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Articles 61 - 83 of 83

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Contractile Protein In Brain / S. Puszkin, D. D. Clarke And S. Berl. Col. Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, N.Y.C., S. Puszkin, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl Jan 1968

Contractile Protein In Brain / S. Puszkin, D. D. Clarke And S. Berl. Col. Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, N.Y.C., S. Puszkin, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Evidence suggested there might exist in brain a contractile protein: 1) actomyosin contains Nacetyl aspartic acid; brain contains a high concentration of the free compound, 2) actomyosin functions as a Mg dependent ATPase; brain contains a Mg dependent ATPase, 3) actomyosin-like contractile proteins have been described in cells, membranes, and tissues other than muscle. Therefore whole rat brains were extracted with 0.6M KCl and the extract diluted to O.lM KCl. The precipitate exhibited superprecipitation (SP) properties which required both Mg and ATP. SP was inhibited by p-chloro-mercuribenzene sulfonic acid (10- M) but not by ouabain (10 M). The ...


Fluorofumarate - A Substrate For Fumarate Hydrotase / Donald D. Clarke William J. Nicklas John Palumbo Department Of Chemistry Fordham University Bronx, New York 10458, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, William J. Nicklas, John Palumbo Jan 1968

Fluorofumarate - A Substrate For Fumarate Hydrotase / Donald D. Clarke William J. Nicklas John Palumbo Department Of Chemistry Fordham University Bronx, New York 10458, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, William J. Nicklas, John Palumbo

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Gas Chromatographic Determination Of Dopamine And Related Compounds / D. D. Clarke, S. Wilk, And S. E. Gitlow Chemistry Department Fordham University Bronx, New York Department Of Medicine Mount Sinai Hospital New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow Jan 1968

Gas Chromatographic Determination Of Dopamine And Related Compounds / D. D. Clarke, S. Wilk, And S. E. Gitlow Chemistry Department Fordham University Bronx, New York Department Of Medicine Mount Sinai Hospital New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Labeling Of Glutamate, Glutamine, And Aspartate In Brain From C14 Aspartate And Acetate / W. J. Ncklas D. D. Clarke And S. Berl Chemistry Dept., Fordham University And Col. Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, William J. Nicklas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl Jan 1967

Labeling Of Glutamate, Glutamine, And Aspartate In Brain From C14 Aspartate And Acetate / W. J. Ncklas D. D. Clarke And S. Berl Chemistry Dept., Fordham University And Col. Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, William J. Nicklas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Guinea pig brain cortex slices incubated in media containing U-C14 aspartic acid form glutamine of higher specific activity than glutamic acid (Fed. Proc. -25, 713 (1966) ). Glutamic acid and glutamine from such experiments were enzymatically decarboxylated and the o/o of label in C-1 ranged from 37 to 42o/o. These values exceed the maximum predicted from the known operation of the citric acid cycle viz. 33o/o. When l-C14 acetate was injected into mice or incubated with brain slices the aspartate isolated from brain had more than 50o/o of the label in C-4. From the known operation of ...


Determination Of Urinary 3-Methoxy-4-Hydroxyphenylethylene Glycol By Gas-Liquid Chromatography And Electron Capture Detection / Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald D. Clarke And David H. Paley Department Of Medicine, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, And Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, N.Y. (U.S.A.), Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, David H. Paley Jan 1967

Determination Of Urinary 3-Methoxy-4-Hydroxyphenylethylene Glycol By Gas-Liquid Chromatography And Electron Capture Detection / Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald D. Clarke And David H. Paley Department Of Medicine, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, And Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, N.Y. (U.S.A.), Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, David H. Paley

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The determination of urinary 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylene glycol (HMPG), a major metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine by gas-liquid chromatography and electron capture detection is described. A purified extract of HMPG was treated with trifluoroacetic anhydride to form the highly sensitive HMPG-trifluoroacetate derivative. Chromatography was performed on a 6% QF-I- 0065 column at 158°. Recovery was found to be 55·4% using [3H]HMPG. Two sets of eight identical samples demonstrated a standard deviation from the mean of 6.9% and 5.7%. Thirty-five normal human urine specimens assayed by this procedure gave a mean HMPG excretion of 0.86 #gfmg creatinine (range ...


Investigations On Lignins And Lignification Pt. Xxxi Characterization Of Metasequoia 'Milled-Wood' Lignin / By Michael J. Reale, Donald D. Clarke, Walter J. Schubert And F. F. Nord Laboratory Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology), Fordham University, Bronx, New York, Michael J. Reale, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Walter J. Schubert, Friedrich F. Nord Jan 1966

Investigations On Lignins And Lignification Pt. Xxxi Characterization Of Metasequoia 'Milled-Wood' Lignin / By Michael J. Reale, Donald D. Clarke, Walter J. Schubert And F. F. Nord Laboratory Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology), Fordham University, Bronx, New York, Michael J. Reale, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Walter J. Schubert, Friedrich F. Nord

Chemistry Faculty Publications

A young Metasequoia tree was debarked; its branches and heartwood were removed. The branches, sapwood and heartwood were separately ground to 8o mesh and air-dried. The moisture and lignin contents of these were determined. "Milled-wood" lignin was isolated from the sapwood sawdust, and was characterized by means of its ultraviolet and infrared absorption spectra. As a means of determining the empirical formula and the number of certain functional groups present in this lignin, an acetylated derivative and a phenylhydrazone were prepared. These were also studied spectroscopically. Elemental, methoxyl and acetoxyl analyses were performed on the original lignin and on its ...


Electron Capture Properties Of Halogenated Amine Derivatives / By Donald D. Clarke, Sherwin Wilk, And Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow Jan 1966

Electron Capture Properties Of Halogenated Amine Derivatives / By Donald D. Clarke, Sherwin Wilk, And Stanley E. Gitlow, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The use of gas-liquid chromatography (G.L.C.) for the analysis of amines of biological interest is currently under investigation in our laboratory. An intensive study of the chromatographic properties of a number of derivatives was presented by VandenHeuvel et al. (1), and this laboratory in a short communication reported on the possible use of heptafluorobutyrylated amine derivatives (2). As was noted in this early communication, sensitivity considerations must maintain priority in any proposed assay because of the extremely small quantities of these compounds present in biological fluids. For this reason, we have chosen to employ the electron capture detector ...


Compartmentation Of Glutamic Acid Metabolism In Brain Slices / Donald D. Clarke And Soll Berl Columbia Univ. School Of Medicine, N. Y. C., Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl Jan 1966

Compartmentation Of Glutamic Acid Metabolism In Brain Slices / Donald D. Clarke And Soll Berl Columbia Univ. School Of Medicine, N. Y. C., Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Soll Berl

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The presence, in brain, of metabolic pools of glutamic acid have been demonstrated in vivo but not in tissue slices. Brain tissue slices prepared in the cold in Ringer's-bicarbonate containing 1% glucose and stored in an ice bath go not show compartmentation when incubated at 37 (10-20 min.) in a similar medium which contains tracer quantities of C aspartic acid, U.l.; the specific activity of glutamine remains considerably below that of glutamic acid. If such tissue slices are pre-incubated at 37° for 10 min. and then transferred to fresh medium containing radioactive tracer, after 10 min. at 37 ...


Automation Of The Assay For Transglutaminase / Donald D. Clarke And Ruth Nicklas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Ruth Nicklas Jan 1966

Automation Of The Assay For Transglutaminase / Donald D. Clarke And Ruth Nicklas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Ruth Nicklas

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Transglutaminase is an enzyme which catalyzes the Ca++-activated incorporation of amines into proteins. More detailed studies of the action of this enzyme showed that the incorporated amines displaced ammonia, and that only L-glutamine and not asparagine residues in the protein or peptide are substrates for this enzyme. This enzyme will not act on free glutamine, hence is not to be confused with glutaminase or transamidases which will act on free glutamine as a substrate. A variety of substituted glutamine peptides have been found to have substrate activity for this enzyme. Neidle and Acs, and more recently Folk and Cole ...


A Quantitative Assay For Vanillylmandelic Acid (Vma) By Gas-Liquid Chromatography / Sherwin Wilk From The Department Of Medicine, Th Emount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York And The Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, N.Y. Stanley E. Gitlow And Milton Mendlowitz From The Department Of Medicine, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York Morton J. Franklin And Herman E. Carr From The Department Of Psychiatry, Boston University, School Of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts And Donald D. Clarke From The Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, New York, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Milton Mendlowitz, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 1965

A Quantitative Assay For Vanillylmandelic Acid (Vma) By Gas-Liquid Chromatography / Sherwin Wilk From The Department Of Medicine, Th Emount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York And The Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, N.Y. Stanley E. Gitlow And Milton Mendlowitz From The Department Of Medicine, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York Morton J. Franklin And Herman E. Carr From The Department Of Psychiatry, Boston University, School Of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts And Donald D. Clarke From The Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, New York, New York, Sherwin Wilk, Stanley E. Gitlow, Milton Mendlowitz, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Until the discovery of the major product of catecholamine n1etabolism, vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), by Annstrong in 1957 (1), biochemical studies of epinephrine and norepinephrine metabolism were dependent upon determination of the small quantities of these materials excreted unchanged in the urine. The methods designed to measure VMA have proved adequate to detect the gross abnormalities in metabolism usually associated with catecholamine-producing tumors (2-7), but more exact procedures are required for quantitative metabolic studies. Present spectrophotometric and electrophoretic methods are nonspecific in that they yield values for VMA that are higher than those obtained by chromatographic and isotope dilution techniques (5 ...


Quantitative Aspects Of Co2 Fixation In Mammalian Brain In Vivo / H. Waelsch, S. Berl, C.A. Rossi, D. D. Clarke, And D. P. Purpura New York State Psychiatric Institute And Departments Of Biochemistry And Neurological Surgery, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., Heinrich Waelsch, Soll Berl, C. A. Rossi, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 1964

Quantitative Aspects Of Co2 Fixation In Mammalian Brain In Vivo / H. Waelsch, S. Berl, C.A. Rossi, D. D. Clarke, And D. P. Purpura New York State Psychiatric Institute And Departments Of Biochemistry And Neurological Surgery, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., Heinrich Waelsch, Soll Berl, C. A. Rossi, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The rate of fixation of carbon dioxide in vivo into aspartate, glutamate, oxoglutarate, and glutamine of cerebral cortex and liver in the absence and presence of elevated concentrations of tissue ammonia was studied. The specific activities of the isolated metabolites were related to the specific activity of the tissue CO2. It was attempted to obtain an approximate steady state level of tissue 14CO2 by maintaining a constant isotope concentration in the venous and arterial blood through continuous intravenous administration of NaH14CO3. 1. In the absence of ammonia, aspartic acid achieved the highest specific activity in both brain and liver; the ...


Acid Hydrolysis Of 3-Phenylsydnone-2-N15 / Joanne Staley And Donald D. Clarke Chemistry Department, Fordham University, Bronx, New York, Joanne Staley, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 1964

Acid Hydrolysis Of 3-Phenylsydnone-2-N15 / Joanne Staley And Donald D. Clarke Chemistry Department, Fordham University, Bronx, New York, Joanne Staley, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

When N -phenylsydnone is hydrolyzed by acid, an internal oxidation- reduction reaction takes place with the formation of phenylhydrazine, formic acid, and carbon dioxide. The mechanism shown below was suggested for this reaction by Baker and Ollis. Aside from the nature of the end products of this hydrolysis, the strongest evidence cited by Baker and Ollis in support of their mechanism is the paper by Kenner and Mackay who reported the isolation of a-acylhydrazines when the hydrolysis was carried out in benzene with stoichiometric quantities of water and hydrochloric acid. However, Kenner and Mackay gave no experimental evidence to support ...


Carbon Dioxide Fixation In The Brain / Soll Berl, Genkichiro Takagaki, Donald D Clarke, And Heinrich Waelsch From The New York Psychiatric Institute And The Colleg Eof Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, Soll Berl, Genkichiro Takagaki, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Heinrich Waelsch Jan 1963

Carbon Dioxide Fixation In The Brain / Soll Berl, Genkichiro Takagaki, Donald D Clarke, And Heinrich Waelsch From The New York Psychiatric Institute And The Colleg Eof Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, Soll Berl, Genkichiro Takagaki, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Heinrich Waelsch

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Carbon dioxide fixation in brain was studied in cats to which NaHC14O3, with and without ammonia, was administered by intracarotid infusion. Glutamic and aspartic acids, glutamine, glutathione, and γ-aminobutyric acid were isolated from blood, brain, and liver, and their specific activities were determined. The data indicate a significant incorporation of CO2 into the amino acids of the cerebral cortex, presumably by way of the citric acid cycle. Without simultaneous ammonia infusion, the specific activity of aspartic acid is 3 times that of glutamine, whereas in the presence of ammonia the ratios of specific activity of both compounds are closer to ...


Radicinin: Revision Of Its Structure Obtained From Nmr Measurements / D. D. Clarke F. F. Nord N. S. Bhacca Laboratory Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology Fordham University Bronx 58, New York Spectroscopy Applications Laboratory Varian Associates Palo Alto, California, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord, N. S. Bhacca Jan 1963

Radicinin: Revision Of Its Structure Obtained From Nmr Measurements / D. D. Clarke F. F. Nord N. S. Bhacca Laboratory Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology Fordham University Bronx 58, New York Spectroscopy Applications Laboratory Varian Associates Palo Alto, California, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord, N. S. Bhacca

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Radicinin, a metabolite of the formula C12H1205 was isolated from the carrot plant pathogen Stemphylium Tadicinum and described in earlier communications. Hansen isolated a metabolite from S. radicinum that inhibited the growth of Lepidium sativum and named it stemphylone. From the physical and chemical properties described for stemphylone it would appear to be identical with radicinin


Amine Incorporation Into Insulin As Catalyzed By Transglutaminase / M. J. Mycek, D. D. Clarke, A. Neidle And H. Waelsch From The Department Of Biochemistry, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, And The New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, M. J. Mycek, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, A. Neidle, Heinrich Waelsch Jan 1959

Amine Incorporation Into Insulin As Catalyzed By Transglutaminase / M. J. Mycek, D. D. Clarke, A. Neidle And H. Waelsch From The Department Of Biochemistry, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, And The New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, M. J. Mycek, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, A. Neidle, Heinrich Waelsch

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Metabolic Activity Of Protein Amide Groups, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Amos Neidle, Nirmal K. Sarkar, Heinrich Waelsch Jan 1957

Metabolic Activity Of Protein Amide Groups, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Amos Neidle, Nirmal K. Sarkar, Heinrich Waelsch

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


An Enzymically Catalyzed Incorporation Of Amines Into Proteins / Nirmal K. Sarkar Donald D. Clarke Heinrich Waelsch Department Of Biochemistry, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, And The New York Psychiatric Institute, New York, N.Y. (U.S.A.), Nirmal K. Sarkar, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Heinrich Waelsch Jan 1957

An Enzymically Catalyzed Incorporation Of Amines Into Proteins / Nirmal K. Sarkar Donald D. Clarke Heinrich Waelsch Department Of Biochemistry, College Of Physicians And Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, And The New York Psychiatric Institute, New York, N.Y. (U.S.A.), Nirmal K. Sarkar, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Heinrich Waelsch

Chemistry Faculty Publications

In experiments reported some years ago the enzyme-catalyzed exchange of the amide group of glutamine and asparagine with 15N ammonia was demonstrated but an exchange of the amide groups of protein bound dicarboxylic amino acids could not be explored owing to the unfavorable experimental conditions1 . Recently the problem of the metabolism of protein-amide groups was approached again with the aid of 14C-labeled amines, such as ethanolamine or cadaverine. Soluble protein fractions obtained from sucrose homogenates (o.2sM) of the livers of guinea pigs, rats, mice, and rabbits by centrifugation at roo,ooo X g were incubated in the presence of ...


Synthesis Of Phosphatidyl Peptides I. O-(Distearoyl-L-A-Glycerylphosphoryl)-L-Serylglycylglycine / By Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, And Donald D. Clarke (From The Banting And Best Department Of Medical Research, University Of Toronto, Toronto, Canada), Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 1957

Synthesis Of Phosphatidyl Peptides I. O-(Distearoyl-L-A-Glycerylphosphoryl)-L-Serylglycylglycine / By Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, And Donald D. Clarke (From The Banting And Best Department Of Medical Research, University Of Toronto, Toronto, Canada), Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The synthesis of a phosphatidyl tripeptide has been accomplished. It was prepared by (a) phosphorylation of D-α,β-distearin with phenylphosphoryl dichloride and pyridine, (b) esterification of the resulting distearoylL- α-glycerylphenylphosphoryl chloride with N-carbobenzoxy-L-serylglycylglycine benzyl ester in the presence of lutidine, and (c) removal of the protective groups by catalytic hydrogenolysis. The O-( distearoyl-L-α-glycerylphosphoryl)- L-serylglycylglycine was obtained in an over-all yield of 12 per cent. The synthesis of N-carbobenzoxy-L-serylglycylglycine benzyl ester, for which two procedures have been reported, has been simplified considerably by condensing N -carbobenzoxy-L-serine with glycylglycine benzyl ester by means of N ,N' -dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. The phosphatidyl tripeptide is cleaved ...


L-Serylglycylglycine / By Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, And Donald D. Clarke, Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 1956

L-Serylglycylglycine / By Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, And Donald D. Clarke, Erich Baer, Jonas Maurukas, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

A synthesis of the hitherto unreported L-serylglycylglycine by two different methods is described. N-carbobenzoxy L-serylglycylglycine benzyl ester, an intermediate in the preparation of the tripeptide, was found to be a suitable derivative in the synthesis of L-α-phosphatidyl L-serylglycylglycine


Ultraviolet Absorption Spectra Of Derivatives Of 2,3,5- And 2,4,5-Trihydroxyacetophenone / By D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord Jan 1955

Ultraviolet Absorption Spectra Of Derivatives Of 2,3,5- And 2,4,5-Trihydroxyacetophenone / By D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Radicinin: A Metabolite From Stemphylium Radicinum. Ii. On The Mechanism Of Its Biosynthesis / D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord From The Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord Jan 1955

Radicinin: A Metabolite From Stemphylium Radicinum. Ii. On The Mechanism Of Its Biosynthesis / D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord From The Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord

Chemistry Faculty Publications

After studying the effect of various substrates and also of certain enzyme inhibitors on the rate of formation of radicinin by Sterad, it is suggested that the carbohydrate molecule is utilized intact in the biosynthesis of radicinin


Radicinin: A Metabolite From Stemphylium Radicinum. I. Chemistry And Action / D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord From The Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord Jan 1955

Radicinin: A Metabolite From Stemphylium Radicinum. I. Chemistry And Action / D. D. Clarke And F. F. Nord From The Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The conditions for the growth of Sterad and isolation of radicinin are described. The formula C12H1205 wasas established for this compound by preparation and analyses of several derivatives. Degradation and spectrophotometric studies were employed to establish the molecular formula. Studies on the mode of action of radicinin revealed that it caused an increase in the rate of dehydrogenation of isopropyl alcohol by FIB, but that it had no effect on the quantity or degree of desaturation of the fat synthesized by FIB


Radicinin: A New Pigment From Stemphylium Radicinum / D. D. Clarke F. F. Nord Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York 58, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord Jan 1953

Radicinin: A New Pigment From Stemphylium Radicinum / D. D. Clarke F. F. Nord Department Of Organic Chemistry And Enzymology, Fordham University, New York 58, New York, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Friedrich F. Nord

Chemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.