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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

2000

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Two Dimensional Models Of Tumor Angiogenesis , Serdal Pamuk Jan 2000

Two Dimensional Models Of Tumor Angiogenesis , Serdal Pamuk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Angiogenesis, the formation of new capillaries from pre-existing vessels, is essential for tumor progression. It is critical for the growth of primary cancers. In this thesis we present a new approach to angiogenesis, based on the theory of reinforced random walks, coupled with a Michaelis-Menten type mechanism. This views the endothelial cell receptors as the catalyst for transforming angiogenic factor into proteolytic enzyme in order to model the first stage. In our model we use a curvature-induced proliferation term for the endothelial cell equation. Our numerical results indicate that the proliferation of endothelial cells is high at the tip. Also ...


Analytical Chemistry At The Interface Between Materials Science And Biology , Janese Christine O'Brien Jan 2000

Analytical Chemistry At The Interface Between Materials Science And Biology , Janese Christine O'Brien

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work describes several research efforts that lie at the new interfaces between analytical chemistry and other disciplines, namely materials science and biology. In the materials science realm, the search for new materials that may have useful or unique chromatographic properties motivated the synthesis and characterization of electrically conductive sol-gels. In the biology realm, the search for new surface fabrication schemes that would permit or even improve the detection of specific biological reactions motivated the design of miniaturized biological arrays. Collectively, this work represents some of analytical chemistry's newest forays into these disciplines;This dissertation is divided into six ...


Genetic Variation And Evolution Of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus Rev Quasispecies During Long Term Persistent Infection , Prasith Baccam Jan 2000

Genetic Variation And Evolution Of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus Rev Quasispecies During Long Term Persistent Infection , Prasith Baccam

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Genetic variation has been observed in many viruses. Viruses that carry their genetic information in the form of RNA exhibit high mutation rates because the viral polymerase lacks proof-reading mechanisms commonly found in DNA polymerase complexes. The combination of high mutation rates, small genome size, and high replication rates results in a population of closely related viral genotypes, which are commonly referred to as a quasispecies. A consequence of the genetic variation in viruses is possible variation in viral phenotype of the quasispecies population. Furthermore, changes in viral phenotype may be a biologically important factor in progression of disease. Here ...


Interactions And Electron-Transfer Reactions Between Metalloproteins , Milan Miroslav Crnogorac Jan 2000

Interactions And Electron-Transfer Reactions Between Metalloproteins , Milan Miroslav Crnogorac

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Electron-transfer reactions are essential for life. Because metalloproteins are involved in electron transport in the cell, it is important to understand the factors that affect recognition, interaction, and reactions of these electron carriers. Cytochrome c is well-characterized electron-carrier protein. The heme protein cytochrome c and the blue-copper protein plastocyanin are well suited for kinetic and mechanistic studies since their structures are known in detail;We investigated the effects of site-directed mutations and viscosity on rate-limiting rearrangement within the complex of cytochrome c and plastocyanin and identified the reactive configuration of the complex. In the reactive configuration of the complex cytochrome ...