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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Characterization Of Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Expressed In Pichia Pastoris, Patricia Moussatche, Eric Hoffer, Ellen W. Moomaw, Et Al. Jun 2016

Characterization Of Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Expressed In Pichia Pastoris, Patricia Moussatche, Eric Hoffer, Ellen W. Moomaw, Et Al.

Ellen Moomaw

Oxalate oxidase (E.C. 1.2.3.4) catalyzes the oxygen-dependent oxidation of oxalate to carbon dioxide in a reaction that is coupled with the formation of hydrogen peroxide. Although there is currently no structural information available for oxalate oxidase from Ceriporiopsis subvermispora (CsOxOx), sequence data and homology modeling indicate that it is the first manganese-containing bicupin enzyme identified that catalyzes this reaction. Interestingly, CsOxOx shares greatest sequence homology with bicupin microbial oxalate decarboxylases (OxDC). We show that CsOxOx activity directly correlates with Mn content and other metals do not appear to be able to support catalysis. EPR spectra indicate ...


Fungal Oxalate Decarboxylase Activity Contributes To Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum Early Infection By Affecting Both Compound Appressoria Development And Function, Xiaofei Liang, Ellen W. Moomaw, Jeffrey A. Rollins Jun 2016

Fungal Oxalate Decarboxylase Activity Contributes To Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum Early Infection By Affecting Both Compound Appressoria Development And Function, Xiaofei Liang, Ellen W. Moomaw, Jeffrey A. Rollins

Ellen Moomaw

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum pathogenesis requires the accumulation of high levels of oxalic acid (OA). To better understand the factors affecting OA accumulation, two putative oxalate decarboxylase (OxDC) genes (Ss-odc1 and Ss-odc2) were characterized. Ss-odc1 transcripts exhibited significant accumulation in vegetative hyphae, apothecia, early stages of compound appressorium development and during plant colonization. Ss-odc2 transcripts, in contrast, accumulated significantly only during mid to late stages of compound appressorium development. Neither gene was induced by low pH or exogenous OA in vegetative hyphae. A loss-of-function mutant for Ss-odc1 (Δss-odc1) showed wild-type growth, morphogenesis and virulence, and was not characterized further. Δss-odc2 mutants hyperaccumulated ...


Characterization Of Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Expressed In Pichia Pastoris, Patricia Moussatche, Eric Hoffer, Ellen W. Moomaw, Et Al. Jun 2016

Characterization Of Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Expressed In Pichia Pastoris, Patricia Moussatche, Eric Hoffer, Ellen W. Moomaw, Et Al.

Ellen Moomaw

Oxalate oxidase (E.C. 1.2.3.4) catalyzes the oxygen-dependent oxidation of oxalate to carbon dioxide in a reaction that is coupled with the formation of hydrogen peroxide. Although there is currently no structural information available for oxalate oxidase from Ceriporiopsis subvermispora (CsOxOx), sequence data and homology modeling indicate that it is the first manganese-containing bicupin enzyme identified that catalyzes this reaction. Interestingly, CsOxOx shares greatest sequence homology with bicupin microbial oxalate decarboxylases (OxDC). We show that CsOxOx activity directly correlates with Mn content and other metals do not appear to be able to support catalysis. EPR spectra indicate ...


Fungal Oxalate Decarboxylase Activity Contributes To Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum Early Infection By Affecting Both Compound Appressoria Development And Function, Xiaofei Liang, Ellen W. Moomaw, Jeffrey A. Rollins Jun 2016

Fungal Oxalate Decarboxylase Activity Contributes To Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum Early Infection By Affecting Both Compound Appressoria Development And Function, Xiaofei Liang, Ellen W. Moomaw, Jeffrey A. Rollins

Ellen Moomaw

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum pathogenesis requires the accumulation of high levels of oxalic acid (OA). To better understand the factors affecting OA accumulation, two putative oxalate decarboxylase (OxDC) genes (Ss-odc1 and Ss-odc2) were characterized. Ss-odc1 transcripts exhibited significant accumulation in vegetative hyphae, apothecia, early stages of compound appressorium development and during plant colonization. Ss-odc2 transcripts, in contrast, accumulated significantly only during mid to late stages of compound appressorium development. Neither gene was induced by low pH or exogenous OA in vegetative hyphae. A loss-of-function mutant for Ss-odc1 (Δss-odc1) showed wild-type growth, morphogenesis and virulence, and was not characterized further. Δss-odc2 mutants hyperaccumulated ...