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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Aug 2011

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Howard K. Plummer III

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Organochlorine Levels In Seawater And Sediment From The Florida Gulf Coast, If Present, Are Low. , Richard B. Philp Nov 2006

Organochlorine Levels In Seawater And Sediment From The Florida Gulf Coast, If Present, Are Low. , Richard B. Philp

Richard B. Philp

Seawater and sediment from the Florida panhandle coast were assayed for a panel of 28 organochlorine insecticides and PCBs. No samples exeeded the detection limits of the analytical technique, which were well below levels reported for other ocean locales. Organochlorine levels in this area of the Gulf must be very low. This does not preclude their biomagnificatioon up the food web.


Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller Sep 2006

Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

We have shown that the tobacco nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is an agonist for -adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) and increased DNA synthesis of human lung adenocarcinoma cells with features of bronchiolar Clara cells by binding to these receptors. Using a cell line derived from a human pulmonary adenocarcinoma with Clara cell phenotype (PACC) and immortalized human small airway epithelial cells (HPLD1), the putative cells of origin of this cancer type, our current studies have analyzed signaling initiated by binding of NNK to the beta 1-AR. NNK upregulated ERK1/2 and CREB/ATF-1 phosphorylation in a PKA-dependent manner in ...


Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Jul 2006

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova May 2006

Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

The enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in many cancers, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disorders, and arthritis. Selective inhibitors of COX-2 have been developed as therapeutics or preventive agents for these diseases. However, recent reports have revealed a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality in long-term users of the COX-2 inhibitors Vioxx and Celebrex, emphasizing the need for noninvasive tests that allow the identification of individuals whose COX-2 levels are overexpressed prior to assignment to treatment with these drugs. In this study, we have prepared a radioiodinated analogue of the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib, and verified its binding to the COX-2 enzyme in ...


The Importance Of Maltose In Transitory Starch Breakdown, Yan Lu, Thomas Sharkey Feb 2006

The Importance Of Maltose In Transitory Starch Breakdown, Yan Lu, Thomas Sharkey

Yan Lu

No abstract provided.


Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller Dec 2005

Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

No abstract provided.


Cellular And Organ Level Localization Of Maltose In Maltose-Excess Arabidopsis Mutants, Yan Lu, Jon Steichen, Sean Weise, Thomas Sharkey Dec 2005

Cellular And Organ Level Localization Of Maltose In Maltose-Excess Arabidopsis Mutants, Yan Lu, Jon Steichen, Sean Weise, Thomas Sharkey

Yan Lu

No abstract provided.


Imaging Islets Labeled Wth Magnetic Nanoparticules At 1.5 Tesla, J.H. Tai, Paula Foster, Alma Rosales, Biao Feng, Craig Ha, Violetta Martinez, Soha Ramadan, Jonatan Snir, C.W. Melling, Savita Dhanvantari, Brian Rutt, David White Dec 2005

Imaging Islets Labeled Wth Magnetic Nanoparticules At 1.5 Tesla, J.H. Tai, Paula Foster, Alma Rosales, Biao Feng, Craig Ha, Violetta Martinez, Soha Ramadan, Jonatan Snir, C.W. Melling, Savita Dhanvantari, Brian Rutt, David White

Jamie Melling

We have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for imaging Feridex (superparamagnetic iron oxide [SPIO])-labeled islets of Langerhans using a standard clinical 1.5-Tesla (T) scanner and employing steady-state acquisition imaging sequence (3DFIESTA). Both porcine and rat islets were labeled with SPIO by a transfection technique using a combination of poly-l-lysine and electroporation. Electron microscopy demonstrated presence of SPIO particles within the individual islet cells, including beta-cells and particles trapped between cell membranes. Our labeling method produced a transfection rate of 860 pg to 3.4 ng iron per islet, dependent on the size of the islet. The ...


The Evolution Of Sleep: A Phylogenetic Approach, John Lesku, Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner Dec 2005

The Evolution Of Sleep: A Phylogenetic Approach, John Lesku, Niels Rattenborg, Charles Amlaner

Charles J. Amlaner

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Cytosolic A-Glucan Phosphorylase In Maltose Metabolism And The Comparison Of Amylomaltose In Arabidopsis And E. Coli, Yan Lu, Jon Steichen, Jian Yao, Thomas Sharkey Dec 2005

The Role Of Cytosolic A-Glucan Phosphorylase In Maltose Metabolism And The Comparison Of Amylomaltose In Arabidopsis And E. Coli, Yan Lu, Jon Steichen, Jian Yao, Thomas Sharkey

Yan Lu

No abstract provided.