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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Altering Nitric Oxide Bioavailability And Lipid Profiles In Endothelial Cells By Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Particulate Matter, Liang Yu Jul 2011

Altering Nitric Oxide Bioavailability And Lipid Profiles In Endothelial Cells By Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Particulate Matter, Liang Yu

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated a significant association between exposure to particulate matter (PM) and atherosclerosis. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) present in particulate matter, are well known to induce oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation via generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Lipid peroxidation involves regulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase via inhibition of its activity, and as a result, mediates dilation of coronary arterioles is involved with the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, data on assessment of oxidized lipid formation is limited due to low resolution of mass spectrometer methods. Taking the advantage of a Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer (FT-ICR-MS ...


Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase And Growth Factor Regulation Of Flow-Mediated Vascular Remodeling, David Anthony Tulis Jul 1997

Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase And Growth Factor Regulation Of Flow-Mediated Vascular Remodeling, David Anthony Tulis

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

This study was designed to characterize structural remodeling of male Wistar rat mesenteric arteries exposed to elevated blood flow in vivo for 1, 3, or 7 days. A series of arterial ligations induced blood flow increases in ileal and second-order branch arteries compared to same animal control vessels. Neither mean carotid nor local mesenteric arterial pressures changed significantly pre- to post-ligation. The primary flow-mediated force in both vessels was shear stress with possible involvement of acute stretch-induced wall stress in the ileal artery. Significant luminal expansion and medial wall hypertrophy occurred in the ileal and second-order arteries in a time-dependent ...