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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Primary Structure Of A Fungal Chitin Deacetylase Reveals The Function For Two Bacterial Gene Products., Dimitris Kafetzopoulos, George Thireos, John N. Vournakis, Vassilis Bouriotis Sep 1993

The Primary Structure Of A Fungal Chitin Deacetylase Reveals The Function For Two Bacterial Gene Products., Dimitris Kafetzopoulos, George Thireos, John N. Vournakis, Vassilis Bouriotis

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Chitin deacetylase (EC 3.5.1.41) hydrolyzes the N-acetamido groups of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitin. A cDNA to the Mucor rouxii mRNA encoding chitin deacetylase was isolated, characterized, and sequenced. Protein sequence comparisons revealed significant similarities of the fungal chitin deacetylase to rhizobial nodB proteins and to an uncharacterized protein encoded by a Bacillus stearothermophilus open reading frame. These data suggest the functional homology of these evolutionarily distant proteins. NodB is a chitooligosaccharide deacetylase essential for the biosynthesis of the bacterial nodulation signals, termed Nod factors. The observed similarity of chitin deacetylase to the B. stearothermophilus gene product suggests ...


The Interplay Of Light And The Circadian Clock. Independent Dual Regulation Of Clock-Controlled Gene Ccg-2(Eas), Guiseppina Arpaia, Jennifer J. Loros, Jay C. Dunlap, Giorgio Morelli, Guiseppe Macino Aug 1993

The Interplay Of Light And The Circadian Clock. Independent Dual Regulation Of Clock-Controlled Gene Ccg-2(Eas), Guiseppina Arpaia, Jennifer J. Loros, Jay C. Dunlap, Giorgio Morelli, Guiseppe Macino

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Ambient light is the major agent mediating entrainment of circadian rhythms and is also a major factor influencing development and morphogenesis. We show that in Neurospora crassa the expression of clock-controlled gene 2 (ccg-2), a gene under the control of the circadian clock and allelic to the developmental gene easy wettable (eas), is regulated by light in wild-type strains. Light elicits a direct and important physiological effect on ccg-2(eas) expression as demonstrated using several mutant Neurospora strains. In white collar mutants (wc-1 and wc-2) that are “blind” to blue light, ccg-2(eas) mRNA shows no variation following illumination with ...