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Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology

A Conserved Isoleucine Maintains The Inactive State Of Bruton’S Tyrosine Kinase, Scott E. Boyken, Nikita Chopra, Qian Xie, Raji E. Joseph, Thomas E. Wales, D. Bruce Fulton, John R. Engen, Robert L. Jernigan, Amy H. Andreotti Oct 2014

A Conserved Isoleucine Maintains The Inactive State Of Bruton’S Tyrosine Kinase, Scott E. Boyken, Nikita Chopra, Qian Xie, Raji E. Joseph, Thomas E. Wales, D. Bruce Fulton, John R. Engen, Robert L. Jernigan, Amy H. Andreotti

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Despite high homology among non-receptor tyrosine kinases, different kinase families employ a diverse array of regulatory mechanisms. For example, the catalytic kinase domains of the Tec family kinases are inactive without assembly of the adjacent regulatory domains, whereas the Src kinase domains are autoinhibited by the assembly of similar adjacent regulatory domains. Using molecular dynamic simulations, biochemical assays, and biophysical approaches, we have uncovered an isoleucine residue in the kinase domain of the Tec family member Btk that, when mutated to the closely related leucine, leads to a shift in the conformational equilibrium of the kinase domain toward the active ...


Do The Inter-Nucleotide Domain Loops Act As An Entropic Sink In The Catalytic Activity Of 3-Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase (3pgdh)?, Cristina Adelia Meeham Jan 2014

Do The Inter-Nucleotide Domain Loops Act As An Entropic Sink In The Catalytic Activity Of 3-Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase (3pgdh)?, Cristina Adelia Meeham

Honors Theses

In protein science the relationship between protein dynamics and catalytic activity are the subject of considerable contemporary interest. Although protein motions are frequently observed during ligand binding and release steps, the contribution of protein motions to the catalysis of bond making/breaking processes is more difficult to probe and verify. Currently, the field of protein science is trying to uncover the deeper role that dynamics plays in the catalytic activity and allosteric regulation of proteins and to better understand how to more effectively and efficiently target proteins in cancer therapeutics and other metabolic pathways.


The Interdomain Interface In Bifunctional Enzyme Protein 3/4a (Ns3/4a) Regulates Protease And Helicase Activities, Cihan Aydin, Sourav Mukherjee, Alicia Hanson, David Frick, Celia Schiffer Nov 2013

The Interdomain Interface In Bifunctional Enzyme Protein 3/4a (Ns3/4a) Regulates Protease And Helicase Activities, Cihan Aydin, Sourav Mukherjee, Alicia Hanson, David Frick, Celia Schiffer

Celia A. Schiffer

Hepatitis C (HCV) protein 3/4A (NS3/4A) is a bifunctional enzyme comprising two separate domains with protease and helicase activities, which are essential for viral propagation. Both domains are stable and have enzymatic activity separately, and the relevance and implications of having protease and helicase together as a single protein remains to be explored. Altered in vitro activities of isolated domains compared with the full-length NS3/4A protein suggest the existence of interdomain communication. The molecular mechanism and extent of this communication was investigated by probing the domain-domain interface observed in HCV NS3/4A crystal structures. We found in ...