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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Nuclear Localization Of Cpi-17, A Protein Phosphatase-1 Inhibitor Protein, Affects Histone H3 Phosphorylation And Corresponds To Proliferation Of Cancer And Smooth Muscle Cells., Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Rishika Chugh, Nana Kofi Karikari, Jee In Kim Apr 2013

Nuclear Localization Of Cpi-17, A Protein Phosphatase-1 Inhibitor Protein, Affects Histone H3 Phosphorylation And Corresponds To Proliferation Of Cancer And Smooth Muscle Cells., Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Rishika Chugh, Nana Kofi Karikari, Jee In Kim

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

CPI-17 (C-kinase-activated protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) inhibitor, 17kDa) is a cytoplasmic protein predominantly expressed in mature smooth muscle (SM) that regulates the myosin-associated PP1 holoenzyme (MLCP). Here, we show CPI-17 expression in proliferating cells, such as pancreatic cancer and hyperplastic SM cells. Immunofluorescence showed that CPI-17 was concentrated in nuclei of human pancreatic cancer (Panc1) cells. Nuclear accumulation of CPI-17 was also detected in the proliferating vascular SM cell culture and cells at neointima of rat vascular injury model. The N-terminal 21-residue tail domain of CPI-17 was necessary for the nuclear localization. Phospho-mimetic Asp-substitution of CPI-17 at Ser12 attenuated the nuclear ...


Endogenous Inhibitor Proteins That Connect Ser/Thr Kinases And Phosphatases In Cell Signaling., Masumi Eto, David L Brautigan Sep 2012

Endogenous Inhibitor Proteins That Connect Ser/Thr Kinases And Phosphatases In Cell Signaling., Masumi Eto, David L Brautigan

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

Protein phosphatase activity acts as a primary determinant of the extent and duration of phosphorylation of cellular proteins in response to physiological stimuli. Ser/Thr protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) belongs to the PPP superfamily, and is associated with regulatory subunits that confer substrate specificity, allosteric regulation, and subcellular compartmentalization. In addition, all eukaryotic cells contain multiple heat-stable proteins that originally were thought to inhibit phosphatase catalytic subunits released from the regulatory subunits, as a fail-safe mechanism. However, discovery of C-kinase-activated PP1 inhibitor, Mr of 17 kDa (CPI-17) required fresh thinking about the endogenous inhibitors as specific regulators of particular phosphatase complexes ...


Mechanism Of Catch Force: Tethering Of Thick And Thin Filaments By Twitchin., Thomas M Butler, Marion J Siegman Jan 2010

Mechanism Of Catch Force: Tethering Of Thick And Thin Filaments By Twitchin., Thomas M Butler, Marion J Siegman

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

Catch is a mechanical state occurring in some invertebrate smooth muscles characterized by high force maintenance and resistance to stretch during extremely slow relaxation. During catch, intracellular calcium is near basal concentration and myosin crossbridge cyctng rate is extremely slow. Catch force is relaxed by a protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of sites near the N- and C- temini of the minititin twitchin (approximately 526 kDa). Some catch force maintenance car also occur together with cycling myosin crossbridges at submaximal calcium concentrations, but not when the muscle is maximally activated. Additionally, the link responsible for catch can adjust during shortening of ...


Y27632, A Rho-Activated Kinase Inhibitor, Normalizes Dysregulation In Alpha1-Adrenergic Receptor-Induced Contraction Of Lyon Hypertensive Rat Artery Smooth Muscle., Maria Regina Freitas, Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Christa Schott, Jean Sassard, Jean-Claude Stoclet Mar 2009

Y27632, A Rho-Activated Kinase Inhibitor, Normalizes Dysregulation In Alpha1-Adrenergic Receptor-Induced Contraction Of Lyon Hypertensive Rat Artery Smooth Muscle., Maria Regina Freitas, Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Christa Schott, Jean Sassard, Jean-Claude Stoclet

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

RhoA-activated kinase (ROK) is involved in the disorders of smooth muscle contraction found in hypertension model animals and patients. We examined whether the alpha1-adrenergic receptor agonist-induced ROK signal is perturbed in resistance small mesentery artery (SMA) of Lyon genetically hypertensive (LH) rats, using a ROK antagonist, Y27632. Smooth muscle strips of SMA and aorta were isolated from LH and Lyon normotensive (LN) rats. After Ca(2+)-depletion and pre-treatment with phenylephrine (PE), smooth muscle contraction was induced by serial additions of CaCl(2). In LH SMA Ca(2+) permeated cells to a lesser extent as compared with LN SMA, while ...