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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Characterization Of A Transposon Tn916-Generated Mutant Of Haemophilus Ducreyi 35000 Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, B W. Gibson, A A. Campagnari, William Melaugh, M A. Apicella, S Grass, Jing Wang, Katherine L. Palmer, R S. Munson Jan 1997

Characterization Of A Transposon Tn916-Generated Mutant Of Haemophilus Ducreyi 35000 Defective In Lipooligosaccharide Biosynthesis, B W. Gibson, A A. Campagnari, William Melaugh, M A. Apicella, S Grass, Jing Wang, Katherine L. Palmer, R S. Munson

Chemistry Faculty Publications

To define the role of the surface lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of Haemophilus ducreyi in the pathogenesis of chancroid, Tn916 mutants of H. ducreyi 35000 defective in expression of the murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) 3F11 epitope on H. ducreyi LOS were identified by immunologic screening. One mutant, designated 1381, has an LOS which lacks the MAb 3F11 epitope and migrates with an increased mobility on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The gene disrupted by the Tn916 element in strain 1381 was identified by cloning the sequences flanking the Tn916 element. The sequences were then used to probe a lambda DASHII genomic library ...


Identification Of The Adp-L-Glycero-D-Manno-Heptose-6-Epimerase (Rfad) And Heptosyltransferase Ii (Rfaf) Biosynthesis Genes From Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae 2019, W A. Nichols, B W. Gibson, William Melaugh, N G. Lee, M Sunshine, M A. Apicella Jan 1997

Identification Of The Adp-L-Glycero-D-Manno-Heptose-6-Epimerase (Rfad) And Heptosyltransferase Ii (Rfaf) Biosynthesis Genes From Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae 2019, W A. Nichols, B W. Gibson, William Melaugh, N G. Lee, M Sunshine, M A. Apicella

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Haemophilus influenzae is an important human pathogen. The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of H. influenzae has been implicated as a virulence determinant. To better understand the assembly of LOS in nontypeable H. influenzae (NtHi), we have cloned and characterized the rfaD and rfaF genes of NtHi 2019, which encode the ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose-6-epimerase and heptosyltransferase II enzymes, respectively. This cloning was accomplished by the complementation of Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis gene mutants. These deep rough mutants are novobiocin susceptible until complemented with the appropriate gene. In this manner, we are able to use novobiocin resistance to select for specific NtHi LOS inner core ...


Nerve Tissue-Specific Human Glutamate Dehydrogenase That Is Thermolabile And Highly Regulated By Adp / P. Shashidharan, Donald D. Clarke, Naveed Ahmed, Nicholas Moschonas, And Andreas Plaitakis Department Of Neurology, Mount Sinai School Of Medicine, New York; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx New York, Usa; And Department Of Biology And School Of Health Sciences, University Of Crete, Crete, Greece, P. Shashidharan, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Naveed Ahmed, Nicholas Moschonas Jan 1997

Nerve Tissue-Specific Human Glutamate Dehydrogenase That Is Thermolabile And Highly Regulated By Adp / P. Shashidharan, Donald D. Clarke, Naveed Ahmed, Nicholas Moschonas, And Andreas Plaitakis Department Of Neurology, Mount Sinai School Of Medicine, New York; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx New York, Usa; And Department Of Biology And School Of Health Sciences, University Of Crete, Crete, Greece, P. Shashidharan, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Naveed Ahmed, Nicholas Moschonas

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), an enzyme that is central to the metabolism of glutamate, is present at high levels in the mammalian brain. Studies on human leukocytes and rat brain suggested the presence of two GDH activities differing in thermal stability and allosteric regulation, but molecular biological investigations led to the cloning of two human GDH-specific genes encoding highly homologous polypeptides. The first gene, designated GLUD1, is expressed in all tissues (housekeeping GDH), whereas the second gene, designated GLUD2, is expressed specifically in neural and testicular tissues. In this study, we obtained both GDH isoenzymes in pure form by expressing a ...