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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Determination Of Fatty Acid Oxidation And Lipogenesis In Mouse Primary Hepatocytes, Thomas E. Akie, Marcus P. Cooper Aug 2015

Determination Of Fatty Acid Oxidation And Lipogenesis In Mouse Primary Hepatocytes, Thomas E. Akie, Marcus P. Cooper

GSBS Student Publications

Lipid metabolism in liver is complex. In addition to importing and exporting lipid via lipoproteins, hepatocytes can oxidize lipid via fatty acid oxidation, or alternatively, synthesize new lipid via de novo lipogenesis. The net sum of these pathways is dictated by a number of factors, which in certain disease states leads to fatty liver disease. Excess hepatic lipid accumulation is associated with whole body insulin resistance and coronary heart disease. Tools to study lipid metabolism in hepatocytes are useful to understand the role of hepatic lipid metabolism in certain metabolic disorders. In the liver, hepatocytes regulate the breakdown and synthesis ...


Functional Overlap Among Distinct G1/S Inhibitory Pathways Allows Robust G1 Arrest By Yeast Mating Pheromones, Patricia A. Pope, Peter M. Pryciak Dec 2013

Functional Overlap Among Distinct G1/S Inhibitory Pathways Allows Robust G1 Arrest By Yeast Mating Pheromones, Patricia A. Pope, Peter M. Pryciak

GSBS Student Publications

In budding yeast, mating pheromones arrest the cell cycle in G1 phase via a pheromone-activated Cdk-inhibitor (CKI) protein, Far1. Alternate pathways must also exist, however, because deleting the cyclin CLN2 restores pheromone arrest to far1 cells. Here we probe whether these alternate pathways require the G1/S transcriptional repressors Whi5 and Stb1 or the CKI protein Sic1, whose metazoan analogues (Rb or p27) antagonize cell cycle entry. Removing Whi5 and Stb1 allows partial escape from G1 arrest in far1 cln2 cells, along with partial derepression of G1/S genes, which implies a repressor-independent route for inhibiting G1/S transcription. This ...


Crosstalk Between Casein Kinase Ii And Ste20-Related Kinase Nak1, Lubos Cipak, Sneha Gupta, Iva Rajovic, Quan-Wen Jin, Dorothea Anrather, Gustav Ammerer, Dannel Mccollum, Juraj Gregan Mar 2013

Crosstalk Between Casein Kinase Ii And Ste20-Related Kinase Nak1, Lubos Cipak, Sneha Gupta, Iva Rajovic, Quan-Wen Jin, Dorothea Anrather, Gustav Ammerer, Dannel Mccollum, Juraj Gregan

GSBS Student Publications

Although the sterile 20 (Ste20) serine/threonine protein kinase was originally identified as a component of the S. cerevisiae mating pathway, it has homologs in higher eukaryotes and is part of a larger family of Ste20-like kinases. Ste20-like kinases are involved in multiple cellular processes, such as cell growth, morphogenesis, apoptosis and immune response. Carrying out such a diverse array of biological functions requires numerous regulatory inputs and outputs in the form of protein-protein interactions and post-translational modifications. Hence, a thorough knowledge of Ste20-like kinase binding partners and phosphorylation sites will be essential for understanding the various roles of these ...


Systematic Dissection Of Roles For Chromatin Regulators In A Yeast Stress Response, Assaf Weiner, Hsiuyi V. Chen, Chih Long Liu, Ayelet Rahat, Avital Klien, Luis Soares, Mohanram Gudipati, Jenna Pfeffner, Aviv Regev, Stephen Buratowski, Jeffrey A. Pleiss, Nir Friedman, Oliver J. Rando Jul 2012

Systematic Dissection Of Roles For Chromatin Regulators In A Yeast Stress Response, Assaf Weiner, Hsiuyi V. Chen, Chih Long Liu, Ayelet Rahat, Avital Klien, Luis Soares, Mohanram Gudipati, Jenna Pfeffner, Aviv Regev, Stephen Buratowski, Jeffrey A. Pleiss, Nir Friedman, Oliver J. Rando

GSBS Student Publications

Packaging of eukaryotic genomes into chromatin has wide-ranging effects on gene transcription. Curiously, it is commonly observed that deletion of a global chromatin regulator affects expression of only a limited subset of genes bound to or modified by the regulator in question. However, in many single-gene studies it has become clear that chromatin regulators often do not affect steady-state transcription, but instead are required for normal transcriptional reprogramming by environmental cues. We therefore have systematically investigated the effects of 83 histone mutants, and 119 gene deletion mutants, on induction/repression dynamics of 170 transcripts in response to diamide stress in ...