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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Optimization Of Expression And Purification Of The Rig-I-Like-Receptor, Lgp2, Srinath-Reddi Pingle May 2016

Optimization Of Expression And Purification Of The Rig-I-Like-Receptor, Lgp2, Srinath-Reddi Pingle

University Scholar Projects

The innate immune system is one of the first lines of defense against pathogens. RIG-I like receptors (RLRs) are a class of cytosolic receptors that recognize molecular patterns of invading pathogens and signal for downstream interferon induction. The RLR family consists of three proteins, RIG-I, MDA5, and LGP2. MDA5 and LGP2 work together to recognize and bind long viral dsRNA. LGP2 is thought to regulate MDA5 activation, but little is understood about this process. Characterization of the mechanism of action of these receptors requires careful biophysical and biochemical analyses. I have developed expression and purification of methods LGP2 and MDA5 ...


Stability Of Norwalk Virus Capsid Protein Interfaces Evaluated By In Silico Nanoindentation, Prakhar Bansal May 2016

Stability Of Norwalk Virus Capsid Protein Interfaces Evaluated By In Silico Nanoindentation, Prakhar Bansal

University Scholar Projects

Studying the mechanical properties of viral capsids can give several insights into not only the lifecycle of the virus, but also into potential drug targets to thwart the progression of viral infection. Nanoindentation using an atomic force microscope is a useful technique for determining structural properties of small molecules and particles, and is commonly used to study viral capsids. This technique utilizes the probe of the microscope to push down on the capsid and record the forces along the indentation path. We ran this experiment in silico where we simulated the nanoindentation of Norwalk virus capsids using molecular dynamics. Running ...


Characterization Of Induced Rnai Silencing Of Vaccinia Virus Essential Genes, Kewa Jiang May 2016

Characterization Of Induced Rnai Silencing Of Vaccinia Virus Essential Genes, Kewa Jiang

University Scholar Projects

Vaccinia virus (VACV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus and the prototypical member of the family Poxviridae and is most notable for its use as the vaccine that eradicated smallpox (variola virus). More recently, VACV has been used to develop recombinant vaccines and immunotherapies. However, many of these processes require VACV replication to be tightly controlled. RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool for in vitro silencing of mRNAs that are complimentary to 19-21 base pairs (bp) of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). This project outlines the design and preliminary analysis of two inducible RNAi silencing constructs targeting multiple VACV essential genes ...


Computational Investigations Into The Molecular Underpinnings Of Eyesight Signaling Pathways, Shaan Kamal May 2016

Computational Investigations Into The Molecular Underpinnings Of Eyesight Signaling Pathways, Shaan Kamal

University Scholar Projects

Phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6) is a critical enzyme in the eyesight-signaling pathway. When activated, PDE6 hydrolyzes cGMP to GMP, which deactivates cGMP- gated ion channels, causing hyperpolarization of the cell and activating the sensory neurons responsible for vision. Within the PDE family, PDE6 is the only enzyme known to have an inhibitory subunit (PDE6-γ), which allows for the regulation of cGMP levels. When PDE6-γ is bound to PDE6, the enzyme is turned “off” and cannot catalyze cGMP. The α subunit of the G-protein transducin removes PDE6-γ and activates PDE6. PDE6 has proven problematic to isolate, making it difficult to study experimentally ...


Characterization And Target Identification Of Ak301: A Novel Mitotic Arrest Agent, Michael J. Bond, Avijeet S. Chopra, Marina Bleiler, Michelle Yeagley, Eric Scocchera Apr 2016

Characterization And Target Identification Of Ak301: A Novel Mitotic Arrest Agent, Michael J. Bond, Avijeet S. Chopra, Marina Bleiler, Michelle Yeagley, Eric Scocchera

University Scholar Projects

The Giardina Laboratory has recently identified AK301 as a novel mitotic arrest agent. This work aimed to characterize the arrest state induced by AK301 (EC50 ~ 150nM) and identify the cellar targets responsible for the arrest. It was found that AK301 arrest is readily reversible upon withdrawal of AK301. Cells that slip from mitosis after removal of AK301 are sensitized to apoptosis. This was found to be unique for AK301 when compared to other mitotic arrest agents like colchicine, vincristine, and BI2536. Arrested cells were found to have increased ATM activity as well as an upregulation of p53 and several ...


The Emergence Of The Zika, Chikungunya, And Dengue Viruses In Brazil, The Dominican Republic, And Puerto Rico, Nelson Xavier Del Pilar Apr 2016

The Emergence Of The Zika, Chikungunya, And Dengue Viruses In Brazil, The Dominican Republic, And Puerto Rico, Nelson Xavier Del Pilar

Honors Scholar Theses

The Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue viruses are three emerging viral infections of the 21st century. Outbreaks have occurred in twenty countries, including areas of South America, and territories in the Caribbean. These viral diseases are mosquito-borne infections transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The origins of the diseases, viral morphology, and vector transmission will be described in this review as well as symptoms that humans experience, medical testing procedures, and preventative measures. This study will focus on three locations: Brazil, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. There are many similarities between the three viruses to emphasize, but ...