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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Charles J. Amlaner

Avian

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Unilateral Eye Closure And Interhemispheric Eeg Asymmetry During Sleep In The Pigeon (Columba Livia), Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner, Steven Lima Dec 2000

Unilateral Eye Closure And Interhemispheric Eeg Asymmetry During Sleep In The Pigeon (Columba Livia), Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner, Steven Lima

Charles J. Amlaner

Aquatic mammals (i.e., Cetaceans, eared seals and manatees) and birds show interhemispheric asymmetries (IA) in slow-wave sleep-related electroencephalographic (EEG) activity, suggesting that the depth of sleep differs between hemispheres. In birds, an association between unilateral eye closure and IA has been reported in five species from three orders (i.e., Galliformes, Charadriiformes, and Anseriformes). Moreover, unilateral eye closure has been observed during behaviorally defined sleep in 29 species from 13 avian orders, suggesting that birds in general display IA during sleep. Despite the apparent prevalence of unilateral eye closure and IA in birds, previous work did not detect A ...


Thermoregulation And Sleep: Effects Of Thermal Stress On Sleep Patterns Of Glaucous-Winged Gulls (Larus Glaucescens), Mark Opp, Nigel Ball, Don Miller, Charles Amlaner Jul 1987

Thermoregulation And Sleep: Effects Of Thermal Stress On Sleep Patterns Of Glaucous-Winged Gulls (Larus Glaucescens), Mark Opp, Nigel Ball, Don Miller, Charles Amlaner

Charles J. Amlaner

1. To determine effects of thermal stress on avian sleep patterns, incubating Glaucous-winged gulls were subjected to conditions of heat loss and heat gain via conduction from hollow copper eggs.

2. Heated manipulations resulted in significant reductions in sleep and rest relative to controls, whereas cooled manipulations had little effect.

3. The resilience of sleep to thermal stress is greater than that of rest. We suggest that the incompatability of sleep with conductive processes to off-load heat from the eggs is responsible in this case.

4. Pant Sleep, the behaviour in which birds appear to maintain some the benefits of ...