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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Folding Analysis Of Reduced Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) With Aromatic Thiols And Disulfides In Vitro, Na Zhang Nov 2018

Folding Analysis Of Reduced Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) With Aromatic Thiols And Disulfides In Vitro, Na Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Almost all therapeutic proteins contain disulfide bonds to stabilize their native structure. Recombinant DNA technology enables many therapeutic proteins to be produced in bacteria, but the expression of native proteins is not always efficient due to the limited ability of bacteria to form disulfide bonds in vivo. It is often necessary to employ in vitro oxidative folding process to form the native disulfide bonds to obtain the native structure of disulfide-containing proteins. Aromatic disulfides are small molecules designed to match some of the physical properties of the active site of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), which catalyzes the folding process of ...


Protein-Protein Interactions Of Bacterial Topoisomerase I, Srikanth Banda Jun 2017

Protein-Protein Interactions Of Bacterial Topoisomerase I, Srikanth Banda

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are essential features of cellular processes including DNA replication, transcription, translation, recombination, and repair. In my study, the protein interactions of bacterial DNA topoisomerase I, an essential enzyme, were investigated. The topoisomerase I in bacteria relaxes excess negative supercoiling on DNA and maintains genomic stability. Investigating the PPI network of DNA topoisomerase I can further our understanding of the various functional roles of this enzyme. My study is focused on topoisomerase I of Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium smegmatis. Firstly, we have explored the biochemical mechanisms for an interaction between RNA Polymerase, and topoisomerase I in E. coli ...


Biochemical Characterization Of Arsi: A Novel C-As Lyase For Degradation Of Environmental Organoarsenicals, Shashank Suryakant Pawitwar Jun 2017

Biochemical Characterization Of Arsi: A Novel C-As Lyase For Degradation Of Environmental Organoarsenicals, Shashank Suryakant Pawitwar

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Organoarsenicals such as methylarsenical methylarsenate (MAs(V)) and aromatic arsenicals including roxarsone (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylarsenate or Rox(V)) have been extensively used as an herbicide and growth enhancers in animal husbandry, respectively. They undergo environmental degradation to more toxic inorganic arsenite (As(III)) that contaminates crops and drinking water. We previously identified a bacterial gene (arsI) responsible for aerobic MAs(III) demethylation. The gene product, ArsI, is a Fe(II)-dependent extradiol dioxygenase that cleaves the carbon-arsenic (C-As) bond in MAs(III) and trivalent aromatic arsenicals. The objective of this study was to elucidate the ArsI mechanism. Using isothermal titration calorimetry, we ...


Conjugated Polymer-Based Biomaterials Through Controlled Self-Assembly, Megan Twomey Mar 2016

Conjugated Polymer-Based Biomaterials Through Controlled Self-Assembly, Megan Twomey

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Synthetic polymeric materials have gained significant use as biological materials (biomaterials) in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. As a result, a demand for well-defined polymers with tunable properties has emerged. The synthetic versatility of polymeric biomaterials allows the opportunity to understand the structure-property relationship of materials and their cellular interactions. A novel class of polymeric biomaterials are conjugated polymers (CPs), which possess desirable physicochemical and excellent photophysical properties, including inherent fluorescence. The synthetic versatility of CPs allows easy modification of the conjugated backbone to tune emission and side chain structures to adjust biocompatibility through increased water solubility, controlled biodegradability, and incorporation ...


The Influence Of The Proximal Thiolate Ligand And Hydrogen Bond Network Of The Proximal Helix On The Structural And Biochemical Properties Of Chloroperoxidase, Elena Shersher Mar 2016

The Influence Of The Proximal Thiolate Ligand And Hydrogen Bond Network Of The Proximal Helix On The Structural And Biochemical Properties Of Chloroperoxidase, Elena Shersher

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chloroperoxidase (CPO) from Caldariomyces fumago is a versatile heme enzyme with great potential for environmental and pharmaceutical applications. It catalyzes a plethora of reactions including halogenation, dismutation, epoxidation, and oxidation. The diverse catalytic capabilities of CPO have long been attributed to the protein’s distinct active site that combines structural features of peroxidases and cytochromes P450. Particularly, the role of the axial thiolate ligand in CPO catalysis has been much debated. Furthermore, no data are available on the role of hydrogen bonding between Arg 26-Asn 37 and Ala 27-Asn 33 of the proximal helix in defining the structural and catalytic ...


Multimode Analysis Of Nanoscale Biomolecular Interactions, Purushottam Babu Tiwari Feb 2015

Multimode Analysis Of Nanoscale Biomolecular Interactions, Purushottam Babu Tiwari

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomolecular interactions, including protein-protein, protein-DNA, and protein-ligand interactions, are of special importance in all biological systems. These interactions may occer during the loading of biomolecules to interfaces, the translocation of biomolecules through transmembrane protein pores, and the movement of biomolecules in a crowded intracellular environment. The molecular interaction of a protein with its binding partners is crucial in fundamental biological processes such as electron transfer, intracellular signal transmission and regulation, neuroprotective mechanisms, and regulation of DNA topology. In this dissertation, a customized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has been optimized and new theoretical and label free experimental methods with related analytical ...


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic And Computational Investigations Of Chloroperoxidase Catalyzed Regio- And Enantio-Selective Transformations, Rui Zhang Mar 2013

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic And Computational Investigations Of Chloroperoxidase Catalyzed Regio- And Enantio-Selective Transformations, Rui Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chloroperoxidase (CPO) is the most versatile heme-containing enzyme that catalyzes a broad spectrum of reactions. The remarkable feature of this enzyme is the high regio- and enantio-selectivity exhibited in CPO-catalyzed oxidation reactions. The aim of this dissertation is to elucidate the structural basis for regio- and enantio-selective transformations and investigate the application of CPO in biodegradation of synthetic dyes.

To unravel the mechanism of CPO-catalyzed regioselective oxidation of indole, the dissertation explored the structure of CPO-indole complex using paramagnetic relaxation and molecular modeling. The distances between the protons of indole and the heme iron revealed that the pyrrole ring of ...