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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Synthesis Of Bioinspired Carbohydrate Amphiphiles That Promote And Inhibit Biofilms, Eric L. Dane, Alicia E. Ballok, George A. O'Toole, Mark W. Grinstaff Feb 2015

Synthesis Of Bioinspired Carbohydrate Amphiphiles That Promote And Inhibit Biofilms, Eric L. Dane, Alicia E. Ballok, George A. O'Toole, Mark W. Grinstaff

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The synthesis and characterization of a new class of bioinspired carbohydrate amphiphiles that modulate Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation are reported. The carbohydrate head is an enantiopure poly-amido-saccharide (PAS) prepared by a controlled anionic polymerization of β-lactam monomers derived from either glucose or galactose. The supramolecular assemblies formed by PAS amphiphiles are investigated in solution using fluorescence assays and dynamic light scattering. Dried samples are investigated using X-ray, infrared spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Additionally, the amphiphiles are evaluated for their ability to modulate biofilm formation by the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Remarkably, from a library of eight amphiphiles, we identify ...


Microbial Nad Metabolism: Lessons From Comparative Genomics, Francesca Gazzaniga, Rebecca Stebbins, Sheila Z. Chang, Mark A. Mcpeek, Charles Brenner Sep 2009

Microbial Nad Metabolism: Lessons From Comparative Genomics, Francesca Gazzaniga, Rebecca Stebbins, Sheila Z. Chang, Mark A. Mcpeek, Charles Brenner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

NAD is a coenzyme for redox reactions and a substrate of NAD-consuming enzymes, including ADP-ribose transferases, Sir2-related protein lysine deacetylases, and bacterial DNA ligases. Microorganisms that synthesize NAD from as few as one to as many as five of the six identified biosynthetic precursors have been identified. De novo NAD synthesis from aspartate or tryptophan is neither universal nor strictly aerobic. Salvage NAD synthesis from nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide riboside, and nicotinic acid riboside occurs via modules of different genes. Nicotinamide salvage genes nadV and pncA, found in distinct bacteria, appear to have spread throughout the tree of life via ...


Pathogenic Adaptation Of Intracellular Bacteria By Rewiring A Cis-Regulatory Input Function, Suzanne E. Osborne, Don Walthers, Ana M. Tomljenovic, David T. Mulder, Uma Silphaduang, Nancy Duong, Michael J. Lowden Mar 2009

Pathogenic Adaptation Of Intracellular Bacteria By Rewiring A Cis-Regulatory Input Function, Suzanne E. Osborne, Don Walthers, Ana M. Tomljenovic, David T. Mulder, Uma Silphaduang, Nancy Duong, Michael J. Lowden

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The acquisition of DNA by horizontal gene transfer enables bacteria to adapt to previously unexploited ecological niches. Although horizontal gene transfer and mutation of protein-coding sequences are well-recognized forms of pathogen evolution, the evolutionary significance of cis-regulatory mutations in creating phenotypic diversity through altered transcriptional outputs is not known. We show the significance of regulatory mutation for pathogen evolution by mapping and then rewiring a cis-regulatory module controlling a gene required for murine typhoid. Acquisition of a binding site for the Salmonella pathogenicity island-2 regulator, SsrB, enabled the srfN gene, ancestral to the Salmonella genus, to play a ...


Nuclear Export Of 60s Ribosomal Subunits Depends On Xpo1p And Requires A Nuclear Export Sequence-Containing Factor, Nmd3p, That Associates With The Large Subunit Protein Rpl10p, Olivier Gadal, Daniela Strau, Jacques Kessl, Bernard Trumpower Feb 2001

Nuclear Export Of 60s Ribosomal Subunits Depends On Xpo1p And Requires A Nuclear Export Sequence-Containing Factor, Nmd3p, That Associates With The Large Subunit Protein Rpl10p, Olivier Gadal, Daniela Strau, Jacques Kessl, Bernard Trumpower

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Nuclear export of ribosomes requires a subset of nucleoporins and the Ran system, but specific transport factors have not been identified. Using a large subunit reporter (Rpl25p-eGFP), we have isolated several temperature-sensitive ribosomal export (rix) mutants. One of these corresponds to the ribosomal protein Rpl10p, which interacts directly with Nmd3p, a conserved and essential protein associated with 60S subunits. We find that thermosensitive nmd3 mutants are impaired in large subunit export. Strikingly, Nmd3p shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm and is exported by the nuclear export receptor Xpo1p. Moreover, we show that export of 60S subunits is Xpo1p dependent. We ...


A Truncated Form Of The Pho80 Cyclin Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Induces Expression Of A Small Cytosolic Factor Which Inhibits Vacuole Inheritance., Teresa Nicolson, Barbara Conradt, William Wickner Jul 1996

A Truncated Form Of The Pho80 Cyclin Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Induces Expression Of A Small Cytosolic Factor Which Inhibits Vacuole Inheritance., Teresa Nicolson, Barbara Conradt, William Wickner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Vacuoles project streams of vesicles and membranous tubules into the yeast bud where they fuse, founding the daughter cell organelle, vac5-1, which encodes a truncated form of the Pho80 cyclin, inhibits normal vacuole inheritance. An in vitro inheritance assay which measures the fusion of vacuoles serves as a model for several steps of this process. We find that cytosol isolated from the vac5-1 mutant is unable to promote the fusion of wild-type vacuoles in the in vitro assay. Wild-type vacuoles are irreversibly inactivated in a time- and temperature-dependent manner if preincubated with vac5-1 cytosol and ATP, suggesting the presence of ...