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Chemistry Faculty Publications

Biochemistry

Antifungal activity

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Synergistic Mixtures Of Fungitoxic Monochloro And Dichloro-8-Quinolinols Against Five Fungi / Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, & Donald D. Clarke Harding Laboratory, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458-5126, Usa; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa, Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 2004

Synergistic Mixtures Of Fungitoxic Monochloro And Dichloro-8-Quinolinols Against Five Fungi / Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, & Donald D. Clarke Harding Laboratory, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458-5126, Usa; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa, Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Fourteen mono- and dichloro-8-quinolinols were tested against five fungi (Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride, and Mucor circinelloides) and compared with the fungitoxicity of 8- quinolinol in Yeast Nitrogen Base containing l% D-glucose and 0.088% L-asparagine. All of the compounds were more fungitoxic than 8-quinolinol except for the surprising activity of 8-quinolinol against A. oryzae. Mixtures of the MICs of monochloro- and dichloro-8-quinolinols in which the halogens were in different positions of the quinoline ring showed synergism. Comparable mixtures in which one position of each compound was occupied by the same halogen showed additive activity. In a ...


Preparation Of 6-Fluoro-8-Quinolinol And Related 6-Fluoroquinolines / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458 U.S.A., New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, U.S.A., Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon Jan 2002

Preparation Of 6-Fluoro-8-Quinolinol And Related 6-Fluoroquinolines / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458 U.S.A., New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, U.S.A., Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

6-Fluoro-8-quinolinol was prepared from 2-amino-5-fluorophenol by a Skraup synthesis. No synergism was observed between 5-fluoro- and 6-fluoro-8-quinolinols or between 6-fluoro-8-quinolinolsuoro- and 7-fluoro-8-quinolinols against any of the six fungi in our test system (Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes) in Sabouraud dextrose broth. Unlike the fluoro-8-quinolinols, the 8-quinolinols comparably substituted with chlorine or bromine did form synergistic mixtures. This is attributed to steric factors


Preparation And Antifungal Activity Of 3-Iodo- And 6-Iodo-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, John J. Mcmahon, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, John J. Mcmahon, Muriel Gershon Jan 2002

Preparation And Antifungal Activity Of 3-Iodo- And 6-Iodo-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, John J. Mcmahon, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458-9993, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, John J. Mcmahon, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

3-Iodo- and 6-Iodo-8-quinolinols were prepared and tested against six fungi: Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes in Sabouraud dextrose broth. A comparison with the previously known 5-iodo- and 7-iodo-8-quinolinols showed that the 6-iodo isomer was the most active


Antifungal Activity Of Substituted 8-Quinolinol-5- And 7-Sulfonic Acids: A Mechanism Of Action Is Suggested Based On Intramolecular Synergism / Hermon Gershon, Muriel Gershon, & Donald D. Clarke Harding Laboratory, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, Usa; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd Jan 2001

Antifungal Activity Of Substituted 8-Quinolinol-5- And 7-Sulfonic Acids: A Mechanism Of Action Is Suggested Based On Intramolecular Synergism / Hermon Gershon, Muriel Gershon, & Donald D. Clarke Harding Laboratory, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, Usa; Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Muriel Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd

Chemistry Faculty Publications

8-Quinolinol-5-sulfonic acid was nearly devoid of antimicrobial activity, due to what was believed to be an unfavorable partition coefficient. Since twenty six 8-quinolinol-5- and 7 -sulfonic acids were available from our previous work, they were tested against six fungi. The 7 -chloro and 7 -bromo-5-sulfonic acids and the 5-chloro and 5-bromo-7 -sulfonic acids showed fungal inhibition within one order of magnitude of that of 8-quinolinol. It is suggested that a nonchelating mechanism is in part responsible for this fungitoxicity. Five additional 5-sulfonic acids with chlorine in positions 3-, 6-, 3,6-, 3,7-, and 6,7- that were suitable for ...


Preparation And Fungitoxicity Of Some Trichloro-, Tribromo-, Tetrachloro-, And Tetrabromo-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458-9993 Usa, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-9993 Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon Jan 2001

Preparation And Fungitoxicity Of Some Trichloro-, Tribromo-, Tetrachloro-, And Tetrabromo-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458-9993 Usa, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-9993 Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

3,5,6-, 3,5,7-, 4,5,7-, and 5,6,7-trichloro- and -tribromo-8-quinolinols as well as 3,5,6,7- tetrachloro- and -tetrabromo-8-quinolinols were prepared and tested against six fungi (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes) in Sabouraud dextrose broth. The compounds strongly inhibit five fungi but not M. cirinelloides. They are less active than the related dichloro-8-quinolinols which is attributed to steric hindrance


Preparation And Fungitoxicity Of Some Dichloro-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon Jan 1999

Preparation And Fungitoxicity Of Some Dichloro-8-Quinolinols / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

2,5-, 3,5-, 3,7-, 4,5-, 5,6-, und 6,7-Dichloro-8-quinolinols were prepared and tested along with their 3,6- and 5,7-ana1ogues against six fungi (Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride, Mucor cirinelloides, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes) in Sabouraud dextrose broth. Most of the compounds were strongly antifungal, inhibiting five of the fungi below 1 μg/ml. This activity is attributed to intramolecular synergism. M. cirinelloides was inhibited less by these compounds


Antifungal Activity Of Halophenols And Halonitrophenols / H. Gershon, D. D. Clarke, And M. Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon Jan 1995

Antifungal Activity Of Halophenols And Halonitrophenols / H. Gershon, D. D. Clarke, And M. Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Thirty one compounds (phenol; its 12 possible monohalo analogues; 18 nitrophenols (2- and 4-nitrophenols, 4-, 5-, and 6-halo-2-nitrophenols, 3-halo-4-nitrophenols)) were tested for antifungal activity against six fungi (A. niger, A. oryzae, M. verrucaria, T. viride, M. cirinelloides, and T. mentagrophytes) in Sabouraud dextrose broth. The two most fungitoxic compounds of those studied were 5-fluoro- and 5-iodo-2-nitrophenols which inhibited all the fungi at concentrations under 10 μg/ml. 6-Iodo-2-nitrophenol inhibited five fungi at a concentration below 10 μg/ml and M. cirinelloides at 10- 100 μg/ ml


Evidence Of Steric Factors In The Fungitoxic Mechanism Of 8-Quinolinol And Its 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6- And 7-Chloro And Bromo Analogues / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon Jan 1994

Evidence Of Steric Factors In The Fungitoxic Mechanism Of 8-Quinolinol And Its 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6- And 7-Chloro And Bromo Analogues / Herman Gershon, Donald D. Clarke, And Muriel Gershon Department Of Chemistry, Fordham University, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, Ny 10458, Usa, Herman Gershon, Donald Dudley Clarke Phd, Muriel Gershon

Chemistry Faculty Publications

A study was made of the fungitoxicity of 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6- and 7-chloro and bromo- 8-quinolinols against Aspergillus niger, A. oryzae, Myrothecium verrucaria, Trichoderma viride and Trichophyton mentagrophytes in Sabouraud dextrose broth and in Yeast Nitrogen Base supplemented with 1% D-glucose and 0.088% L-asparagine. Based on the presence or absence of synergism between pairs of substituted 8-quinolinols and reversal or nonreversal of toxicity by L-cysteine or Nacetyl- L-cysteine, the following conclusions were reached: (1) substituents on the quinoline ring change the site(s) of action of the toxicant; (2) the sites of action of the 5-, 6- ...