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Aga Khan University

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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Molecular Signatures Of Calpain 10 Isoforms Sequences, Envisage Functional Similarity And Therapeutic Potential, Bushra Chaudhry, Farina Hanif, Kausar Saboohi May 2019

Molecular Signatures Of Calpain 10 Isoforms Sequences, Envisage Functional Similarity And Therapeutic Potential, Bushra Chaudhry, Farina Hanif, Kausar Saboohi

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Calpain 10 plays a role in insulin secretion, action and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. The mechanism through which it influences the insulin secretion and action is not completely defined. A structural bioinformatics approach is applied to envision its mechanism of action using available tools on NCBI (blastp and blastn), EMBL-EBI, Ensembl, Swiss Model Repository websites, I-TASSER, PROCHECK program and Discovery Studio software. Homology of domain I and II of calpain10 (isoform a) was established with super family cysteine proteinase domains (II a and II b, e=1.30e-77, 1.00e-20). Remaining sequences of domain III and T from (isoform ...


Dna Methylation: Atherosclerosis Leading To Congenital Heart Diseases, Sher Khan, Rehana Rehman Jan 2019

Dna Methylation: Atherosclerosis Leading To Congenital Heart Diseases, Sher Khan, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Relationship Of Sociodemographic Factors With Serum Levels Of Vitamin D In A Healthy Population Of Pakistan, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Naseema Mehboobali, Ali Asghar, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal Jan 2019

Relationship Of Sociodemographic Factors With Serum Levels Of Vitamin D In A Healthy Population Of Pakistan, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Naseema Mehboobali, Ali Asghar, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been reported from Pakistan. Association of sociodemographic factors with vitamin D status has received little attention in this region. Therefore, we embarked on investigating the relationship of sociodemographic factors with vitamin D levels in a healthy Pakistani population. Venous blood from 226 healthy participants (age range 19-69 years) was collected and analyzed for serum concentrations of 25(OH) vitamin D [25(OH)D] and other related biomarkers. Demographic characteristics of the study participants were collected. Vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D levels less than 20 ng/ml) was found to be 75% in ...


Metformin, Oxidative Stress, And Infertility: A Way Forward, Rehana Rehman, Syed Hani Abidi, Faiza Alam Nov 2018

Metformin, Oxidative Stress, And Infertility: A Way Forward, Rehana Rehman, Syed Hani Abidi, Faiza Alam

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


A New Health Care Professional-Based Model For Medication Adherence, Muhammad Amir, Zeeshan Feroz, Anwar Ejaz Beg Oct 2018

A New Health Care Professional-Based Model For Medication Adherence, Muhammad Amir, Zeeshan Feroz, Anwar Ejaz Beg

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

This paper presents a practice-based conceptual (theoretical) model to address medication adherence. The study reviews literature for different rationales of medication adherence and its associated factors. It also reviews the interventions involved in improving medication adherence and its effect. It is known that many interventions applied have not received great success owing to the fact that they have not been employed in regular clinical practice. Furthermore, models or theories utilized for different interventions were based on patient perspective only. The model presented in the paper is based on health care professionals' perspective, with an aim to be employed in clinical ...


Administration Of 5-Ht-1b Agonist Ameliorates Pseudodementia Induced By Depression In Rats, Asia Afzal, Saara Ahmad, Faiza Agha, Zehra Batool, Saiqa Tabassum, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Amber Nawaz, Saida Haider Sep 2018

Administration Of 5-Ht-1b Agonist Ameliorates Pseudodementia Induced By Depression In Rats, Asia Afzal, Saara Ahmad, Faiza Agha, Zehra Batool, Saiqa Tabassum, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Amber Nawaz, Saida Haider

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the leading cause of memory impairment in general population. The serotonin hypothesis provides a target model for the treatment of depression and depression-associated memory loss. 5-HT-1B receptor is suggested as a potential candidate in the pathophysiology of depressive illness. Dysfunction of 5-HT-1B receptors has been observed previously in depressive patients. Zolmitriptan, 5-HT-1B agonist is clinically recommended for the treatment of migraine. However, in present study this drug was tested as a potential treatment for depression and associated memory loss by altering the serotonergic function at receptor level. Rats (n=24) were equally divided into unstressed ...


Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal Almutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed Almutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed Sep 2018

Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal Almutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed Almutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Plastic production is prominently increasing and its pollution is an emerging environmental global health concern. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among nonsmoking plastic industry workers. Three hundred and forty volunteers male plastic industry workers were interviewed after medical history and examination; finally, 278 nonsmoking plastic industry workers were selected. The mean age for the participants was 38.03 ± 10.86 years and body mass index was 25.52 ± 3.15 (kg/m)2. The plastic industry workers had been exposed to plastic plant pollution for 8 hr daily, 6 days ...


What Is A University Education?, H R. Ahmad Aug 2018

What Is A University Education?, H R. Ahmad

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi Apr 2018

Experiences Of The Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy At A Public Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Raisa, Shanaz Hussein Cassum Sc, Rehana Elahi

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Objective: This study aimed to explore the experiences of female breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in a public hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan.
Methods: This study employed a descriptive exploratory method. A purposive sample of 14 breast cancer women undergoing RT was selected for this study. Data were collected over the period of 5 months, using a semi-structured interview guide and conducting in-depth face-to-face interviews. These interviews were audio taped and transcribed by a bilingual transcriber. The translated version of the interview was coded, and the analysis was done manually.
Results: Four main categories emerged from data analysis, which were ...


Cross Talk Between Serum Kisspeptin-Leptin During Assisted Reproduction Techniques, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Aqsa Khalid, Syeda Sadia Fatima Apr 2018

Cross Talk Between Serum Kisspeptin-Leptin During Assisted Reproduction Techniques, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Aqsa Khalid, Syeda Sadia Fatima

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background & Objective: Leptin facilitates onset of puberty by impact on hypothalamic Kisspeptin, gonadotropin releasing hormone, follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormone. The link of peripheral Leptin-Kisspeptin in regulating the ovarian and endometrial tissue in relation to adiposity is unknown. Therefore, we wanted to identify Kisspeptin-Leptin association with body mass index (BMI) and success of assisted reproductive treatments (ART) in infertile females.
Methods: A cross sectional study was carried from August 2014 till May 2016 after receiving ethical approval at Australian Concept Infertility Medical Centre, and Aga Khan University. The study group comprised of females with an age range of 25-37 year who had duration of unexplained infertility for more than two years. They were grouped as; underweight (/m2), normal weight (18-22.9 kg/m2), overweight 23-24.99 kg/m2 and obese (>25 kg/m2). Kisspeptin and Leptin levels were measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay before down regulation of ovaries and initiation of treatment protocol of ART. Failure of procedure was detected by beta human chorionic gonadotropin <25mIU/ml (non-pregnant) whereas females with levels >25mIU/ml and cardiac activity on trans-vaginal scan were declared pregnant.
Results: Highest Kisspeptin and Leptin levels were seen in normal weight group (374.80 ± 185.08ng/L; 12.78 ± 6.8 pg/ml) respectively, yet the highest number of clinical ...


Serum Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha In Osteopenic And Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Females: A Cross-Sectional Study In Pakistan, Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman Mar 2018

Serum Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha In Osteopenic And Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Females: A Cross-Sectional Study In Pakistan, Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To compare biochemical parameters serum tumour necrosis factor alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D in postmenopausal women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2015 to July 2016 at Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, and comprised postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density done by dual energy X-ray absorptiometryscan categorised subjects by World Health Organisation classification into normal (T score > -1) osteopenic (T score between -1 and -2.5) and osteoporotic (T score < -2.5). Biochemical parameters like tumour necrosis alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D were measured by solid phase enzyme amplified sensitivity immunoassay method. SPSS 16 was used to analyse the data.
Results: Of the 146 women, 34(23%) were normal, 93(67%) were osteopenic and 19(13%) were osteoporotic. There was significant difference ...


A Gender-Based Comparison In Health Behaviors And State Of Happiness Among University Students, Rehana Rehman, Amara Zafar, Aleena Mohib, Mukhtiar Baig Mar 2018

A Gender-Based Comparison In Health Behaviors And State Of Happiness Among University Students, Rehana Rehman, Amara Zafar, Aleena Mohib, Mukhtiar Baig

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: The presence of good healthy behaviors among university students is imperative for their future life. This study aimed to compare positive health behaviors and state of happiness between the two genders of Bahria University (BU), Karachi, Pakistan.
Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at BU, Karachi, Pakistan. A total 813 students participated in this study. The healthquestionnaire, adapted from Health and Behavior Survey and the Subjective Happiness Scale, was used to assess self-reported happiness. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22.
Results: Overall self-reported health behaviors were found to be more prevalent in females as ...


Lack Of Association Of Statin Use With Vitamin D Levels In A Hospital Based Population Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam Syed, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal Feb 2018

Lack Of Association Of Statin Use With Vitamin D Levels In A Hospital Based Population Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam Syed, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To investigate the relationship of statins (drug given to reduce serum levels of LDL-cholesterol) on vitamin D levels of Pakistani type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a hospital in Karachi.
Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, 312 consecutive patients with type 2 DM (219 males and 93 females, age 22-70 years) were recruited with informed consent. A questionnaire was administered to find out whether they were statin users or non-users. Serum was analyzed for concentrations of 25(OH) vitamin D [25(OH)D] and other related biomarkers such as serum cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, phosphate and calcium using kit ...


Regenerative Therapy By Replacement Of Stem Cells In Females, Saara Ahmad, Rehana Rehman, Fatima Ahmad Nov 2017

Regenerative Therapy By Replacement Of Stem Cells In Females, Saara Ahmad, Rehana Rehman, Fatima Ahmad

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Association Of Vitamin D Deficiency And Vdbp Gene Polymorphism With The Risk Of Ami In A Pakistani Population, Mujtaba Mubashir, Shaheena Anwar, Asal Khan Tareen, Naseema Mehboobali, Khalida Iqbal, Mohammad Iqbal Nov 2017

Association Of Vitamin D Deficiency And Vdbp Gene Polymorphism With The Risk Of Ami In A Pakistani Population, Mujtaba Mubashir, Shaheena Anwar, Asal Khan Tareen, Naseema Mehboobali, Khalida Iqbal, Mohammad Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of vitamin D deficiency and risk of AMI in a Pakistani population, and to find out any associationbetween vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) genotypes and risk of AMI in this population.
METHODS: In a comparative cross-sectional study, 246 patients (age: 20-70 years; 171 males and 75 females) with first AMI were enrolled with informed consent. Similarly, 345 healthy adults (230 males and 115 females) were enrolled as controls. Their fasting serum samples were analyzed for 25 (OH) vitamin D, lipids and other biomarkers using kit methods, while DNA was analyzed for VDBP genotypes using PCR-RFLP ...


Association Of Vitamin D Binding Protein Polymorphism With Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In A Pakistani Urban Population: A Case Control Study, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam, Ali Asghar, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal Nov 2017

Association Of Vitamin D Binding Protein Polymorphism With Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In A Pakistani Urban Population: A Case Control Study, Khalida Iqbal, Najmul Islam, Iqbal Azam, Ali Asghar, Naseema Mehboobali, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To assess if genotypes/diplotypes of vitamin D binding protein have any association with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted from January 2013 to July 2015 at the endocrinology clinics of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised adult patients with type 2 diabetes and their age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Venous blood was obtained and assessed for serum/plasma 25 hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, calcium, alkaline phosphatase and creatinine. Deoxyribonucleic acid was isolated and genotyping was done by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphismprocedures.
Results: Of the 330 participants, there ...


Enhanced Physical Endurance And Improved Memory Performance Following Taurine Administration In Rats, Irfan Sajid, Saara Muddasir, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider Sep 2017

Enhanced Physical Endurance And Improved Memory Performance Following Taurine Administration In Rats, Irfan Sajid, Saara Muddasir, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Energy drinks enhance physical endurance and cognitive ability. The ingredients present in these drinks are considered as ergogenic and have memory boosting effects. In the present study effects of taurine administration for one week was monitored on physical exercise and memory performance in rats. Animals were divided into two groups namely control and test. Taurine was injected intraperitoneally to the test group at the dose of 100mg/kg. After one week of treatment rats were subjected to physical exercise and memory task. Results of this study revealed that rats injected with taurine for one week exhibited improved muscular strength as ...


Interleukin-18 Polymorphism As An Inflammatory Index In Metabolic Syndrome: A Preliminary Study, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Zehra Jamil, Syed Hani Abidi, Daniyal Nadeem, Zara Bashir, Ahmed Ansari Jun 2017

Interleukin-18 Polymorphism As An Inflammatory Index In Metabolic Syndrome: A Preliminary Study, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Zehra Jamil, Syed Hani Abidi, Daniyal Nadeem, Zara Bashir, Ahmed Ansari

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Aim: To assess circulatory levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18) and determine whether the presence of IL-18 promoter polymorphism influences metabolic syndrome phenotypes.
Methods: This study recruited one hundred and eighty individuals divided into three groups with sixty subjects each as: Normal weight (18.0-22.9 kg/m2), overweight (23.0-25.9 kg/m2) and obese (> 26.0 kg/m2) according to South Asian criteria of BMI. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), Lipid profile, insulin, IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha were measured using ELISA kits, whereas low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) were calculated. The ...


Current Status Of Helicobacter Pylori Association With Haematological And Cardiovascular Diseases: A Mini Review, Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Syed Faisal Zaidi, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, Muhammad Ishaq Jun 2017

Current Status Of Helicobacter Pylori Association With Haematological And Cardiovascular Diseases: A Mini Review, Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Syed Faisal Zaidi, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, Muhammad Ishaq

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Helicobacter pylori infection is considered the most commonly prevalent gastrointestinal pathogen where it manages to survive despite the hostile environment of human stomach, leading to various gastric diseases including gastric cancer. Due to the chronic inflammatory state induced by H. pylori and its interaction with host immune system have diverted researchers to investigate its correlation with systemic diseases outside of the gastrointestinal tract. This literature review was done to explore the association of H. pylori infection with haematological and cardiovascular diseases. We used medical subject heading (MeSH) terms "Helicobacter pylori" with "inflammation," "haematological diseases," "coronary heart diseases" or "vascular diseases ...


Soluble Transferrin Receptor, Ferritin Index In Pakistani Population, Faiza Alam, Nabeel Ashraf, Ramsha Kashif, Hashaam Arshad, Syeda Sadia Fatima Mar 2017

Soluble Transferrin Receptor, Ferritin Index In Pakistani Population, Faiza Alam, Nabeel Ashraf, Ramsha Kashif, Hashaam Arshad, Syeda Sadia Fatima

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Inflammation affects the reliability of ferritin. The serum level of transferrin receptor protein (sTfR) represents true demand of iron in the body. This study attempts to identify levels of sTfR and correlate the trends of sTfR/ferritin index with BMI in the population of Karachi. 132 gender matched volunteers between the ages of 20-60 years were recruited for this cross-sectional study. BMI was calculated using the formula: (weight in kg / height in m2). Following groups were made according to South Asian criteria of BMI; Group A: normal weight (18.0-22.9 kg/m2), Group B: overweight (23.0-24.9 kg ...


Development Of Ad Like Symptoms Following Co-Administration Of Alcl3 And D-Gal In Rats: A Neurochemical, Biochemical And Behavioural Study, Laraib Liaquat, Saara Muddasir, Sadia Adir, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Saiqa Tabassum, Shaista Emad, Syeda Madiha, Sidrah Shahzad, Saida Haider Mar 2017

Development Of Ad Like Symptoms Following Co-Administration Of Alcl3 And D-Gal In Rats: A Neurochemical, Biochemical And Behavioural Study, Laraib Liaquat, Saara Muddasir, Sadia Adir, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Saiqa Tabassum, Shaista Emad, Syeda Madiha, Sidrah Shahzad, Saida Haider

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder associated with neurochemical and neurobehavioural alterations. Aluminium (Al) is considered as a contributing factor in the etiology of several neurodegenerative disorders like AD. D-galactose (D-gal) is a physiological nutrient but over supply induces some neurochemical and biochemical changes that exacerbate natural aging process. In this study, we aimed to develop AD animal model by co-administration of Al and D-gal in rats. Male albino Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with AlCl3 and D-gal at a dose of 150mg/kg and 300mg/kg respectively for one week. After one week rats were ...


Challenges Of Conducting Animal Based Research And Teaching In Medical Colleges Of Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Ulusyar Khan, Faiq Amin, Fazal Manzoor Arain Mar 2017

Challenges Of Conducting Animal Based Research And Teaching In Medical Colleges Of Karachi, Pakistan, Muhammad Ulusyar Khan, Faiq Amin, Fazal Manzoor Arain

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Gestational Diabetes Mellitus And The Predisposing Factors, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Sarosh Madhani, Bushra Chaudhry, Taseer Ahmed Khan Feb 2017

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus And The Predisposing Factors, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Sarosh Madhani, Bushra Chaudhry, Taseer Ahmed Khan

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To evaluate the occurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus and its association with demographic and anthropometric variables in pregnant women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and Memon Hospital in Karachi, from February 2014 to December 2015, and comprised pregnant women who were screened by 75-g 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test, (24-28 weeks of gestation) and classified as per the criteria of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group. Weight, body mass index and serum glycated haemoglobin levels were measured. Women with pre-gestational diabetes were excluded. SPSS 21 was ...


A New Model For Phd Elective Course, H R. Ahmad, Satwat Hashmi, M H. Mahmood Jan 2017

A New Model For Phd Elective Course, H R. Ahmad, Satwat Hashmi, M H. Mahmood

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Dream Of A Conducive Learning Environment: One Dreem For All Medical Students!, Rehana Rehman, Kulsoom Ghias, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Mehwish Hussain, Faiza Alam Jan 2017

Dream Of A Conducive Learning Environment: One Dreem For All Medical Students!, Rehana Rehman, Kulsoom Ghias, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Mehwish Hussain, Faiza Alam

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To compare students' response assessed by Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure on the basis of the year of study, gender and pre-medical educational background.Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan, from June 2014 to March 2015, and comprised medical students. The average scores of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure scales and subscales were compared between gender and educational background. Responses were also compared on the basis of year of study.Results: Of the 416 participants, 184 (44%) were males and 232 (56%) were females. There were 100 (24%) students ...


Polymorphisms In Mthfr, Ms And Cbs Genes And Premature Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Pakistani Population, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Khalida Iqbal, Asal Khan Tareen, Siddiqa Parveen, Naseema Mehboobali, Ghulam Haider, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal Nov 2016

Polymorphisms In Mthfr, Ms And Cbs Genes And Premature Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Pakistani Population, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Khalida Iqbal, Asal Khan Tareen, Siddiqa Parveen, Naseema Mehboobali, Ghulam Haider, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

High prevalence of premature coronary heart disease in Pakistanis compared to other populations points towards the genetic predisposition of this population to develop this disease. Since no investigations have been carried out in Pakistan to study the relationship of polymorphisms in genes involved in homocysteine cycle, the objective of the present study was to find out if there is any association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, A1298C; methionine synthase (MS) A2756G; cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) 844ins68, G919A polymorphisms with premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a population of Pakistani patients with this disease. In a cross-sectional study, DNA samples of 143 AMI ...


Learning Approaches And Performance Of Medical Students, Rehana Rehman, Khalid Ahmed, Rabiya Rehan, Farheen Hassan, Fatima Syed Feb 2016

Learning Approaches And Performance Of Medical Students, Rehana Rehman, Khalid Ahmed, Rabiya Rehan, Farheen Hassan, Fatima Syed

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To identify the best assessment method for medical students with different learning approaches.
Methods: The cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, from March 2010 to April 2011, and comprised first year medical students. The questionnaire was tailored from the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students on a five-point scale Deep approach, Surface apathetic approach and Strategic approach were assessed through relevant sub-scales. Response to questions was summed for the subscales and main scales for a learning approach. Mean scores for aggregate marks obtained by multiple choice questions, short answer questions, problem-based ...


A New Model Of Master Of Philosophy In Physiological Sciences, H R. Ahmad, F M. Arain, N A. Khan Jan 2016

A New Model Of Master Of Philosophy In Physiological Sciences, H R. Ahmad, F M. Arain, N A. Khan

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for ...


Anti Mullerian Hormone: Ovarian Response Indicator In Young Patients Receiving Long Gnrh Agonist Protocol For Ovarian Stimulation, Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Sara Arif Jan 2016

Anti Mullerian Hormone: Ovarian Response Indicator In Young Patients Receiving Long Gnrh Agonist Protocol For Ovarian Stimulation, Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Rehana Rehman, Faiza Alam, Sara Arif

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: Anti Mullerian hormone (AMH) is gaining place as ovarian marker, chiefly in infertility assistance. We explored its correlation with oocytes retrieval after long GnRH agonist protocol for stimulation, in younger and older infertile population.
Methods: This retrospective analysis compiled data of 166 females, receiving ICSI treatment from June 2014 to March 2015. Serum FSH, LH, Estadiol, AMH and antral follicle count were assessed. Outcomes were measured as good (5 to 19 oocytes) and bad responders.
Results: Higher discriminatory power of AMH (AUROC; 0.771; p < 0.05) was seen in comparison to FSH (0.692; p < 0.05) and AFC (0.690; p < 0.01). AMH reported strongest association with oocyte retrieved (odds ratio of 15.06). Subgroup analysis reported 68.6 % risk of bad response with AMH levels of less than 1.37ng/ml. This association was observed more significant in young infertile patients <35 year of age (r=0.245; p=0.012) versus older population >35 year (r=0.169; p>0.05).
Conclusion: Our study reaffirms that serum ...


Anti-Mullerian Hormone: Above And Beyond Conventional Ovarian Reserve Markers, Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Khalid Ahmed, Rabia Malik Jan 2016

Anti-Mullerian Hormone: Above And Beyond Conventional Ovarian Reserve Markers, Zehra Jamil, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Khalid Ahmed, Rabia Malik

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Management of ovarian dysfunctions requires accurate estimation of ovarian reserve (OR). Therefore, reproductive hormones and antral follicle count (AFC) are assessed to indicate OR. Serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a unique biomarker that has a critical role in folliculogenesis as well as steroidogenesis within ovaries. Secretion from preantral and early antral follicles renders AMH as the earliest marker to show OR decline. In this review we discuss the dynamics of circulating AMH that remarkably vary with sex and age. As it emerges as a marker of gonadal development and reproductive disorders, here we summarize the role of AMH in female ...