connections to patients experiencing disuse bone loss. Prolonged unloading and radiation exposure, defining characteristics of space travel, have both been associated with changes in inflammatory signaling via IL-6 class cytokines in bone. While there is also evidence for perturbed IL-6 class signaling in spaceflight, there has been scant examination of the connections between microgravity, radiation, and inflammatory stimuli in bone. Our lab and others have shown that the IL-6 class cytokine oncostatin M (OSM) is an important regulator of bone remodeling. We hypothesize that simulated microgravity alters osteoblast OSM signaling ...


Trends In Midwinter Counts Of Bald Eagles In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2005, Karen Steenhof, Laura Bond, Leah L. Dunn Jan 2015

Trends In Midwinter Counts Of Bald Eagles In The Conterminous United States, 1986-2005, Karen Steenhof, Laura Bond, Leah L. Dunn

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Each January, several hundred individuals count eagles along standard, non-overlapping survey routes as part of a nationwide Midwinter Bald Eagle survey. Nationwide counts of eagles were coordinated by the National Wildlife Federation from 1979 until 1992, when the Bureau of Land Management’s Raptor Research and Technical Assistance Center assumed responsibility for overseeing the count. Responsibility for count coordination shifted to the National Biological Survey (1993-1996) and later to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Snake River Field Station.

Initial objectives of the survey were to establish an index to the total wintering Bald ...


A Lipid-Rich Gestational Diet Predisposes Offspring To Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Potential Sequence Of Events, Alexandria N. Hughes, Julia Thom Oxford Mar 2014

A Lipid-Rich Gestational Diet Predisposes Offspring To Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Potential Sequence Of Events, Alexandria N. Hughes, Julia Thom Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. It affects 20%–30% of the US population, and it is increasing worldwide. Recently, the role of lipid-rich maternal gestational nutrition in spurring the development of NAFLD among offspring has been indicated. Fetal predisposition to NAFLD involves numerous physiological reroutings that are initiated by increased delivery of nonesterified fatty acids to the fetal liver. Hampered ß-oxidation, uncontrolled oxidative stress, increased triacylglycerol synthesis, and the endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response are all implicated in sculpting a hepatic phenotype with a propensity to develop NAFLD in the postnatal state. This ...


Minor Fibrillar Collagens, Variable Regions Alternative Splicing, Intrinsic Disorder, And Tyrosine Sulfation, Ming Fang, Reed B. Jacob, Owen Mcdougal, Julia Oxford Jun 2012

Minor Fibrillar Collagens, Variable Regions Alternative Splicing, Intrinsic Disorder, And Tyrosine Sulfation, Ming Fang, Reed B. Jacob, Owen Mcdougal, Julia Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Minor fibrillar collagen types V and XI, are those less abundant than the fibrillar collagens types I, II and III. The alpha chains share a high degree of similarity with respect to protein sequence in all domains except the variable region. Genomic variation and, in some cases, extensive alternative splicing contribute to the unique sequence characteristics of the variable region. While unique expression patterns in tissues exist, the functions and biological relevance of the variable regions have not been elucidated. In this review, we summarize the existing knowledge about expression patterns and biological functions of the collagen types V and ...


Inhibition Of Proprotein Convertase Ski-1 Blocks Transcription Of Key Extracellular Matrix Genes Regulating Osteoblastic Mineralization, Jeff P. Gorski, Nichole T. Huffman, Sridar Chittur, Ronald J. Midura, Claudine Black, Julia Oxford, Nabil G. Seidah Jan 2011

Inhibition Of Proprotein Convertase Ski-1 Blocks Transcription Of Key Extracellular Matrix Genes Regulating Osteoblastic Mineralization, Jeff P. Gorski, Nichole T. Huffman, Sridar Chittur, Ronald J. Midura, Claudine Black, Julia Oxford, Nabil G. Seidah

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Mineralization, a characteristic phenotypic property of osteoblastic lineage cells, was blocked by AEBSF and dec-RRLL-cmk, inhibitors of SKI-1 (site 1; subtilisin kexin like-1) protease. Since SKI-1 is required for activation of SREBP and CREB/ATF family transcription factors, we tested the effect of these inhibitors on gene expression. AEBSF decreased expression of 140 genes by 1.5- to 3.0-fold including Phex, Dmp1, COL1A1, COL11A1 and fibronectin. Direct comparison of AEBSF and dec-RRLL-cmk, a more specific SKI-1 inhibitor, demonstrated that expression of Phex, Dmp1, COL11A1 and fibronectin was reduced by both while COL1A2 and HMGCS1 were reduced only by AEBSF ...


The Expression Patterns Of Minor Fibrillar Collagens During Development In Zebrafish, Ming Fang, Jason S. Adams, B. Lane Memahhan, Raquel J. Brown, Julia Oxford Oct 2010

The Expression Patterns Of Minor Fibrillar Collagens During Development In Zebrafish, Ming Fang, Jason S. Adams, B. Lane Memahhan, Raquel J. Brown, Julia Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Minor fibrillar collagens are recognized as the organizers and nucleators during collagen fibrillogenesis but likely serve additional functions. The minor fibrillar collagens include collagens type V and type XI. Mutations of collagen type V and XI can cause Ehlers Danlos, Stickler's, and Marshall's syndromes in human. We have characterized the spatiotemporal expression patterns of Col11a1, Col11a2, Col5a1 as well as Col5a3 in zebrafish embryos by in situ hybridization. Col5a1 is expressed in developing somites, neural crest, the head mesenchyme, developing cranial cartilage, pharyngeal arches and vertebrae. Col5a3 is detected in the notochord, mesenchyme cells in the eyes and ...


Differential Expression Of Collagen Type V And Xi Α-1 In Human Ascending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Julia Thom Oxford Aug 2009

Differential Expression Of Collagen Type V And Xi Α-1 In Human Ascending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Julia Thom Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Background—The molecular mechanisms leading to ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAAs) remain unknown. We hypothesized that alterations in expression levels of specific fibrillar collagens occur during the aneurysmal process.

Methods—Surgical samples from ascending aortas from patients with degenerative ATAAs were subdivided by aneurysm diameter: small, 5 to 6 cm; medium, 6 to 7 cm; and large, greater than 7 cm; and compared with nonaneurysmal aortas (mean diameter, 2.3 cm).

Results—Histology, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy demonstrated greater disorganization of extracellular matrix constituents in ATAAs as compared with control with an increase in collagen α1(XI) within regions of ...


Collagen 11a1 Is Indirectly Activated By Lymphocyte Enhancer-Binding Factor 1 (Lef1) And Negatively Regulates Osteoblast Maturation, Rachel A. Kahler, Sorcha M.C. Yingst, Luke H. Hoeppner, Eric D. Jensen, David Krawczak, Julia T. Oxford, Jennifer J. Westendorf May 2008

Collagen 11a1 Is Indirectly Activated By Lymphocyte Enhancer-Binding Factor 1 (Lef1) And Negatively Regulates Osteoblast Maturation, Rachel A. Kahler, Sorcha M.C. Yingst, Luke H. Hoeppner, Eric D. Jensen, David Krawczak, Julia T. Oxford, Jennifer J. Westendorf

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Alpha 1 (XI) collagen (Col11a1) is essential for normal skeletal development. Mutations in Col11a1 cause Marshall and Stickler syndromes, characterized by craniofacial abnormalities, nearsightedness and hearing abnormalities. Despite its link to human diseases, few studies have characterized the factors that control Col11a1 transcription. We previously identified Col11a1 as a differentially expressed gene in Lef1-suppressed MC3T3 preosteoblasts. Here we report that Lef1 activates the Col11a1 promoter. This activation is dependent upon the DNA binding domain of Lef1, but does not require the ß-catenin interaction domain, suggesting that it is not responsive to Wnt signals. Targeted deletion of Col11a1 with an antisense ...


Interaction Between Amino Propeptides Of Type Xi Procollagen 1 Chains, Julia T. Oxford Mar 2004

Interaction Between Amino Propeptides Of Type Xi Procollagen 1 Chains, Julia T. Oxford

Biomolecular Research Center Publications and Presentations

Type XI collagen is a quantitatively minor yet essential constituent of the cartilage extracellular matrix. The amino propeptide of the 1 chain remains attached to the rest of the molecule for a longer period of time after synthesis than the other amino propeptides of type XI collagen and has been localized to the surface of thin collagen fibrils. Yeast two-hybrid system was used to demonstrate that a homodimer of 1(XI) amino propeptide (1(XI)Npp) could form in vivo. Interaction was also confirmed using multi-angle laser light scattering, detecting an absolute weight average molar mass ranging from the size ...