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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Analysis Of Viral Proteins Of Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus In Host Protection And Early Virus-Cell Interactions , Yanjin Zhang Jan 1998

Analysis Of Viral Proteins Of Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus In Host Protection And Early Virus-Cell Interactions , Yanjin Zhang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The viral proteins of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) were expressed in a baculovirus expression system. They were evaluated for protection of pigs against the respiratory disease and for function in virus-cell interactions. The open reading frames 2 to 6 products were confirmed to be membrane associated proteins as they were detected on the surface of viable insect cells by an immunofluorescence assay. Immunization of pigs with vaccines comprised of a combination of GP2, GP3 and GP4 or a combination of GP5, M and N proteins induced partial protection, but immunization with combination of GP5 and M proteins ...


Hole Burning With Pressure And Electric Field: A Window On The Electronic Structure And Energy Transfer Dynamics Of Bacterial Antenna Complexes , Hsing-Mei Wu Jan 1998

Hole Burning With Pressure And Electric Field: A Window On The Electronic Structure And Energy Transfer Dynamics Of Bacterial Antenna Complexes , Hsing-Mei Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Light-harvesting complexes of cyclic symmetry from purple bacteria are studied using absorption and high pressure- and Stark-hole burning spectroscopies. The B800→B850 energy transfer rate of (~2 ps)-1 determined by hole burning and pump-probe spectroscopies is weakly dependent on B800-B850 energy gap varied by pressure and temperature. This resilience is explained in terms of a modified Forster theory with the spectral overlap provided by the B800 fluorescence origin band and weak vibronic absorption of B850. Explanations for the additional sub-picosecond relaxation channel of B800 with excitation on the blue side are given. Pressure and temperature dependent studies show that ...


X-Ray Crystallographic Studies On Adenylosuccinate Synthetase From Escherichia Coli , Zhenglin Hou Jan 1998

X-Ray Crystallographic Studies On Adenylosuccinate Synthetase From Escherichia Coli , Zhenglin Hou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adenylosuccinate synthetase catalyzes the first committed step in de novo biosyntheses of AMP from IMP and aspartate, using GTP as the energy source. Metal cations, ligand-induced conformational transitions and metabolic effectors significantly influence the catalytic potential of the synthetase. The Mg2+, Mn2+, or Ca 2+ bind to the same site, coordinating alpha-, beta-, and gamma-phosphoryl groups of GTP. The level of catalysis supported by each cation is linked to its influence on the basicity of Asp13, a residue which abstracts the proton from N1 of IMP. Zn2+, a potent inhibitor of the synthetase, coordinates the beta- and gamma-phosphoryl groups of ...