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Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Evolution Of Echovirus 11 In A Chronically Infected Immunodeficient Patient., Majid Laassri, Tatiana Zagorodnyaya, Sharon Hassin-Baer, Rachel Handsher, Danit Sofer, Merav Weil, Konstantinos Karagiannis, Vahan Simonyan, Konstantin Chumakov, Lester Shulman Mar 2018

Evolution Of Echovirus 11 In A Chronically Infected Immunodeficient Patient., Majid Laassri, Tatiana Zagorodnyaya, Sharon Hassin-Baer, Rachel Handsher, Danit Sofer, Merav Weil, Konstantinos Karagiannis, Vahan Simonyan, Konstantin Chumakov, Lester Shulman

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Deep sequencing was used to determine complete nucleotide sequences of echovirus 11 (EV11) strains isolated from a chronically infected patient with CVID as well as from cases of acute enterovirus infection. Phylogenetic analysis showed that EV11 strains that circulated in Israel in 1980-90s could be divided into four clades. EV11 strains isolated from a chronically infected individual belonged to one of the four clades and over a period of 4 years accumulated mutations at a relatively constant rate. Extrapolation of mutations accumulation curve into the past suggested that the individual was infected with circulating EV11 in the first half of ...


The Igf2/Igf1r/Nanog Signaling Pathway Regulates The Proliferation Of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Stem Cells., Dan-Dan Xu, Ying Wang, Peng-Jun Zhou, Shu-Rong Qin, Rong Zhang, Yi Zhang, +Several Additional Authors Jan 2018

The Igf2/Igf1r/Nanog Signaling Pathway Regulates The Proliferation Of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Stem Cells., Dan-Dan Xu, Ying Wang, Peng-Jun Zhou, Shu-Rong Qin, Rong Zhang, Yi Zhang, +Several Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Acute myeloid leukemia is an aggressive disease characterized by clonal proliferation and differentiation into immature hematopoietic cells of dysfunctional myeloid precursors. Accumulating evidence shows that CD34+CD38- leukemia stem cells (LSCs) are responsible for drug resistance, metastasis, and relapse of leukemia. In this study, we found that Nanog, a transcription factor in stem cells, is significantly overexpressed in CD34+ populations from patients with acute myeloid leukemia and in LSCs from leukemia cell lines. Our data demonstrate that the knockdown of Nanog inhibited proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis. Moreover, Nanog silencing suppressed the leukemogenesis of LSCs in ...


Association Of Two Foxp3 Polymorphisms With Breast Cancer In Chinese Han Women, Wenge Zhu, +Several Additional Authors Jan 2018

Association Of Two Foxp3 Polymorphisms With Breast Cancer In Chinese Han Women, Wenge Zhu, +Several Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) is a key gene in the immune system which also plays a role in tumor development. This study aims to explore the association of two FOXP3 polymorphisms (rs3761548 and rs3761549) with susceptibility to breast cancer (BC).

Method

A case–control study was conducted, involving 560 patients and 583 healthy individuals from the Chinese Han population. The genotypes of FOXP3 polymorphisms were detected using the Sequenom MassARRAY method. The association between FOXP3 polymorphisms and BC risk was evaluated using a χ2 test with an odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) under six genetic ...


Robust Expression Of Tumor Suppressor Mirna's Let-7 And Mir-195 Detected In Plasma Of Saudi Female Breast Cancer Patients., Amal Qattan, Haya Intabli, Wafa Alkhayal, Chafica Eltabache, Taher Tweigieri, Suad Bin Amer Nov 2017

Robust Expression Of Tumor Suppressor Mirna's Let-7 And Mir-195 Detected In Plasma Of Saudi Female Breast Cancer Patients., Amal Qattan, Haya Intabli, Wafa Alkhayal, Chafica Eltabache, Taher Tweigieri, Suad Bin Amer

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

Female breast cancer is frequently diagnosed at a later stage and the leading cause of cancer deaths world-wide. Levels of cell-free circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can potentially be used as biomarkers to measure disease progression in breast cancer patients in a non-invasive way and are therefore of high clinical value.

Methods

Using quantitative RT-PCR, circulating miRNAs were measured in blood samples collected from disease-free individuals (n = 34), triple-negative breast tumours (TNBC) (n = 36) and luminal tumours (n = 57). In addition to intergroup comparisons, plasma miRNA expression levels of all groups were analyzed against RNASeq data from cancerous breast tissue via ...


An Organismal Model For Gene Regulatory Networks In The Gut-Associated Immune Response, Katherine M. Buckley, J P. Rast Oct 2017

An Organismal Model For Gene Regulatory Networks In The Gut-Associated Immune Response, Katherine M. Buckley, J P. Rast

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

The gut epithelium is an ancient site of complex communication between the animal immune system and the microbial world. While elements of self-non-self receptors and effector mechanisms differ greatly among animal phyla, some aspects of recognition, regulation, and response are broadly conserved. A gene regulatory network (GRN) approach provides a means to investigate the nature of this conservation and divergence even as more peripheral functional details remain incompletely understood. The sea urchin embryo is an unparalleled experimental model for detangling the GRNs that govern embryonic development. By applying this theoretical framework to the free swimming, feeding larval stage of the ...


Engaging Medical Students In Problem-Based Search And Study Of The Biomedical Literature., Zhiyong Han, Samantha L Margulies, Divya Kurian, Joshua M Jabaut, Akshita Mehta, Ramzi Dudum, Huberta Koudoro, Ria S Roberts, Jay Lee, Jonathan Li, Hieu T Nguyen, Mark Elliott Aug 2017

Engaging Medical Students In Problem-Based Search And Study Of The Biomedical Literature., Zhiyong Han, Samantha L Margulies, Divya Kurian, Joshua M Jabaut, Akshita Mehta, Ramzi Dudum, Huberta Koudoro, Ria S Roberts, Jay Lee, Jonathan Li, Hieu T Nguyen, Mark Elliott

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Deficiency Results In Compromised Pulmonary Alveolar Capillary Angiogenesis In Mice., Jun-Hui Qin, Zhen-Yu Ke, Qiang Zhou, Li Wang, Yuan Liang, Ying-Mei Wang, Tong Yang, Xing Gao, Jing Ye, Rekesh Kumar, Rui-An Wang Aug 2017

Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Deficiency Results In Compromised Pulmonary Alveolar Capillary Angiogenesis In Mice., Jun-Hui Qin, Zhen-Yu Ke, Qiang Zhou, Li Wang, Yuan Liang, Ying-Mei Wang, Tong Yang, Xing Gao, Jing Ye, Rekesh Kumar, Rui-An Wang

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Background

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) deficiency during angiogenesis of pulmonary alveolar capillaries in mice and to determine the molecular mechanisms involved.

Material/Methods

The expressions of MTA1, CD34, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and HIF-1α were analyzed in the lungs of MTA1-knockout (KO) and wild-type mice at embryonic day 18.5 and 2 months by quantitative PCR, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry. The morphological changes were investigated during pulmonary alveolar capillary formation. The heart weight/body weight (HW/BW) ratio and the size of the ...


Safety And Potential Efficacy Of Gemfibrozil As A Supportive Treatment For Children With Late Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis And Other Lipid Storage Disorders., Kyeongsoon Kim, Hynda K Kleinman, Hahn-Jun Lee, Kalipada Pahan Jun 2017

Safety And Potential Efficacy Of Gemfibrozil As A Supportive Treatment For Children With Late Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis And Other Lipid Storage Disorders., Kyeongsoon Kim, Hynda K Kleinman, Hahn-Jun Lee, Kalipada Pahan

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL), also known as Batten disease, is a group of genetically distinct lysosomal disorders that mainly affect the central nervous system, resulting in progressive motor and cognitive decline primarily in children. Multiple distinct genes involved in the metabolism of lipids have been identified to date with various mutations in this family of diseases. There is no cure for these diseases but some new therapeutic approaches have been tested that offer more hope than the standard palliative care. Many of the therapeutic advances require invasive procedures but some progress in slowing the disease has been found and more ...


Il-18 Polymorphisms Contribute To Hepatitis B Virus-Related Cirrhosis And Hepatocellular Carcinoma Susceptibility In Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study., Zhi-Jun Dai, Xing-Han Liu, Meng Wang, Yan Guo, Wenge Zhu, Xiao Li, Shuai Lin, Tian Tian, Kang Liu, Yi Zheng, Peng Xu, Tianbo Jin, Xiaopeng Li Jun 2017

Il-18 Polymorphisms Contribute To Hepatitis B Virus-Related Cirrhosis And Hepatocellular Carcinoma Susceptibility In Chinese Population: A Case-Control Study., Zhi-Jun Dai, Xing-Han Liu, Meng Wang, Yan Guo, Wenge Zhu, Xiao Li, Shuai Lin, Tian Tian, Kang Liu, Yi Zheng, Peng Xu, Tianbo Jin, Xiaopeng Li

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

IL-18 polymorphisms influence the transcriptional activity of the IL-18 gene and associated with various diseases. However, their relationships with hepatitis B virus-related liver diseases had not reached a consensus. So we conducted this case-control study with a view to clarifying the association. We included four groups: healthy controls, chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) carriers, liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) groups with each group of 250 persons. Odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) with or without adjustment were calculated. Haplotype analysis was also performed. The results showed people carrying rs187238 CG genotype had a lower risk ...


Long Non-Coding Rna Profile In Mantle Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Functional Lncrna Ror1-As1 Associated With Ezh2/Prc2 Complex., Guangzhen Hu, Shiv K Gupta, Tammy P Troska, Asha Nair, Mamta Gupta May 2017

Long Non-Coding Rna Profile In Mantle Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Functional Lncrna Ror1-As1 Associated With Ezh2/Prc2 Complex., Guangzhen Hu, Shiv K Gupta, Tammy P Troska, Asha Nair, Mamta Gupta

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma characterized by rapid disease progression. The needs for new therapeutic strategies for MCL patients call for further understanding on the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis of MCL. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recognized as key regulators of gene expression and disease development, however, the role of lncRNAs in non-Hodgkin lymphoma and specifically in MCL is still unknown. Next generation RNA-sequencing was carried out on MCL patient samples along with normal controls and data was analyzed. As a result, several novel lncRNAs were found significantly overexpressed in the MCL samples with ...


Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3a And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer., S Deivendran, Hezlin Marzook, T R Santhoshkumar, Rakesh Kumar, M Radhakrishna Pillai Apr 2017

Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3a And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer., S Deivendran, Hezlin Marzook, T R Santhoshkumar, Rakesh Kumar, M Radhakrishna Pillai

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Despite a recognized role of DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a) in human cancer, the nature of its upstream regulator(s) and relationship with the master chromatin remodeling factor MTA1, continues to be poorly understood. Here, we found an inverse relationship between the levels of MTA1 and DNMT3a in human cancer and that high levels of MTA1 in combination of low DNMT3a status correlates well with poor survival of breast cancer patients. We discovered that MTA1 represses DNMT3a expression via HDAC1/YY1 transcription factor complex. Because IGFBP3 is an established target of DNMT3a, we investigated the effect of MTA1 upon IGFBP3 expression ...


Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3Α And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer, S Deivendran Apr 2017

Metastasis-Associated Protein 1 Is An Upstream Regulator Of Dnmt3Α And Stimulator Of Insulin-Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 In Breast Cancer, S Deivendran

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Despite a recognized role of DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a) in human cancer, the nature of its upstream regulator(s) and relationship with the master chromatin remodeling factor MTA1, continues to be poorly understood. Here, we found an inverse relationship between the levels of MTA1 and DNMT3a in human cancer and that high levels of MTA1 in combination of low DNMT3a status correlates well with poor survival of breast cancer patients. We discovered that MTA1 represses DNMT3a expression via HDAC1/YY1 transcription factor complex. Because IGFBP3 is an established target of DNMT3a, we investigated the effect of MTA1 upon IGFBP3 expression ...


Distribution Bias Analysis Of Germline And Somatic Single-Nucleotide Variations That Impact Protein Functional Site And Neighboring Amino Acids, Y Pan, C Yan, Y Hu, Y Fan, Qing Pan, Q Wan, J Torcivia-Rodriguez, Raja Mazumder Jan 2017

Distribution Bias Analysis Of Germline And Somatic Single-Nucleotide Variations That Impact Protein Functional Site And Neighboring Amino Acids, Y Pan, C Yan, Y Hu, Y Fan, Qing Pan, Q Wan, J Torcivia-Rodriguez, Raja Mazumder

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Single nucleotide variations (SNVs) can result in loss or gain of protein functional sites. We analyzed the effects of SNVs on enzyme active sites, ligand binding sites, and various types of post translational modification (PTM) sites. We found that, for most types of protein functional sites, the SNV pattern differs between germline and somatic mutations as well as between synonymous and non-synonymous mutations. From a total of 51,138 protein functional site affecting SNVs (pfsSNVs), a pan-cancer analysis revealed 142 somatic pfsSNVs in five or more cancer types. By leveraging patient information for somatic pfsSNVs, we identified 17 loss of ...


Genetic Polymorphisms In Caveolin-1 Associate With Breast Cancer Risk In Chinese Han Population, M Wang, T Tian, X Ma, W Zhu, Y Guo, Z Duan, J Fan, S Lin, K Liu, Y Zheng, Q Sheng, Z J. Dai, H Peng Jan 2017

Genetic Polymorphisms In Caveolin-1 Associate With Breast Cancer Risk In Chinese Han Population, M Wang, T Tian, X Ma, W Zhu, Y Guo, Z Duan, J Fan, S Lin, K Liu, Y Zheng, Q Sheng, Z J. Dai, H Peng

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Caveolin-1(CAV-1) was demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor gene and be implicated in the development of breast cancer (BC). Numerous potentially functional polymorphisms in CAV-1 have been identified, but their effects on BC were not clear. This case-control study aims to evaluate the relationship between CAV-1 polymorphisms and BC risk. 560 BC patients and 583 healthy controls were enrolled in the present study, all from Chinese Han population. We detected 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3807987, rs1997623, and rs7804372) in CAV-1 using the Sequenom MassARRAY method. The association between CAV-1genotypes and BC risk was assessed in six genetic models ...


Metabolic Reprogramming Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: The Role Of Mirnas, Amal Qattan Jan 2017

Metabolic Reprogramming Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: The Role Of Mirnas, Amal Qattan

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are well known to influence the expression of the genes that regulate critical cellular functions. Various reports have suggested that they play critical roles in breast cancer metabolism through the regulation of various metabolic pathways, including the metabolism of glucose, lipids, glycolysis and the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA). miRNAs regulate the metabolic process by targeting key molecules (enzymes, kinases transporters) or by modifying the expression of key transcription molecules. In addition, miRNAs can indirectly regulate mRNA translation by targeting chromatin-remodeling enzymes. Furthermore, miRNAs influence the expression of both oncogenes and tumor suppressors and have a major impact ...


Ptpro Represses Erbb2-Driven Breast Oncogenesis By Dephosphorylation And Endosomal Internalization Of Erbb2., H Dong, L Ma, J Gan, W Lin, Rakesh Kumar, +9 Additional Authors Jan 2017

Ptpro Represses Erbb2-Driven Breast Oncogenesis By Dephosphorylation And Endosomal Internalization Of Erbb2., H Dong, L Ma, J Gan, W Lin, Rakesh Kumar, +9 Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

The plasma membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatase PTPRO is frequently transcriptionally repressed in cancers and signifies poor prognosis of breast cancer patients. In this study, deletion of Ptpro inMMTV-Erbb2 transgenic mice dramatically shortened the mammary tumor latency and accelerated tumor growth due to loss of Ptpro within the breast cancer cells but not in surrounding tissue as confirmed by hetero-transplantation studies. Both in vitro and in vivo data demonstrated that the phosphatase activity was required for the inactivation of ERBB2 and its downstream signaling. PTPRO regulated the phosphorylation status of ERBB2 at Y1248. Co-immunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assay (Duolink) indicated that ...


Oxidative Stress And Inflammation In Hepatic Diseases: Current And Future Therapy., Karina Reyes-Gordillo, Ruchi Shah, Pablo Muriel Jan 2017

Oxidative Stress And Inflammation In Hepatic Diseases: Current And Future Therapy., Karina Reyes-Gordillo, Ruchi Shah, Pablo Muriel

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Liver disease is a highly prevalent disease that is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The continuous exposure of the liver to some factors such as viruses, alcohol, fat, and biotransformed metabolites can cause hepatic injury, which can lead to inflammation and liver degeneration. When the injury is sustained for long time, it can cause chronic liver diseases (CLDs), which include a spectrum of disease states ranging from simple steatosis and steatohepatitis (steatosis with inflammation and hepatocyte injury and death) to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Multiple evidences indicate that oxidative stress and inflammation are the most ...


Biomuta And Bioxpress: Mutation And Expression Knowledgebases For Cancer Biomarker Discovery, Hayley Dingerdissen, John Torcivia-Rodriguez, Yu Hu, Ting-Chia Chang, Raja Mazumder, Robel Kashay Jan 2017

Biomuta And Bioxpress: Mutation And Expression Knowledgebases For Cancer Biomarker Discovery, Hayley Dingerdissen, John Torcivia-Rodriguez, Yu Hu, Ting-Chia Chang, Raja Mazumder, Robel Kashay

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Single-nucleotide variation and gene expression of disease samples represent important resources for biomarker discovery. Many databases have been built to host and make available such data to the community, but these databases are frequently limited in scope and/or content. BioMuta, a database of cancer-associated single-nucleotide variations, and BioXpress, a database of cancer-associated differentially expressed genes and microRNAs, differ from other disease-associated variation and expression databases primarily through the aggregation of data across many studies into a single source with a unified representation and annotation of functional attributes. Early versions of these resources were initiated by pilot funding for specific ...


The Vasodilatory Effects Of Anti-Inflammatory Herb Medications: A Comparison Study Of Four Botanical Extracts., Hong Ping Zhang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yan Ke, Ka Bian Jan 2017

The Vasodilatory Effects Of Anti-Inflammatory Herb Medications: A Comparison Study Of Four Botanical Extracts., Hong Ping Zhang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yan Ke, Ka Bian

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases, in which, the endothelium dysfunction has been a key element. The current study was designed to explore the vasodilatory effect of anti-inflammatory herbs which have been traditionally used in different clinical applications. The total saponins from Actinidia arguta radix (SAA), total flavonoids from Glycyrrhizae radix et rhizoma (FGR), total coumarins from Peucedani radix (CPR), and total flavonoids from Spatholobi caulis (FSC) were extracted. The isometric measurement of vasoactivity was used to observe the effects of herbal elements on the isolated aortic rings with or without endothelium. To ...


Presence Of A Prophage Determines Temperature-Dependent Capsule Production In Streptococcus Pyogenes., Leslie Brown, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kyu Hong Cho Sep 2016

Presence Of A Prophage Determines Temperature-Dependent Capsule Production In Streptococcus Pyogenes., Leslie Brown, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kyu Hong Cho

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

A hyaluronic acid capsule is a major virulence factor in the pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes. It acts as an anti-phagocytic agent and adhesin to keratinocytes. The expression of the capsule is primarily regulated at the transcriptional level by the two-component regulatory system CovRS, in which CovR acts as a transcriptional repressor. The covRS genes are frequently mutated in many invasive strains, and a subset of the invasive CovRS mutants does not produce a detectable level of the capsule at 37 °C, but produces a significant amount of the capsule at sub-body temperatures. Here, we report that a prophage has a ...


Rna2dnalign: Nucleotide Resolution Allele Asymmetries Through Quantitative Assessment Of Rna And Dna Paired Sequencing Data., Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Prakriti Mudvari, Merve Dede, Cem Dede, Kamran Kowsari, Paula Restrepo, Edmund Cauley, Sonali Bahl, Muzi Li, Wesley Waterhouse, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath Aug 2016

Rna2dnalign: Nucleotide Resolution Allele Asymmetries Through Quantitative Assessment Of Rna And Dna Paired Sequencing Data., Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Prakriti Mudvari, Merve Dede, Cem Dede, Kamran Kowsari, Paula Restrepo, Edmund Cauley, Sonali Bahl, Muzi Li, Wesley Waterhouse, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

We introduce RNA2DNAlign, a computational framework for quantitative assessment of allele counts across paired RNA and DNA sequencing datasets. RNA2DNAlign is based on quantitation of the relative abundance of variant and reference read counts, followed by binomial tests for genotype and allelic status at SNV positions between compatible sequences. RNA2DNAlign detects positions with differential allele distribution, suggesting asymmetries due to regulatory/structural events. Based on the type of asymmetry, RNA2DNAlign outlines positions likely to be implicated in RNA editing, allele-specific expression or loss, somatic mutagenesis or loss-of-heterozygosity (the first three also in a tumor-specific setting). We applied RNA2DNAlign on 360 ...


Inhibition Of Nuclear Factor-Kappa B Enhances The Tumor Growth Of Ovarian Cancer Cell Line Derived From A Low-Grade Papillary Serous Carcinoma In P53-Independent Pathway, Xue Xiao, Gong Yang, Peng Bai, Shunping Gui, Tri M. Bui Nguyen, +8 Additional Authors Aug 2016

Inhibition Of Nuclear Factor-Kappa B Enhances The Tumor Growth Of Ovarian Cancer Cell Line Derived From A Low-Grade Papillary Serous Carcinoma In P53-Independent Pathway, Xue Xiao, Gong Yang, Peng Bai, Shunping Gui, Tri M. Bui Nguyen, +8 Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: NF-kB can function as an oncogene or tumor suppressor depending on cancer types. The role of NF-kB in low-grade serous ovarian cancer, however, has never been tested. We sought to elucidate the function of NF-kB in the low-grade serous ovarian cancer.

Methods: The ovarian cancer cell line, HOC-7, derived from a low-grade papillary serous carcinoma. Introduction of a dominant negative mutant, IkBαM, which resulted in decrease of NF-kB function in ovarian cancer cell lines. The transcription ability, tumorigenesis, cell proliferation and apoptosis were observed in derivative cell lines in comparison with parental cells.

Results: Western blot analysis indicated increased ...


Mof Acetylates The Histone Demethylase Lsd1 To Suppress Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Huacheng Luo, Anitha K Shenoy, Xuehui Li, Yue Jin, Lihua Jin, Edward Seto, +10 Additional Authors Jun 2016

Mof Acetylates The Histone Demethylase Lsd1 To Suppress Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition., Huacheng Luo, Anitha K Shenoy, Xuehui Li, Yue Jin, Lihua Jin, Edward Seto, +10 Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

The histone demethylase LSD1 facilitates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor progression by repressing epithelial marker expression. However, little is known about how its function may be modulated. Here, we report that LSD1 is acetylated in epithelial but not mesenchymal cells. Acetylation of LSD1 reduces its association with nucleosomes, thus increasing histone H3K4 methylation at its target genes and activating transcription. The MOF acetyltransferase interacts with LSD1 and is responsible for its acetylation. MOF is preferentially expressed in epithelial cells and is downregulated by EMT-inducing signals. Expression of exogenous MOF impedes LSD1 binding to epithelial gene promoters and histone demethylation, thereby ...


Identification Of Genes That Are Essential To Restrict Genome Duplication To Once Per Cell Division., Alex Vassilev, Chrissie Y. Lee, Boris Vassilev, Wenge Zhu, Pinar Ormanoglu, Scott E. Martin, Melvin L. Depamphilis Jun 2016

Identification Of Genes That Are Essential To Restrict Genome Duplication To Once Per Cell Division., Alex Vassilev, Chrissie Y. Lee, Boris Vassilev, Wenge Zhu, Pinar Ormanoglu, Scott E. Martin, Melvin L. Depamphilis

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Nuclear genome duplication is normally restricted to once per cell division, but aberrant events that allow excess DNA replication (EDR) promote genomic instability and aneuploidy, both of which are characteristics of cancer development. Here we provide the first comprehensive identification of genes that are essential to restrict genome duplication to once per cell division. An siRNA library of 21,584 human genes was screened for those that prevent EDR in cancer cells with undetectable chromosomal instability. Candidates were validated by testing multiple siRNAs and chemical inhibitors on both TP53+ and TP53- cells to reveal the relevance of this ubiquitous tumor ...


Stabilizing The Cold Plasma-Stimulated Medium By Regulating Medium’S Composition, Dayun Yan, Niki Nourmohammadi, Ka Bian, Ferid Murad, Jonathan H. Sherman, Michael Keidar May 2016

Stabilizing The Cold Plasma-Stimulated Medium By Regulating Medium’S Composition, Dayun Yan, Niki Nourmohammadi, Ka Bian, Ferid Murad, Jonathan H. Sherman, Michael Keidar

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Over past several years, the cold plasma-stimulated medium (PSM) has shown its remarkable anti-cancer capacity in par with the direct cold plasma irradiation on cancer cells or tumor tissues. Independent of the cold plasma device, PSM has noticeable advantage of being a flexible platform in cancer treatment. Currently, the largest disadvantage of PSM is its degradation during the storage over a wide temperature range. So far, to stabilize PSM, it must be remained frozen at −80 °C. In this study, we first reveal that the degradation of PSM is mainly due to the reaction between the reactive species and specific ...


Oxidative Stress, Cellular Senescence And Ageing, Akshaj Pole, Manjari Dimri, Goberdhan P. Dimri May 2016

Oxidative Stress, Cellular Senescence And Ageing, Akshaj Pole, Manjari Dimri, Goberdhan P. Dimri

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Almost a half century ago, the free radical theory of ageing proposed that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a key component which contributes to the pathophysiology of ageing in mammalian cells. Over the years, numerous studies have documented the role of oxidative stress caused by ROS in the ageing process of higher organisms. In particular, several age-associated disease models suggest that ROS and oxidative stress modulate the incidence of age-related pathologies, and that it can strongly influence the ageing process and possibly lifespan. The exact mechanism of ROS and oxidative stress-induced age-related pathologies is not yet very clear. Damage ...


A Mir-200c/141-Bmi1 Autoregulatory Loop Regulates Oncogenic Activity Of Bmi1 In Cancer Cells., Mingu Kang, Manjari Dimri, Goberdhan P. Dimri Apr 2016

A Mir-200c/141-Bmi1 Autoregulatory Loop Regulates Oncogenic Activity Of Bmi1 In Cancer Cells., Mingu Kang, Manjari Dimri, Goberdhan P. Dimri

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to function as oncomiRs or tumor suppressors and are important noncoding RNA regulators of oncogenesis. The miR-200c/141 locus on chromosome 12 encodes miR-200c and miR-141, two members of the miR-200 family, which have been shown to function as tumor suppressive miRNAs by targeting multiple oncogenic factors such as polycomb group protein BMI1. Here, we show that BMI1 reciprocally functions as a transcriptional repressor of the miR-200c/141 cluster and that BMI1 inhibitors upregulate expression of miR-200c and miR-141. Our data suggest that BMI1 binds to the miR-200c/141 promoter and regulates it through transcription factor ...


The Glucose Metabolite Methylglyoxal Inhibits Expression Of The Glucose Transport Genes By Inactivating The Cell Surface Glucose Sensors Rgt2 And Snf3 In Yeast, Adhiraj Roy, Salman Hashmi, Zerui Li, Angela Dement, Kyu Hong Cho, Jeong-Ho Kim Mar 2016

The Glucose Metabolite Methylglyoxal Inhibits Expression Of The Glucose Transport Genes By Inactivating The Cell Surface Glucose Sensors Rgt2 And Snf3 In Yeast, Adhiraj Roy, Salman Hashmi, Zerui Li, Angela Dement, Kyu Hong Cho, Jeong-Ho Kim

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Methylglyoxal (MG) is a cytotoxic by-product of glycolysis. MG has inhibitory effect on the growth of cells ranging from microorganisms to higher eukaryotes, but its molecular targets are largely unknown. The yeast cell-surface glucose sensors Rgt2 and Snf3 function as glucose receptors that sense extracellular glucose and generate a signal for induction of expression of genes encoding glucose transporters (HXTs). Here we provide evidence that these glucose sensors are primary targets of MG in yeast. MG inhibits the growth of glucose-fermenting yeast cells by inducing endocytosis and degradation of the glucose sensors. However, the glucose sensors with mutations at ...


Distinct Lymphocyte Antigens 6 (Ly6) Family Members Ly6d, Ly6e, Ly6k And Ly6h Drive Tumorigenesis And Clinical Outcome., Linlin Luo, Peter Mcgarvey, Subha Madhavan, Rakesh Kumar, Yuriy Gusev, Geeta Upadhyay Feb 2016

Distinct Lymphocyte Antigens 6 (Ly6) Family Members Ly6d, Ly6e, Ly6k And Ly6h Drive Tumorigenesis And Clinical Outcome., Linlin Luo, Peter Mcgarvey, Subha Madhavan, Rakesh Kumar, Yuriy Gusev, Geeta Upadhyay

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1) is used to isolate and characterize tumor initiating cell populations from tumors of various murine models [1]. Sca-1 induced disruption of TGF-β signaling is required in vivo tumorigenesis in breast cancer models [2, 3-5]. The role of human Ly6 gene family is only beginning to be appreciated in recent literature [6-9]. To study the significance of Ly6 gene family members, we have visualized one hundred thirty gene expression omnibus (GEO) dataset using Oncomine (Invitrogen) and Georgetown Database of Cancer (G-DOC). This analysis showed that four different members Ly6D, Ly6E, Ly6H or Ly6K have increased gene expressed ...


Impact Of Germline And Somatic Missense Variations On Drug Binding Sites., C Yan, N Pattabiraman, J Goecks, P Lam, A Nayak, Y Pan, J Torcivia-Rodriguez, A Voskanian, Q Wan, Raja Mazumder Jan 2016

Impact Of Germline And Somatic Missense Variations On Drug Binding Sites., C Yan, N Pattabiraman, J Goecks, P Lam, A Nayak, Y Pan, J Torcivia-Rodriguez, A Voskanian, Q Wan, Raja Mazumder

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Advancements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are generating a vast amount of data. This exacerbates the current challenge of translating NGS data into actionable clinical interpretations. We have comprehensively combined germline and somatic nonsynonymous single-nucleotide variations (nsSNVs) that affect drug binding sites in order to investigate their prevalence. The integrated data thus generated in conjunction with exome or whole-genome sequencing can be used to identify patients who may not respond to a specific drug because of alterations in drug binding efficacy due to nsSNVs in the target protein's gene. To identify the nsSNVs that may affect drug binding, protein-drug ...