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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Ets-Core Binding Factor: A Common Composite Motif In Antigen Receptor Gene Enhancers, Batu Erman, Marta Cortes, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Nancy A. Speck, Ranjan Sen Dec 1997

Ets-Core Binding Factor: A Common Composite Motif In Antigen Receptor Gene Enhancers, Batu Erman, Marta Cortes, Barbara S. Nikolajczyk, Nancy A. Speck, Ranjan Sen

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

A tripartite domain of the murine immunoglobulin μ heavy-chain enhancer contains the μA and μB elements that bind ETS proteins and the μE3 element that binds leucine zipper-containing basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH-zip) factors. Analysis of the corresponding region of the human μ enhancer revealed high conservation of the μA and μB motifs but a striking absence of the μE3 element. Instead of bHLH-zip proteins, we found that the human enhancer bound core binding factor (CBF) between the μA and μB elements; CBF binding was shown to be a common feature of both murine and human enhancers. Furthermore, mutant enhancers that bound ...


Both An N-Terminal 65-Kda Domain And A C-Terminal 30-Kda Domain Of Seca Cycle Into The Membrane At Secyeg During Translocation, Jerry Eichler, William Wickner Apr 1997

Both An N-Terminal 65-Kda Domain And A C-Terminal 30-Kda Domain Of Seca Cycle Into The Membrane At Secyeg During Translocation, Jerry Eichler, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

SecA, a 102-kDa hydrophilic protein, couples the energy of ATP binding to the translocation of preprotein across the bacterial inner membrane. SecA function and topology were studied with metabolically labeled [35S]SecA and with inner membrane vesicles from cells that overex- pressed SecYEGDFyajC, the integral domain of preprotein translocase. During translocation in the presence of ATP and preprotein, a 65-kDa N-terminal domain of SecA is protected from proteolytic digestion through insertion into the mem- brane, as previously reported for a 30-kDa C-terminal domain [Economou, A. & Wickner, W. (1994) Cell 78, 835–843]. Insertion of both domains occurs at saturable SecYEGDFyajC ...


I2b Is A Small Cytosolic Protein That Participates In Vacuole Fusion, Paul Slusarewicz, Zuoyu Xu, Kimberly Seefeld, Albert Haas, William T. Wickner Mar 1997

I2b Is A Small Cytosolic Protein That Participates In Vacuole Fusion, Paul Slusarewicz, Zuoyu Xu, Kimberly Seefeld, Albert Haas, William T. Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Saccharomyces cerevisiae vacuole inheritance requires two low molecular weight activities, LMA1 and LMA2. LMA1 is a heterodimer of thioredoxin and protease B inhibitor 2 (IB2). Here we show that the second low molecular weight activity (LMA2) is monomeric IB2. Though LMA2 / IB2 was initially identified as a protease B inhibitor, this protease inhibitor activity is not related to its ability to promote vacuole fusion: ( i ) Low M r protease B inhibitors cannot substitute for LMA1 or LMA2, ( ii ) LMA1 and LMA2 promote the fusionof vacuoles from a strain that has no protease B, ( iii ...


A Heterodimer Of Thioredoxin And Ib2 Cooperates With Sec18p (Nsf) To Promote Yeast Vacuole Inheritance, Zuoyu Xu, Andreas Mayer, Eric Muller, William Wickner Jan 1997

A Heterodimer Of Thioredoxin And Ib2 Cooperates With Sec18p (Nsf) To Promote Yeast Vacuole Inheritance, Zuoyu Xu, Andreas Mayer, Eric Muller, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Early in S phase, the vacuole (lysosome) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae projects a stream of vesicles and membranous tubules into the bud where they fuse and establish the daughter vacuole. This inheritance reaction can be studied in vitro with isolated vacuoles. Rapid and efficient homotypic fusion between saltwashed vacuoles requires the addition of only two purified soluble proteins, Sec18p (NSF) and LMA1, a novel heterodimer with a thioredoxin subunit. We now report the identity of the second subunit of LMA1 as IB2, a previously identified cytosolic inhibitor of vacuolar proteinase B. Both subunits are needed for efficient vacuole inheritance in vivo ...


Docking Of Yeast Vacuoles Is Catalyzed By The Ras-Like Gtpase Ypt7p After Symmetric Priming By Sec18p (Nsf), Andreas Mayer, William Wickner Jan 1997

Docking Of Yeast Vacuoles Is Catalyzed By The Ras-Like Gtpase Ypt7p After Symmetric Priming By Sec18p (Nsf), Andreas Mayer, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Vacuole inheritance in yeast involves the for- mation of tubular and vesicular “segregation struc- tures” which migrate into the bud and fuse there to es- tablish the daughter cell vacuole. Vacuole fusion has been reconstituted in vitro and may be used as a model for an NSF-dependent reaction of priming, docking, and fusion. We have developed biochemical and micro- scopic assays for the docking step of in vitro vacuole fusion and characterized its requirements. The vacu- oles must be primed for docking by the action of Sec17p ( a -SNAP) and Sec18p (NSF). Priming is neces- sary for both fusion partners ...