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Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Audiobook Of A World From Dust, Ben Mcfarland Jan 2018

Audiobook Of A World From Dust, Ben Mcfarland

Faculty Open Access Books

A World From Dust is a popular science book about the chemical sequence behind the evolution of creation.

It’s about how geology, biology, and chemistry worked together over billions of years, providing a hidden order under the random flow of genes and lava and water.

It’s about the chemical job that each element takes up in life, and how that job is predictable from its place on the periodic table.

It can be told as the story of many elements: how iron and sulfur gave a spark of life; how manganese was a key for oxygen; and how ...


Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth Jul 2017

Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth

Robert Speth

The Frozen Brain Atlas provides students, educators, and scientists with a tool to further explore the architecture of the brain. Current brain atlases allow users to navigate sectioned brain tissue using histological staining; however, they fail to capture naturally visible structures post sectioning. Through immediate post sectioning image collection, the natural contrast of the brain reveals unique structural details that are rarely seen by traditional staining procedures. By utilizing indexing and interactive labeling, the Nova Southeastern University Frozen Brain Atlas will allow identification of brain regions when used as a correlative tool for modalities including receptor autoradiography, immunofluorescence, and other ...


Biochemistry Lecture Notes, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker Jul 2017

Biochemistry Lecture Notes, Chavonda Mills, Shaundra Walker

Chemistry Ancillary Materials

The following set of lecture notes are ancillary materials for Oregon State University's Biochemistry: Free for All.

This ancillary set was created under a Round Five ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. They are also available in an open-course format through LibGuides:

http://libguides.gcsu.edu/millsbiochem3510


Susceptibility Of Chlamydia Trachomatis To The Excipient Hydroxy-Ethylcellulose: Ph And Concentration Dependence Of Antimicrobial Activity, Ali A. Abdul-Sater, David M. Ojcius, M. P. Meyer Apr 2017

Susceptibility Of Chlamydia Trachomatis To The Excipient Hydroxy-Ethylcellulose: Ph And Concentration Dependence Of Antimicrobial Activity, Ali A. Abdul-Sater, David M. Ojcius, M. P. Meyer

David M. Ojcius

Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) is used as a neutral excipient in microbicides used against sexually transmitted pathogens. However, HEC inhibits the infection of cervical epithelial cells by Chlamydia trachomatis at pH 5 in a concentration-dependent manner. At pH 7, infection is inversely dependent on the concentration of HEC, possibly due to pH-dependent calcium sequestration.


Code For "Noise-Enhanced Coding In Phasic Neuron Spike Trains", Cheng Ly, Brent D. Doiron Jan 2017

Code For "Noise-Enhanced Coding In Phasic Neuron Spike Trains", Cheng Ly, Brent D. Doiron

Statistical Sciences and Operations Research Data

This zip file contains Matlab scripts and ode (XPP) files to calculate the statistics of the models in "Noise-Enhanced Coding in Phasic Neuron Spike Trains". This article is published in PLoS ONE.


A Study Of Defensive Mechanisms Employed By Two Species Of Nudibranchs Using Toxicity And Unpalatability Analyses, Sean Youn Oct 2016

A Study Of Defensive Mechanisms Employed By Two Species Of Nudibranchs Using Toxicity And Unpalatability Analyses, Sean Youn

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Nudibranchs are marine invertebrates that have developed an intriguing defense mechanism, including warning coloration and the use of chemicals accumulated through their sponge diet. The goal of this study was to determine whether the strength of chemical defenses differs between dietary and accumulated secondary metabolites for two species: Glossodoris vespa and Ceratosoma brevicaudatum. First, NMR spectroscopy was used to not only identify specific compounds in the mantle (outer covering) and the viscera (gut) but also to analyze the possibility of nudibranch species transporting more toxic compounds for defensive purposes. Next, toxicity (brine shrimp) and palatability (Palaemon shrimp) assays were used ...


Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth Sep 2016

Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth

Frozen Brain Atlas

The Frozen Brain Atlas provides students, educators, and scientists with a tool to further explore the architecture of the brain. Current brain atlases allow users to navigate sectioned brain tissue using histological staining; however, they fail to capture naturally visible structures post sectioning. Through immediate post sectioning image collection, the natural contrast of the brain reveals unique structural details that are rarely seen by traditional staining procedures. By utilizing indexing and interactive labeling, the Nova Southeastern University Frozen Brain Atlas will allow identification of brain regions when used as a correlative tool for modalities including receptor autoradiography, immunofluorescence, and other ...


Force Generation And Contraction Of Random Actomyosin Bundles., Dietmar B. Oelz May 2016

Force Generation And Contraction Of Random Actomyosin Bundles., Dietmar B. Oelz

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


O-Glcnacylation And Modifications To The Class Ii Transactivator, Ronald Shanderson Apr 2015

O-Glcnacylation And Modifications To The Class Ii Transactivator, Ronald Shanderson

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Biosynthesis Of Long-Chain Fatty Acid Amides, Kristen A. Jeffries Jan 2015

Biosynthesis Of Long-Chain Fatty Acid Amides, Kristen A. Jeffries

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The vast variety of long-chain fatty acid amides identified in biological systems is intriguing. The general structure of a fatty acid amide is R-CO-NH-X, where R is an alkyl group and X is derived from an immense variety of biogenic amines. Although structurally simple, the bioactivities of these molecules as signaling lipids are very diverse and have just recently begun to emerge in the literature. Interest in the long-chain fatty acid amides dramatically increased following the identification and characterization of one specific N-acylethanolamine, N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), as the endogenous ligand for the cannabinoid receptors in the mammalian brain. Since ...


Evaluation Of Effects Of Epigenetic Modifications, Macromolecular Crowding, Degree Of Hydration, And Transcription Factor Binding On The Thermodynamic Stability Of Dna I-Motif Structures, Yogini Bhavsar Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Effects Of Epigenetic Modifications, Macromolecular Crowding, Degree Of Hydration, And Transcription Factor Binding On The Thermodynamic Stability Of Dna I-Motif Structures, Yogini Bhavsar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Wild Yam (Dioscorea Villosa) As A Demethylating Agent And Its Anti Metastatic Activity In Human Breast Cancer Cells, Pranapda Aumsuwan Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Wild Yam (Dioscorea Villosa) As A Demethylating Agent And Its Anti Metastatic Activity In Human Breast Cancer Cells, Pranapda Aumsuwan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Stellaris Fishing 20131125mon Part 1 Of 2, George Mcnamara Nov 2013

Stellaris Fishing 20131125mon Part 1 Of 2, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Stellaris FISH dataset using three FISH probe sets. Slides courtesy of Biosearch Technologies,

https://www.biosearchtech.com/store/product.aspx?catid=224,318,324

see http://stellarisfish.smugmug.com/ for online gallery by Biosearch.

This experiment was to evaluate the crosstalk between the Biosearch fluorophores:

Quasar 570

CAL Fluor Red 610 (CFR 610)

Quasar 670

DAPI (DNA counterstain)

Autofluorescence (green, but sometimes showing up in other channels).

and our lab's Leica DMI6000 fluorescence microscope with Leica filter sets:

DAPI

GFP (L5)

Cy3 (N3)

Texas Red (TxRed2)

Cy5 (Y5)

I also acquired green channel and red channel with exciter filters ...


Stellaris Fishing 20131125mon Part 2 Of 2, George Mcnamara Nov 2013

Stellaris Fishing 20131125mon Part 2 Of 2, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Stellaris FISH dataset using three FISH probe sets.

Slides courtesy of Biosearch Technologies,

https://www.biosearchtech.com/store/product.aspx?catid=224,318,324

see http://stellarisfish.smugmug.com/ for online gallery by Biosearch.

This experiment was to evaluate the crosstalk between the Biosearch fluorophores:

Quasar 570

CAL Fluor Red 610 (CFR 610)

Quasar 670

DAPI (DNA counterstain)

Autofluorescence (green, but sometimes showing up in other channels).

and our lab's Leica DMI6000 fluorescence microscope with Leica filter sets:

DAPI

GFP (L5)

Cy3 (N3)

Texas Red (TxRed2)

Cy5 (Y5)

I also acquired green channel and red channel with exciter filters ...


Special Topic 1b (2): Stereochemistry And Optical Activity, Mike A. Christiansen Jul 2013

Special Topic 1b (2): Stereochemistry And Optical Activity, Mike A. Christiansen

Mike Christiansen

The purpose of this video is to help second-year organic chemistry students review the concepts and questions that most frequently appear on standardized entrance exams, like the MCAT, DAT, PCAT, and GRE. In this video I'll share a personal anecdote about sign language the International House of Pancakes (IHOP). Then I'll continue by explaining chirality and teaching you how to assign R and S configurations to molecules that have stereocenters (also called chiral centers). I'll teach you how to assign molecules as being enantiomers or diastereomers, how to assign alkenes as being E or Z, and how ...


Helix Turn Helix Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Helix Turn Helix Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Helix turn helix domain #3V1A. The helix-turn helix is a DNA-binding domain. The two alpha helices are the reading or recognition helices, which bind in a groove in the DNA and recognize specific gene regulatory sequences in the DNA.


Ig Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Ig Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Ig domain #2CKN. This particular domain is named for the first protein in which it was found, the immunoglobulin. An immunoglobulin is a antibody. Antibodies are generated by our immune system to recognize the specific size, shape and charge of pathogens. This domain is also found on the extracellular portion of many receptors including the interleukin-1 family of receptors.


Sh3 Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Sh3 Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

SH3 domain #1NEB. Src-homology 3 (SH3) domains bind to Pro-rich peptides that form a left-handed poly-Pro type II helix, with the minimal consensus Pro-X-X-Pro. Each Pro is usually preceeded by an aliphatic residue. Each in the aliphatic-Pro pair binds to a hydrophobic pocket on the SH3 domain.


Sh2 Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Sh2 Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

SH2 domain #1BFJ. Src-homology 2 (SH2) domains are modules of ~100 amino acids that bind to specific phospho tyrosine (pY) containing peptide motifs. Conventional SH2 domains have a conserved pocket that recognizes pY, and a more variable pocket that binds 3-6 residues C-terminal to the pY and confers specificity.


Ring Domain, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Ring Domain, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Ring domain #1CHC. The RING finger is a specialized type of Zn finger consisting of 40–60 residues that binds two atoms of zinc, and is involved in mediating protein—protein interactions. Many zinc fingers bind nucleic acids. The presence of a RING finger domain is a characteristic of RING-class E3 ubiquitin protein ligases capable of transferring ubiquitin from an E2 enzyme to a substrate protein.


Beta Barrel, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Beta Barrel, David J. Hall

Protein Domains

Beta barrel (cyan fluorescent protein) #4AR7. This fluorescent protein is a variation of green fluorescent protein from a jellyfish and is the only domain that is a complete protein. The protein is routinely used to visualize a variety of biological processes. The beta barrel domain is a beta sheet wrapped around the fluorescent active site to provide structure.


Phi X 174, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Phi X 174, David J. Hall

Infectious Pathogens

Phi X 174 database number # 1CD3. Phi X 174 is a virus that infects bacteria and was the first DNA-based genome to be sequenced in 1977. This bacteriophage has a [+] circular single-stranded DNA genome. The assembly of the capsid has been successfully done in vitro and is the focus of many studies on self-assembly, drug delivery and nanotechnology.


Human Papilloma Virus 16, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Human Papilloma Virus 16, David J. Hall

Infectious Pathogens

Human Papilloma virus 16, database# 1DZL Infection by most papillomaviruses is either asymptomatic or causes small benign tumors, known as papillomas or warts (e.g. human papillomavirus HPV6 or HPV11). Papillomas caused by some types, however, such as human papillomaviruses 16 and 18, carry a risk of becoming cancerous. Human papilloma virus is a non-enveloped, double stranded, circular DNA virus.


Dengue Virus, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Dengue Virus, David J. Hall

Infectious Pathogens

Dengue virus, database # 1THD Dengue fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus and transmitted by mosquito. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue is a positive strand RNA virus that is part of the flavivirus family. Dengue is an enveloped virus meaning it has a nucleocapsid protecting the RNA and the nucleocapsid is surrounded by lipids (hence the name enveloped).


Hepatitis B, David J. Hall Jan 2013

Hepatitis B, David J. Hall

Infectious Pathogens

Hepatitis B, database # 2g33. Hepatitis B is an infectious inflammatory illness of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a member of the Hepadnavirus family.The virus particle, (virion) consists of an outer lipid envelope and an icosahedral nucleocapsid core composed of protein. These virions are 42 nM in diameter. The nucleocapsid encloses the viral DNA and a DNA polymerase that has reverse transcriptase activity.


Determination Of Dimer Dissociation Constant Of Neural-Cadherin By Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer, Xiaoyun Z. Howard Jan 2013

Determination Of Dimer Dissociation Constant Of Neural-Cadherin By Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer, Xiaoyun Z. Howard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Conformations Of The Apo-, Substrate-Bound And Phosphate-Bound Atp-Binding Domain Of The Cu(Ii) Atpase Copb Illustrate Coupling Of Domain Movement To The Catalytic Cycle, José Argüello, Samuel Jayakanthan, Sue Roberts, Andrzej Weichsel, Megan Mcevoy Dec 2011

Conformations Of The Apo-, Substrate-Bound And Phosphate-Bound Atp-Binding Domain Of The Cu(Ii) Atpase Copb Illustrate Coupling Of Domain Movement To The Catalytic Cycle, José Argüello, Samuel Jayakanthan, Sue Roberts, Andrzej Weichsel, Megan Mcevoy

José M. Argüello

Heavy metal P1B-type ATPases play a critical role in cell survival by maintaining appropriate intracellular metal concentrations. Archaeoglobus fulgidus CopB is a member of this family that transports Cu(II) from the cytoplasm to the exterior of the cell using ATP as energy source. CopB has a 264 amino acid ATPBD (ATP-binding domain) that is essential for ATP binding and hydrolysis as well as ultimately transducing the energy to the transmembrane metal-binding site for metal occlusion and export. The relevant conformations of this domain during the different steps of the catalytic cycle are still under discussion. Through crystal structures of ...


Understanding The Physical Properties That Control Protein Crystallization By Analysis Of Largescale Experimental Data, W. Nicholson Price Ii, Yang Chen, Samuel K. Handelman, Helen Neely, Philip Manor, Richard Karlin, Rajesh Nair, Jinfeng Liu, Michael Baran, John Everett, Saichiu N. Tong, Farhad Forouhar, Swarup S. Swaminathan, Thomas Acton, Rong Xiao, Joseph R. Luft, Angela Lauricella, George T. Detitta, Burkhard Rost, Gaetano T. Montelione, John T. Hunt Jan 2009

Understanding The Physical Properties That Control Protein Crystallization By Analysis Of Largescale Experimental Data, W. Nicholson Price Ii, Yang Chen, Samuel K. Handelman, Helen Neely, Philip Manor, Richard Karlin, Rajesh Nair, Jinfeng Liu, Michael Baran, John Everett, Saichiu N. Tong, Farhad Forouhar, Swarup S. Swaminathan, Thomas Acton, Rong Xiao, Joseph R. Luft, Angela Lauricella, George T. Detitta, Burkhard Rost, Gaetano T. Montelione, John T. Hunt

Law Faculty Scholarship

Crystallization is the most serious bottleneck in high-throughput protein-structure determination by diffraction methods. We have used data mining of the large-scale experimental results of the Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium and experimental folding studies to characterize the biophysical properties that control protein crystallization. This analysis leads to the conclusion that crystallization propensity depends primarily on the prevalence of well-ordered surface epitopes capable of mediating interprotein interactions and is not strongly influenced by overall thermodynamic stability. We identify specific sequence features that correlate with crystallization propensity and that can be used to estimate the crystallization probability of a given construct. Analyses of ...


Susceptibility Of Chlamydia Trachomatis To The Excipient Hydroxy-Ethylcellulose: Ph And Concentration Dependence Of Antimicrobial Activity, Ali A. Abdul-Sater, David M. Ojcius, M. P. Meyer Apr 2008

Susceptibility Of Chlamydia Trachomatis To The Excipient Hydroxy-Ethylcellulose: Ph And Concentration Dependence Of Antimicrobial Activity, Ali A. Abdul-Sater, David M. Ojcius, M. P. Meyer

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) is used as a neutral excipient in microbicides used against sexually transmitted pathogens. However, HEC inhibits the infection of cervical epithelial cells by Chlamydia trachomatis at pH 5 in a concentration-dependent manner. At pH 7, infection is inversely dependent on the concentration of HEC, possibly due to pH-dependent calcium sequestration.


Endothelial Cell Cortactin Coordinates Icam-1 Clustering And Actin Cytoskeleton Remodeling During Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Adhesion And Transmigration, Jennifer Kowalski Jan 2006

Endothelial Cell Cortactin Coordinates Icam-1 Clustering And Actin Cytoskeleton Remodeling During Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Adhesion And Transmigration, Jennifer Kowalski

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Endothelial cell ICAM-1 interacts with leukocyte beta2 integrins to mediate adhesion and transmit outside-in signals that facilitate leukocyte transmigration. ICAM-1 redistribution and clustering appear necessary for leukocyte transmigration, but the mechanisms controlling ICAM-1 redistribution and clustering have not been identified. We recently reported that Src kinase phosphorylation of endothelial cortactin regulates polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) transmigration. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that the Src family kinase-cortactin pathway mediates association of ICAM-1 with the actin cytoskeleton and that this association is required for ICAM-1 clustering and leukocyte transmigration. Cross-linking ICAM-1 induced cytoskeletal remodeling and a decrease in ICAM-1 lateral mobility ...