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FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cytoglobin

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Structure-Function Relationships In Hexacoordinate Heme Proteins: Mechanism Of Cytoglobin Interactions With Exogenous Ligands, Antonija Tangar Jun 2018

Structure-Function Relationships In Hexacoordinate Heme Proteins: Mechanism Of Cytoglobin Interactions With Exogenous Ligands, Antonija Tangar

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cytoglobin (Cygb) and neuroglobin (Ngb) are among the newest members of vertebrate globin family characterized by a classical 3-over-3 α-helical fold and a heme prosthetic group capable of reversibly binding small ligands such as O2, CO and NO. The physiological functions of Cygb and Ngb remain to be determined; however, current data suggest that both proteins have a significant role in cytoprotection in hypoxic and genotoxic conditions. Cytoglobin and Ngb are distinct from their better-known counterparts, hemoglobin (Hb) and myoglobin (Mb), in several structural features. First, in the absence of an external ligand, the sixth coordination site of the ...


Conformational Dynamics Associated With Ligand Binding To Vertebrate Hexa-Coordinate Hemoglobins, Luisana Astudillo Mar 2014

Conformational Dynamics Associated With Ligand Binding To Vertebrate Hexa-Coordinate Hemoglobins, Luisana Astudillo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Neuroglobin (Ngb) and cytoglobin (Cygb) are two new additions to the globin family, exhibiting heme iron hexa-coordination, a disulfide bond and large internal cavities. These proteins are implicated in cytoprotection under hypoxic-ischemic conditions, but the molecular basis of their cytoprotective function is unclear.

Herein, a photothermal and spectroscopic study of the interactions of diatomic ligands with Ngb, Cygb, myoglobin and hemoglobin is presented. The impact of the disulfide bond in Ngb and Cygb and role of conserved residues in Ngb His64, Val68, Cys55, Cys120 and Tyr44 on conformational dynamics associated with ligand binding/dissociation were investigated. Transient absorption and photoacoustic ...