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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Investigation Of The Role Of The Scaffold Protein Shc In Erk Signaling, Kin Man Suen May 2015

Investigation Of The Role Of The Scaffold Protein Shc In Erk Signaling, Kin Man Suen

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cells respond to environmental changes by converting extracellular signals into intracellular events. Scaffolding proteins play important roles in generating specificity in intracellular signaling through the combinatorial use of protein domains and posttranslational modifications. Using the scaffold Shc (Src-homology collagen-like) as a model system, we explored novel mechanisms whereby this class of protein shapes signaling output. In the present work, we focused on the role of Shc in the MAP kinase Erk signaling both prior to and post-growth factor stimulation. Prior to growth factor stimulation, we found Erk to be a direct interacting partner of Shc. The two proteins associate through ...


Roles For B-Raf Kinase In The Specific Regulation Of Α4Β1 Integrin In T Cells, Wells S. Brown Aug 2014

Roles For B-Raf Kinase In The Specific Regulation Of Α4Β1 Integrin In T Cells, Wells S. Brown

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The regulation of integrin-mediated adhesion is of vital importance to adaptive and innate immunity. Integrins are versatile proteins and mediate T cell migration and trafficking by binding to ECM or other cells, as well as initiating intracellular signaling cascades promoting survival or activation. The mitogen activated-protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is known to be downstream from integrins and regulate survival, differentiation, and motility. However, secondary roles for canonical MAPK pathway members are being discovered. We show chemical inhibition of RAF by Sorafenib or shRNA-mediated knockdown of B-Raf reduces T cell resistance to shear stress to α4β1 integrin ligands vascular cell adhesion ...


Role And Regulation Of Epha2 In Pancreatic Cancer, Pavel A. Levin Aug 2010

Role And Regulation Of Epha2 In Pancreatic Cancer, Pavel A. Levin

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cancer cause of death in the US. Gemcitabine is the first-line therapy for this disease, but unfortunately it shows only very modest benefit. The focus of the current study was to investigate the role and regulation of EphA2, a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in PDAC, to further understand this disease and identify new therapeutic targets.

The role of EphA2 was determined in PDAC by siRNA mediated silencing. In combination with gemcitabine, silencing of EphA2 caused a dramatic increase in apoptosis even in highly resistant cells in vitro. Furthermore, EphA2 silencing was found ...