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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Physical Sciences and Mathematics

2003

Smoke

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Emissions Of Trace Gases And Particles From Savanna Fires In Southern Africa, Parikhit Sinha, Peter V. Hobbs, Robert J. Yokelson, I. T. Bertschi, Donald R. Blake, Isobel J. Simpson, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov Mar 2003

Emissions Of Trace Gases And Particles From Savanna Fires In Southern Africa, Parikhit Sinha, Peter V. Hobbs, Robert J. Yokelson, I. T. Bertschi, Donald R. Blake, Isobel J. Simpson, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Airborne measurements made on initial smoke from 10 savanna fires in southern Africa provide quantitative data on emissions of 50 gaseous and particulate species, including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, methane, ammonia, dimethyl sulfide, nonmethane organic compounds, halocarbons, gaseous organic acids, aerosol ionic components, carbonaceous aerosols, and condensation nuclei (CN). Measurements of several of the gaseous species by gas chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy are compared. Emission ratios and emission factors are given for eight species that have not been reported previously for biomass burning of savanna in southern Africa (namely, dimethyl sulfide, methyl nitrate ...


Evolution Of Gases And Particles From A Savanna Fire In South Africa, Peter V. Hobbs, Parikhit Sinha, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Donald R. Blake, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov, Peter Pilewskie Mar 2003

Evolution Of Gases And Particles From A Savanna Fire In South Africa, Peter V. Hobbs, Parikhit Sinha, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Donald R. Blake, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov, Peter Pilewskie

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Airborne measurements of particles and gases from a 1000-ha savanna fire in South Africa are presented. These measurements represent the most extensive data set reported on the aging of biomass smoke. The measurements include total concentrations of particles (CN), particle sizes, particulate organic carbon and black carbon, light-scattering coefficients, downwelling UV fluxes, and mixing ratios for 42 trace gases and 7 particulate species. The ratios of excess nitrate, ozone, and gaseous acetic acid to excess CO increased significantly as the smoke aged over ∼40–45 min, indicating that these species were formed by photochemistry in the plume. For 17 ...


Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Fires In Large Diameter And Belowground Biomass Fuels, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, R. E. Babbitt, Ronald A. Susott, Jon G. Goode, Wei Min Hao Feb 2003

Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Fires In Large Diameter And Belowground Biomass Fuels, Isaac T. Bertschi, Robert J. Yokelson, Darold E. Ward, R. E. Babbitt, Ronald A. Susott, Jon G. Goode, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] We adopt a working definition of residual smoldering combustion (RSC) as biomass combustion that produces emissions that are not lofted by strong fire-induced convection. RSC emissions can be produced for up to several weeks after the passage of a flame front and they are mostly unaffected by flames. Fuels prone to RSC include downed logs, duff, and organic soils. Limited observations in the tropics and the boreal forest suggest that RSC is a globally significant source of emissions to the troposphere. This source was previously uncharacterized. We measured the first emission factors (EF) for RSC in a series of ...