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Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Hydrophobic Surfactant Proteins Strongly Induce Negative Curvature, Mariya Chavarha, Ryan W. Loney, Shankar B. Rananavare, Stephen B. Hall Jul 2015

Hydrophobic Surfactant Proteins Strongly Induce Negative Curvature, Mariya Chavarha, Ryan W. Loney, Shankar B. Rananavare, Stephen B. Hall

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

The hydrophobic surfactant proteins SP-B and SP-C greatly accelerate the adsorption of vesicles containing the surfactant lipids to form a film that lowers the surface tension of the air/water interface in the lungs. Pulmonary surfactant enters the interface by a process analogous to the fusion of two vesicles. As with fusion, several factors affect adsorption according to how they alter the curvature of lipid leaflets, suggesting that adsorption proceeds via a rate-limiting structure with negative curvature, in which the hydrophilic face of the phospholipid leaflets is concave. In the studies reported here, we tested whether the surfactant proteins might ...


Cell Cycle Arrest Associated With Anoxia-Induced Quiescence, Anoxic Preconditioning, And Embryonic Diapause In Embryos Of The Annual Killifish Austrofundulus Limnaeus, Camie Lynn Meller, Robert Meller, Roger P. Simon, Kristin M. Culpepper, Jason E. Podrabsky Jan 2012

Cell Cycle Arrest Associated With Anoxia-Induced Quiescence, Anoxic Preconditioning, And Embryonic Diapause In Embryos Of The Annual Killifish Austrofundulus Limnaeus, Camie Lynn Meller, Robert Meller, Roger P. Simon, Kristin M. Culpepper, Jason E. Podrabsky

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Embryos of the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus can enter into dormancy associated with diapause and anoxia-induced quiescence. Dormant embryos are composed primarily of cells arrested in the G1/G0 phase of the cell cycle based on flow cytometry analysis of DNA content. In fact, most cells in developing embryos contain only a diploid complement of DNA, with very few cells found in the S, G2, or M phases of the cell cycle. Diapause II embryos appear to be in a G0-like state with low levels of cyclin D1 and p53. However, the active form of pAKT is high during diapause ...


The Physiology And Biochemistry Of Isolated Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria : A Comparative Study, Mark Lowell Wagner Jan 1989

The Physiology And Biochemistry Of Isolated Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria : A Comparative Study, Mark Lowell Wagner

Dissertations and Theses

The physiological limit to maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max) in vertebrates has been attributed to cardiovascular oxygen delivery, to the ability of the muscle cells to consume oxygen, or to a fine-tuned development of all components of the respiratory system such that no single component can be shown to limit VO2max. The above hypotheses have each been developed using different experiments with different animals. The comparative studies uniting these animals and methods are limited. In order to further our knowledge of the cellular limit to VO2max, skeletal muscle mitochondria were isolated from species representing four ...