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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

The Study Of Tissue-Specific Dna Methylation As A Method For The Epigenetic Discrimination Of Forensic Samples, Joana Ap Antunes Nov 2017

The Study Of Tissue-Specific Dna Methylation As A Method For The Epigenetic Discrimination Of Forensic Samples, Joana Ap Antunes

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In forensic sciences, the serological methods used to determine which body fluid was collected from the crime scene are merely presumptive or labor intensive since they rely on protein detection or on microscopic identification of cells. Given that certain forensic cases may need the precise identification of a body fluid to determine criminal contact, such is the example of a suspected sexual assault of a minor; certainty in the body fluid of origin may depict a precise picture of the events. The identification of loci that show differences in methylation according to the tissue of origin can aid forensic analysts ...


Epigenetic Instability Induced By Dna Base Lesion Via Dna Base Excision Repair, Zhongliang Jiang Sep 2017

Epigenetic Instability Induced By Dna Base Lesion Via Dna Base Excision Repair, Zhongliang Jiang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

DNA damage can cause genome instability, which may lead to human cancer. The most common form of DNA damage is DNA base damage, which is efficiently repaired by DNA base excision repair (BER). Thus BER is the major DNA repair pathway that maintains the stability of the genome. On the other hand, BER mediates DNA demethylation that can occur on the promoter region of important tumor suppressor genes such as Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1) gene that is also involved in prevention and development of cancer. In this study, employing cell-based and in vitro biochemical approaches along with bisulfite DNA sequencing ...


Roles Of Dna Base Excision Repair In Maintaining The Integrity Of Dna Methylation, Jing Zhou Nov 2013

Roles Of Dna Base Excision Repair In Maintaining The Integrity Of Dna Methylation, Jing Zhou

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

DNA methylation and demethylation are involved in regulation of gene expression. CpG clusters have been identified as hotspots of oxidative damages and mutagenesis. DNA base excision repair can remove oxidative DNA damage on CpG clusters and mediate an active DNA demethylation pathway. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms underlying interactions among DNA methylation, demethylation and BER. Our results demonstrated that a single 5-methylcytosine did not exhibit a significant effect on BER. Surprisingly we found that the abasic site completely inhibited the activity of thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG) leading to the sustainment of the mismatch efficiently extended by pol ...