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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

A Kinetic Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Muscle Contraction With A Series Of Nucleotides, Wei Jiang Apr 1995

A Kinetic Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Muscle Contraction With A Series Of Nucleotides, Wei Jiang

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Muscle contraction is thought to be accomplished by sliding of myosin filaments along actin filaments. Although actomyosin naturally uses ATP as an energy source, it can also use other nucleoside triphosphates (NTP) as substrates. In this work, the dependence of rate and equilibrium constants of the various steps in the muscle contraction mechanism upon nucleotide structure was investigated to unravel the dependence of the mechanical properties of the muscle upon changes in different biochemical steps of the mechanism.

The experiments measuring the dissociation of actomyosin by NTP (or mant-NTP) shows that both the rate constant of actomyosin-S1 dissociation and second ...


Characterization Of A Rat Clonal [Beta]-Cell Line, Rinm5f, In A Passage- And Morphology-Dependent Manner , Bum-Sup Lee Jan 1995

Characterization Of A Rat Clonal [Beta]-Cell Line, Rinm5f, In A Passage- And Morphology-Dependent Manner , Bum-Sup Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A novel insulin-like immunoreactivity, adrenergic receptors (ARs) and voltage-dependent Ca[superscript]2+ channels (VDCCs) were characterized in a clonal [beta]-cell line, RINm5F, in a passage- and morphology-dependent manner. The cells exhibited two morphological features; the differentiated cells (DCs) with long neuron-like processes and the undifferentiated cells (UCs) without the processes;As morphology of the cells changed from DCs to UCs, amount of secreted insulin gradually decreased; however, insulin reacted to antiserum vs. bovine insulin (ABI) gradually increased from barely detectable amounts. Immunoblotting and immunocytochemistry showed that antiserum vs. rat insulin reacted with insulin from both cell types. ABI did ...


The Role(S) Of Arginine-Specific Mono(Adp-Ribosyl)Transferase In Skeletal Muscle Cells , Hui-Yu Huang Jan 1995

The Role(S) Of Arginine-Specific Mono(Adp-Ribosyl)Transferase In Skeletal Muscle Cells , Hui-Yu Huang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall goal of this research project was to examine the biological function of arginine-specific mono(ADP-ribosyl) transferase in skeletal muscle cells. To better understand the function of this enzyme in skeletal muscle, the experimental approach to accomplish this goal consisted of two specific objectives. The first objective was to identify the protein substrates for this enzyme in myogenic cell cultures and cellular fractions. Embryonic chick primary muscle cell cultures were used as a working system for this purpose. In membrane fractions of 96-h myotube cultures incubated with [[superscript]32 P]NAD under conditions selected for mono(ADP-ribosyl)ation, proteins ...


Biotelemetry Xiii: Proceedings Of The Thirteenth International Symposium On Biotelemetry, Cristina Cristalli (Editor), Charles Amlaner (Editor), Michael Neuman (Editor) Dec 1994

Biotelemetry Xiii: Proceedings Of The Thirteenth International Symposium On Biotelemetry, Cristina Cristalli (Editor), Charles Amlaner (Editor), Michael Neuman (Editor)

Charles J. Amlaner

Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Biotelemetry held at Williamsburg Lodge, Williamsburg, Virginia, March 26-31, 1995