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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology
Computational Investigations Into The Molecular Underpinnings Of Eyesight Signaling Pathways, Shaan Kamal
University Scholar Projects
Phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6) is a critical enzyme in the eyesight-signaling pathway. When activated, PDE6 hydrolyzes cGMP to GMP, which deactivates cGMP- gated ion channels, causing hyperpolarization of the cell and activating the sensory neurons responsible for vision. Within the PDE family, PDE6 is the only enzyme known to have an inhibitory subunit (PDE6-γ), which allows for the regulation of cGMP levels. When PDE6-γ is bound to PDE6, the enzyme is turned “off” and cannot catalyze cGMP. The α subunit of the G-protein transducin removes PDE6-γ and activates PDE6. PDE6 has proven problematic to isolate, making it difficult to study experimentally ...