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University of Montana

Oxygenated organic compounds

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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 2. First Intercomparison Of Open-Path Ftir, Ptr-Ms, And Gc-Ms/Fid/Ecd, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wein Min Hao, T. Shirai, Donald R. Blake Jan 2004

Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 2. First Intercomparison Of Open-Path Ftir, Ptr-Ms, And Gc-Ms/Fid/Ecd, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wein Min Hao, T. Shirai, Donald R. Blake

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 1. Emissions From Indonesian, African, And Other Fuels, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wei Min Hao, B. H. Saharjo, Darold E. Ward Dec 2003

Comprehensive Laboratory Measurements Of Biomass-Burning Emissions: 1. Emissions From Indonesian, African, And Other Fuels, Ted J. Christian, B. Kleiss, Robert J. Yokelson, R. Holzinger, P. J. Crutzen, Wei Min Hao, B. H. Saharjo, Darold E. Ward

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Trace gas and particle emissions were measured from 47 laboratory fires burning 16 regionally to globally significant fuel types. Instrumentation included the following: open-path Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry; filter sampling with subsequent analysis of particles with diameter <2.5 μm for organic and elemental carbon and other elements; and canister sampling with subsequent analysis by gas chromatography (GC)/flame ionization detector, GC/electron capture detector, and GC/mass spectrometry. The emissions of 26 compounds are reported by fuel type. The results include the first detailed measurements of the emissions from Indonesian fuels. Carbon dioxide, CO, CH4, NH3, HCN, methanol, and acetic acid were the seven most abundant emissions (in order) from burning Indonesian peat. Acetol (hydroxyacetone) was a major, previously unobserved emission from burning rice straw (21–34 g/kg). The emission factors for our simulated African fires are consistent with field data for African fires for compounds measured in both ...


Trace Gas Measurements In Nascent, Aged, And Cloud-Processed Smoke From African Savanna Fires By Airborne Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (Aftir), Robert J. Yokelson, Issac T. Bertschi, Ted J. Christian, Peter V. Hobbs, Darold E. Ward, Wei Min Hao Jul 2003

Trace Gas Measurements In Nascent, Aged, And Cloud-Processed Smoke From African Savanna Fires By Airborne Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (Aftir), Robert J. Yokelson, Issac T. Bertschi, Ted J. Christian, Peter V. Hobbs, Darold E. Ward, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] We measured stable and reactive trace gases with an airborne Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (AFTIR) on the University of Washington Convair-580 research aircraft in August/September 2000 during the SAFARI 2000 dry season campaign in Southern Africa. The measurements included vertical profiles of CO2, CO, H2O, and CH4 up to 5.5 km on six occasions above instrumented ground sites and below the TERRA satellite and ER-2 high-flying research aircraft. We also measured the trace gas emissions from 10 African savanna fires. Five of these fires featured extensive ground-based fuel characterization, and two were in ...


Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Fires In Large Diameter And Belowground Biomass Fuels, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, R. E. Babbitt, Ronald A. Susott, Jon G. Goode, Wei Min Hao Feb 2003

Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Fires In Large Diameter And Belowground Biomass Fuels, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, R. E. Babbitt, Ronald A. Susott, Jon G. Goode, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] We adopt a working definition of residual smoldering combustion (RSC) as biomass combustion that produces emissions that are not lofted by strong fire-induced convection. RSC emissions can be produced for up to several weeks after the passage of a flame front and they are mostly unaffected by flames. Fuels prone to RSC include downed logs, duff, and organic soils. Limited observations in the tropics and the boreal forest suggest that RSC is a globally significant source of emissions to the troposphere. This source was previously uncharacterized. We measured the first emission factors (EF) for RSC in a series of ...


Trace Gas Emissions From The Production And Use Of Domestic Biofuels In Zambia Measured By Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, Ted J. Christian, Wei Min Hao Feb 2003

Trace Gas Emissions From The Production And Use Of Domestic Biofuels In Zambia Measured By Open-Path Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, Ted J. Christian, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Domestic biomass fuels (biofuels) were recently estimated to be the second largest source of carbon emissions from global biomass burning. Wood and charcoal provide approximately 90% and 10% of domestic energy in tropical Africa. In September 2000, we used open-path Fourier transform infrared (OP-FTIR) spectroscopy to quantify 18 of the most abundant trace gases emitted by wood and charcoal cooking fires and an earthen charcoal-making kiln in Zambia. These are the first in situ measurements of an extensive suite of trace gases emitted by tropical biofuel burning. We report emission ratios (ER) and emission factors (EF) for (in order ...