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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Aptamer-Based Assay For Detection Of Ochratoxin A, Amanda Nicole Bartley Nov 2018

Aptamer-Based Assay For Detection Of Ochratoxin A, Amanda Nicole Bartley

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a potent mycotoxin found in a wide range of agricultural products that has been linked to mitochondrial damage and renal disease. The standard methods for OTA analysis currently rely on the use of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to fluorescence detection or mass spectrometry. Toward a highthroughput analysis of OTA, a single-stranded DNA aptamer, modified with a fluorophore, coupled to a complementary sequence, modified with a FRET-based quencher that dissociates in the presence of the target toxin, is proposed. In order to integrate “target trapping,” aptamer immobilization methods were explored to mediate interference issues. Assays were ...


Investigating The Role Of The Proximal Cysteine Hydrogen Bonding Network And Distal Pocket In Chloroperoxidase, Elwood Kwong Lam Nov 2018

Investigating The Role Of The Proximal Cysteine Hydrogen Bonding Network And Distal Pocket In Chloroperoxidase, Elwood Kwong Lam

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chloroperoxidase (CPO) is one of the most versatile heme enzyme isolated from the marine fungus, Caldariomyces fumago. Functionally, CPO can catalyze four types of reactions: peroxidation (peroxidase-like), dismutation (catalase-like), halogenation (halogenase-like), and peroxygenation (P450-like). Structurally, CPO has a distal and proximal pockets that can be best described as a hybrid of classical peroxidase and P450s. As a heme-thiolate protein, CPO contains the conserved proximal Pro28-Cys29-Pro30 stretch found in other members of the family. However, the structural and functional roles of these proline residues remain poorly understood. Site-directed mutagenesis was undertaken to generates three CPO mutants, P28A-, P30A-, P28A/P30A-CPO. The ...


Folding Analysis Of Reduced Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) With Aromatic Thiols And Disulfides In Vitro, Na Zhang Nov 2018

Folding Analysis Of Reduced Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) With Aromatic Thiols And Disulfides In Vitro, Na Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Almost all therapeutic proteins contain disulfide bonds to stabilize their native structure. Recombinant DNA technology enables many therapeutic proteins to be produced in bacteria, but the expression of native proteins is not always efficient due to the limited ability of bacteria to form disulfide bonds in vivo. It is often necessary to employ in vitro oxidative folding process to form the native disulfide bonds to obtain the native structure of disulfide-containing proteins. Aromatic disulfides are small molecules designed to match some of the physical properties of the active site of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), which catalyzes the folding process of ...


Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Inhibitors: Action And Resistance, Pamela K. Garcia-Moreno Nov 2018

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Inhibitors: Action And Resistance, Pamela K. Garcia-Moreno

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Tuberculosis, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has been a global health problem for years. The emergence of drug resistance in this organism generates the necessity of exploring novel targets and developing new drugs. Topoisomerases are enzymes found in all kingdoms of life responsible for overcoming the topological barriers encountered during essential cellular processes. The genomes of mycobacteria encode only one type IA topoisomerase (MtopI), which has been validated as a novel TB drug target. The goal of this study is to obtain new information on the mechanism and resistance of endogenous and synthetic inhibitors of MtopI.

Rv1495 is ...


Structure-Function Relationships In Hexacoordinate Heme Proteins: Mechanism Of Cytoglobin Interactions With Exogenous Ligands, Antonija Tangar Jun 2018

Structure-Function Relationships In Hexacoordinate Heme Proteins: Mechanism Of Cytoglobin Interactions With Exogenous Ligands, Antonija Tangar

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cytoglobin (Cygb) and neuroglobin (Ngb) are among the newest members of vertebrate globin family characterized by a classical 3-over-3 α-helical fold and a heme prosthetic group capable of reversibly binding small ligands such as O2, CO and NO. The physiological functions of Cygb and Ngb remain to be determined; however, current data suggest that both proteins have a significant role in cytoprotection in hypoxic and genotoxic conditions. Cytoglobin and Ngb are distinct from their better-known counterparts, hemoglobin (Hb) and myoglobin (Mb), in several structural features. First, in the absence of an external ligand, the sixth coordination site of the ...


Regulation Of Juvenile Hormone Synthesis By 20-Hydroxyecdysone In The Yellow-Fever Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Maria Areiza May 2018

Regulation Of Juvenile Hormone Synthesis By 20-Hydroxyecdysone In The Yellow-Fever Mosquito, Aedes Aegypti, Maria Areiza

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In Aedes aegypti, development and reproduction are regulated by juvenile hormone III (JH). This master regulatory hormone is synthesized by the corpora allata (CA), a pair of endocrine glands with neural connections to the brain. JH titers are largely determined by the rate of biosynthetic activity of the CA and are regulated by inhibitory and stimulatory factors. Like JH, the ecdysteroid 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) is a key hormonal regulator and has been proposed as an allatoregulator in other insects. However, its part in the regulation of JH biosynthesis of mosquitoes was unknown. The specific aims of this dissertation were to (1 ...


Structure And Mechanism Of Mycobacterial Topoisomerase I, Nan Cao May 2018

Structure And Mechanism Of Mycobacterial Topoisomerase I, Nan Cao

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The enzyme DNA topoisomerase I is an essential enzyme that plays an important role in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cellular processes such as DNA replication, transcription, recombination and repair. Mycobacterium tuberculosistopoisomerase I (MtTOP1) is a validated drug target for antituberculosis treatment. Mycobacterial topoisomerase I regulates the topological constraints in chromosomes and helps in maintaining the growth of mycobacteria. The N- terminal domain (NTD) of mycobacterial topoisomerase I contains conserved catalytic domains that along with the active site Tyrosine are involved in cleaving and rejoining a single strand of DNA. Magnesium is required in DNA cleavage activity of type IA topoisomerases ...


Trinucleotide Repeat Instability Modulated By Dna Repair Enzymes And Cofactors, Yaou Ren May 2018

Trinucleotide Repeat Instability Modulated By Dna Repair Enzymes And Cofactors, Yaou Ren

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Trinucleotide repeat (TNR) instability including repeat expansions and repeat deletions is the cause of more than 40 inherited incurable neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. TNR instability is associated with DNA damage and base excision repair (BER). In this dissertation research, we explored the mechanisms of BER-mediated TNR instability via biochemical analysis of the BER protein activities, DNA structures, protein-protein interaction, and protein-DNA interaction by reconstructing BER in vitro using synthesized oligonucleotide TNR substrates and purified human proteins. First, we evaluated a germline DNA polymerase β (pol β) polymorphic variant, pol βR137Q, in leading TNR instability-mediated cancers or neurodegenerative diseases. We find ...


The Cyclodextrin-Perfluorinated Surfactant Host-Guest Complex: Fundamental Studies For Potential Environmental Remediation And Therapeutic Applications, Mary J. Errico May 2018

The Cyclodextrin-Perfluorinated Surfactant Host-Guest Complex: Fundamental Studies For Potential Environmental Remediation And Therapeutic Applications, Mary J. Errico

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are contaminants of emerging concern, and have been detected in drinking water, wildlife, humans, and the environment. Cyclodextrins (CDs), cyclic sugars composed of glucose monomers, are proposed as a potential remediation strategy. CDs can form host-guest complexes with hydrophobic molecules; this complexation could be capitalized on for PFAS removal and sequestration. These dissertation projects aim to study the fundamental host-guest interactions between a variety of PFASs and CDs for eventual applications in environmental and biological remediation. 1D and 2D Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic methods were employed to determine the strength, dynamics, and structure of the CD ...


Conformational Dynamics Of Biomolecules By Trapped Ion Mobility Spectrometry Dynamics, Juan Camilo Molano-Arévalo Apr 2018

Conformational Dynamics Of Biomolecules By Trapped Ion Mobility Spectrometry Dynamics, Juan Camilo Molano-Arévalo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

One of the main goals in structural biology is to understand the folding mechanisms and three-dimensional structure of biomolecules. Many biomolecular systems adopt multiple structures as a function of their microenvironment, which makes them difficult to be characterized by traditional structural biology tools (e.g., NMR, X-ray crystallography). As an alternative, complementary tools that can capture and sample multiple conformations needed to be developed. In the present work, we pioneered the application of a new variant of ion mobility spectrometry, trapped ion mobility spectrometry (TIMS), which provides high mobility resolving power and the possibility to study kinetically trapped intermediates as ...


Understanding The Functional Group-Dependent Self-Assembly And Cellular Entry Of Cationic Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Prakash Manandhar Mar 2018

Understanding The Functional Group-Dependent Self-Assembly And Cellular Entry Of Cationic Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Prakash Manandhar

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Highly fluorescent conjugated polymers (CPs) are an important class of biomaterials used for various biological applications including labelling, sensing, and delivery of biological substances. Synthetic versatility and tunable emission make CPs a superior class of biomaterials. Understanding the structure-function relationship of CPs plays a vital role in designing high performing biomaterials. The cationic CPs are self-assembled to conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNs) in an aqueous environment due to their amphiphilicity. The physical and biophysical properties of CPNs are highly dependent on the chemical functionality and backbone structure of CPs. Modulation of the surface property and backbone structure of CPNs play an ...