Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Structural And Functional Effect Of Phosphorylation On Ampa Receptors, Caitlin E. Nurik Aug 2017

Structural And Functional Effect Of Phosphorylation On Ampa Receptors, Caitlin E. Nurik

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Structural and Functional Effect of Phosphorylation on AMPA Receptors

Cailtin Edmunds show you, BA

Advisory Professor: Vasanthi Jayaraman, Ph. D.

The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor is the primary contributor to neuronal fast excitatory transmission, and plays a key role in learning and memory. Previous studies have established that residues S818, S831, and T840 in the C-terminal segment of GluA1 homomeric AMPA receptor are phosphorylated by PKC, and phosphorylation at these sites leads to an increase in receptor conductance. We show that the domain inclusive of those sites alters its secondary structure due to phosphorylation (using glutamate substitution as a mimic ...


Phopsphorylation And Ubiquitin Modification At Dna Damage Sites In Response To Double-Strand Breaks, Atanu Paul May 2017

Phopsphorylation And Ubiquitin Modification At Dna Damage Sites In Response To Double-Strand Breaks, Atanu Paul

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Genomes of all organisms are continuously damaged by numerous exogenous and endogenous sources leading to different kinds of DNA lesions, which if not repaired efficiently may trigger wide-scale genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer development. To overcome this, cells have evolved a sophisticated sensory network called the DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of a large number of distinct protein complexes categorized as sensor, mediator, transducer and effector proteins that amplify the DNA damage signal and activate cell cycle checkpoint to initiate DNA repair or trigger apoptosis where the defect is beyond repair. This intricate signaling pathway is tightly regulated by ...


The Role Of Phosphorylation In Pam2 Motif-Containing Proteins Mediated Messenger Rna Deadenylation, Kai-Lieh Huang Dec 2016

The Role Of Phosphorylation In Pam2 Motif-Containing Proteins Mediated Messenger Rna Deadenylation, Kai-Lieh Huang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Phosphorylation regulates many cellular processes. However, its role in mRNA deadenylation, a process to remove poly adenosines from the mature mRNA 3’ end tail, is unclear. The length of poly(A) tail determines mRNA stability and translation efficiency. Poly(A)-binding protein (PABP), which binds to newly synthesized poly(A) tails homogeneously and is known as a scaffold protein for PAM2 motif-containing proteins, plays a pivotal role in the shortening of poly (A) tails. This study is to examine the role of phosphorylation of PAM2 motif–containing proteins in regulating their interactions with PABP and mRNA deadenylation function.

The PAM2 ...


Role Of Phosphorylation In The Regulation Of Prmt5, Alexsandra B. Espejo Sep 2016

Role Of Phosphorylation In The Regulation Of Prmt5, Alexsandra B. Espejo

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

PRMT5 is a member of a group of proteins that mediate arginine methylation. It is involved in diverse cellular processes, including cell differentiation, splicing, transcription elongation and epigenetic silencing, and its expression is dysregulated in many cancers. Due to its pleiotropic functions, PRMT5 is subject to multi-level regulation. Post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins can modulate an array of cellular processes by regulating both protein interactions and protein structural changes. PRMT5 is commonly found associated with other proteins; these interactions seem to control both its catalytic activity and its substrate specificity. Recently, it became clear that PRMT5 is phosphorylated at a ...


Regulation Of Set1-Mediated Methylation Of Dam1, John A. Latham May 2011

Regulation Of Set1-Mediated Methylation Of Dam1, John A. Latham

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Eukaryotic genomes exist within a dynamic structure named chromatin in which DNA is wrapped around an octamer of histones forming the nucleosome. Histones are modified by a range of posttranslational modifications including methylation, phosphorylation, and ubiquitination, which are integral to a range of DNA-templated processes including transcriptional regulation. A hallmark for transcriptional activity is methylation of histone H3 on lysine (K) 4 within active gene promoters. In S. cerevisiae, H3K4 methylation is mediated by Set1 within the COMPASS complex. Methylation requires prior ubiquitination of histone H2BK123 by the E2-E3 ligases Rad6 and Bre1, as well as the Paf1 transcriptional elongation ...