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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Sucralose Destabilization Of Protein Structure, Lee Chen, Nimesh Shukla, Inha Cho, Erin F. Cohn, Erika A. Taylor, Christina M. Othon Mar 2015

Sucralose Destabilization Of Protein Structure, Lee Chen, Nimesh Shukla, Inha Cho, Erin F. Cohn, Erika A. Taylor, Christina M. Othon

Erika A. Taylor, Ph.D.

Sucralose is a commonly employed artificial sweetener that behaves very differently than its natural disaccharide counterpart, sucrose, in terms of its interaction with biomolecules. The presence of sucralose in solution is found to destabilize the native structure of two model protein systems: the globular protein bovine serum albumin and an enzyme staphylococcal nuclease. The melting temperature of these proteins decreases as a linear function of sucralose concentration. We correlate this destabilization to the increased polarity of the molecule. The strongly polar nature is manifested as a large dielectric friction exerted on the excited-state rotational diffusion of tryptophan using time-resolved fluorescence ...


Escherichia Coli Heptosyltransferase I: Investigation Of Protein Dynamics Of A Gt-B Structural Enzyme, Erika A. Taylor, Daniel J. Czyzyk, Shreya S. Sawant, Carlos A. Ramirez-Mondragon Aug 2013

Escherichia Coli Heptosyltransferase I: Investigation Of Protein Dynamics Of A Gt-B Structural Enzyme, Erika A. Taylor, Daniel J. Czyzyk, Shreya S. Sawant, Carlos A. Ramirez-Mondragon

Erika A. Taylor, Ph.D.

Heptosyltransferase I (HepI), the enzyme responsible for the transfer of l-glycero-d-manno-heptose to a 3-deoxy-α-d-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosonic acid (Kdo) of the growing core region of lipopolysaccharide, is a member of the GT-B structural class of enzymes. Crystal structures have revealed open and closed conformations of apo and ligand-bound GT-B enzymes, implying that large-scale protein conformational dynamics play a role in their reaction mechanism. Here we report transient kinetic analysis of conformational changes in HepI reported by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence and present the first real-time evidence of a GT-B enzyme undergoing a substrate binding-induced transition from an open to closed state prior to catalysis.


36 Degrees Step Size Of Proton-Driven C-Ring Rotation In Fof1-Atp Synthase, Monika Düser, Nawid Zarrabi, Daniel Cipriano, Stefan Ernst, Gary Glick, Stanley Dunn, Michael Börsch Oct 2012

36 Degrees Step Size Of Proton-Driven C-Ring Rotation In Fof1-Atp Synthase, Monika Düser, Nawid Zarrabi, Daniel Cipriano, Stefan Ernst, Gary Glick, Stanley Dunn, Michael Börsch

Stanley D Dunn

Synthesis of adenosine triphosphate ATP, the 'biological energy currency', is accomplished by F(o)F(1)-ATP synthase. In the plasma membrane of Escherichia coli, proton-driven rotation of a ring of 10 c subunits in the F(o) motor powers catalysis in the F(1) motor. Although F(1) uses 120 degrees stepping during ATP synthesis, models of F(o) predict either an incremental rotation of c subunits in 36 degrees steps or larger step sizes comprising several fast substeps. Using single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer, we provide the first experimental determination of a 36 degrees sequential stepping mode of ...


Is The Curvature Of The Flagellum Involved In The Apparent Cooperativity Of The Dynein Arms Along The "9+2" Axoneme?, Christian Cibert, Andrei Ludu Jun 2010

Is The Curvature Of The Flagellum Involved In The Apparent Cooperativity Of The Dynein Arms Along The "9+2" Axoneme?, Christian Cibert, Andrei Ludu

Andrei Ludu

In a recent study [Cibert, 2008. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 253, 74-89], by assuming that the walls of microtubules are involved in cyclic compression/dilation equilibriums as a consequence of their cyclic curvature of the axoneme, it was proposed that local adjustments of spatial frequencies of both dynein arms and beta-tubulin monomers facing series create propagation of joint probability waves of interaction (JPI) between these two necessary partners. Modeling the occurrence of these interactions along the entire length of an axoneme between each outer doublet pair (without programming any cooperative dialog between the molecular complexes) and the cyclic attachment of ...