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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

1991

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Interleukin-1 Or Phorbol Induction Of The Stromelysin Promoter Requires An Element That Cooperates With Ap-1., Karen Sirum-Connolly, Constance E. Brinckerhoff Jan 1991

Interleukin-1 Or Phorbol Induction Of The Stromelysin Promoter Requires An Element That Cooperates With Ap-1., Karen Sirum-Connolly, Constance E. Brinckerhoff

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Interieukin-1, a mediator of inflammation, or tumor promoting phorbol esters induce transcription of stromelysin, a metalloproteinase that degrades extracellular matrix molecules and that is overexpressed in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Sequences required for induction of transcription of the human stromelysin promoter are contained on a 46 base pair fragment. This fragment contains a sequence with a high degree of similarity to the binding site for the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) and indeed, the AP-1 sequence of this fragment is necessary but not sufficient for the maximal response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (phorbol) or interleukin-1. Maximal induction requires functional ...