Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Characterization Of Juvenile Hormone Biosynthetic Enzymes In The Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Pratik Nyati Nov 2014

Characterization Of Juvenile Hormone Biosynthetic Enzymes In The Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Pratik Nyati

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The juvenile hormones (JHs) are sesquiterpenoid compounds that play a central role in insect reproduction, development and behavior. They are synthesized and secreted by a pair of small endocrine glands, the corpora allata (CA), which are intimately connected to the brain. The enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of JH are attractive targets for the control of mosquito populations. This dissertation is a comprehensive functional study of five Aedes aegypti CA enzymes, HMG-CoA synthase (AaHMGS), mevalonate kinase (AaMK), phosphomevalonate kinase (AaPMK), farnesyl diphosphate synthase (AaFPPS) and farnesyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (AaFPPase).

The enzyme AaHMGS catalyzes the ...


Ecdysis Triggering Hormone And Its Role In Juvenile Hormone Synthesis In The Yellow-Fever Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Maria Areiza Jan 2014

Ecdysis Triggering Hormone And Its Role In Juvenile Hormone Synthesis In The Yellow-Fever Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Maria Areiza

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ecdysis triggering hormone (ETH) is a neuropeptide known for its role in the orchestration of ecdysis. However, its role in the regulation of Juvenile Hormone (JH) synthesis is unknown. In Aedes aegypti, JH is synthesized by the corpora allata (CA) and titers are tightly regulated by allatoregulatory factors. In this study I describe the effect of ETH on JH synthesis during the late pupal stage and in the adult female after blood feeding. Analysis of ETH receptor (ETHRs) expression showed that ETHRs are present in both the CA and the corpora cardiaca (CC), a neurohemal organ. The data suggest that ...