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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Optimization Of Expression And Purification Of The Rig-I-Like-Receptor, Lgp2, Srinath-Reddi Pingle May 2016

Optimization Of Expression And Purification Of The Rig-I-Like-Receptor, Lgp2, Srinath-Reddi Pingle

University Scholar Projects

The innate immune system is one of the first lines of defense against pathogens. RIG-I like receptors (RLRs) are a class of cytosolic receptors that recognize molecular patterns of invading pathogens and signal for downstream interferon induction. The RLR family consists of three proteins, RIG-I, MDA5, and LGP2. MDA5 and LGP2 work together to recognize and bind long viral dsRNA. LGP2 is thought to regulate MDA5 activation, but little is understood about this process. Characterization of the mechanism of action of these receptors requires careful biophysical and biochemical analyses. I have developed expression and purification of methods LGP2 and MDA5 ...


Characterization And Target Identification Of Ak301: A Novel Mitotic Arrest Agent, Michael J. Bond, Avijeet S. Chopra, Marina Bleiler, Michelle Yeagley, Eric Scocchera Apr 2016

Characterization And Target Identification Of Ak301: A Novel Mitotic Arrest Agent, Michael J. Bond, Avijeet S. Chopra, Marina Bleiler, Michelle Yeagley, Eric Scocchera

University Scholar Projects

The Giardina Laboratory has recently identified AK301 as a novel mitotic arrest agent. This work aimed to characterize the arrest state induced by AK301 (EC50 ~ 150nM) and identify the cellar targets responsible for the arrest. It was found that AK301 arrest is readily reversible upon withdrawal of AK301. Cells that slip from mitosis after removal of AK301 are sensitized to apoptosis. This was found to be unique for AK301 when compared to other mitotic arrest agents like colchicine, vincristine, and BI2536. Arrested cells were found to have increased ATM activity as well as an upregulation of p53 and several ...