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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Tertiary Alphabet For The Observable Protein Structural Universe, Craig\ O. Mackenzie, Jianfu Zhou, Gevorg Grigoryan Nov 2016

Tertiary Alphabet For The Observable Protein Structural Universe, Craig\ O. Mackenzie, Jianfu Zhou, Gevorg Grigoryan

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Here, we systematically decompose the known protein structural universe into its basic elements, which we dub tertiary structural motifs (TERMs). A TERM is a compact backbone fragment that captures the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary environments around a given residue, comprising one or more disjoint segments (three on average). We seek the set of universal TERMs that capture all structure in the Protein Data Bank (PDB), finding remarkable degeneracy. Only ∼600 TERMs are sufficient to describe 50% of the PDB at sub-Angstrom resolution. However, more rare geometries also exist, and the overall structural coverage grows logarithmically with the number of TERMs ...


Dissection Of Molecular Assembly Dynamics By Tracking Orientation And Position Of Single Molecules In Live Cells, Shalin B. Mehta, Molly Mcquilken, Patrick J. La Riviere, Patricia Occhipinti, Amitabh Verma, Rudolf Oldenbourg, Amy Gladfelter, Tomomi Tani Sep 2016

Dissection Of Molecular Assembly Dynamics By Tracking Orientation And Position Of Single Molecules In Live Cells, Shalin B. Mehta, Molly Mcquilken, Patrick J. La Riviere, Patricia Occhipinti, Amitabh Verma, Rudolf Oldenbourg, Amy Gladfelter, Tomomi Tani

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Regulation of order, such as orientation and conformation, drives the function of most molecular assemblies in living cells but remains difficult to measure accurately through space and time. We built an instantaneous fluorescence polarization microscope, which simultaneously images position and orientation of fluorophores in living cells with single-molecule sensitivity and a time resolution of 100 ms. We developed image acquisition and analysis methods to track single particles that interact with higher-order assemblies of molecules. We tracked the fluctuations in position and orientation of molecules from the level of an ensemble of fluorophores down to single fluorophores. We tested our system ...


Flow-Dependent Myosin Recruitment During Drosophila Cellularization Requires Zygotic Dunk Activity, Bing He, Adam Martin, Eric Wieschaus May 2016

Flow-Dependent Myosin Recruitment During Drosophila Cellularization Requires Zygotic Dunk Activity, Bing He, Adam Martin, Eric Wieschaus

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Actomyosin contractility underlies force generation in morphogenesis ranging from cytokinesis to epithelial extension or invagination. In Drosophila, the cleavage of the syncytial blastoderm is initiated by an actomyosin network at the base of membrane furrows that invaginate from the surface of the embryo. It remains unclear how this network forms and how it affects tissue mechanics. Here, we show that during Drosophila cleavage, myosin recruitment to the cleavage furrows proceeds in temporally distinct phases of tension-driven cortical flow and direct recruitment, regulated by different zygotic genes. We identify the gene dunk, which we show is transiently transcribed when cellularization starts ...


Data Publication With The Structural Biology Data Grid Supports Live Analysis, Peter A. Meyer, Stephanie Socias, Jason Key, Elizabeth Ransey, Emily C. Tjon, Alejandro Buschiazzo, Ming Lei, Chris Botka, James Withrow, David Neau, Kanagalaghatta Rajashankar, Karen S. Anderson, Chung-I Chang, Walter J. Chazin, Kevin D. Corbett, Michael S. Cosgrove, Sean Crosson, Sirano Dhe-Paganon, Enrico Di Cera, Catherine L. Drennan, Michael J. Eck, Brandt F. Eichman, Qing R. Fan, Adrian R. Ferre-D’Amare, J. Christopher Fromme, K. Christopher Garcia, Rachelle Gaudet, Peng Gong, Stephen C. Harrison, Ekaterina E. Heldwein, Zongchao Jia, Robert J. Keenan, Andrew C. Kruse, Marc Kvansaku, Jason S. Mclellan Mar 2016

Data Publication With The Structural Biology Data Grid Supports Live Analysis, Peter A. Meyer, Stephanie Socias, Jason Key, Elizabeth Ransey, Emily C. Tjon, Alejandro Buschiazzo, Ming Lei, Chris Botka, James Withrow, David Neau, Kanagalaghatta Rajashankar, Karen S. Anderson, Chung-I Chang, Walter J. Chazin, Kevin D. Corbett, Michael S. Cosgrove, Sean Crosson, Sirano Dhe-Paganon, Enrico Di Cera, Catherine L. Drennan, Michael J. Eck, Brandt F. Eichman, Qing R. Fan, Adrian R. Ferre-D’Amare, J. Christopher Fromme, K. Christopher Garcia, Rachelle Gaudet, Peng Gong, Stephen C. Harrison, Ekaterina E. Heldwein, Zongchao Jia, Robert J. Keenan, Andrew C. Kruse, Marc Kvansaku, Jason S. Mclellan

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Access to experimental X-ray diffraction image data is fundamental for validation and reproduction of macromolecular models and indispensable for development of structural biology processing methods. Here, we established a diffraction data publication and dissemination system, Structural Biology Data Grid (SBDG; data.sbgrid.org), to preserve primary experimental data sets that support scientific publications. Data sets are accessible to researchers through a community driven data grid, which facilitates global data access. Our analysis of a pilot collection of crystallographic data sets demonstrates that the information archived by SBDG is sufficient to reprocess data to statistics that meet or exceed the quality ...


Analysis Of Lung Microbiota In Bronchoalveolar Lavage, Protected Brush And Sputum Samples From Subjects With Mild-To-Moderate Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease, Deborah A. Hogan, Sven D. Willger, Emily L. Dolben, Thomas H. Hampton, Bruce A. Stanton, Hilary G. Morrison, Mitchell L. Sogin, Julianna Czum, Alix Ashare, Michael Tunney Mar 2016

Analysis Of Lung Microbiota In Bronchoalveolar Lavage, Protected Brush And Sputum Samples From Subjects With Mild-To-Moderate Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease, Deborah A. Hogan, Sven D. Willger, Emily L. Dolben, Thomas H. Hampton, Bruce A. Stanton, Hilary G. Morrison, Mitchell L. Sogin, Julianna Czum, Alix Ashare, Michael Tunney

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) often acquire chronic lung infections that lead to irrevers- ible damage. We sought to examine regional variation in the microbial communities in the lungs of individuals with mild-to-moderate CF lung disease, to examine the relationship between the local microbiota and local damage, and to determine the relationships between microbiota in samples taken directly from the lung and the microbiota in spontaneously expectorated sputum. In this initial study, nine stable, adult CF patients with an FEV1>50% underwent regional sampling of different lobes of the right lung by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and protected brush (PB) sampling ...