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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Physical Sciences and Mathematics

2003

Savanna fires

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

Trace Gas Measurements In Nascent, Aged, And Cloud-Processed Smoke From African Savanna Fires By Airborne Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (Aftir), Robert J. Yokelson, Issac T. Bertschi, Ted J. Christian, Peter V. Hobbs, Darold E. Ward, Wei Min Hao Jul 2003

Trace Gas Measurements In Nascent, Aged, And Cloud-Processed Smoke From African Savanna Fires By Airborne Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (Aftir), Robert J. Yokelson, Issac T. Bertschi, Ted J. Christian, Peter V. Hobbs, Darold E. Ward, Wei Min Hao

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] We measured stable and reactive trace gases with an airborne Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (AFTIR) on the University of Washington Convair-580 research aircraft in August/September 2000 during the SAFARI 2000 dry season campaign in Southern Africa. The measurements included vertical profiles of CO2, CO, H2O, and CH4 up to 5.5 km on six occasions above instrumented ground sites and below the TERRA satellite and ER-2 high-flying research aircraft. We also measured the trace gas emissions from 10 African savanna fires. Five of these fires featured extensive ground-based fuel characterization, and two were in ...


Emissions Of Trace Gases And Particles From Savanna Fires In Southern Africa, Parikhit Sinha, Peter V. Hobbs, Robert J. Yokelson, I. T. Bertschi, Donald R. Blake, Isobel J. Simpson, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov Mar 2003

Emissions Of Trace Gases And Particles From Savanna Fires In Southern Africa, Parikhit Sinha, Peter V. Hobbs, Robert J. Yokelson, I. T. Bertschi, Donald R. Blake, Isobel J. Simpson, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Airborne measurements made on initial smoke from 10 savanna fires in southern Africa provide quantitative data on emissions of 50 gaseous and particulate species, including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, methane, ammonia, dimethyl sulfide, nonmethane organic compounds, halocarbons, gaseous organic acids, aerosol ionic components, carbonaceous aerosols, and condensation nuclei (CN). Measurements of several of the gaseous species by gas chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy are compared. Emission ratios and emission factors are given for eight species that have not been reported previously for biomass burning of savanna in southern Africa (namely, dimethyl sulfide, methyl nitrate ...


Evolution Of Gases And Particles From A Savanna Fire In South Africa, Peter V. Hobbs, Parikhit Sinha, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Donald R. Blake, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov, Peter Pilewskie Mar 2003

Evolution Of Gases And Particles From A Savanna Fire In South Africa, Peter V. Hobbs, Parikhit Sinha, Robert J. Yokelson, Ted J. Christian, Donald R. Blake, Song Gao, Thomas W. Kirschsetter, Tica Novakov, Peter Pilewskie

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

[1] Airborne measurements of particles and gases from a 1000-ha savanna fire in South Africa are presented. These measurements represent the most extensive data set reported on the aging of biomass smoke. The measurements include total concentrations of particles (CN), particle sizes, particulate organic carbon and black carbon, light-scattering coefficients, downwelling UV fluxes, and mixing ratios for 42 trace gases and 7 particulate species. The ratios of excess nitrate, ozone, and gaseous acetic acid to excess CO increased significantly as the smoke aged over ∼40–45 min, indicating that these species were formed by photochemistry in the plume. For 17 ...