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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Chemistry Faculty Publications

Biochemistry

Proteus mirabilis

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Urer, The Transcriptional Activator Of The Proteus Mirabilis Urease Gene Cluster, Is Required For Urease Activity And Virulence In Experimental Urinary Tract Infections, Jonathan D. Dattelbaum, C. Virginia Lockatell, David E. Johnson, Harry L.T. Mobley Jan 2003

Urer, The Transcriptional Activator Of The Proteus Mirabilis Urease Gene Cluster, Is Required For Urease Activity And Virulence In Experimental Urinary Tract Infections, Jonathan D. Dattelbaum, C. Virginia Lockatell, David E. Johnson, Harry L.T. Mobley

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Proteus mirabilis, a cause of complicated urinary tract infection, produces urease, an essential virulence factor for this species. UreR, a member of the AraC/XylS family of transcriptional regulators, positively activates expression of the ure gene cluster in the presence of urea. To specifically evaluate the contribution of UreR to urease activity and virulence in the urinary tract, a ureR mutation was introduced into P. mirabilis HI4320 by homologous recombination. The isogenic ureR::aphA mutant, deficient in UreR production, lacked measurable urease activity. Expression was not detected in the UreR-deficient strain by Western blotting with monoclonal antibodies raised against UreD ...


Identification Of The Domains Of Urer, An Arac-Like Transcriptional Regulator Of The Urease Gene Cluster In Proteus Mirabilis, Carrie A. Poore, Christopher Coker, Jonathan D. Dattelbaum, Harry L.T. Mobley Jan 2001

Identification Of The Domains Of Urer, An Arac-Like Transcriptional Regulator Of The Urease Gene Cluster In Proteus Mirabilis, Carrie A. Poore, Christopher Coker, Jonathan D. Dattelbaum, Harry L.T. Mobley

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Proteus mirabilis urease catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea to CO2 and NH3, resulting in urinary stone formation in individuals with complicated urinary tract infections. UreR, a member of the AraC family, activates transcription of the genes encoding urease enzyme subunits and accessory proteins, ureDABCEFG, as well as its own transcription in the presence of urea. Based on sequence homology with AraC, we hypothesized that UreR contains both a dimerization domain and a DNA-binding domain. A translational fusion of the leucine zipper dimerization domain (amino acids 302 to 350) of C/EBP and the C-terminal half of UreR (amino ...